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S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
Georgia, Mr. Telfair,
N. W. Jones, ay Say
no) So the question was lost.
The secretary at war, to whom was referred a letter of the 14th of April, 1782, from colonel Van Schaick, having reported, as his opinion,
“'That colonel Van Schaick, in consideration of his long services, be permitted to retire, and that he be entitled to all the emoluments which shall be enjoyed in future by officers who retired under the resolves of Congress of the 3d and 21st of October, 1780. * The question to agree to this, passed in the negative.
WEDNESDAY, May 22, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Root, Mr. Lowell, Mr. Rutledge and Mr. Clymer, to whom was referred a letter of the 17th, from the superintendent of finance, and who were instructed to confer with the said superintendent :
Resolved, That Mr. Ratledge and Mr. Clymer be appointed to repair forthwith to the several states southward of this, and Mr. Montgomery and Mr. Root to the states eastward; and that they be, and hereby are instructed to make such representations to the several states, as are best adapted to their respective circumstances and the present situation of public affairs, and as may induce them to carry the requisitions of Congress into effect with the greatest despatch : that they make the like representations to the state of Pennsylvania before they leave this city: that previous to their departure they confer with the superintendent of finance, the secretary at war, and the secretary for foreign affairs, who are hereby directed to communicate to them such information from their respective departments as may be most conducive to the end proposed.
Resolved, That the gentlemen appointed to repair to the southern states, be excused from proceeding to South-Carolina and Georgia, unless they shall for special reasons find it absolutely necessary.
Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee, to whom was referred the letter of the 23d of February last, from the president of NewHampshire, and agreed to the same as entered on the first day of April last.
MONDAY, May 27, 1782.
Resolved, That inasmuch as business of the greatest consequence is often delayed or retarded for want of a sufficient representation in Congress, it be, and it is earnestly recommended to the states which are at present unrepre. sented, immediately to send delegates to Congress, and to all the states to keep up a constant representation.
TUESDAY, May 28, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Madison, Mr. Clark, to whom were referred a letter of the 8th from the superintendent of · finance, and a letter from the secretary for foreign affairs :
Resolved, That the minister plenipotentiary of the United States at the court of Versailles, be instructed to take immediate measures for liquidating the accounts subsisting between the said states and the said court, and report a state thereof to Congress.
Resolved, That a commissioner be appointed to liquidate and finally settle the accounts of all the servants of the United States, who have been entrusted with the expenditure of public monies in Europe.
WEDNESDAY, May 29, 1782. Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee on the letters from the superintendent of finance and secretary for foreign affairs ; and thereupon,
Ordered, That the superintendent of finance prepare and report to Congress, proper instructions for the commissioner to be appointed to liquidate and final. ly settle the accounts of all the servants of the United States, who have been entrusted with the expenditure of public monies in Europe.
Resolved, That the salaries and allowances to which the public servants of the United States are or shall be entitled, be in future paid by the superintendent of finance, out of the monies which shall, from time to time, be in his hands; and that the said public servants be authorized to make quarterly draughts on him for that purpose.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Scott and Mr. Ramsay, to whom was referred a letter of the 6th from count Beniouski:
Ordered, That the secretary at war inform count Beniouski, that the proposal for introducing a legionary corps into the service of the United States, which accompanied his letter of the 6th inst. has been considered by Congress with the attention due to its importance. The zeal for the American cause which the author of it professes, and which the generous terms of the plan evince, have not failed to inspire a just esteem for his character and a disposition to favour his wishes. Considerations, however, which in no respect derogate froin this esteem or this disposition, render it expedient for Congress to decline the offer which has been made to then.
On motion of the delegates of South-Carolina,
Ordered, That they be furnished with copies or extracts of all letters in the office for foreign affairs, or other offices of Congress, so far as they relate to capt. Gillon of the South-Caroliua frigate.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Lowell, and Mr. Ellery, to whom were referred sundry resolutions of the house of delegates of Virginia, respecting an agreement made between the secretary of Congress, the superintendent of finance, and E. Coffin, and passports granted by the secretary, pursuant to the resolution of the 11th day of February last,
Resolved, That the members who are to repair to Virginia, be instructed to make such representations to that state as may remove every obstacle to the execution of this measure.
