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Responsibility of Sovereign for violation of neutrality
such violation .....
Russia and Prussia
Denmark and Sweden
Neutrality toward Great Britain during President Washington's
Expedition of Miranda
Revolt of Spanish-American colonies
War between Portugal and the Banda Oriental
British enlistments during the Crimean War.
Orders in Council
('ourse toward the Netherlands
General obligations of neutrals
Case are sustained...
Armament of the Florida
At Cardenas, at Mobile...
At Nassau, January 25, 1863; receives coal, supplies, and recruitments..
At Barbados, February 24, 1863; receives coal and repairs..
At Bermuda, July 15, 1863; repairs and coals..
At Brest ; receives recruits and new machinery from Liverpool.
Her adaptation to war is not disputed.
The question to be decided..
Mr. Adams gives information respecting the Alabama June 23, 1862.
Referred to Law-Officers of the Crown..
Their action upon it..
Proceedings of Customs Authorities.
the Collector at Liverpool
He does so
Conduct of the Collector..
He declines to act..
Mr. Adams instructs the Consul to continue to collect proof..
The Consul does so, and presents it to the Collector, with a request to
seize the vessel.
Law-Advisers of the Customs
proof is on the neutral to show due diligence to prevent them.
Diligence not a technical word....
“Due” implies seasonableness, appropriateness, and adequate-
Objections to British definition of the term.
Judicial definitions by British and American Courts..
The United States do not desire a severe construction.
They do not propose to become guarantors of their people
The Arbitrators the judges of what constitutes due diligence...
XII.—THE FALURE OF GREAT BRITIIN TO FULFILL ITS DUTIES, AS ESTAB-
The obligations of Great Britain were independent of steps taken by of-
The Government of the United States always earnest to maintain its du-
Absence of such earnestness on the part of Great Britain a license for
the acts of hostility complained of...
international duties, and its efficacy was diminished by judicial con-
struction and official requirements..
The neglect to amend the Foreign-Enlistment Act a failure of due dil-
The responsibility of Great Britain for these failures in due diligence
continued until the end of the career of the cruisers.
Measure of liability considered....
These claims all comprehended in the terms of the Treaty.
Used in the same sense in this discussion..
What claims are within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal.
Mr. Adams, November, 1802, asks “ redress for private and na-
Liability denied by Great Britain
United States refuse to relinquish their claims..
Mauy claims lodged during the war, but discussion deferred..