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time to time, as they may be called for by hin, with the accounts of all pay and advances received by or chargeable to the officers and men of the several regiments in the service of the United States.
The report of the committee, consisting of Mr. Lee, Mr. Izard, and Mr. Wharton, to whom were referred a letier of the 24th of May last from the superintendent of finance, and the orders given to captain Harding, being taken into consideration, and after debate postponed :
On motion of Mr. Duane, seconded by Mr. Madison,
Resolved, That the superintendent of finance be directed to instruct the commissioner for settling the public accounts in Europe, to take proper mea. sures for adjusting, without delay, the accounts of Mr. de Beaumarchais or Roderique Hortales & Co. and to report such settlement to Congress, that order may be taken for payment of the balance, it any shall be justly due; and that in the mean time no farther remittances or payments be made to Mr. de Beaumarchais or Roderique Hortales and Co. by virtue of any former resolution of Congress.
THURSDAY, November 21, 1782. A letter, of the 17th, from W. Paca, was read, informing, that the general assembly of Maryland having promoted him to the government of that state, he is obliged to resign his office of judge of the court of appeals in cases of capture.
The committee, consisting of Mr. Howell, Mr. Gervais and Mr. L'Hommedieu, having reported on the letter of the 6th from the governor of Maryland, relative to the case of colonel H. Hollingsworth:
Resolved, That Congress are satisfied with the report of the hon. Alexander Contee Hanson, esq. one of the judges of the general court of the state of Maryland, on the case of Henry Hollingsworth, referred to him by the executive of the said state, in pursuance of the act of Congress of the 20th July, 1780; and that the complaint against the said H. Hollingsworth be dismissed.
FRIDAY, November 22, 1782. Op motion of Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. Osgood,
Resolved, That Monday the 2d of December next, be assigned for electing two judges for the court of appeals in cases of capture, one in the room of Mr. Paca, resigned, and one in the room of Mr. Hosmer, deceased.
MONDAY, November 25, 1782. Mr. Alexander Hamilton, a delegate for the state of New York, attended, and produced a commission under the great seal of the state, dated at Pough: keepsie, the 25th of October, 1782, which was read, and by which it appears, that on the 22d of July, 1782, the hon. James Duane, William Floyd, John Morin Scott, Ezra L'Hommedieu and Alexander Hamilton, were appointed delegates to represent the said state for one year, from the first Monday in November, 1782.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Williamson, Mr. Madison and Mr. Peters, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Madison :
Resolved, That the secretary for foreign affairs be, and he is hereby authorized to communicate to the ministers of foreign powers, who may reside near Congress, all such acts and resolutions of Congress, and all such articles of intelligence received by Congress, as he may judge proper, those only excepted which Congress may specially require to be kept secret, in which cascs he shall make previous application to Congress.
WEDNESDAY, November 27, 1782.
The committee, consisting of Mr. Rannsay, Mr. Nash and Mr. Peters, to whom was referred a letter of the 20th from the secretary at war, reported
the draught of a supplemental ordinance for regulating the post-office, whicl was read a first time:
Ordered, That Monday next be assigned for the second reading
MONDAY, December 2, 1782. According to order, the draught of the supplemental ordinance for regulat ing the post-office, was taken up for a second reading; and after debate,
Ordered, That it be re-committed.
A motion was made by Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Arnold,“ that it be recommended to the several states, to settle with and satisfy the officers and men of such temporary corps of troops as may have been raised within them respectively, with the approbation of Congress, on account of their pay and emoluments during the time of their actual service, and the depreciation thereon, and charge the same to the United States.".
A motion was made by Mr. M'Kean, seconded by Mr. Hamilton, that the consideration thereof be postponed:
And on the question for postponing, the yeas and nays being required by
Delaware, Mr. M*Kean,
Pirginia, Mr. Jones,
ay) New-York, Mr. Floyd,
ay) New Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, ay
ay ay Pennsylvania, Mr. Fitzsimmons, ay > *
Izard, So it was resolved in the affirmative.
Ordered, That the order of the day, for electing two judges for the court of appeals, be postponed to Thursday next.
TUESDAY, December 3, 1782. The secretary for foreign affairs having assigned to Congress satisfactory reasons for relinquishing his office, and having requested permission to resign:
Resolved, That Thursday, the 19th inst. be assigned for electing another person to fill the office of secretary for foreign affairs ; and that Mr. Livingston be informed that Congress do approve of his proposal of continuing to perform the duties of the office until a person shall be appointed to succeed him.
