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4th. The Wabash purchase has been made since the present revolution, when Congress had an agent for Indian affairs residing at Fort-Pitt, who had no notice thereof.

5th. That the Six Nations and their tributaries claim the same lands, in opposition to the Indians conveying the same in the deeds to said companies.

Your committee having been convinced in the course of their investigation of this business, that many inconveniences will arise to the citizens of these United States, unless the jurisdiction of the United States in Congress assembled, with regard to Indian affairs, is more clearly defined and established, do recommend the following resolutions for the consideration of Congress :

Resolved, That the sole right of superintending, protecting, treating with, and making purchases of the several Indian nations situate and being without the bounds of any of the different states in the union, is necessarily vested in the United States in Congress assembled, for the benefit of the United States, and in no other person or persons whatever within the said states.

Resolved, That no person or persons, citizens of these United States, or any particular state in the union in their separate capacity, can or ought to purchase any inappropriated lands belonging to the Indians without the bounds of their respective states, under any pretence whatsoever.

Resolved, That whenever the United States in Congress assembled, shall find it for the good of the union, to permit new settlements on unappropriated lands, they will erect a new state or states, to be taken into the federal union, in such manner that no one state so erected shall exceed the quantity of 130 miles square, and that the same shall be laid out into townships of the quantity of about six miles square.

Resolved, That whenever such new state or states shall be erected by Congress, they will make good all reasonable engagements made to the officers and soldiers in the United States, or any of them.

Resolved, That whenever such new states shall be erected, that the bona fide settlers within the same, at the time of the erection of such states, shall be confirmed in their respective titles to their reasonable settlements, on the saine terms as shall be allowed to other new settlers.

Resolved, That Congress will reimburse all just and reasonable expenses, that may have heretofore accrued to any of the states since the present revolution, in' conquering, protecting or defending, any of the unappropriated lands so erected into a state or states.

Resolved, That nothing herein before determined by Congress, shall be construed so as to suppose any claim or right in Congress, in point of property of soil, to any lands belonging to the Indian nations, unless the same have been bona fide purchased of them by the crown of England, or which may hereafter be purchased by the United States in Congress assembled, for the use of the United States, and that at a public treaty to be held for that purpose."

On the question for postponing,
Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge, ay Lou Delaware, Mr. Wharton, ay
Osgood,

Mr. Carroll,
Rhode-Island, Mr. Ellery,

Wright,
Cornell,

Virginia,
Mr. J. Jones,

no Connecticut, Mr. Law,

Madison,

no no New York, Mr. Scott,

Bland,
Floyd,

S.-Carolina, Mr. Middleton,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Bee,
Boudinot, ay Say Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

no
Condict,

N. W. Jones,
Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery,

Few,
Smith,
Clymer,

Atlee,
So the question was lost.

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A notion was then inade by Mr. Ellery, seconded by Mr. Cornell, to adjourn; on which the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Bland, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge,

Delaware, Mr. Wharton,
Osgood,

y Maryland,

Mr. Carroll
Rhode Island, Mr. Ellery,

Wright,
Cornell,

Virginia, Mr. Jones,
Connecticut, Mr Law,

Madison, New-York, Mr. Scott,

no dis!

Bland,
Floyd,

. 1S.-Carolina Mr. Middleton, New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Bee,
Boudinot,

Georgia, Mr. Telfair,
Pennsylvania, Mr. Smith, ay)

N. W. Jones, no no
Clymer, ay ay

Few,
Atlee,
So the house was adjourned till to-morrow.

THURSDAY, May 2, 1782. Mr. J. Rutledge, Mr. Ramsay and Mr. A. Middleton, delegates for the state of South-Carolina, attended, and produced credentials ; by which it appears that on the 31st of January, 1782, the hon. John Rutledge, David Ramsay, Ralph Izard, Job, Lewis Gervais, and Arthur Middleton, were elected dele. gates to represent the state of South-Carolina in Congress.

A motion was made by Mr. Bland, seconded by Mr. Madison, “ That the question be now taken on the proposition contained in the words following, that previous to any determination, &c. (as recited yesterday) the same being the remainder of a proposition, on the first part of which a vote was yesterday taken on a call for a division, and now entitled to decision without debate."

An objection was made to this motion as out of order,

And on the question, “is the motion in order?” the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Bland, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge,

Maryland, Mr. Carroll,
Osgood,

Wright,
Rhode-Island, Mr. Ellery,

Virginia, Mr. Madison,
Cornell,

Bland,
Connecticut, Mr. Law,

(excused, they New-York, Mr. Scott,

S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, having just Floyd,

Ramsay, s taken their New Jersey, Mr. Clark, no

( seats, Boudinot,

Middleton, no > Condict, no S Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

ay ) Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, no

N. W. Jones, no no Smith,

Few,

nos Atlee,

no) So it passed in the negative.

