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once."--Loril Wellington has defeated him in There is absolutely no occasion for the help Portugal; General Graham has routed him at of nonsense, in order t give a propriety to tlie Barrosą ; and Mr. Kemble, not to be behind. introduction of songs. This Opera, however, haud with his illustrious countrymen, is mak. : bas sone very pretty music, and one or two ing a most spirited campaign against him at; of the songs are infinitely beyond what we Covent Garden; burrowing the cavalry of have been accustomed to bear; and one of Astley, and bringing to bear on him the whole thern in allusion to late events (the brother of park of artillery of the Playhouse, he has Bonaparte seeking refuge among t us) was attacked bim in his owsi palace, and battered very much and very deservedly applauded. bis St. Cloud over his ears. Mr. Kemble de. The title of this song The llome of the Stranger', serves as inuch praise for his poetry as for his' is very good, and the words appeal very for: pageantry; for though some persons have ex cibly to the feelings of the audience. Every pressed an ill-natured dvubt whether Mr. attempt of this kind to encourage public feel. Temble be really in earnest, and whether, in ing, and to che, ish the enthusiasm which at the production of this piece, he did not rather' present animate ine country, ouglit to be enlook to his own interest than the interest of couraged. C'pon ilie wbult, The Americans, as the nation, we, for our own parts, are perfectly an péra, is a very pleasing piece, and Braham persuaded, as well from the gravity of this and Mrs. Mountain bare some very charming piece, as from its spirit of poetry and magnific songs. cence, that Mr. Kemble fully intended it as a National boon; and in his attack ou Buna " THE BOOK.”—The convulsions and parte, he is as much in earnest as General' changes that bave happened in the G-romGrabam himself We have ouly to express since ihe suppression of “ The Book,” afford our bopes, that this spirit of patriotisin and mucha choice of cnjecture to the contemplaingenious allegorical representation will ex tive mind as to what “ The Book" contains, tend beyond the walls of Covent Garden and what were the motives which originally house. The scason of the country fairs is now prompted its compiler to print it for the pub. corning round; we hope, therefore, Punel will lic, and afterwards to bury it beyond the reach do his duty, and that Richardson and Sanders of the public sight. A printed book to be will rival Kemble and the Cortes iu holding up suppressed, and held in subjection by a Public the great usurper, the Timour of Europe, to Officer, is a new feature in the annals of litera. universal execration. There is one ibing in ture; and yet it appears not to astonish by its Tinour the Tartar, the ingenuity of which novelty, nor to alarm by the danger with wbich we particularly admire, and that is, the repre it menaces the press. Abused and insulted as senlution of the Empress of France in the per the public have been ou tliis subject, it must son of Mrs. H. Johnston, as Princess of Mon be a matter of considerable gratification to grellia; if a man is to be soundly rated, there | learn, that a work, entitled The Spirit of The is both life and nature by putting it in the kook,' or Memoirs of Caroline Princess of las. mouth of his wife--the Empress accordingly burgh, formed upon ihe basis of the suppressed does not spare Buna parte.

“Book,” is now presented to the public, which LYCEUM. --A new play has appeared at this exposes every fact and circumstance which Theatre called The Americans - This piece is Distress has been compelled to sell or resign 10 an Opera, therefore respecting the plot we ; Power, and which Fuwer has been at such disshall say nothing. It is now become a general tress to conceal from the world. Until the law in all these pieces, that their music ex. perusal of this work, it is hoped no premature empts them from all obligations to sense. or harsh opinion will be entertained of it. The The plot and even the dialogue are introduced Anthor presumes to be found well deserving merely to cover a peg upou which to hang the the patronage of the public, and the approba. songs; and if the plot bas sufficient coherence tion of mankind. His work comprehends the to lead to some terinimation in a marriage Memoirs of many of the most distinguished with the parties concerned, the author con and illustrious Personages, and will satisfy siders himself as having entirely done bis duty. that credulous and extravagant curiosity which For our own parts, however, we are so much las bitherto attached such inestimable value wedded to the old school of Opera, tiat we do to the slanderous veluine known by the name pot deem this a sufficient excuse.

of The Delicate Investigation – This interesting The plot and action of Operas are founded and valuable work is this day published, in u pou those passions and humours which are tbree duodecimo volunes, price il. 55.; and by no means contrary to mirth, and in mirth may be liad of Messrs. Allen and Co. No. 15, it is by no means unnatural to sing Paternoster-low.

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I'ORKS IN THE PRESS.