On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Peters and Mr. Osgood, to whom was referred a letter of the 22d Nov. from the superintendent of finance and secretary at war:
Resolved, That after the last day of December inst, in lieu of the rations hitherto allowed to the officers of the armv, including those for servants, they shall be allowed subsistence money at the rate of four dollars per month for each ration ; provided, that where circumstances in any case shall not permit the payment of such subsistence money, they shall draw their rations as heretofore.
Resolved, That after the fore-mentioned period, in lieu of the pay and rations allowed to the officers of the hospital department, including ratious for servants, they shall be entitled to the following monthly pay and subsistence; provided in like manner, that where the said subsistence money shall not be paid, they shall be entitled to draw an equivalent number of rations, at the rate of four dollars for each ration per month, viz.
The director, 102 dollars pay and 60 dollars subsistence.
The deputy director and physician, each 100 dollars pay and 48 dollars subsistence.
The surgeons, each 90 dollars pay and 40 dollars subsistence.
Deputy apothecary and deputy purveyor, each 59 dollars pay and 16 dollars subsistence.
Mates, each 42 dollars pay and 12 dollars subsistence.
WEDNESDAY, December 4, 1782. On the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Osgood, Mr. Madison and Mr. Hamilton, to whom was referred a letter of the 29th of November from the agent of marine, enclosing a copy of a letter of the same date, to him, from captain J. P. Jones :
Resolved, That the agent of marine be informed, that Congress having a high sense of the merit and services of capt. J. P. Jones, and being disposed to favour the zeal manifested by him to acquire improvement in the line of his profession, do grant the permission which he requests; and that the said agent be instructed to recommend him accordingly to the countenance of his excellency the marquis de Vaudreuil.
On motion of Mr. Hamilton, seconded by Mr. Howell,
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to confer with a committee of the legislature of Pennsylvania, relative to the subjects of their late memorial to Congress: the members, Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Madison, and Mr. Hamilton.
The committee, consisting of Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Peters, and Mr. Osgood, to whom were referred a report of the superintendent of finance, on a letter of the 22d of November 1782, from capt. Schreiber, and a letter of the 25th of the same month from lieut. col. Cambray ; report,
6 That although they consider the situation of foreigners in the service of this country, remote from any resources which they may have in their own, and destitute of any competent provision here, as involving a peculiar hardship, and requiring if possible some discrimination in their favor; yet in the present embarrassed state of the public finances, they cannot advise any measure for their relief, which may derange the general plans of the superintendent of finance; and they therefore recommend, that the matter may be left to his discretion, to act therein as he inay conceive most proper."
Resolved, That Congress agree to the said report.
The committee, consisting of Mr. Carroll, Mr. Osgood, and Mr. Peters, to whom was referred a letter of the 29th of October, from the secretary at war, on the subject of future promotions of colonels to the rank of brigadiers; report,
That for the purpose of promotions of colonels or lieutenant-colonels commandant, the army of the United States shall be considered as classed in the following divisions; the eastern, middle, and southern. The troops of NewHampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, shall form the eastern; those of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, the middle; and those of Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, the southern division :
That whensoever it shall be deemed necessary for the service, to appoint brigadiers in any state or states where the number of troops in the field are sufficient to form one or more brigades, the brigadiers shall be appointed from the senior colonels or lieutenant-colonels commandant in the lines of such states: and when brigadiers shall be wanted to command brigades within either of the divisions composed of the troops of such states, who have not individuall: numbers in the field sufficient to form a brigade, the brigadiers shall be appoin ed from the senior colonels or lieutenant-colonels commandant in such brigade
On the question to agree to this report, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Clark, N.- Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, no 2o Delaware, Mr. M‘Kean, White,
Wharton, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
I Virginia, Mr. Madison, Rhorle-Island, Mr. Arnold,
N.- Carolina, Mr. Nash,
Williamson, ay Say New York, Mr. Floyd,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge,
ay Gay Clark,
Izard, Pennsylvania, Mr. Fitzsimmons, ay 2
Peters, So the question was lost. A motion was then made by Mr. Osgood, seconded by Mr. Gilman, as follows:
Whereas it appears, that there are two brigades of troops of the Massachusetts line now cominanded by colonels ; therefore,
Resolved, That col. John Greaton, and col. William Shepard, the two senior colonels in the Massachusetts line of officers be, and hereby are, promoted to the rank of brigadiers-general in the army of the United States.