The secretary for foreign affairs informed Congress, that the hon. the minister plenipotentiary of France has received a letter from his most Christian majes. ty to the United States in Congress assembled, announcing the birth of a dau. phin, and that the minister desires a public audience at which he may deliver the letter; Whereupon,

Ordered, That Monday the 13th instant, at twelve o'clock, be assigned for the public audience.

FRIDAY, May 3, 1782. On a report from the secretary at war:

Resolved, That as the dispersed situation of the corps of artificers command. ed by captain Wyley, will no longer require the services of Dr. A. M. Coskey, surgeon, and Dr. W.M. Coskey, his inate, they be considered as reduced

VOL. IV.

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and retiring from service on the 10th inst. and that the surgeon be entitled to all the emoluments heretofore allowed to reduced regimental surgeons.

A report from the secretary at war, which was vesterday brought in, and on which no order was made, being taken up by the president, the order of the day was called for by the state of Virginia, and a motion was made by Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. Bland,

" That the sense of the house be taken, whether it be in order to take into consideration a report from the secretary at war which was read yesterday by the secretary, and has since lain on the table, unless the same be called for by a member.”

On which the yeas and pays being required by Mr. Madison, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge, ay Lay Marylanıl, Mr. Carroll, Osgood,

Wright, Rhodle-Island, Mr. Ellery," ay or Virginin, Mr. Madison, Cornell,

Bland, Connecticut, Mr. Law,

ay I* S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, New-York, Mr. Scott,

no į div.

Ramsay,
Floyd,

Middleton,
New-Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,

Georgia, Mr. Telfair,
Condict,

N. W. Jones, no no Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, ay

Smith,
Clymer,

Atlee,
So the question was lost.

MONDAY, May 6, 1782.
On a report from the secretary at war, to whom was referred a petition of
M. Dedevans :

Resolved, That Maurice Dedevans be, and hereby is, entitled to draw four rations per day, until it shall be otherwise ordered by Congress.

The order of the day for taking into consideration the report of the committee on the cessions of New York, Virginia and Connecticut, and the petitions of the Indiana, Vandalia, Illinois and Wabash companies, being called for by the state of Virginia, a motion was made by Mr. Montgomery, seconded by Mr. Osgood," that the order of the day be postponed.”

On which the yeas and ways being required by Mr. Bland, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge,

Delaware, Mr. Dickinson,

Wharton, Rhode Island, Mr. Ellery,

| Maryland, Mr. Carton, Cornell,

Wright, Connecticut, Mr. Law,

Virginia, Mr. Madison,
New-York, Mr. Scott,

Bland,
Floyd,

s. Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Ramsay, no no Boudinot, ay Say

Middleton,

no) Condict, ay) Georgia, Mr. Telfair, Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery,

N. W. Jones, ay Say Smith,

Few

ay)
Clymer, ay (

Atlee,
So it was resolved in the affirmative.

The committee, consisting of Mr. Clark, Mr. Bland, Mr. Osgood, to whom was referred a letter of the 20th of April from the superintendent of finance, touching the appointment of an intendent of the army, brought in a report, which was taken into consideration, and the same being amended to read as follows :

“ That the superintendent of finance be authorized to appoint an inspector for the main and another for the southern army, to take care that the contracts for supplying rations be duly executed by the contractors : that the said in

Osgood,

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spectors shall also be fully empowered and directed to attend to the expenditures of public property in the several departments of the army, and report any fraud, neglect of duty, or other misconduct by which the public property is wasted, or expense unnecessarily accumulated, so that the party charged therewith may be tried by court-martial on such charges exbibited against him by either of the said inspectors; and that neither the said inspectors nor the said contractors, or their property, be liable to arrest or subject to martial law, except by the express order of the commander in chief, or commander of the army to which the inspectors shall be appointed, any resolution or act of Congress heretofore made notwithstanding : that the pay to each inspector be 166 2-3 dollars per month, in full of all allowances,

A motion was made by Mr. Rutledge seconded by Mr. Bland, to amend the report further by adding thereto," that the superintendent of finance be directed forth with to make contracts for the supply of the southern army."

