Abbildungen der Seite


marked the pains taken by the conductors of the Gentleman's Magazine, from its
counencement, to establish its general chara&ter of a ready conveyance of all useful
information to the publick, will not suspect them of treating with neglect a request
dictated by the humanity of those benevolent citizens, who had embarked with
1o much zeal in the laudable design of rescuing from premature death, and re-
foring to their families, many industrious individuals whom accident had appa-
rently deprived of life. Accordingly, in 1771 (joe our Magazine for that year,
p. 512), we published a brief, but a clear and authentic account, of the institution
of the Society, the motives that led to its establishment, the improvement the first
inftitutors had made in their plan, and the success that had attended their endea-
vours; with the recital of some extraordinary cafes, in order to encourage persons
employed in the operation to persevere, even when every outward sign of life is
cealed, and seems to render their labour ineffe&tual. Observing, however, that
this first communication did not make that deep impression on the minds of our
countrymen, which we had reason to hope from their known philanthropy; and
judging that the Society might think we fighted their recommendation, from the
little effect it had produced ; in 1773 we repeated our application to the publick, in
manner following : “ It is much to be lamented, from the happy cifeels that have
been experienced in a neighbouring nation, that a fociety, founded on the same
humane principles should be wanting in England, where charitable establishments
of almost every other kind fo plentifully abound. Till such an establishment is
instituted, let all who have it in their power endeavour to lupply its place. Were
the conductors of periodical papers of every kind to concur in circulating through-
out the kingdom, we may say throughout the world, the methods by which per-
fons, supposed to be drowned, may be restored to life, there is no doubt but many
would live to bless their benefactors, who muft otherwise perith for want of the
necessary affiftance." Then followed a recital of some additional instructions,
with a brief detail of many extraordinary circumstances that had attended the cases
that had come well-attested before the Amsterdam Society, in order to entitle the
perlons concerned to the premiums bestowed. (See vol. XLIII. p. 174), pub-
lished in 1777.—These facis must certainly have been unknown to our corre-
fpondent above referred to, or he would not so pofitively have pronounced, as he
has done, “that Dr. Johnstone's was unquestionably the first publication of the kind
that ever appeared in this kingdom.” But it will appear not a little extraordi-
nary, that those wbo adopted ibe plan should never, in any of their publications,
have noticed by whom it was suggested. [See two Letters in our prejent Supple-
ment, PP: 1154, 1160).-C.O. will not be displeased with these articles. The
publications he enquires after will very speedily make their appearance.

Mr. Chamberlayne, Secretary to the Medical Society, requests us to re&tify a
mistake of his, p. 1121, in giving Dr. W. Kerr, of Northampton, credit for a paper
on the efficacy of çantharides in dropsy, which ought to have been placed to the
account of Dr. Samuel Farr, of Curry Revel.- A Constant Reader says, “it surely
would be a great improvement to books of anatomy, where figures are given, if
we were told from what kind of preparation they were taken ; whether from wet
or dry, injected or not, also of what age and sex the subjedi was. An attention to
these circumstances might, perhaps, lead to fome unknown interesting discoverics."
-One who has just dipped into the “ Local Proverbs” in Capr. Grose's “ Pro-
vincial Glossary," desires us to hint to that gentleman, that the proverb of “ Bed-
worth beggars” originates in Leicestershire, though the town which gave rise to
it is in the county of Warwick. Bedworth is a large and populous village, fa-
mous for coal-mines, whence swarms of paupers over-run the neighbouring county.
-GALLUS TRANSJURANUS laments a prejudice the people in this country,
and particularly the heads of some schools, labour under, with respect to French
teachers, none being in general acceptable unless natives of Paris, or at least of
France; and asks, if it is a particular gift from Heaven, only granted to the subjects
of his Moft Christian Majefty, to have the faculty and privalege of teaching their
own language and whether goud morals and grammatical skill are not alio of some
consequence :-Clontarfe, p. 1037, was originally a Commandery for Knights
Templars, founded temp. Hen. 11. The view from this cattle is richly extennve,
and extremely picturesque.-D. R's Heraldic Hint is out of our Line, but thall
be communicated to Mr. D. as he defires.-Dr. Johnfon's Sermon, p. 1104, was
probably preached before one of the Houses of Parliament, or perhaps at St. Paul's.

