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Nymphs, announced the repose of the God of was called the silver age, but even then we the universe.

are told it was mixed with some alloy. In Nevertheless, when his first teeth began to truth, crimes began to appear, and Jupiter was appear, he became a very bad little boy, and obliged to punish them with exemplary sevesqualled from morning until night with allrity in the person of Lycaon, King of Arcadia.. bis strength. Upon this, the priests (naned This cruel Prince massacred every stranger Corybantes) invented a species of dance called that passed through his states. Jupiter predactyle, in which they struck against each | sented himself at his gate, and demanded hos. other with brazen bucklers. The clattering | pitality. Eager to insult his supremne power, of these instruments, prevented Saturn and Lycaou ordered the limbs of a slave to be Titan from hearing the cries of Jupiter. But served up for the master of the Gods. The Bothing appeased bim so completely as the incensed Jupiter reduced the barbarian's pa. breast of his nurse. This was the goat Amal- || lace into ashes, and changed bim into a wolf. thea. People tell us that goats-milk makes Doubtless it was upon this occasion that Ju. the head light: Jupiter's character rather | piter was adored under the name of Jupiter tempts me to believe that it gives that quality | Hospitalis, as having avenged the rights of to the heart. In truth, no modern Mirabel hospitality. erer wooed more Orianas or Phillises, than Soon after this he bore the name of Jupiter Japiter deceived mortal and immortal beauties. Ammon: listen attentively, I am going to I will not even undertake to give you a list of speak Greek to you. Ammon signifies gravel them. The most celebrated were Autiope, or sand. Travelling one day over the sandy Alemena, Danae, Leda, Semele, Europa, Egina, | desert of Arabia, Bacchus was seized with a and Calisto. I shall hereafter speak more burning thirst, and the God of wine could not particularly of these ladies ; at present let us find even a drop of water. In this extremity return to the isle of Crete.

Jupiter suddenly appeared under the form of a Jupiter having been weaned, being desirous ram, and striking the earth with his hoof, made to recompence the goat Amalthea, his nurse, a copious spring gush out from the stroke. changed her into a constellation ; but he re Bacchus, in gratitude, erected a temple upon tained one of her horns, which he presented the spot, and dedicated it to Jupiter Ammon ; to the Nymphs by whom he was educated that is to say, Jupiter of the Sand. This was the famous born of Plenty, which This God bad another temple yet more ce. passed so often from hand to hand, that now lebrated, situated in the forest of Dodona; it we know not where to find it.

was thence his oracles were issued. Under Japiter was scarcely out of his infancy, the sacred shade of ancient oaks was concealed when he bacame a hero. His first exploit was a deep grotto; not even the brightest day could the war against the Titang. I have informed ever dissipate the horror of its gloomy windyou that in the perilous moment, all the other lings. The traveller trembled while he tarried Gods abandoned bim; but bis own courage beneath its sombre arch. There might at once was bis best ally.--Unassisted and alone, he be seen Hope with her smiling air, Ambition conquered all his enemies, and buried them with his brazen front, Fear with wavering eyes, under those mountains which they had hea ped Suspicion, Interest; in short, such a groupe as together to scale the heavens. Enceladaus often throngs the anti-chamber of a prime was overwhelmed by Mount Etna; and now minister. The portal opens, the crowd shuda every time that he sneezes, a volcano flames der and enter; they hope, they fear, they up in the clouds : when he stirs, all Sicily is | scarcely respire; the vault trembles! at that turned inside outwards.

instant the priest approaches, and distributes The second exploit of Jupiter is not so to each their destiny, written upon a leaf of bonourable to him as the first. It was the de the oak, which a breath of wind has brought feat and the exile of Saturn. It is certain tbat towards the temple. the latter had his faults; but his son might At Rome they adored Jupiter Stator. This bave found for him a more august retreat.

comes from the Latin word stare, After seizing the throne, Jupiter espoused | which signifies to stop, in memory of Jupiter bis sister Juno, and lived with ber for some having once suddenly stopped the Romano lime very harmoniously. During the early Hying before the Sabines. part of his reign he was adored by his people. In the same city they worshiped Jupiter LaThen commenced the age which succeeded to pis, or Jupiter Stone. It was this stone which that of gold; that is to say, when Virtue ruled || Rhea had substituted for the God, and which the earth, but with less power than during evidently Saturn had not digested. There the preceding era. This second age of Virtue, was also Jupiter Capitolinus, because he had