Jewish churches still acknowledge the authoThe Rev. Samuel Clapham will shortly pub- ry of the patriarch of Antioch; and from the

Jews of these cburches he has obtained a ver. lish, in 10 octavo volume, Sermons, selected

sion of the Hebrew Scriptures, written long from Minor Authors, adapted to the Saints'

prior to the Captivity: Days, Festivals, &c.

Dr. W. B. Collyer, has in the press, Lec. tores on Scripture Miracles, in an octavo vo PROJECTED TRAVELS IN AFRICA.LA Jume, similar with the two former volumes on German of the name of Routgen, a scholar of Scripture Facts and Prophecies.

the celebrated Blumenbach, in Gottingen, bas Mr. B. Travers, demonstrator of anatomy at announced bis intention to endeavour to peneGuy Hospital, has in the press, an inquiry trate into the interior of Africa, nearly in the concerning Injuries to the Jotestinal Canal, track pursued by Mr. Hornemano, who, as he illustrating the treatment of wounds pene- has not been heard of for ten years, is thought trating into that caual, and of stravgulated to bave perislied in the enterprise. This young heroja.

man is about twenty years of age, and seems to Dr. Edwards has nearly finished a work, in bave obtained all the kind of knowledge which two volumes, with which he bas beeu long l is particularly necessary for his purpose. He engaged, in ascertaining the real and relative understands the Arabic language, is remarkfvuudations of the different civil, political, ably abstemious, and has accustomed himself commercial, and individual interests of society to make raw flesh and insects his food. At and nations.

Gottingen he submitted to circumcision, thal P. Pindar, Esq. is preparing for the press he might appear to be a true believer in the the Rival Minstrel, or the Challenge to Walter Koran, and in the character of a physician Scott, minstrel of the North, from Paul Pen travelled through those countries where the dragon, miostrel of the West.

name of a Christian would infallibly lead to Lucien Bonaparte, now

resident in this slavery or death. In his peregrioations on country, has been several years engaged on an foot through Germany and Switzerland, he epic poem, entituled Charleinagne, or Rome always chose the worst lodgings and accomDelivered, in twenty four cantos, which is ex modations to inure himself to bardships. In pected to appear at the close of the present. Germany and Paris he has collected a number year.

of questions proposed by the literati, relative A volume of Letters, by the late Rev. James to the unknown regions which he intends to Harvey, dated from 1736 to 1752, will speedily

visit. He means tv endeavour to accompany be published.

a mercantile caravan from Mogador to TumDr. C. Hutton is printing a complete col

buctoo. lection of what may be considered his dis

METHOD OF DETECTING ARSENIC WHEN coveries, improveinents, and inventions, under IN WATER.-- A watery solution of cuprum the title of Tracts, mathematical and philoso- vitriolatum, or sulphate of copper, commonly phical, in three octavo volumes, of which the called blue vitriol, forms a beautiful blue first is nearly ready for publication, contain- liquidow if to this a small quantity of arseing, among other improvements, an enlarged nic dissolved in water be added, it will form a edition of his Treatise on Bridges.

green precipitate; the experiment may be Mr. P. Nicholson has in the press, a Dic

made tbus: take of water two ounces ; of tionary of Architecture, in two quarto volumes, blue vitriol two scruples-dissolve it com. svih many plates ; and the first part of it is pletely. Take of finely powdered white arse. expected to appear in a few days.

nic four grains, of salt of tartar twelve grains, Messrs. Smith and Son, of Glasgow, have in distilled water boiling one ounce. A few drops the press a Catalogue of Books, which is said i of the solution of arsenic being put into the to include many articles higlily interesting for solution of blue vitriol, will produce a fine their extreme rarity and fine itiou.

grass-green precipitale. The Bishop of St. David has in the press, A POPLEXY.-In all cases of severe apoplexy an edition of Chrysostom de Sacerdotio, lib.iii. Auor volatile alkali bas been discovered in in Greek and Latin, with an introduction on France, by M. Sage, to be of great efficacy the importance and dignity of the pastoral when taken internally. In a memoir to the office, and the danger of undertaking it rashly. National Instilute, he vouches the experience

Dr. C. Buchanan, amid bis researches in the of forty years for its being an immediate re. East, has made an extraordinary discovery inmedy, if employed on the first appearance of Biblical Literature.' In Travancore, seventy the disease.