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Meteorol.Diaries for Feb. :786, and Jan.1787 21 The Yew indigenous in Great-Britain


Preface to a Volume of Porms by Mrs. Piozzi 3 Col. Simcoe to M. de Chaftellox, ORIGINAL 36
Character of the late Rev. Mr. Uowin 4 Various Etymologies by Mr. T. Row
Proposal to prevent Disputes in Parith Bounds

Anecdote of Dr. Taylor-Aldworib Yew-trees 40

Account of the Woody ades of Siberia

con Suicide--Suetonius ----Bishops


Original Love-letter of the last Century 7|Two Paliages in St. Paul illuftrated


Lord Howard of Waldeo's Admition by Proxy 8 Statue for Mr. Howard strongly enforced


On the Constitution of Incorporated Boroughs 9 Mr. Colborne's Rerely for the Store ibit.
Original Account of the S:ege of Dunkirk ilouer es on Naiural History, and on the Bible 4
Sarům Mitals, unnoticed in Brit. Topography 12 Proceedingsju the prelent Sertion of Parliament 46
The Pine described, from the Roman Pocts 14 Obelitk for Mr. Frampton-Curious Sun-dial 49
The Fir and the Cypress described

15 Inconlistencies of some modern Antiquaries 50

Bihop Secker on bowing at the Name of Jesus 19 Reviviscence in the Grave questioned


Original Publication of Minihew's Dictionary 17 Dr. Prienicy's great Abilities as a Translator 54
six's new Thermomeier-Reduction of Interest 18 Critique on a very famous Paffage ia Virgil 55
Infraction for the Choice of Ps. Ar hur's Wife 13 REVIEW of New PUBLICATIONS




Impropriety of neglecting the Clerical Dress 23 Variety of ORSCINAL POETRY 68-72

Strictures oa Dr.Gillies—Shakespear's Name 24 Foreigo Affairs---- American, Irith, Scotch, Pori,
The P inciples of Roman-catholics stated
25 Country, and Domestic News


Vinsication of Hayley's“Elay or 012 Maids” 26 Liits of Births, Marriages, Deaths, &c: 89-94

Argumeats againi Tortore-Petronius illuftr. 32 Average Price of Grain-Theatrical Reg. &c.95

Memoirs of Mr. Joseph Cooper Walker 34 Daily Variations in the Prices of Stocks


Muftrat with an accurate Engraving of an OBELISK lately eracted at Moreton in
Dortechire, in Honour of James FRAMPTON, Esq. and a Delineation of a

curious SUN-DIAL, which answers the Purpose of a Quadrant.

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LONDON, Printed by J. NICHOLS, for D. HENRY, late of SAINT JOHN'S GATS,

29 18

29 18

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42 41

36 48

10 11 12


48 46

2 Meteorological Diaries for February, 1786; and January, 1787. Feb. Barometer,

Days, inch, 200 hs


'Weather in February, 1986.


thin clouds and wind.'
29 15


overcast, brikk wind. 3


thin ice, bright and still. 4 29 17


fair and fill.2
29 18


overcast, rain, ftormy.3

brisk wind, heavy clouds. 4
29 5


violent form at night & rain, fair, 29 7

fair, brick wind

[orisk wind. 29 II


flight of snow, fair and full.


heavy clouds, brick wind. 29 14


clouds aod lun.6


fair, strong wind. 7 13 30 2


white frost, bright and fill, 14 30 3


fair, mild, and (pring-likca 15 30 3


fair and fill.s 16 30 2


overcalt and still. 17 29 15 47

fair.9 18 29 17 49


fog, overcast and 19 29 19 49



overcast and itill, rain."


fog and Itil. 21 30


fair, brisk wind, colde air,
29 38


chick ice, fair, strong narth wind. 23 29 19 32


thick ice, fair, trong harsh wind. 24


fair, harsh wind. 12
29 14 32

fair, harsh wind, flights of frow. 26 29

I 2

thin Bights of snow, haith wind, 27. 29


60 ftorms with (now. 28 29



OBSERVATIONS. Chaffinch (fringilla cælebs) fings.—2 Daphne mezereon in bloom.-3 Yellow crocus in bloom.--* Hedge.sparrow (motacilla modularis) fings. - 5 Wood-laurel (daphne laureola) in bloom.-- Thruth (curdus musicus) Sings.—1 Viotets begin to blow. Very licle thow for bloom on the elms, probably owing to the profusion with which they were covered last gear, Sky-lark (alanda arvensis) fings.-9 Bees come abroad and play about. Fine mild weather "that chears the hearts of men and bees."_I Spring lown peas begin to appear.-. Yellow-hammer (emberiza Hava) lings._12 Confect.oners laying in thick ice.