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a temple on the Capitol; and the Tarpeian ligious rites were performed, that space was
Jupiter, on account of his temple on that well opened which was prepared for the race, the
known rock. There were besides, Jupiter the wrestling, the cestus, the discus, and all the
Thunderer, the Avenger, the God of Day, the different species of strengih and dexterity.
God of Flies, &c.

In the early times, the race-ground was but This last title originated in the following one stadia in length, that is to say, about six incident.-While offering a sacrifice, Hercules hundred fect. The competitors ran on foot, was assailed by a swarm of flies that were at. completely armed; but in the ninth Olympiad traced by the odour of the victim; but having the stadia were doubled. The horse-race was made the sacrifice to Jupiter, the flies hurried then established; and in the twenty-fifth they away.-A miracle which did so much honour joined to it that of chariots. Cypisca, daugh. to the King of Heaven, that it was thought || ter of Archidamus, Prince of Macedon, carried worthy to he commemorated hy a surname. away the prize of this last. Excited by such

But the most illustrious title of Jupiter is an example, the other Macedonian women that of Olympus, because mount Olympus was crowded to the lists, and several times obtained bis favourite residence. It was there that the the crown of myrtle, of oak, or of olive. Olympic Games were celebrated, and became Wrestling succeeded to the race. The famous throughout the universe.

wrestlers encountered each other quite naked ; The King of the Gods is always represented they rubbed the limbs and the body with oils,, seated upon his eagle, or on a throne of gold, to give them more pliancy, and to render it at the foot of which are two vases, which pour || difficult for tbeir adversary to retain his hold. forth good and evil. His brow is shadowed After anointing themselves they entered the with dark clouds; his threatning eyes sparkle | lists, and eagerly grasping together, each under black brows; his chin is covered with a essayed by force, or by address, to overthrowe majestic beard; he holds a scepter with one his opponent. hand, while with the other he launches the Tbe cestus was the most painful and the tbunder. The Virtues are ranged by his side. most dangerous of all the exercises. The comThe Gods tremble in his presence, and I am batants were armed with gauntlets, composed told that the Goddesses are silent,-ihat, ofl of several plies of leather, heavily leaded, a course, is an idle fiction; he is usually attired single blow of which, falling upon the bead, in a golden robe. Dyonisius the tyrant, de sufficed to knock down the strongest man; prived one of bis statues of this rohe, saying besides this, the must violent means to obtain that it was too warm for summer, and too cold success were permitted. for winter ; be therefore replaced it by habits Arrachion having vanquished all bis anta. for the four seasons.-Adieu.

gonists but one, the latter threw him on the earth and strangled him ; while, by an effort of rage and despair, the expiring Arrachion

seized his ear with his teeth, and broke it off. LETTER IV.

The pain of this bite was so acute, that the You have heard of the jousts and tourna

conqueror called for quarter, and the judges ments at which, with his lance in its rest, and placed the wreath of victory on the brow of vizor closed, the Knight, burning with love the dead Arrachion. and glory, combated to woo some icy fair, who The discus was a quoit of stone or of metal, commonly paid him for the loss of an eye, au of which the form and the weight varied ace arm, or a broken leg, with an old bracelet or cording to the agreement of the competitors. girdle. Such, very nearly, were the Olympic Tbe conqueror was he who, poising himself Games. But glory alone animated the com- in equilibrium upon the point of a cone, threw batants tbere; for women were a long time his discus to the greatest distance. excluded under penalty of life. In defiance

These games generally terminated by others, of this law, however, several of them obtained which by turns exercised address and agility. admittance in the disguise of men; a few even The judges appointed to distribute the dared to enter the lists, and having carried off | prizes were nine in number; they made a no: the prize, opened the barrier of the Olympic | viciate of ten months before they ascended the Games to the remainder of their sex. From tribunal, taking a solemn oath to observe the that period love and glory were inseparable. most rigorous laws of equity.

