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ebe trud on my brother, who was still at joit, and at the same time ihrer coming to tell the bottom, but he fortunately did uot com- | us that they knew not what had become of the plain. She assured us all was tranquil, and courier Ibat rode before the coach. We sup. that my father and mother would soou arrive ; || posed by the tear they were in, that they indeed my father arrived almost immediately thought be had been dierovered and taken. afterwards, and then my mother, with the ij We were now arrived at the cominenceipent guarde-du-corps which were to follow us. We of the village of Varennes. There was scarcely agaia therefore set forward on our journey. a hundred houses in this place, and no acNothing particular happened to us till near commudation for posting; of course travelthe end, where we were to find a carriage to lers were obliged to bring their own horses to convey us on; but M. de Fersen did not know this place. We had them, but they were at where to look for it; we were consequently the Castle, on the other side of the river, and obliged to wait a long time, which gave us nobody knew where to find them. The postigreat uneasiness, as my father went out. At last | lions said that their horses were fatigued, and M. de Pherson returned, bringing with him could not go further. There were therefore the carriage; we immediately got in. M. de no other means left than by walking them as Fersen wished my father and mother goud well as we could. At l'ast the courier arrived night, and set off in full speed. The three and brought with bim a man whom he believ. guarde-du-corps were Monsieurs M. de Maldan, "ed was in our confidence, but I believed, a ypy Duruntier, and Valori ; the latter travelled '' of La Fayette. He came to the coach dressed as courier, the others as domestics, one on in a morning gown and night-cap; he threw horseback, and the other seated on the coach. li bimself nearly withiuside, saying, that he They had changed their names; the fornier knew a secret, but he would not discover it. called bimself St. Fan, the second Melchior, Madame de Touru ile asked him if he was ac. the other Francois. The two women who had l quainted with Madame de Korff; he said, no. gone before us, we found at Bondé; they were We could not draw from him the secret. I have in a small coach, we took them with us. The never seen this inan since. We at last perday began to dawn; nothing remarkable hap-1 suaded the pustillions, with great difficulty, pened during the morning ; however, at ien that our horses were at ibe Castle. They leagues from Paris, we encountered a man on | therefore, though with great reluctance, walkhorse back, who continually followed oured their own slowly on. On our arrival at the coach. At Etoges we feared we were known. I village we were alarmed with frightful cries At four v'clock we passed the grand city of round our carriage of " Stop, stop.” The Chalons on the Marve, there we were imme. | tore our post-boys from their seats, and the diately discovered; every one blessed God that ; next moment our carriage was completely surthey saw their King ju safety, and put up rounded with armed men and flambeaux. prayers for his escape. The next post to : They demanded who we were? We replied, Chalons, we were to find some troops on borse Madame Korff and family. They then took back to conduct the carriage to Montmedy, their lights, put them immediately before the bat on our arrival we did not find them there: face of my father, and signified to us that we we anxiourly awaited them till eight o'clock, must descend from our carriage. We refused, aud then went on to Clermont. There we saw i saying, that we were simple travellers, and the troops, but all the village were in alarm, must pass. They tbreatened to murder us, and would not let them mount their horses, if we resisted, and at the same instant all their An officer recognized my father, approached guns were turned against the coach. We dethe coach, and whispered to him that he was scended ; and in raversing the street, saw pass betrayed. We saw there also Vonsieur Charles us six dragouns on horse-back; but they de Damas, but he could do nothing there ; had unfortinalely no otficers among them We continued our route. The night had all at, (for haj there bren) six well determined men once overtaken us, and in spite of the agita- would bave been able to conquer all these feltion and inquietude that we were in, we all lows, and have saved the King, slept soundly. We were awoke by a frightful |
· LETTERS ON MYTHOLOGY. TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF C. A. DEMOUSTIER..
JAVING lately had a copy of Demoustier's celebrated work on Mythology, sent me from Paris, I find it filled with so much information, and that so agreeably delivered, that I am induced to hazard a translation of it in your excellent Magazine. Mythology is a subject upon which no woman should be ignorant, who would wish to appear well in liberal society, and as Demoustier has treated it, this branch of ancient literature becomes as amusing as a modern novel. I know of no other translation than the one which I have attempted: the original is thickly sown with verses; but as these principally consist of French gallantry, local allusions, high compliments to Emilia, &c. I have entirely omitted them, the translation otherwise is merely literal.-I remain, your obliged and constant reader,
its calm waters, growing and flowering in the You command, Emilia, and I obey: ill midst of gardens, and every year peopling his basten to instruct you in the history of the sauce-pans. fabled Gods of antiquity.
