Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices
OUP Oxford, 20.06.2003 - 278 Seiten
In recent years a set of radical new approaches to public policy has been developing. These approaches, drawing on discursive analysis and participatory deliberative practices, have come to challenge the dominant technocratic, empiricist models in policy analysis. In his major new book Frank Fischer brings together this new work for the first time and critically examines it. In an accessible way he describes the theoretical, methodological, and political requirements and implications of the new "post-empiricist" approach to public policy. The volume includes a discussion of the social construction of policy problems, the role of interpretation and narrative analysis in policy inquiry, the dialectics of policy argumentation, and the uses of participatory policy analysis. The book will be required reading for anyone studying, researching, or formulating public policy.
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Constructing Policy Theory Ideas Language and Discourse
Public Policy as Discursive Construct Social Meaning and Multiple Realities
Public Policy and Discourse Analysis
Discourse versus Advocacy Coalitions Interpreting Policy Change and Learning
Postempiricist Foundations Social Constructionism and Practical Discourse
Interpreting Public Policy Normative Frames and Methodological Issues
Public Policy as Narrative Stories Frames and Metanarratives
Policy Analysis as Discursive Practice The Argumentative Turn
Citizens and Experts Democratizing Policy Deliberation
The Deliberative Policy Analyst Theoretical Issues and Practical Challenges
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acid rain action advocacy coalition approach argue basic causal Chapter citizens communicative concept consensus constructionist critical debate decision-making decisions deliberation deliberative democratic discourse analysis discursive practices dominant emphasizes empirical empiricism empiricist environmental epistemological evaluation example experience explain facilitate fact focus frame goal groups Hajer ical ideas identify ideological important informal logic institutions interaction interests interpretive interpretive communities involves judgements knowledge language logic metanarrative methodological methods narrative narrative analysis neopositivism normative objective offers orientation participants participatory particular perspective planner policy analysis policy argumentation policy belief policy inquiry policy issues policy problems policy science policymaking positivist postempiricist poststructural programme public policy questions rational reality reason relationship relevant role scientific seeks situation social actors social and political social construction social constructionism social meanings social science social scientists society specific stories storylines strategies structure struggle symbols theoretical theory tion underlying understanding values
Seite 29 - The concept of institutions is used here to refer to the formal rules, compliance procedures, and standard operating practices that structure the relationship between individuals in various units of the polity and economy.
Seite 3 - ... is twofold. In part it is directed toward the policy process, and in part toward the intelligence needs of policy. The first task, which is the development of a science of policy forming and execution, uses the methods of social and psychological inquiry. The second task, which is the improving of the concrete content of the information and the interpretations available to policy-makers, typically goes outside the boundaries of social science and psychology.
Seite 150 - What the ethnographer is in fact faced with - except when (as, of course, he must do) he is pursuing the more automatized routines of data collection - is a multiplicity of complex conceptual structures, many of them superimposed upon or knotted into one another, which are at once strange, irregular, and inexplicit, and which he must contrive somehow first to grasp and then to render.
Seite 98 - These assumptions lead to one of the critical hypotheses of the entire framework; Hypothesis 1: On major controversies within a policy subsystem when core beliefs are in dispute, the lineup of allies and opponents tends to be rather stable over periods of a decade or so.6 Thus the framework explicitly rejects the view that actors are primarily motivated by their short-term self-interest and thus that "coalitions of convenience" of highly varying composition will dominate policy making over time.
Seite 98 - Hypothesis 5: The core (basic attributes) of a governmental action program is unlikely to be changed in the absence of significant perturbations external to the subsystem, that is, changes in socioeconomic conditions, system-wide governing coalitions, or policy outputs from other subsystems.
Seite 33 - We argue that control over knowledge and information is an important dimension of power and that the diffusion of new ideas and information can lead to new patterns of behavior and prove to be an important determinant of international policy coordination.
Seite 73 - ... a specific ensemble of ideas, concepts, and categorizations that are produced, reproduced, and transformed in a particular set of practices and through which meaning is given to physical and social realities
Seite 54 - popularizers" who can bridge environmentalism and science 3. Media attention in which the problem is "framed
Seite 61 - Problems come into discourse and therefore into existence as reinforcements of ideologies, not simply because they are there or because they are important for wellbeing. They signify who are virtuous and useful and who are dangerous or inadequate, which actions will be rewarded and which penalized. They...
Seite 182 - Its crucial argumentative aspect is what distinguishes policy analysis from the academic social sciences on the one hand, and from problem-solving methodologies such as operations research on the other.
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