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the dogs from hunting his docks. They told should dance in the mill. The gentlemen him that his ducks should be paid for, but all agreed, and the miller was accordingly sent that the dogs were nut buuting bis ducks. but off to procure wine, &c. from the town, the something at the bottom of the pond, and gentlemen promising to take care of his house desired him to let off the water, that they and mill till his return. might see what it was. The miller trembled Having thus got rid of the miller, they reand changed culour; but concealing his agita- solved to execute the purpose which they had tion, suggested that such an expedient would all formerl. Accordingly, they proceeded to be his ruin, as it was the summer season, and let off the water out of the dam; the dam was itibe water were let off, he would have none soon exhausted, and the sack and body of to grind with. They offered to pay him what Marietta discovered. ever was reasonable ; the miller, however, re The gentlemen had just taken it from the plied iliat nothing could indemnify bim, and sack, and were examining it on the baok, when. intrealed tbem to desist. The gentlemen, ac the miller was seen coming blithly along cordingly, with much difficulty brought off through a meadow. In a few minutes, howtheir dogs, and by the aid of the miller, forced ever, lie got a sight of them on the bank of them into the mill.
the mill-dam, and his conscience informing The miller had not, so well concealed his hini what they were about, he betook himself confusion but that one of the gentlemen had to fight. Two of the gentlemen pursued him, perceived it, and began to entertain some sas and brought bim to the mill. picioas, thougla he koew not of what. He re The remainder of this narrative is very brief. solred, however, to be satisfied and hit upon The miller was brought to trial, and coudemian expedient. He followed the miller through ||ed to be hanged. He accused Qual tresson of the mill and seemed to take an interest in his baving bribed bim to the act, upon which explanations of its machinery. He at length Quattresson was likewise tried and condemn. proposed to his companions, that as it was ed. Previous to his execution be acknowsoale distance to the town, and as the day was ledged all his murders, and implored the furbeautiful and the scenery delightful, they giveness of Heaven.
THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY,
(Continued from Page 307.)
It is possible that other nations have most curious productions of the warmest and . existed who were more comparatively wealthy, most distant climates. The application of and absolutely more luxurious than England. boi-houses on the present plan, is but of recent Ja tbe later days even of the Roman Rupublic, date; but the use of hot-beds appears to bave we read of individuals paying thirty thousand been known as early as 1597, as Gerard gives pounds for a single supper; nay, it has been directions for making them in that year: it is Said, that three thousand pounds has been ex. a curious fact, bowever, that Thomas Hyll, pended in preparing a single dish. Of these who published a work in 1593, on the training things, however, happily Eugland cannot of melons, çucumbers, &c. was not acquainted boast, but it is still her pride to render her with them; but simply directs sisted earth and wealth, and even her luxury, subservient to compost to be put into old baskets, and to be ibe welfare of her immense population; to set in the sun. Now, however, such is the tbe encouragement of genius, taste, and excellence of our horticultural system, even ia science; and 10 the rewarding of active in the most incleineut seasous, England may Justry. Of all our modern improvements con boast of a better supply of esculent plauts of nected with domestic comforts, there is noue every species, both in quantity and quality, perhaps which deserves the attention of the than any other country in the world. These pbilosopher, or is more wortby the investiga- | indeed are improvemeuts ten thousand times lion of the man of taste, without a pun, than diose valuable than all the refinements of an. the hot-bouse ; as it enables us to produce in cient Roman, or the roagnificence of Asiatie the highest natural perfection, though by luxury; for here can we boast their most artificial means, the most useful, as well as the delicious productions, fostered by the boud of
science, and protected by the arm of liberty. || Howers are on a close spike radical corymh, Let us then take a botanical view of those
and its fruits are ovate berries. Before we specimens of horticultural warmth most de.