Thus the number of Gods inhabiting the The deities of whom I write are Gods of the earth, soon exceeded that of the dwellers in first class, and such as have enjoyed a certain Olympus. To reduce this crowd of divinities reputation; there were many others, but not into some order, they were divided into four even their names have come down to our timcs: classes ; in the first rank were placed the sue the moderu calendar is a trife in comparison preme Gods; in the second the inferior deities; with that of the ancients. The stars were ihe in the third the demi-gods; and in the fourth first objects of adoration, therefore the Heavens the humble popular divinities which composed is the earliest of the Gods. In process of time, I che inoo of heaven. worship was instituted to beroes, such as The deities of the first order amounted Jupiter, Bacchus, &c.; afterwards to the Vir- || to twenty-three, Apollo, Juno, Neptune, tues under the name of Minerva; then to the Vesta, Vulcau, Venus, Mars, Diana, Mercury, Fine Arts and their inventors, under the names | Ceres, and Minerva; Destiny, Saturn, Genius, of Apollo, and the Muses; and lastly to Ani- || Pluto, Bacchus, Love, Cybele, and Prosper. mals and to Plants; I am going to tell you Il pine. The twelve first formed what is called from what caase.
the council of Jupiter, from which the reWhen the Titans united themselves to at ll mainjug eight were excluded. Jupiter of course tack Jupiter in his celestial palace, their Gehad excellent reasons for this exclusion. It is nerals, it may be supposed, were not of a very affirmed, however, that Cybele and Prosper. invitiog appearance : there was the fierce En pine bave tbe ear of Juno; none of the others celadaus, who'tore up huge rocks to support enjoy her favour; indeed this Queen is ratber his scaling-ladder; the formidable Briareus, hard to please. She is even accused of wanting with his hundred arms; and the frightful respect for her grandmother, the worthy old Tiphens, whose bead reached even to the abode Vesta, who though in her dutage, behaves, to of the thunder, while the lasbings of his scaly i admiration. In the very first year of the trajn made the whole earth tremble. 1 world, Vesta married the Heavens, by wbom
At first sight of these gentlemen, all the sbe had issue Titao and Saturn. This ancient Goddesses fainted away. The Gods instead of lady is the same as. Cybele, and Cybele is the Aying to their assistance, most gallantly stole | same as the Earth. Tben, twenty years after. off, and ran to hide themselves in Egypt. wards Saturn espoused Rhea, who is the same Tbere, in order to elude the sharp eyes of the as Cybele, who is the same as the Earth, who Titans, they changed themselves into various | they say, is the same as Vesta. shapes, some into rats, others into crocodiles ;
To uravel this tangled enigma, I now many of them into cabbages, leaks, lentilles, | hasten, like an enligbtened, subile, and protrees, flowers, fish, &c.- From that period the fouud genealogist, to do like all my brethren Egyptian bonbly adored all that surrounded of this cloth; that is to say, follow the foot. him; and piously silly, peeping into the Nile, || steps of fabulous antiquity, and then create on believed he saw Gods swimming incog under the instant persons tbat never existed.
Vesta, surnamed Cybele on account of her i, by a ray of the sun. The preservation of this principality of the Earth, gave it as a fortune || sacred flame was 'confided to tbe Vestals; these to Saturn when he married Rhea. 'In conse- || priestesses made the vow of Virginity; but the quence the latter (on the day of her nuptials) innocent hearts of tender maids in that happy took the trame of Cybele, as new Princess of age in which we love, and in which we please, the Earth; and this circumstavce has ever too frequently felt the sparks of that fire which since caused her to be confounded with Vesta, blazed under their hands !-Nevertheless, woe her mother-in-law.
