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On the report of the secretary, to whom were referred the several reports on the device for a great seal, to take order:
The device for an armorial achievement and reverse of the great seal for the United States in Congress assembled, is as follows:
ARMS. Paleways of thirteen pieces, argent and gules; a chief, azure; the escutcheon on the breast of the American eagle displayed proper, holding in his dexter talon an olive branch, and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows, all proper, and in his beak a scroll, in. scribed with this motto, “ E pluribus Unum."
For the CREST. Over the head of the eagle, which appears above the escutcheon, a glory, or, breaking through a cloud, proper, and surrounding thirteen stars, forming a con. stellation, argent, on an azure field.
REVERSÉ. A pyramid unfinished. In the zenith, an eye in a triangle, surrounded with a glory proper. Over the eye these words, “ Annuit Coeptis.” On the base of the pyramid the numerical letters MDCCLXXVI. And underneath the following motto, “ Novus Ordu Sectorum."
FRIDAY, June 21, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Lowell, Mr. Scott, Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Witherspoon, to whom was re-committed their report on a motion of Mr. Madison, Congress passed the following act.
Whereas the enemy, having renounced the hope of accomplishing their de. signs against the United States by force alone, are resorting to every expedient which may tend to corrupt the patriotism of their citizens, or to weaken the foundation of the public credit: and in pursuance of this policy, are encouraging, to the utmost, a clandestine traffic between the inhabitants of this country and those who reside within the garrisons and places therein, now in their possession ; and whereas some of the said inhabitants, prompted either by a sordid attachment to gain, or by a secret conspiracy with the enemies of their country, are wickeilly engaged in carrying on this illicit traffic, whereby a market is provided for British merchandises, the circulating specie is exported from the United States, the payment of taxes rendered more difficult and burthensome to the people at large, and great discouragement occasioned to honest and lawful commerce :
Resolved, That it be and hereby is recommended to the legislatures of the several states, to adopt the most efficacious measures for suppressing all traffic and illicit intercourse between their respective citizens and the enemy
Resolved, That the legislatures, or in case of their recess, the executives of the several states, be earnestly requested to impress, by every means in their power, on their respective citizens at large, the baneful consequences apprehended by Congress from a continuance of this illicit and infamous traffic, and the necessity of their co-operating with the public measures by such united, pa. triotic and vigilant exertions as will detect and bring to legal punishment those who shall have been in any manner concerned therein.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Bland, Mr. Osgood, and Mr. Ramsay, appointed to confer with the superintendent of finance and secretary at war, on the practicability and means of procuring supplies for the southern army by contracts :
Resolved, That the secretary at war institute an immediate enquiry into the reasons which have delayed the arrival of clothing and other necessaries which have already been provided and sent on to the southern army; and that he take every step in his power to discover the causes of delay, embezzlement, and other circumstances which have so frequently arrested the supplies for the southern army, and report thereon to Congress.
Ordered, That the superintendent of finance report to Congress the causes which have prevented the southern army being supplied by contracts.
MONDAY, June 24, 1782. Mr. Duane, a delegate for New-York, attended and took his seat in Congress.
Ou a report from the secretary at war, to whoin was referred a memorial eol. James Livingston :
Resolved, That col. James Livingston be permitted to draw from the co tractors at Albany daily, five rations of provisions for the support of himse and family, an account of which shall be transmitted by the comptroller to t war office, that he may be charged with such supplies.
This being the day assigned for the appearance of the states of Pennsylvan and Connecticut, by their lawful agents, in pursuance of the notice tran mitted to them agreeably to the resolution of the 14th of November last :
The state of Pennsylvania appeared by William Bradford, Joseph Reed James Wilson, and Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, esquires, counsellors an agents, and Henry Osborne, esq. solicitor, who produced their credentials which were read in the words following, viz. :
In the name and by the authority of the freemen of the commonwealth of Pennsylvanis his excellency William Moore, esq. president, and the supreme executive council of the said commonwealth : To William Bradford, esq. attorney general of the said coinmonwealth, Joseph Reed, James Wil
son, Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, and Henry Osborne, esqrs. “ We reposing especial trust and confidence in your prudence, integrity and abilities, do by these presents constitute and appoint you the said William Bradford, Joseph Reed, James Wilson and Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, to be our counsellors and agents, and you the said Henry Osborne, to be our solicitor, in the cause now pending before the United States of America in Congress assembled, between the said commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the state of Connecticut, hereby ratifying and confirming all and whatsoever you our said counsellors, agents and solicitor shall lawfully do or cause to be done, touching or concerning the said cause between the said states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut.