Religion also was associated to these senti. The establishment of the Olympic Games ments, for the Games were uniformly preceded is attributed to five brothers, named Dactile.' and followed by a sacrifice in honour of the || (the word signifies finger), on account of their Gods, but especially of Apollo. After the re. ll union and number; the games were celebrated

every five years, and these intervals served mus, already celebrated by his numerous during ages, for the epochs of chronology. || triumphs at the Olympic Games, arrived in Thus, instead of saying as we do now, the year || Italy. The hero encountered the ghosi, made one thousand seven bundred, or the year him vanish eternally, and delivered the amiable seven, &c. they said, the first or the second | victim, whose heart and hand were afterwards year of the twentieth or thirtieth Olympiad. his reward.

The athletii who were the most distinguish More celebrated yet, but more unhappy, ed at the Olympic Games, were Theseus, Milo of Crotona surpassed all the athletii of Euthymus, Milo, and Polydomas. Theagenes, his time. He was seen at the Olympic Games who was born at Thasos, a small town in the bearing upon his shoulders a bull of two years neighbourbood of Lacedemon, hore off the old, carrying it the whole length of the area prize twelve times; his fellow-citizens erected without taking breath, then striking it dead a statue to his honour. A person that envied with a single blow of his clenched band, and bim going one night to lash the statue with a | eating it the same day. Tbis anecdote gives whip, it fell upon him and crushed him to a sufficient idea of his extraordinary strength. death. The children of the deceased cited the But these peculiar gifts which nature somestatge before the judge; for the laws of Ly- || times bestows, are not of long duration. Milo, cargus ordained the punishment even of sense- in advanced age, walking alone in a remote less things, when they injured the life or the wood, perceived a tree which the wind bad peace of a citizen. The Lacedemovian judge cleft from its summit; remembering his ancicondemned the statue to be thrown into the ent vigour, he tried to separate entirely the sea; but a famine quickly following the exe two parts; but the arm of Milo was grown old. cution of this sentence, the Thasians consulted The tree heing but just split, on the tirst pull the Oracle, which ordered them to fish up audit sprung Lack, and closed upon the hand that re-establish this monument; ever since that held it.. All the efforts of the athleta could period Theageves was placed in the rank of a not disengage him from this dreadful vice; demi-god.

and the conqueror at the Olympic Games, Euthymus mcrited the same honour, upon waiting death in a desert, became there the the following occasion :-Ulysses, in the course prey of wild beasts.--Polydamas, his rival and of his long wanderings, having disembarked at his friend, perished like him, the victim of Themessus, an Italian city, one of his compa rashness. This athleta in his childhood had pions who had violated a young maid, was strangled a lion upon Mount Olympus; with massacred by the inhabitants; and the King a single blow he struck down the strongest of Ithaca, informed of his crime, hastily set adversary; with one hand he could stop a sail without rendering the funeral duties to chariot drawn by six horses. One day while bis remains. The ghost of the unhappy | drinking in a cavern with some of his friends, gentleman, being deprived of sepulchre, ran

the vault of it shook, and the party took to furiously over the country, carrying ravage

Aight. Polydamus alone remained, believing and desolation wberever it appeared. The himself strong enough to sustain the enormous Oracle was of course consulted; and the inha mass; but the rock rolled down and crushed bitants were told, that the spirit would com him to pieces as it fell. pose himself, and behave well, upon condition Sucb are the dismal consequences of prethat they would annually deliver up to him sumption; the wise man avoids danger, the the most beautiful virgin in the province. fool braves it, and sinks under it. With this

The wretched Themessians had paid this sage observation I leave you --Adieu. fatal tribute for the third time, when Euthy.

(To be continued.)


(Continued from Page 25.)


youtb so long unrevisited. Every path and TO MRS. BRUDENELL.

every field was marked by some event, and on Oakwood, March 20, 1907. every bush there hung a tale. My reflecI ARRIVED at this place last Thursday. tions naturally reverted to myself. My acI cannot express my various emotions as I ap tivity, my elasticity, that proached it; the scene of childhood and of “Golden time of youthful prime,“ No. XVI, Vol.III.-N. S.


old age,


so pathetically lamented by Burus, were gone.