tu them who violated their oaths! They were • But while she suffered this estate to pass | buried alive. Touched by their youth, and the into the family of her son, Vesta still preserv brightuess of their beauty, the executioners ed the title and the honorary rights connected were surprised into tears, the judges shudder. with it; at least she divided them with her ed as they condemned them, and the multidaughter-in-law. Thus the worship of the one tude listened in agony to the lengthened cries and of the other, amounts to the same thing. 11
| of ihese tender victims. Alas! if the sentiment Nevertheless they are personally represented || of love is a crime, cruel Nature, why hast in a very different manner. The dowager thou given us a heart ? Adieu, my sweet Cybele sits gravely, and always maintains the Emilia, these poor Vestals have saddened my serious deportment of a grand-mamma; her spirits, and I can write of them no longer. brow is crowned with towers and steeples, and in ber hand she holds the keys of all the old castles. Always fresh, always beautiful, the young
• LETTER II. and prolific Cybele leads the hours and the seasons in her train; she traverses ber domains
VESTA and the Heavens liad a great num. in a light car drawn by lions, white nymphs
ber of children, the principal of these were precede her with songs and dances. This Titan, Saturn, the Ocean, the Cyclops, Ceres, amiable Goddess passes under a pure and Thetis aud Rhea. This last (who was Vesta's cloudless sky: the furious 'wiuds sleep im. favourite) fell desperately in love with Saturn, prisoned by her side ; Ceres, Flora, and Po. and married him. It was upon this occasion mona weave their mingled 'treasures into a l that she also took the name of Cybele. garland for their Queen ; while Zephyr, wau
Titan, the eldest of the celestial family, was toping amongst her robes, archly discovers presumptive heir of the throne; Saturo, his part of that swelling bosom at which the hu youngest brother could not, therefore, pretend man race are pourished. "
. I to the crown. Cybele was iu despair; and do It is said, that when the statue of this deity | not you, my Emilia, comprehend the motive of arrived at Rome, the vessel which brought it her ambition. When a woman loves, she would suddenly stopped at the mouth of the Tiber.willingly elevate the object she adores to the At that instant a certain Claudia, whose repu- rank of a monarch; and if there were a rank tation had been rather tainted, and who was yet higher, it is that to which her heart would therefore willing to padlock the lips of gossip aspire for bim. scandal, fastened the vessel to her girdle, and | The ambitious Cybele, artfully exerting her after a short prayer, towed it along with the influence over Vesta, persuaded her that Titan greatest ease! However, I must confess that ought to cede his birth-right to Saturn; and there are some sceptics who consider the story Vesta soon argued her busband into the same as equivocal as the lady's' honour. “
opinion. Be that as it may, tbè young Cybele brought! The obcdient Titan believed it bis duty to å little Goddess into the world, whom her yield the throne to Saturn; but he did so grandmother shortly loved to such excess, that upon condition that his brotber should never she wished her to be named after herself; the bring up any male children, so that after him, young couple could not do otherwise than the kingdom might return to the posterity of consent.
Titan, Saturn accepted this proposition; and Bebold now another Vesta!-She was the willing to keep his promise inviolate, swallow. Goddess of Fire and Virginity : two things led down all the male children of whom his which are deemed a pbysical contradiction. I wife was delivered, the very instant they were la ber temple at Rome, an immortal fire was born. carefully preserved ; if ever it was unluckily | Knowing her husband to be a good unsus. extinguisbed, all the people made expiationspecting personage, the young Cybele thought and sacrifices, and it was only to be rekindled fit to play a trick with his appetite. Being
brought to becuf Jupiter and Juno, sbe dressed served her image in his heart. Happy ages, in up a stone amd put it in the place of the which Concord, Hymen, and Love, peaceably former. It seems that honest Saturn was took up their abode together! Blissful times near-sighted, so dowp it went without cere. will you ever return ? Sorrow, returns, alas, mony; doubiless his stomach was better than how often! Does joy alone pass to re-visit his eye, for at the birth of Neptune and of us no more? Pluto, he made two more such meals, without It is to commemorate this period, that the complaining of an indigestion.
Saturnalia was instituted at Rome: it takes However that may be, his wife secretly edu place every year in the month of September. cated Jupiter in the isle of Crete. He was During these feasts, with the intention of re. already grown up, when he was discovered by Il calling the virtues of equality which had fur, his uucle Titan.
merly united mankind, the ordinary course of This prince raised an army on the iustant, domestic life was overthrown: presents were marched against Saturn, took him and Cybele exchanged every where, to shew that all sorts prisoners, and confined them in Tartarus; but 11 of goods were in common under the reign of Jupiter escaped his vengeance; and some |Saturn.. years after, threw Titan in tu chains, and broke
I am really griered that tbis God, whom I. those of his parents."
Il consider as the only honest man of the celes, No sooner was Saturn re-established in his tial court, sbould have tolerated the sacrifice kingdom, than fearing in his turn the valour of human victims, and patronized Gladiators ; and ambition of bis liberator, be prepared 'l but as lie facilitated commerce by the inven; certain snares for his destruction. Jupiter, in- , tion of money, I am willing to overlook these formed of these unworthy designs, drove him foibles. The coins struck during bis admini, from Olympus. The God, dethroned for ever, || stration, on one side represented a vessel, the then flew into Italy, into the country of the symbol of trade; and on the other a man with
governed by Janus. There, from a || two heads; this engaging portrait was that of - monarch hetransformed himselfinto a husbaud- || King Janus. man, and found under a straw roof the secret Janus had not only opened his gates to of happiness A laborious people, obedient || Saturn during his exile, but had even divided to his instructions, tilled the ground and his throne with the royal fugitive ; in recomrendered it fertile. Salura was beloved by | pence of such generosity, the God endowed them. And surely the happiness of being be him with the kuowledge of the past and of the loved is far beyond the honour of being future. It is for this reason that Jams is de adored.