THURSDAY, May 30, 1782. On motion of Mr. Clark, seconded by Mr. Madison,
Resolved, That the resolution passed yesterday, on the report of the committee to whom were referred the resolutions of the house of delegates of Virginia, be reconsidered ; and in lieu thereof, that it be, and hereby is,
Resolved, That the members of Congress who are deputed to repair to the southern states, be authorized to make such explanations to the legislature of Virginia as they shall judge expedient, relative to the transaction which is the subject of the resolutions of the house of delegates of the said state.
On motion of Mr. Bland, seconded by Mr. Ellery,
Ordered, That the superintendent of finance and secretary at war enquire into a contract made by Congress or a committee of Congress, with Mr. Jacob Rubsamen, for the purpose of instructing the people of Virginia in the mode of making salt-petre, &c. and report the wages due to him on that account, and whether bis farther services are necessary, together with the inode to be adopted for paying him.
MONDAY, June 3, 1782. A letter, of 31st of May, from the superintendent of finance, being read, On motion of Mr. Smith, seconded by Mr. Boudinot,
Resolved, That the resolution of the 29th of May, respecting the payr.ent of the salaries and allowances of the public servants of the United States, be re-considered and committed.
Mr. Benjamin Huntington, a delegate for Connecticut, attended and took his seat.
Mr. E. Dyer, another delegate for Connecticut, attended, and produced credentials, by which it appears, that at a general assembly of the governor and company of Connecticut, on the 10th of January, 1782, he was elected to be a delegate in Congress until the 1st Monday in November next, in the room of Mr. A. Adams, resigned.
A letter, of this day, from the secretary at war, being read, enclosing a resignation of John Lawrence, late judge-advocate,
Ordered, That his resignation be accepted ; and that Monday next be assigned for the election of a judge-advocate.
WEDNESDAY, June 5, 1782. On application from the secretary at war,
Resolved, That he have leave of absence to visit the commander in chief in camp.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Osgood, to whom was referred a letter of the 31st of May, from the superintendent of finance:
Resolved, That the resolution passed on the 29th of May, relative to the salaries and allowances of the public servants of the United States, be, and hereby is repealed, and that from and after the 1st day of August next, warrants be issued quarterly on the treasurer of the United States for one-fourth part of the annual salaries and allowances respectively made to the said public servants employed in foreign parts.
THURSDAY, June 6, 1782. Congress proceeded to the election of a deputy purveyor for the southern hospital ; and, the ballots being taken, Dr. N. Brownson was elected, having been previously nominated by Mr. Few
On motion of Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. Bland,
Ordered, That the superintendent of finance and secretary at war report to Congress the steps taken by them in consequence of a reference made to them on the 22d of April last.
FRIDAY, June 7, 1782. Mr. David Howell, a delegate for the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, attended, and produced his credentials, by which it appears, that at a general election held at New-port, within and for the said state, on the first Wednesday in May last, he was chosen and appointed one of the delen gates to represent the said state in the Congress of the United States of America, for one year, and until another shall be sent to take his seat.
Mr. R. Izard, a delegate for the state of South-Carolina, attended, and took his seat.
A letter, of this day, from the secretary at war, being read,
Ordered, That the secretary at war call in all the British soldiers, prisoners of war to the United States, who have been permitted to go out to work with the inhabitants, and that for the future no such permission be granted to such prisoners.
TUESDAY, June 11, 1782. Mr. Cornell, a delegate for the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, produced the credentials of his appointment, by which it appears, that
at a general election held at Newport, within and for the said state, on the 1st Wednesday in May, he was chosen to represent the said state in the Congress of the United States of America, for one year, and until another shall be tot forward to take his place.
On a report from the war-office, on a letter from lieutenant Levacher de Vanbrun, requesting leave to revisit his native country : * Resolved, "That a furlough for ten months be granted to lieutenant Levacher de Vanbrun, for the purpose of revisiting his native country.
WEDNESDAY, June 12, 1782. Dr. J. Witherspoon, a delegate of the state of New Jersey, attended, and produced his credentials, by which it appears, that on the 30th of May last, at a joint meeting of the council and assembly of the said state, he was elected to represent that state in Congress until the 5th day of November next.