I told her I should make uo aleration whal, But I did not ask, with him, whose excesses ever; that all would be still left to her, and I had brougly on the sufferings of a premature had no doubt ber experience and care would

make me find it as comfortable as her master., “ Why com'st tlou not again ?"

The poor woman looked delighted " As

to experience, ma'am,” said she, “ I've had I was grateful to the supreme Ruler of the

enough, for I've lived with iny master above Universe that I had not yet to endure the

twenty years, and a good master he is ; though, Weary, weary days,

to be sure, he has his ways; and as to care, “ And nights of sleepless pain."

ma'am, that sha’ut be wanting. I remember

when I had lived with him about three years, Fields and patlıs and trees remain ; but every

I forgo: to ask my master what pudding he human face and figure was unknown to me.

would have for dinner; and he was going The inhabitants were either not those I had

a-hunting, and I ran out, and he was just left behind, or so changed that I could discover no traces of what they were. I was surprised don, what pudding will you please to bave for

mounting his horse. Sir, says I, I beg your parto find even my brother so altered; though

dipner? • Whatever you've a mind,' says he. I have seen bim many times since I quitted Then, Sir, says I, I'll make one of my own Oakwood; but the last is fourteen years ago, head, shall ? And my master's a very jokand that, at our age, is enough to meta

ing gentleman at times, ma'am.

Aye,' says morphose a young man or woman into an old

he, ‘du; but don't put too much souli' in it.' He would find the present Jane Ozk- il To be sure I do take a pinch now and then ; wood very differcut from the former ; but he

for when I'm low-spirited it revives ine." To forbore to remind me of it. He received ine

the truth of this part of her tale her pose bore with great affection. Like me, my brother has led a life of single ding,” continued she,and ever since be gives

testimony." And my master liked my pud. blessedness. He was afraid I should find a

me no orders, and I know what be likes, and bachelor's house unpleasant; though he

he never know's wbat he has for dinner till he begged me to consider myself as its mistress.

sees it on the table." His liabits, he said, had long been such as to

I desired she would continue not only to disqualify him for society; he had not only

make puddings, but every ibing else out of forgotten the forms of ceremony, but of good

her own head; and she left me courtesying, breeding. I assured him I should hold the

and saying she could not desire a smallest of bis habits sacred; and that I had

agreeabler lady to come into the house. not been more than fifty years in the world

I believe a female visitor was never known without contracting some myself which

at Oakwood in the memory of any of the sermight require indulgence. I should ask but

vauts, and my coming was as much dreaded one thing of bim, and that it was not in his

by the whole household, as the arrival of power to withhold—bis love. All the rest I the fox would have been among the poultry. would make out for myself. He embraced

The master himself was not wthout bis share me, and ringing the bell for his bousekeeper of apprehension, both on my account and his quilted the room.

own; on mine, lest he should not make his Mrs. Simpson appeared in a ruby-coloured house agreeable to me; on his own, lest he silk gown, a clear-starched lawn apron and should be put out of his way. But now I have handkerchief, and as many petticoats as would been here almost a week, and the servants find have cloathed a family of half a dozen full I do not bite, and the master that I can progrown daughters. Her hair was powdered, vide for my own aniusement, without putting and combed over a roll, and her cap crimped bim to the lieavy fatigue of entertaining me; like the forendines of my grandmother, who we are the best friends in the world. Our gelearned the art of pastry at a regular school. neral maxim is, that each skall have his way, and The poor woman came in trembling, and

no one interfere with the way of another; and if stroaking down her apron, and begged to it were more widely diffused, I believe society know my compands, I told her l bad none. would be the better for it.