« Given by order of the council under the hand of his excellency, William Moore, esq. president, and the seal of the state, at Philadelphia, this 19th day of June, in the year of our Lord 1782.
(Signed) Wm. MOORE, President," Attest. T. MATLACK, Secretary, with the seal of the state appendant.
Eliphalet Dyer, esq. laid before Congress the powers of agency from the state of Connecticut, which were read in the words and figures following: L. S. “ At a general assembly of the governor and company of the state of Connecticut, in America. holden at Hartford, in the said state, by adjournment, on the 10th day of Jan Anno Domini 1782.
« Whereas the United States in Congress assembled, by their order, passed the 14th day of November, 1781, have notified to this assembly, that pursuant to the 9th article of the confederation, the supreme executive council of the state of Pennsylvania have presented a pe. tition to Congress, stating that a controversy has long subsisted between the said state of Pennsylvania and this state, respecting sundry lands lying within the northern boua lary of the state of Pennsylvania ; and praying for a hearing in pursuance of the 9th article of confederation, and that the fourth Monday in June next is assigned for the appearance of the said states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut by their lawful agents, in the place in which Congress shait then sit, to proceed in the premises as by the said confederation is directed:
“ Resolved by this assembly, That the honorable Eliphalet Dyer, William Samuel Johnson and Jesse Root, esqrs, or either two of them, be, and they are hereby app sinted agents on behalf of this state, to appear before the United States in Congress assembled, to answer to the said petition, with full power and authority on behalf of this state, to agree with the agents for the state of Pennsylvania, in the nomination and appointment of commissioners to hear and finally determine the suid controversy, and to do every thing necessary on the part of this state, respecting the appointment of such commissioners, pursuant to the articles of confederation, and also to appear before the said commissioners, and to do every thing necessary and proper for the vindication and defence of the claim and right of this state to the said lands in controversy, both with respect to the property and jurisdiction, and pursue the same to final judgment, with power to employ council learned in the law, as they shall judge Heedful. A true copy of record, examined by
GEORGE WILEYS, secretary. The seal of the state asli xed.”
Williain Samuel Johnson and Jesse Root, esqrs. two of the agents mentioned in the powers of agency, did not appear.
Only one of the agents for Connecticut appearing, a motion was made by Mr. Djer, seconded by Mr. Huntington, that farther day be given,
TUESDAY, June 25, 1782. The order of the day being called for by the state of Pennsylvania, to proceed on the business respecting the difference subsisting between the states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut, a motion was taken up which was yesterday made by Mr. Lowell, seconded by Mr. Osgood, viz.
That in all disputes and differences between two or more states, concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever, under the consideration of Congress, the delegates representing the several different states, ought not, in any such cases, to sit as judges in any question to be decided relative to such dispute or difference.
This being objected to in point of order :
On the question, is the motion in order the yeas and nays being required
Delaware, Mr. Dickinson,
Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
| Virginia, Mr. Madison, New-York, Mr. Duane,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Ramsay,
Georgia, Mr. Jones,
WEDNESDAY, June 26, 1782. The order of the day being called for by the state of Pennsylvania, to proceed on the business respecting the difference subsisting between the states of Peposylvania and Connecticut, the agents William Bradford, James Wilson, and Jonathan D. Sargeant, esqrs. agents, and H. Osborne, esq. solicitor, for Pennsylvania, and Mr. Dyer, one of the agents for Connecticut, attended without the bar; and the former, in behalf of their state, prayed for the fol. lowing order, viz.
“That the state of Connecticut, not having appeared by their lawful agents, agreeably to the resolution of the 14th day of November last, therefore Code gress will, on the day of next, proceed to nominate three persons out of each state, in order that due proceedings may be had on the dispute mentioned in the said resolution, agreeably to the 9th article of the confederation."
And Mr. Dyer, on the part of Connecticut, prayed for the following resolu. tion, viz.
"Colonel Root, one of the joint agents on' whom the state of Connecticut depends to manage this cause, being absent from Congress on important business of the United States :
Resolved, That all proceedings on this case be postponed until the day of July next, by which time colonel Root's return may be expected.”
Both parties agreed that the blank should be filled with the 25th or 26th of July. Congress took the motions under advisement, and the parties withdrew.
THURSDAY, June 27, 1782. Mr. Rutledge and Mr. Clymer having returned, made a report of their proceedings.
A motion was made by Mr. Lowell, seconded by Mr. Osgood,
ing boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever, are under the consideration of Congress, the delegates representing the several different states inay not, agreeably to the confederation, sit and judge in any question to be decided by Congress relative to such dispute or difference.”