29 16

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METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for January, 1787. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer, Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Barom. Weather

Barom. Weather in. pts. in Jan. 1787.

in. prs in Jan. 1787.

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32 40
34 29,54 frain

12 33 40 36 29,85 fair
34 42 37 28,9 fair


38 29,56 fair 29 43 | 45 | 42 29,76 thowery

14 34 44 36 29,87 fair 30 37 44 36 30,44 fair

15 32 35 30 30,5 foggy 31 34 36 39 30,61 foggy

29 38 37 29,92 fcloudy 7.1 3544 41 30,44 small rain

17 33 40

34 30,16 l'air
30,44 showery

30 39 35 30,3

fair 3

42. 30,36 cloudy

19 32 40 40 30,3

rain 440 4644 30,52 cloudy

44 | 46

45 130,2 thowery 47 44 30,5 cloudy

44 47 45 30,2 fair
45 47 39 30,39 cloudy

43 46 42 30,11 cloudy
32 37
29 30,61 fair

23 41 45 4130,11 loudy.
27 35 37 30,6 cloudy

24 41 44

37 30,11 liair 9 37 40 38 30,52 cloudy

25 | 36 42-32 30,16 fair 10 36 34 34 30,47 cloudy

26 28

34 28 30,4 35 | 40 | 34 (30,2 fair W. CARY, Mathematical Infrument-Maker, opposite Arundel Atreet, Strand,


Gentleman's Magazine :

Por J A NU A RY, 1787.



Preface to a Colle&tion of Poems, written sparkle in the grafs, and exhilarate the

by Mrs. Piozzi, Berrie Greathead, spirits of those who drink them on the Robert Merry, and William Parsons, spot, grow vapid and unftelefs by car.

Ejqrs; and printed at Florence in 1785. riage and keeping; and though we have, THE PREFACE BY Mrs. Piozzi. perhaps, tranigrelled the Perfian rule of ***RREFAC ES to books, string fileat till ive could find something

like prologues to plays, important or inftru&tive to say, we shall

will feldoin be found to at least be allowed to have glistened inno. ※ P

invite readers, and still cently in Italian sunshine, and to have lefs often to convey im- imbibed from its rays the warmth of portance. Excuses for mutual benevolence, though we may

mcan perfoi mances add have missed the hardness and polifa that only the bafeness of submission to some coarser metal might have obtained porerty of sentiment, and take from by heat of equal force. I will not, howbusipidity the praise of being inoffen. ever, lengthen out my preface ; if the five. We do not, however, by this book is but a feather, tying a stone to it firtle address mean to deprecate pub- can be no good policy, though it were a lic criticism, or solicit regard; why precious one; the lighter body would we wrote :he verses may be easily ex not make the heavy one (wim; but the plained : we wrote them to divert our heavy body would inevitably make the felves, and to say kind things of each light one link.” other; we collected them that our re The poems contained in the volume, ciprocal expressions of kindness might to wbich the above is the preface, were not be loft; and we printed them be printed at Florence in 1785, under the cause we had no realon to be ashamed title of “The Florence Miscellany," of our mutual partiality: Portrait Svo. in 237 pages, but were not pubpainting, though unadorned by allego- lifhed. A specimen of the poetry hall rical allusions, and unfupported by recole be given in next month's magazine. lection of events and places, will be The book concludes with musick for a efteemed for ever as one of the most serenade, composed by Mr. Piozzi. durable methods to keep tenderness alive, and preserve friend ihip from de MR. URBAN, here, where artists of manotages have I LOOKED over your obituary of laft

month with the melancholy expeétacontributed their own likenelles to the tion of recognising che amiable and dis. royal gallery, is less frequented than tinguished virtues of the late Rev. Wm. that which contains the statue of a Dave Cawthorn Unwin. As many of the and the piture of a sibyl. Our little friends of this excellent man are constant book cao scarcely be less important to readers of your useful publication, I readers of a diflant age, or nation, than doubt not but they are equally as difrave ourselves are ready to acknowledge tisfied as myself with the very meagre ar*; the waters of a mineral sprir.g which ticle which registers a death so much la.