picted with two opposite faces. Ovid has said It is evidently as the father of agriculture that he was the only God that had ever seen that Saturn is represented under the figure of his own back. The month of January was an old man holding a fork in his right hand: || consecrated to him. Io his right band he held in his left they place a serpent whose bead || a key indicating that he opened the year; and and tail form a circle: this is the einblem of in his left a wand, as president of the Augurs. prudence, the principal attribute of Saturn. Romulus, the founder of Rome, and Tatius,
The period of this God's abode in Italy was | King of the Sabines, having concluded a mu. called the age of gold. Happy ages of simpli. || tual treaty, erected upon this occasion a tem, city, innocence, and goodness! during which ple, in which there were as many altars as frankuess and equity had yet a temple in Nor- | months in the year. This temple was always mandy; every body spoke the truth; Gascony ll open during war, and closed during peace. had inhabitants ; beauty appeared without | It is whispered to me at this moment, that disguise, and was profoundly ignorant of vir- | Hymen and Love have waged furious war gins-milk, pearl-powder, black-fard, and vege- || against each other for these last thousand table rouge. Happy ages, in wbicb every for years, but that your dear hand, my Emilia, ia tunate lover was discreet; and without letters, || about to close the temple of Janus for ever. jewels, or picture of the beloved object, pre-li
(To be conlinued.)
HYMENÆA IN SEARCH OF A HUSBAND.
(Continued from Vol. II. Page 320.)
The return of my aunt to town was it excited my curiosity; and I was, pergreeted by the arrival of innumerable cards haps, a lit:ie ill-natured in persisting to of an infinitude of gay parties of every de, stay. To this end I had taken up a hand. scription As she tossed them ait ogether | ful of the invitation cards, and was affecton the table, yawning over her chocolate, i ing to read them, when a loud knocking she requested me to skin the names of the at the street door made my aunt start. invitors, that she might see whether there' She coloured.--" Blessine !" cried she, were any worth the fatigue of puiting on rising from her chair, and stretching her her diamonds.
neck towards the window; "there is no " Why, my dear aunt," cried I, “surely carriage. It is very odd Miss Avis-that you do not iniend turning anchurite in blue mackaw." towr', after having been the gaves of the In short, she stammered, talked she gay in the country, that you seemn to make i knew not what, but looked and said enough a trouble of accepting any of these invita- , to convince me that, for some hidden reatioris to pleasure?"
son, she wished me at Jericho. She rang “I do not know," replied my aunt yet her bell, changed her seat from the sofa more lis'lessly; “ you may go to them all to a chair, and from the chair to a sofa if you please, with some proper chaerone; again and all in the space of a few mibut indeed you have so prosed me with nules; for the drawing-room door opened, your lectures about this piace and the and the Earl of Castledowne was another being iminoral, dangerous, &c. that nounced. I really do not know where safely to set My aunt's immediate recomposed air my foot out of my own house; and so I am ' assured me that whoever she thus anxiously almost determined to turu anchorite, as expected, this nobleman was not the per. you call it, and not stir out the whole son. She received him with her usual winter."
easy grace; hoped his Lady also was arrivo “ But how old is this resolution?" cried ed iu town; and was naming me to him as I, treating it as a jest; "it was not born her piece, when one of the men-servants last night when you went to Lady Avis, presented her a note. As she took it from and passed so many hours in her artificial the salver I observed that a little of her grove of real nightingales. Perbajs you | former tremors returned. mean to take a bint from her bird-fancying “Permit me, my Lord,” said she to the Ladysbip, and erect some leafy hermitage Ea:l; he bowed, and she broke the seal. in your own drawing room.
( While his Lordship made some civil ,bserMy aunt hardly attended to what I said; l vations to me on the natural beauties of while I was speaking she looked at her the county in which my late father's estate watch, and interrupting me, carelessly in. || lay, T, by a side-lons glance, noticed that quired whether or not I was going out this my aunt's complexion mantled into a ro. morning ? I replied that I was at her com. seate blush which put to shame the rouge mand.
that covered it. This fine painting of the “ Not with me," hasily rejoined she; I heart was manifestis effected by the con. "I thought Miss Avis talked about calling tents of the note she was perusing. My for you iv-day, to see ihe blue-mackaw i curiosity was now stimulated beyond the her mother wants to buy at Brooke's." I bounds of politeness: I was almost rrady
While my aunt spoke I saw she fie- to put some impertinent question to the quently turned towards the window; and, blushing widow, when her Ladyship saved in fact, seemed impatient to get rid of me. me the trouble. She looked up, and I had never met with such a circumstance checking a sigh, in a pretty confusion. in my aunt before ; and I must confess half murmured;" Castle Killaloe! bless
No. XV. Vol. III.-N. S.