define these varieties in a more popular way, serving of our attention: the first whicb we may first notice, that botanists are quite presses us to investigation is that commouly uncertain of what country it is specificially a called the
pative; though some have asserted that it is PINE APPLE,
indigenous in Africa, where it is found on the
uncultivated plains in great luxuriance: and Thus designated by the elegant poct of the it is not irrelevant to oliserve here, that alSeasons,
tbough ananas requires the strictest allention -Oft in humble station dwells
under artificial culture in these climates, yet “ Unboastful worth, above fastidious pomp.
in the torrid zone it will always thrive best “ Witness thou best anana, thou the pride
when left to itself, if planted in a soil congeuial “Of vegetable life, beyond whate'er
to it. With respect to the West Indian culti. “ The poets imaged of the golden age ;
vation of the pine apple, there is no account • Quick let me strip thee of by tufty coat,
of its first introduction there; but in Europe,
we believe tbat M. La Cour, of Leyden, in “ Spread thy ambrosial stores, and feast with
Holland, was the first person to whom we are
indebled for it. It had been supposed that This plant although for many years bearing | Sir Mathew Decker, of Richmond, was its first the vernacular name of ananas, has lately by introducer into England; however, it is now general consent, though we must confess with ll generally believed to have been brought here out any sufficient reason, been re-baptized in as early as 1690, by M. Bentinck, ancestor of memory of Olaus Bromel, a Swede, author of the present Portland family, when it received two works called Lupulogia, and Chloris Gothica, its familiar name, from its resemblance to the and is now only to be found under the botani. cone of the pine-tree. Those who are concal arrangement of Bromelia. Under this
versant with exotics must have observed a game, however, are reckoned nine species ; l great resemblance between its leaves and those and the whole class is particular ized as HEX of the aloe; as for any description of its fruit, ANDRIA MONOGYNIA, and of the natural or encomiums on its flavour, they are certainly urder of Coronaria
unnecessary. We may observe, however, for The most noticeable parts of the generic | the sake of our fair readers, whose superior character are that in the całyx, the perianth is fortune bas placed the luxury of a hot-house three cornered, small, superior, permanent, attheir command, that tbey will find the juice divisions three ovate. To the corolla, ibe of the pige not only highly medicinal in their petals are three, narrow lanceolare, erect, own wurseries, but also of great and often of longer than the calyx: nettary fastened to important use, to the infants of those whose each petal above the base, converging, &c. wayward fortune throws them on the bounty In essential character, the calyx is trifid, su. of their superiors; for a small portion of it perior; berry three celled. All the varieties mixed in water, is a most excellent drink in are considered as berbaceous; and some of light feveis; and even a tea spoonful of it, them are said to be parasitical; and though sweetened with sugar, and repeatedly ad. our botanical writers in general have classza ministered, will be found to destroy worms, them all under the title of Bromelia, yet others, and also to cleanse and heal the thrush, or any and we think with inore reason, have arranged ll other ulcerations of the fauces to which infants them under three heads of ananas, bromelia, are subject. The bromelia, communly called Taratas. In these distinctions, the apparent the pinguin, is found growing wild in the Sadifferences are well defined.