“ To be sure, ma'am," says she, “ my mas My brother's way is an odd one ; but I do ter lives very well, and has every thing com not condcmn it on that account. He will not fortable about him ; for he leaves all to me; suffer any thing to be killed in his house but it can't be like what such a lady as you is larger than a Aca; thougla he knows his own used to, wa'am and he bids me take my l grounds supply lis table with mution and orders from you."

venison, his farın-yard with poultry, and the


adjoining river with fish. He will bave esery || interval is insupportable, aud therefore never ibing put to death instantly, and with as little long. pain as possible, for its own sake; and for his, Adieu. You who have seen me, not a he will bare it done at the farm-bouse, which forist, but a downriglit gardener ; who have is at a distance, that he may not know when admired the tulips, hyacintlis, ranunculuses, an animal is to die.

and pinks I have cultivated with my owa In his younger days he was fond of hunt- l hands, will perceive the resemblance between ing; but he has left it off from principle. He by brother and your friend, will eat of hare, if it has been shot; for, as all

JANE OAKWOOD. creatures must die, he tbinks a gun may occasiou less pain thau disease ; but be cau no

LETTER IV. longer witness the distress of a hare with the dugs in pursuit of her; or suffer sucb perse

TO MRS. BRUDEXELL. cution where he is master. Even a fox, whom,

Oakwood, March 27, 1307. as a rubber and murderer, he thinks it right My apartment is the same I occupied in 10 destroy, he will not allow to be hunted. my youth, when every day brought some ac

Ilow tben, you say, can an old bachelor spend quisition or imp vement. dressing room his time; for, of course, he will neither shoot is still bung round with flowers, traced by my or fish? You are right; he will not : but | land, and the fire-screens are my needle-work. bow he employs bis time you will find it diffi The view from its windows is almost divine. cult to guess. He labours in his plantations ; || But I will spare you the particulars. Wood not like a gentleman ; but like a man, and and water, hill and vale, rock and nicadow, barder than a man who works for hire. His admit of intinite combinations by nature; in callous hands are familiar with the mattock, description they are all alike, and I have little the spade, and the wheel-barrow. His plea more charity for them than for the state of sure-grounds are so extensive, that there is the atmosphere. I will, however, just inform always room for improvement; at least for you ibat Oakwood stands in one of the bealla alteration ; and if he consider it improve tiful dales of this country, and commands it ment, it is enough. In this place shrubs must io a great extent ; with the stupendous bilis be stocked up. The ground must be dug which guard it on each side, and the river three feet deep, and the gravelly soil carried which runs through the bottom. away. Manure and fresh earth must be

“ And thus our life, exempt from public brought from a distance to supply its place.

haunt, The whole must be leselled and planted in a

" Finds tongues in trees, books in the rundifferent form. And while this is doing, he

ning brooks, is up at six o'clock in a morning, dressed in a

“Sermons in stones, and good in every tiing." nankeen jacket, cap, and trowsers, if the weather is mild; a bat and woollen jacket But running brooks are not our only books. and trowsers, if it is cold or wet; shoes stod My brother's library is all that an English ded with more than plouglıman's nails; and gentleman or scholar (for he has no Latin, laking half a dozen men with him, is not only and only a few of the best French books) could superintendant of the work, but chief la desire. Besides the best Bisturies, ancient bourer. His exercise is so violent that it fre and modern, of every country in the world, he quently obliges him to throw off his jacket has all the English Historians, from Hollingsand work in his shirt. No weather interrupts head to flume. All Voyages and Travels, fromCohis labours but snow. He has a fire in his lumbus to Lord Macartney. All the Poets, from dressing-room winter and summer; and his Chaucer to Burns. All Dramatic Writers, from valet, who has a much easier place than his Shakespeare, Ben Jouson, and Beaumont and master, has always a set of cloaths banging Fletcher, to Colman and Mrs. Jochbald. And round it, ready for him when he comes in. all tbe Novels of Richardson, Fielding, SmolWe dine alone, and he commonly dresses be- || lett, Cumberland, Holcroft, and Gouwiu. I fore dinner; but if the work be of very great should swell my leller into a bookseller's caimportance, the only ceremony he observes talogue, were I to enumerate the Antiquities, is washing his hands; and after he has al- || Topography, Miscellaneous Works; and he lowed himself the workman's hour, he toils is continually adding all that comes out, again till six or seven o'clock. He is generallywhich is either worth reading or looking at. so fortunate, before his job is finished, as to But I may be allowed to distinguish his Cole find another that mast be done; if not, the lection of Costumes. Among others, it coua

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