Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

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University of California Press, 2001 - 385 Seiten
Throughout much of European history, Jews have been strongly associated with commerce and the money trade, rendered both visible and vulnerable, like Shakespeare's Shylock, by their economic distinctiveness. Shylock's Children tells the story of Jewish perceptions of this economic difference and its effects on modern Jewish identity. Derek Penslar explains how Jews in modern Europe developed the notion of a distinct "Jewish economic man," an image that grew ever more complex and nuanced between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries.
 

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Inhalt

Jews Paupers and Other Savages The Economic Image of the Jew in Western Europe 16481848
11
Economic Antisemitism in Historical Perspective
13
Moralism Mercantilism and Cameralism
23
The Jew as Pauper
35
The Jew as Savage
38
The Jew as Master
42
The Origins of Jewish Political Economy 16481848
50
Judaism and Economics
52
Burghers of the Mosaic Persuasion
144
Economics and Jewish Historiography
158
Solving the Jewish Problem Jewish Social Policy 18601933
174
From Philanthropy to Social Welfare
176
and Bourgeois Social Reform
185
Jewish Immigration Policy
195
Apologetic Romantic or Realistic?
205
Social Policy and Jewish Social Science
216

Mercantilism and Jewish Mcxiernity
59
Economics in the German Haskalah
68
Economics in the Eastern European Haskalah
81
Political Economy in German Jewish Social Thought 18151848
84
The Origins of Modern Jewish Philanthropy 17891860
90
Rationality Morality and Philanthropy
92
The Theory and Practice of Jewish Productivization
107
Homo economicus judaicus and the Spirit of Capitalism 18481914
124
Economic Mobility
126
Abnormality and Distinctiveness
134
Gentile Visions of Homo eamomicus judaicus
138
The Birth of Sociological Judaism
219
From Social Policy to Social Engineering 18701933
223
Zionism as a Form of International Jewish Politics
225
Jewish Social Policy in Palestine
232
Colonization as Social Engineering
238
Epilogue
255
Notes
263
Bibliography
329
Index
359
Urheberrecht

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Seite ix - Christian: But more, for that, in low simplicity, He lends out money gratis, and brings down The rate of usance here with us in Venice. If I can catch him once upon the hip, I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, Even there where merchants most do congregate, On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, If I forgive him!
Seite ix - I hate him for he is a Christian; But more, for that, in low simplicity, He lends out money gratis, and brings down The rate of usance here with us in Venice. If I can catch him once upon the hip, I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.

Über den Autor (2001)

Derek J. Penslar is Samuel Zacks Associate Professor of Jewish History at the University of Toronto and author of Zionism and Technocracy: The Engineering of Jewish Settlement in Palestine 1870-1918 (1991). He coedited In Search of Jewish Community: Jewish Identities in Germany and Austria, 1918-1933 (1998).

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