In the ananas, it
vannahs, and on the rocky hills of the West is observed that the flowers are in a close ludian Islands, where it is much used as spike, and on a scape, leafy at the summit: fences for the pasture grounds; in some parts this spike as it ripens, becomes what is gene of Spavish America, it is applied to purposes rally termed, though improperly, the fruit; of manufacture, for a strong thread may be bul which is really a collection of berries, || made from the leaves, if soaked in water, and though possessiog very few cells, and a smaller beateu with a mallet uutil they are cleared of number of seeds. Iu the bromelias, the Aowers the succuleut part: this thread is then worked are on a luose spike or panicle, which is placed into ropes, and into hammocks; nay some on a scape, and the fruit is but iudifferent. In specimens of very good cloth have been pro. the raratas, which are a wild species, it is duced from it. The wild raratas is generally yo necessary to potice further, than that the I found all over Spanish South America and the
West Iudies. It is the most elegant, though “And feels, alive through all her tender form, apparently the most useless of its species, “The wbisper'd murmurs of the gath'ring producing leaves six or seven feet long, very storm; numerous, issuiug from the root, and edged “Shuts her sweet eye-lids to approaching with strong spines. The flowers are placed in night; the very bosom of the plant, and are of a beau “ And hails, with freshened charms, the rising tjful rose colour, with a downy germ and light.'' calyx; they are, however, totally devoid of perfume. The fruit are of an oval shape; and
This shifting or moving quality of the leaves, grow in a large groupe, sometimes to the nuw
so elegantly expressed by the poet, first inber of two or three hundred, and may be eaten
duced that judicious botanist Tournefort, to when ripe ; but in a green state have very un
give it the present oame, meaning to expleasant effects upon the teeth, and will even
press the feminine gender of the name minxs excoriate the tongue and palate. The most
mutabilis, so applicable to its most apparent singular thing respecting this plant is the care
properties. All the varieties of the mimosa taken by nature to preserve its fruit from de
are classed by botanists as POLYGAMIA Mostruction until it becomes ripe, and also to pre
NOECIA, and placed in the natural order of vent birds or other animals from injuring them
lomentaceæ. In their generic character, the selves by it; for so completely is it secured | calyx has the perianth one leaved, five toothed, from their attacks by the surrounding thorny
very small; the corolla has one petal, funnel leaves, as to be totally impermeable to any
form, balf five cleft. The essential character force which they can apply.
80 nearly resembles the generic, that it is unAmongst the most curious exotics with
necessary to repeat it. There is this, however, which modern art has embellished our gardens
tu be observed, that many small flowers fall and bot-houses, is the
otf, in early stages of fructification ; some few
are female, and in some of the species they MIMOSA,
are hermaphrodite. To which the epithet of"half reasoning" may
Our earliest botanists, on the first introducas aptly be applied as it was by Pope to the
tiou of this extraordinary plant, were struck
with such wonder, as to imagine things the sagacious elephant. The plants which we now have of this genus, were introduced from
most incongruous respecting it, and some of Brazil, and other warm climates into Europe;
their writings were filled witb tales untit for
a modern nursery ; but the most rational ob they were not uuknown, however, in ancient times, as we find them mentioned by Pliny
server of the sensitive plaut, is the ingenious and Theophrasius; yet it is evident that they
Darwin, who tells us that no naturalist has were not introduced into England until after
yet explained the immediate cause of its the discovery of the Western Continent, as
voluntary collapsing. Tu the course of his
observations, he noticed ibat the leaves there is not the slightest allusion to them in
meet and close in the night, during the sleep Shakespeare, and we cannot believe that one who drew the sublimest truths even from the
of the plant, or when exposed to much cold in
the day time, in the same manner as when they simplest phecomena of nature, would have disregarded a subject so full of sentiment and
are affected by external violence, folding their
upper surfaces together, and in part over each reflection, if he had been acquainted with its
other, so as to expose as little of the upper properties. Of this genus, tbere are no less
surface as possible to the air. This patural tban eighty-five species, under the various
collapsing, however, is not so complete as names of acacia, &c. but those to which we
that arising from the effect of the touch, for if shall confine our present sketches shall be
irritated during their sleep, they fall still farmimosa sensitiva, or the sensitive plant, and
ther, especially if touched on the footstalks, another called the humble plant. Though
which unite the leaflets to the stem. An exthe generic name includes so many varieties,
periment was tried on a sensitive plant, by yet the elegant Darwiu applies it specifically to
keeping it in a darkened room, until some those under consideration :
hours after sunrise, during which time its “Weak with nice sense, the chaste mimosa leaves and leaf-stalks were collapsed as close stands,
as in its profoundest sleep; and on its ex* From each rude touch withdraws her timid posure to the light, upwards of twenty minutes bands :
intervened before it was thoroughly awake, "Oft as light clouds o'erpass the summer glade and completely expanded. It has been noticed " Alarmed she trembles at the moving shade ; that they are more or less sensibily affected by
irritation or pressure, iu proportion to the light, yet if the stove is warm, their leaves will warmth in which they are cultivated; but always be fully expanded in the middle of the with respect to those habituated to the open day. It has also been noticed, ibat they do air, they neither shut up so clone at nigbt, nor not wait always for the stimulus of the morndo they ever expand as wide as the others. ing light to expand after their nocturnal sleep, Tbat their expansion is not produced by light as intelligent botanists declare that they have alone, is proved by the frequent fact, that in often seen them fully expanded at the earliest the longest days of summer, they are generally dawn. These facts have been thougbt to imcollapsed as early as five or six in the evening; ply a species of voluntary motion; but we bealthough the sun remains two or three hours lieve that it must be considered as mechanical Jonger, above the horizon ; and it has also been effect, for when any of the leaves, on being ascertained by experiinent, that if the glasses irritated, contract and fall on the others, these of the hot-house in which they are placed, also collapse from the effect of their own touch! should be covered close, so as to exclude the
(To be continued.)