On this the previous question was moved by the state of South-Carolina, seconded by New-York, and the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Lowell, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay Y* Delaware, Mr. M*Kean, ay ) Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
ay ay Lowell,
Wharton, Rhode-Island, Mr. Cornell,
1.Maryland, Mr. Hanson, Howell,
Virginia, Mr. Madison, ay?
This seat after the debate commenced,
ау) Wynkoop, ay) Georgia, Mr. Jones, So it was resolved in the affirmative.
The order of the day being called for, to proceed in the business of the difference subsisting between the states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut, the delegates for Connecticut laid before Congress an instruction from their constituents, in the words following, viz.
“At a general assembly of the governor and company of the state of Connecticut, holden at Hartford, in said state, by adjournment on the 10th day of January, Anno Domini 1782:
“ Resolved, by this assembly, That the delegates of this state in the Congress of the United States, be, and they are hereby authorized and instructed to move Congress to postpone the appointment of commissioners, to hear and determine the case respecting the lands in controversy between the state of Pennsylvania and this state, until after the termination of the present war: because that sundry papers of importance in the case are in the hands of counsel in England, and cannot be procured during the war: nor is it convenient for the states to divert their attention from the great objects of the war to attend to private controversies.”
And thereupon moved the following resolution :
• That Congress postpone the appointment of commissioners to hear and de. termine the cause respecting the lands in controversy between the state of Pennsylvania and the state of Connecticut, until after the termination of the present war."
A motion was made by Mr. Bland, seconded by Mr. Howell, to postpone the consideration of this motion, : And on the question for postponing, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Scott, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, av > * Delaware, Mr. M‘Kean, Massuchusetts, Mr. Osgood,
Maryland, Mr. Hanson,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,
1s.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, New Jersey, Mr. Clark,
A motion was then made by Mr. Bland, seconded by Mr. Howell,
“ That the sense of the house be taken, whether the reasons for the nonattendance of the agents from Connecticut yesterday assigned by the hon. E. Dyer, be sufficient."
: FRIDAY, June 28, 1782. On a report from the secretary at war,
Resolved, That so much of the resolution of Congress of the 27th day of May, 1778, as relates to the additional pay given to captains and subalterns, acting as aids-de-camp and brigade-majors, be, and is hereby repealed.
Resolved, That there shall be such additional pay and emoluments to the pay of captains and subalterns, serving as aids-de-camp to major generals or brigadier-generals, and to brigade-majors, as shall make their pay and emoluments equal to the pay and emoluments of a major in the line of the army."
The order of the day being called for, Congress resumed the consideration of the motion made yesterday, which was amended to read,
" That the sense of Congress be taken, whether sufficient reasons have been shewn for the non-appearance of the state of Connecticut by its lawful agents.”
After debate, the determination of the question was postponed by the state of Rhode Island.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Duane, Mr. Izard and Mr. Madison, to whom were referred the letter of the 21st of May from majorgeneral Greene, and the papers accompanying it:
Resolved, That the secretary at war inform major-general Greene, that the United States in Congress assembled, approve of his conduct in rejecting the overtures for a cessation of hostilities made to him by liutenant-general Leslie, commanding the British troops in Charleston, and that he assure him Con: gress will use their endeavours to enable him effectually to oppose the enemy,
MONDAY, July 1, 1782. Mr. John Lewis Gervais, a delegate for the state of South-Carolina, attended and took his seat.
On a report of the secretary at war,
Resolved, That a furlough for nine months be granted to captain Brossard, of the Georgia line, for the purpose of returning to Europe. On motion of Mr. Witherspoon, seconded by Mr. Lowell,
Resolved, That the determination of the question which was postponed on Friday last by the state of Rhode Island, be farther postponed.
On motion of Mr. Ramsay, seconded by Mr. Duane,
Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to take proper measures for a public celebration of the anniversary of independence, on Thursday next; the members chosen, Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Clymer and Mr. Wharton,
On a report from the secretary at war, signifying captain Celeron's wish to resign,
Resolved, That the resignation of captain Celeron be accepted.
A letter, of the 11th of June, from J. Avery, secretary of Massachusetts, was read, enclosing an act passed by that state, entitled “ An act for granting to the United States in Congress assembled, a permanent revenue for the purpose of discharging the debts which have arisen or may arise in prosecuting the present war with Great-Britain."
On a report from a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Lowell, Mr. Scott, Mr. Wharton and Mr. Witherspoon, to whom was referred a report from the secretary at war on an extract of a letter from the commissary of prisoners :
Resolved, That the said extract be referred to the commander in chief; and that he be authorized to take order thereon, so far as he shall judge the indulgencies applied for can be guarded from abuses.