On the question to agree to this amendment, the yeas and nays being re-
quired by Mr. Middleton,
Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood, no > * Maryland, Mr. Carroll, no div
Rhode Island, Mr. Ellery,

Wright,
Cornell,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,

nos. New-York, Mr. Scott,

13.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, Floyd,

Ramsay, New Jersey, Mr. Condict, nost

Middleton,
Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, 10) Georgia, Mr. Telfair,

Smith,
no Sno

N. W. Jones, ay Say
Clymer,

Few,

ay Delaware, Mr. Dickinson,

Wharton, nos" So the question was lost.

TUESDAY, May 7, 1782. Mr. Root, a delegate for the state of Connecticut, attended, and took his seat in Congress.

On motion of Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. Cornell,

Resolved, unanimously, That a committee be appointed to confer with the superintendent of finance and secretary at war, on the practicability and means of procuring supplies for the southern army by contracts, and report thereon.

The report of the committee which was yesterday under consideration, was taken up and agreed to as follows:

Resolved, that the superintendent of finance be, and hereby is authorized, to appoint an inspector for the main and southern army, to take care that the contracts for supplying rations be duly executed by the contractors; that the said inspectors shall also be, and they hereby are fully empowered and direct. ed to attend to the expenditures of public property in the several departments of the army, and report any fraud, neglect of duty or other misconduct by which the public property is wasted, or expense unnecessarily accumulated, so that the party charged therewith may be tried by court-martial on such charges exhibited against him by either of the said inspectors; and that neither the said inspectors nor the said contractors, or their property, be liable to arrest or subject to martial law, except by the express order of the commander in chief, or commander of the army to which the inspectors respectively shall be appointed, any resolution or act of Congress heretofore made notwithstanding :

That the pay to each inspector be 166 2-3 dollars per month in full of all allowances :

That each inspector when appointed, shall take an oath for the faithful and impartial execution of the trust reposed in him, as inspector of the contracts of the aring.

On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Boudinot, Mr. Atlee, and

ay ay | Delaware, ay { div. Maryland,

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Mr. Rutledge, to whom was referred a letter of the 24th of April from the governor of Connecticut:

Ordered, That the secretary for foreign affairs inform our minister at the court of Versailles, that it is the desire of Congress that he make application to the court of France, for direction to the commander of his most Christian majesty's navy in the West Indies, to forward the number of prisoners due to these United States to some port thereof, in order that they may be exchanged for our prisoners at New-York.

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 1782. A letter, of the 10th of February, from major-general Greene, respecting the promotion of colonel O. Williams, being read :

A motion was made by Mr. Montgomery, seconded by Mr. Atlee,

“ That colonel Otho Williams be, and hereby is promoted to the rank of brigadier in the line of the army of the United States.”

A motion was made by Mr. Clark, seconded by Mr. Boudinot, to amend the motion by adding after Otho Williams, the words “ and colonel Elias Dayton,” and changing the word " is” into" are."

An objection was made to this amendment as being out of order, and on the question, " is the motion for amendment in order ?" the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Clark, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge,

Mr. Dickinson,
Osgood,

Wharton,
Rhode Island, Mr. Ellery,

Mr. Carroll,
Cornell,

Wright,
Connecticut, Mr. Law,

i Virginia, Mr. Madison, Rout,

Bland, New-York, Mr. Scott,

1.. S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, Floyd,

Ramsay,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Middleton,
Boudinot, ay Say Georgia, Mr. Telfair, ay
Condict,

N. W. Jones, ay ay Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery,

Few,
Smith,
Clymer,
Atlee,

no So the question was lost.

THURSDAY, May 9, 1782. A motion was made by Mr. Clark, seconded by Mr. Condict, in the words following:

It being represented to Congress, that one of the brigades in the Maryland line, and the brigade of New Jersey troops, are without brigadiers of the lines of those states,

Resolved, That two brigadiers be appointed in the army of the United States.”

A motion was made by Mr. Ellery, seconded by Mr. Patridge, to strike out the preamble, and on the question, “ shall the preamble stand · The yeas and nays being required by Mr. Clark, Massachusetts, Mr. Patridge, no Zno' |Pennsylvania, Mr. Montgomery, no

Osgood,
no

Smith,
Rhode Island, Mr. Ellery,

Clymer,
Cornell,

Atlee,
Connecticut, Mr. Law,

Delaware, Mr. Dickinson,
Root,

Wharton,

no New-York, Mr. Scott,

no | Maryland, Mr. Carroll, Floyd,

Wright,
New Jersey, Mr. Clark,

Virginiu, Mr. Madison,
Boudinot, ay Say

Bland,
Condict,

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