PRAISE OF SILENCE.
We have the Praise of Folly, and even the sublime conduct at his death.
“ Most as. Praise of Fever, with wbich many readers may suredly he did,” replied $t. Justin, “ for be probably be acquainted; both of these are
was silent." jeux d'esprit: pot so the Praise of Silence, that An Ambassador from Abdera made some undumb but often most eloquent language reasonable demands of Agis, King of Spartan. What is more majestic than the silence tbat
After a speech of great length, he concluded reigns in the sacred groves of our fore-fathers, with these words, “ What ansver, o king, or ju the temples of our God what more shall I deliver to my nation in your name?" awful than the profound silence of the field of || Agis replied, “That | suffered you to say battle bestrewed with dead !-what more mor. what you pleased, without uttering a syl. ing than the silence of a charming summer's lable in reply.” This is called by Montaigne, night! Nature is great in silence, so is like a taire-parlier, a speaking silence. wise the soul of man.
There is a silence of modesty:- Pausanias Grand, noble, and sublime sentiments are relates, that soon after the narriage of Pe. often denoted by silence alone. When Ulysses invelope, she was asked by lcurus, her father, bis descent to the nether world meets the 10 and Ulysses, ber husband, whether she would dignant shade of Ajax, and praises his acbieve rather accompany the latter to Ithaca, or rements, Ajax is silent, and disdains to main with the former at Sparta? She was swer the Natterer. Tbis passage is one of the silent, and covered her face with her veil. finest in the Odyssey. Virgil bas an excel The grateful Ulysses erected an altar to molent imitation of it in his Ænied; for wben | desty. Æneas, in like mauner, flatters Dido in the It is observed by a French Poet, that shades, she turns her back, without deigning
“Le silence du peuple est la lecon des rois.” to reply.
There is a sublime silence when an accused When the notorious Isabeau, so well chaperson feels tvo great to condescend to defend
racterised in Scbiller's Maid of Orleans, had bimself.-Scipio Africanus was summoned be. dispossessed the legitimate successor to the fore the people to jusify himself againsta charge thrope, and married his sister to Heury V. of of misapplying the public money. “Romans," England, the Euglish entered Paris, and Isasaid he, “on this day I conquered Hanibal || beau stationed bimself, magnificently attired, and subdued Carthage; let us go and retnrn in a balcony, hoping to receive marks of grathanks to the Gods for their favours."-With litude and respect from those who passed by; these words he proceeded to the Capital, ac but they were all silent, and turned their faces companied by the whole assembly.
from the balcony. Every body knows that Epictetus warned The Bible often makes use of silence to embis master, who was beating him, not to bellish its imagery. When the prophet would break bis leg. His master, however, did ac describe the power of Cyrus, he says, “At 'tually break it, on which Epictetus merrily the sight of him the earth is silent.” Esther said, “ Did I not tell you so before-band?” did not wear her costly apparel in the days of -A heathen pliilosopher observes, that the silence. founder of Christianity did not display such There is also a mournful silence, namely,
the silence of the couvent, the silence of the grave, and I had almost said, the silence of the English Club, in which it was forbidden to speak. Ao Englishman once observed, "To speak spoils the conversation.”