ROYAL INSTITUTION.

tion, and the secondary, by a simple deposi. MR. DAVY'S LECTURES ON GEOLOGY-Vol. tion at a latter period, after the sea was stockMr. Davy, after some introductory observa.

ed with inhabitants. Beside these two, many tion, pointed out two distinct arrangements of others have been resorted to, Leibnitz and rocks-une, characterised by a crystaline tex Whiston, for instance, imagined a comet to ture, by a stratification approaching to the

have been concerned in producing the present perpendicular iu its direction, and by a total appearance of tbings, by elevating the ocean, want of organic remains ; the otber, known by inundating the contiuents, and by heating its the horizontal position of its strata, and by waters, giving them new solvent powers. Mr. the intermixture of petrisactions and water Davy pointed out two grand circumstances worn stones. The first arrangement consti. connected with this inquiry; first, alterations tutes the primary class of rocks, and the last produced in secondary rocks by causes acting the secondary. Both are traversed by veins, || from above, such as the opening of valleys, wbich were formerly empty fissures, but are the sweeping away of strata, &c. without the now filled up, and become the repositories of parallelism of the remaining strata being almetallic ores. As the same rocks, in all parts tered. Secondly, the derangement of the priof the globe, are similarly associated, and con mary rocks by causes apparently acting from tain similar metallic deposits, their relations

below. He asserted that more than one system and transitions form the most important part of causes was necessary to account for all the of geology. Mr. Davy she wed the excellence phenomena, and that the practice of assigning of the present order uf things, and that the them all to one was faulty; he advanced seirregularities of the surface of the earth were veral illustrative instances in which unity of wise contrivances. He pointed out the changes effect is the result of a variety of causes. to which rocks are at present liable from the Mr. Davy recommended to those who wishaction of the air, sun, and the vicissitudes ofed to become acquainted with geology, the exthe seasons, and noticed the operations coun amination of geological collections, and the teracting this destructive process, such as the perusal of geological writings, particularly of formation of islands at the mouths of rivers, those enlightened observers, de Saussure, Do. vast productions of coral, avd islands, the re lomien, Humbolt, and Jameson. sult of sub-marine fires; and he shewed that He stated that the science, independent of the degradation of the solid ruck itself had be the healthy employment it gives to the mind, neficial consequences; that it gave rise to new is of great importance in a practical point of svils, to the fertilization of barren tracts, to view; that it very nearly concerns the miner, the filling up of lakes, &c.

engineer, and drainer; and even the farmer Mr. Davy deferred the examination of the and architect; and it discloses a variety of different hypothesis advanced respecting the indications highly useful in their respective past alterations of the globe, to the concluding pursuits to the miner, the rocks containing part of his course. The two principal hypo. | metalic veins and coals; to the engincer, the thesis are the Plutonian and Neptupian. l association of bard rocks with soft; to the Hooke started the first, in which our conti- drainer, the intersection of a country by bard nents are supposed to be in a continual state | dykes, or veins impermeable to water; to the of decay and of renovation, the agencies of the farmer the best places for finding limestone, elements being the destructive powers, and the marl, and clay; and to the architect the most action of a great central fire on the detrition | durable stones for buildings, and he mentioned of our land accumulated in the bed of the several instances of the serious evils arising ocean, the renovating power. The central from a want of geological knowledge. fire, its principal engine, bas been the object The person who is attached to geological of great objection. Mr. Davy remarked, that inquiries, says Mr. Davy, can scarcely ever the source of this imaginary five might be want objects of employment, and of interest. attributed to the existence of the earths in The ground on which he treads, the country their metallic state in the interior, acted on wbich surrounds him, and even the rocks and by air and water, and thus supplying fuel, and stoires removed from their natural position by that the re-production of these metals might art, are all capable of affording some degree of be owing to internal electrical currents. In amusement.

And every new mine or quarry the Neptunian hypothesis, water is the gene that is opened, every new surface of the earth ral solvent, and supplies the place of fire in that is laid bare, and every new country that the Plutonian, and our continents are sup is discovered, offers to him novel sources of posed to be derived from a fluid chaos, the information. primary rocks by crystalization and deposi. In travelling, he is interested in a purenig

No. XIX, Vol. III.-N.S.

M m

which must constantly preserve the mind the rivers, towns, fortifications, letters or awake to the scenes presented to it; and the words, &c. &c. has been by black upon white, beauty, the majesty, and the sublimity of the my new method is by producing a contrary great forms of nature, must necessarily be en effect, by leaving the tints, lines, or figures hanced by the contemplation of their order, alluded to, white instead of black; so that their mutual dependence, and their connection where in the common way the paper is coveras a whole.

ed with black or coloured ink, my new method The imagery of a mountainous country, is to leave it uncovered; and where in the which is the very theatre of the science, is in common way it is uncovered, by my method it almost all cases highly impressive and delight. | is left covered. Farther, in order that I may ful, but a new and a nobler species of enjoy- || be so understood as that any person converment arises in the mind, when the arrange

sant in the arts of Printing and Engraving ment in it, its uses, and its subserviency to life muy perfectly comprehend my meaning, my are considered.