On a report of a committee consisting of Mr. B. Huntington, Mr. Boudinot and Mr. Wright, to whom was referred a report of the superintendent of finance, us agent of marine :
Resolved, That for the future, a marine court of enquiry or court-martial for equiring into or trying of all capital cases, shall consist of at least five commissioned Days and marine officers, two of whom shall be captains, and in all caves not capital it shall consist of three such officers, one of whom shall be a captain in the navy of the United States :
That any captain in the navy of the United States be, and hereby is authorized to appoint a court-martial for the trial of offences committed by any other than a commissioned officer; provided that no warrant officer be thereby cashiered, without the confirmation of the proceedings of such court by the secretary or agent of marine or other person doing the duty of that office:
That where a court of enquiry or court-martial is to be appointed for enquiring into the conduct of or for trying a commissioned officer, the same shall be done by the secretaty or agent of marine or other person doing the duty of that ofice: provided always, that no sentence of a court-martial, on a capital offence, shall be executed until approved by the agent of marine, or other person doing duty in that office.
FRIDAY, June 14, 1782. The committee, cousisting of Mr. Cornell, Mr. Osgood, and Mr. Bland, to whom was referred a memorial of Dr. N. Noel, claiming to have been in the service of the United States until the first of October, 1780, and soliciting pay, report,
* That opon daly considering the said memorial and the resolutions of the 13th of October, the 7th and 14th of November, 1777, they are of opinion, that if nothing further appeared to operate against the claim of the memorialist than what is contained in the said resolutions, he is precluded from any demands against the United States. But when the committee consider that the memorialist, upon receipt of the sums specified in the resolutions of November above-mentioned, considering himself no longer in the service of the United States by virtue of his commission of surgeon, dated September, 1777, on which he grounds his claim, immediately repaired to Boston and accepted an appointment in the navy, and obtained a warrant dated January 1st, 1778, and when they consider farther that whatever might have been his intention, the menorialist's acceptance of the latter appointment, did by virtue of the resolation of the 18th of September, 1776, vacate the former commission and appointment, the committee are clearly of opinion, that the memorial of Dr. Noel ought to be dismissed.”
The report being read:
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Scott, Mr. Boudinot, and Mr. Ramsay, to whom was referred a letter of the 6th of June, from general Washington, with suudry papers relative to his proceedings in consequence of the resolution of the legislature of South-Carolina of the 14th of February, 1782, which was referred to him on the 3d of April last, Congress came to the following resolution :
Whereas British officers, commanding in South-Carolina, compelled many of the inhabitants thereof to leave that state, who by the capitulation of Charleston had a right to remain at their homes : and whereas, it is just and reasonable, agreeably to the usages of war among civilized nations, that persons so sent off should be returned with their servants and baggage at the expense of the power so sending them off : and whereas, on the requisition of general Washington, in consequence of a resolution of the legislature of the state of South-Carolina referred to him by Congress, sir Guy Carleton has agreed te furnish transports and flags at the expense of the king of Great-Britain, for the conveyance of the said inhabitants to any post general Washington may be pleased to point out ; therefore,
Resolved, That the secretary at war be directed to obtain lists of the names of the persons referred to in the resolution of the assembly of South-Carolina, and of the posts to which they choose to be reconveyed, and transmit the same to the commander in chief.
MONDAY, June 17, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Madison, Mr. Witherspoon, Mr. Izard, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Madison, Congress agreed to the following resolution :
It being expedient, as well for the justification of such of the principals of the civil departments immediately under Congress, who duly administer the same, as for the more certain detection of such as may violate in any manner the important trusts consigned to them, that periodical and exact enquiries into their respective administrations be instituted : it is hereby
Resolved, That on the first Monday in July and the first Monday in Janu. ary in every year, five committees composed each of five members, shall be appointed ; which committees shall have it in charge to enquire fully, one of them, into the proceedings of the department of finance, including the several branches of the same; another into the proceedings of the department of foreign affairs; another of the department of war; another of the department of marine ; another of the post office ; and to report the result of their respective enquiries to Congress.
WEDNESDAY, June 19, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Bland, Mr. M.Kean, and Mr. Wright, to whom was referred a letter of the 17th from E. Hazard, postmaster general, giving information that the southern post was robbed of his mail, on Sunday the 16th, within five miles of Harford, in the state of Maryland:
Resolved, That the executives of the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, be, and they are hereby requested to pursue the most Jikely measures, by offering proper rewards, at the expense of the United States, and otherwise, for recovering the mail, and bringing the robbers to due punishnient.
THURSDAY, June 20, 1782. Mr. John Taylor Gilman, a delegate for the state of New Hampshire, attended and produced his credentials, by which it appears that on the 15th of January, 1782, he was appointed by the legislature to represent that state until the first day of November next.