Ammianus Marcellinus informs us that divine bonours were paid to silence. The Egyptians denon nated this deity Sigation,
the Greeks Harpocratus, and the Roman Augenora. The latter had likewise among their slaves one whom they called Silentiarius, but I know not what were the duties of his office. At a later period this term signified as much as private Secretary to the Emperor. Charle. inagne bad a Silentiarius.
We had passed through Hyde Park, and claims. My advice was received with atten. were entering Kensington-gardens, when my tion, and he often wrote to me that he was father was accosted by a person, whose air resolved to follow it; but he soon became con. and apparel were mean and wretched. I was nected with villains, who, under the semsurprized to hear bin address my father very blance of amusement, commit the most familiarly by his Christian name, and with a wicked depredations upon the property of mixture of shame aod effrontery, request the those with whom they can get acquainted, and loan of a guinea. “Hasbrook," replied my whose easiness of mind they entrammel by the father, “ I am sincerely grieved to find you seductive and dishouourable pursuits of the still reduced to the necessity of recurring 10 gaming-table. His heart, which was at first such means for your subsistence. You know
open and generous, became deceptive and that were there any hupes of rendering your cuuning; liis understanding, which might have situation in life more respectable, I should be expanded itself in the widc and extensive among the first to contribute to your perma field of knowledge, and been both usefully Dent welfare, but really I cannot listen to and honourably exerted in the big hest affairs calls of this nature, which degrade yourself, ll of the state, was suddenly contracted to the without yielding you any effectual service, and comprehension of tricks and chances : he grew deprive me of the power of bestowing that vain of the most infamous species of ingeopon the sick and the aged, which you should I nuity, and hoasted frequently of skill in that be above receiving! My father, however, gave which it is disgraceful to know. The best of bim a guinea, for which he returned thanks his former friends now avoided his society. with a slight bow, and walked away with a His gaming companions plundered him withquick pace towards Piccadilly.
out controul, and led him to his ruin with in. “Charles,” said my father to me, perceiving conceiveable rapidity. They taught him efthat I looked ratber surprised at the occur froutery in vice, and made bim believe that rence, “the person wbo has just left us was debauchery was an antidote against the pangs formerly my school-fellow, and discovered ta of conscience. In such a state it was not to lenis, which as he grew up to manhood, be wondered at that he treated all my reprerendered bim ad interesting companion. Un-seutations with contempt, and even answered fortunately his conversation and manners wcie my letters with insult. After many ineffectual rather engaging than truly valuable, and he attempts to recal him to a sense of his situacouried praise more than be cultivated esteem. tion, I was obliged to leave bim to his fate. He was easy, affable, and good-bumoured, A few years elapsed without any intelligence but be was vain of trifling acquirements, and of him, when he ventured to address himself to soon lost sight of those more honourable at me from the Fleet Prison, in which he was containments which had distinguished him at fined by an enormous accumulation of debt. scbou), and on bis entrance among society. He He had lost every delicacy that attaches itpossessed a very considerable paternal pro self to an ingenuous disposition. He spoke of perty, and it was thought unnecessary to the horrors of bis situation with shameless give bim any profession. As be had given 1 jocoseness, and solicited my assistance with a proofs of some bright intellectual powers in meanness of spirit which revolted me. How bis youth, I endeavoured to persuade him to ever, as I found that his sisters, two amiable study the law, and thereby more effectually | young ladies would in all probabilty sufier by qualify himself for a seat in Parliament, toll his errors, I took the address of a person which his consequence in tbe county where whom he called his solicitor, and resolved to his estates were situated, gave bim some make some inquiries into his circumstances.