And on the question to agree to the motion, the yeas and nays being required 'by Mr. Osgood, N.-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman, ay 2, Delaware, Mr. M*Kean, White, ay say ..
Wharton, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
Maryland, Mr. Carroll,
Virginia, Mr. Madison,
N.-Carolina, Mr. Nash,
ay) New-Jersey, Mr. Boudinot,
1S.- Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, no Clark,
ay no Pennsylvania, Mr. Fitzsimmons,
no) Peters, no sol So the motion was lost.
The committee, consisting of Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Nash, and Mr. Peters, to whom was re-committed the draught of the supplemental ordinance for regulating the post-office, reported the draught of an ordinance for amending the ordinance for regulating the post-office of the United States, which was read a first time : Ordered, That Friday next be assigned for the second reading.
THURSDAY, December 5, 1782. According to the order of the day, Congress proceeded to the election of two judges for the court of appeals in cases of capture; and the ballots being taken, Mr. John Lowell, and Mr. George Read were elected, the former having been nominated by Mr. Osgood, and the latter by Mr. Fitzsimmons.
Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee on the report of a committee on gov. Clinton's letter of the 16th of September, &c. as entered on the journal of the 14th of November last ; and the same being postponed,
A motion was made by Mr. M*Kean, seconded by Mr. Hamilton, in the words following:
Whereas it appears to Congress, by authentic documents, that the people inhabiting the district of country on the west side of Connecticut river, commonly called the New-Hampshire Grants, and claiming to be an independent state, in contempt of the authority of Congress, and in direct violation of their resolutions of the 24th of September, 1779, and of the 2d of June, 1780, did, in the month of September last, proceed to exercise jurisdiction over the persons and properties of sundry inhabitants of the said district, professing theniselves to be subjects of, and to owe allegiance to the state of New York, by means
whereof divers of them have been condemned to banishment, not to return on pain of death and confiscation of estate; and others have been fined in large sums and otherwise deprived of property; therefore,
Resolved, That the said acts and proceedings of the said people, being highly derogatory to the authority of the United States, and dangerous to the con. federacy, require the immediate and decided interposition of Congress, for the protection and relief of such as have suffered by them, and for preserving peace in the said district, until a decision shall be had of the controversy, relative to the jurisdiction of the same :
That the people inhabiting the said district claiming to be independent, be, and they are hereby, required, without delay, to make full and ample restitution to Timothy Church, Timothy Phelps, Henry Evans, William Shattuck, and such others as have been condemned to banishment and confiscation of estate, or have otherwise been deprived of property since the 1st day of September last, for the damages they have sustained by the acts and proceedings afore. said; and that they be not molested in their persons or properties, or their re. turn to their habitations in the said district :
That the United States will take effectual measures to enforce a compliance with the aforesaid resolutions, in case the same shall be disobeyed by the peo. ple of the said district:
That no persons holding commissions under the state of New York, or under the people of the said district claiming to be independent, exercise any au. thority over the persons and properties of any inhabitants in the said district, contrary to the forementioned resolutions of the 24th of September, 1779, and the 2d of June, 1780 :
That a copy of the aforegoing resolutions be transmitted to Thoinas Chitten. den, esq. of Bennington, in the district aforesaid, to be communicated to the people thereof.
A motion was made by Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Clark, to strike out the following clause : “ that the United States will take effectual measures to enforce a compliance with the aforesaid resolutions, in case the same shall be disobeyed by the people of the said district."
A motion was made by Mr. Madison, seconded by Mr. M.Kean, that the question for striking out the clause be postponed until a question is taken on a motion for amending a previous part of the motion, by striking out the words "and dangerous to the confederacy, require the immediate and decided inter. position of Congress," and in lieu thereof inserting "interposed in pursuance of the act passed on the day of
by the state of New Hampshire, and the act passed on the day of by the state of New York, two of the states claiming the same, and for the purpose of preserving the peace and interests of the confederacy, require immediate and effectual measures :
And on the question for postponing, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Howell, N-Hampshire, Mr. Gilman,
1 Delaware, Mr. M‘Kean, White,
Wharton, Massachusetts, Mr. Osgood,
1. Virginia, Mr. Jones, Rhode-Island, Mr. Arnold
Howell, nos no N.-Carolina, Mr. Nash,
S.-Carolina, Mr. Rutledge, ay
Ramsay, ay Say Pennsylvania, Mr. Fitzsimmons,
ay) Peters, So the question was lost. On the question, shall the clause moved to be struck out stand ? the yeas and uays being required by Mr. Howell, VOL. IY.