Venuint Anecuures and character og ine late Mr. Unwin, mented. We must blame ourselves how- ral interests; his liberal supply of their ever for not furnishing you with more wants, of which he kindly impelled the interesing and accurate materials. If approach or prevented the preliure; bis this omiflion should not be betier reme inflexible oppofition to the oppreflion of died, you will be so good to supply the the powerful, and his exertions to curb imperfections and correct the errors of the libertinism of the poor ; the fweeryour former account, by inserting in ness of his address, and, above all, the your next Magazine the following par- shining example of his life both in the ticulars :

world and in his family; formed altoMr. Unwin was not the son, but the gether so frong an argument for virtue nephew of John Unwin, Esq. of Croy- and religion, as only a very few of the don. His father was a respectable cler: most abandoned of his people could refift. gyman, and, if I mistake not, master of Accordingly, the parish of Stock is now a school in Bucks, where his widow still

an example of public decency to the refides. He was educated at the Char- neighbourhood ; the congregations in ter-house, and from thence removed to few country villages are so oumerous, Christ's College, Cambridge, where he and in none that I have ever heard of lo formed an intimacy, which subsisted till orderly and devout. Where there is a his death, with the present amiable pre- general external reformation, there must late of Clonfert, and the admired author be some genuine piery. of “ The Principles of moral and politi The benevolence of this good man was cal Philosophy." —He distinguished him too ardent to be confined to his parishes. It self in the university by the unaffected was his regular practice to vilii the county piety of his manners, and the classical gaol, for the double purpose of awakenelegance of his conversation. His ato' ing, if possible, its wretched indiabitants tachment to polite literature was re to a sense of religion, and alleviating their warded with the chancellor's gold medal. Outward wants, For several years he On his admission to holy orders, about had laboured with all his intereit to obthe year 1769, he served a church in the tain an allowance of fire for the prisoners ; neighbourhood of Cambridge. He be and the winter before his death he had ! gan his ministry with that wisdon and the satisfaction of finding that his solicindelity, that affectionate zeal, and that tations were at length effectual. exemplary purity which marked the

As a preacher, Mr. Unwin was plain whole of his public life. He was not and energe:ic. The sublime truths of only popular but useful in his parish, the gospel had very deeply impressed his where his memory is still very highly heart, and he recommended them to esteemed. The next year he was pre others with the fimplicity and conhdence sented by his uncle to the consolidated which such an impreffion may be supsectories of Stock, cum Ramsden-Bree- posed to produce. 'He did not always house, Ellex, which prevented his ad read his fermons; nor was he fu idle as miffion to a fellowship of his college. never to write them. But his good fenfe This living, with the adjoining parith of and reverence for the word of God alRamsden-Crays, to which he was initio ways prevented him from uttering a fintuted in 1750, on the presentation of g!c'expression inconsistent with the digo Bond Hopkins, Esq. was the only pre- nity of religion --The complexion of his ferment he enjoyed." In his character of mind was chearful; and he was formed a parish minister he was well known to to adorn and iniprove a large circle of acthe writer of this article, who though quaintance, which he selected with unTiappy in an acquaintance with many of common prudence. Few men have the most respectable clergy in the esta- united so much piety, and so much po. blinment, deliberately declares that he litenels. The delicacy with which he never found Mr. Unwin's equal, both in administered reproof was inimitable. It exertion and success. The village of not only produced the effect intended, Stock, where Mr. Unwin constantly re. but was in several instances the occasion fred, he found in a state of the most no of agreeable friend fhips. His acquainttorious depravity. It was profligate to ance, which he highly valued, with one a proverb. His weekly religious meet. of the most benevolent friends of manings at his own house; h s fervent exhor, kind, who left this world but a few tations to his people from the pulpit; bis weeks before him, originated from his familiar catechetical lectures to their chil- noticing, with the manly fortitude of a dien; his affectionate visits to their fami- christian minister, and the elegant adtics; his vigilant attention to their xmpo. dress of good breeding, an unintentional


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