new method, instead of producing dark figures To the geological inquirer every mountain on a light ground, is by producing light figures chain offers decided proofs of the great altera

on a dark ground or surface, or on a ground tions that the globe bas undergone. The darker at least than the figures themselves. most sublime speculations are awakened; the “ Or my new method, in the second place, mind is carried into past ages; new forms of is by the usual way of representing all figures, existence are presented to it, and a boundless

that is, by the black tints or lines, or black inquiry—the destruction of a former order of figures, as now commonly represented on a things, and a system arranged with harmony, white ground or surface, or by the adoption of filled with beauty and life, formed from its any other coloured ground or surface-taking elements, and established on its ruins.

care always to produce the advantageous combinations of the two arts of Engraving aud

Letter-press Printing, that is to say, the dis. NEW METHOD OF COMBINING THE ARTS

patch and economy of the latter with the effect OF THE ENGRAVER AND LETTER - PRESS

and general utility of the former, a combina. PRINTER

tion hitherto wished for in vain, and from After the introductory forms of a Patent which, it may be obvious, very essential rethat has been granted to the inventor, Mr. l sults will arise both to the artists and to Stuart, late of Fleet.street, he proceeds: traders in the arts, and, in fact, to the public,

“ My new method or invention is for the l that will no doubt be actuated by interest to purpose of combining, in many instances bere encourage a new invention which may afford after specified, the arts of Engraving and Let an extraordinary gratification by a speedier ter-press Printing, so as to produce at once mode of intelligence through a cheaper methe dispatch and economy of the latter with dium. the effect and general utility of the former. “ Having thus expressed myself fully on

“My new method of Printing maps, charts, || this part of the subject, I shall now proceed to geographical, astronomical, diagrams or ma. describe or explain my mode of executing or thematical figures, music, drawing books to producing the effects already specified :—The teach outlines, architectural ground plans, || engravings of the figures may be cut or stampor surveys of estates, trees or tables of pedi- || ed, or otherwise indented, on plates of brass, gree, anatomical figures, figures or represen- || copper, tin, pewter, type-metal, or any mixture tations of the human body; or, in short, any of metals, wood, or any other substance on figure or figures performed in my manuer which engravings can be made; and (in some about to be described or specified, for Books, || instances), for the better adapting the ground Magazines, Newspapers, or any other periodi or surface of the plate, or for the better ren. cal publication, or for any printed paper what. I dering the ground or surface fit in all its parts ever, consists, in the first place, in reversing ) for the proper receptiou and adhesion of that the ordinary or common way of printing or kind of ink used by Letter-press Printers, so representing such figure or figures ; that is to as to produce a clear and an equal impression say, where the usual mode of printing or en on all its parts at once (an invention on metagraving the tigures now described has hitherto || lic plates hitherto, I verily believe, unattemptbeen by a black upon a white ground or sur ed, or at least unattained), I cause dots or lines face, my new method is by producing the cou to be cut, marked, or stamped, or drawn across trary effect, viz. by a white upon a black the ground or surface of the metalic plates, or ground or surface. Again, in order that I other substance; or I corrode it with aquamay be fully understood, as the usual way of fortis, vitriol, or other acid, so as to produce priuling or representing in maps, for instance, a sufficient degree of rougbuess for the adhe

sion of the particular ink now mentioned; or any of the other figures already mentioned, leaving the figures or subject of the plate or performed in my manner, the separate arts of plates, or engraving, untouched by such dots the Copper-plate Eugiaver and the Letteror lines. I wish also particularly to observe, press Printer, by engraving as Engravers that it is absolutely necessary the lines cut, usually do, and by printing as Printers usually stamped, or engraved, should be as deep as domthereby rendering, by the application of possible, or as deep as the ultimate operation these united arts in the printing of Books, of the press may requirema mode unnecessary | Magazines, Newspapers, periodical publicaio tbe common way of Copper plate Engrav- ' tions (which require dispatch),

very great ing; and that the part of the surface which is saving or abridgment of time, labour and exnot engraved upon, ivstead of being made as pence, in the exercise of both arts, and consmooth as possible, as in Copper-plate En-sequently a very great convenience and advangravings, ought to be made in some instances) | tage to the public at large. as before specified, sufficiently rough, either

“ P. STUART." by mechanical or chemical means so as to make the ink applied by the Letter-press Printer's balls adbere in a way nearly equal, or in

IMPORTANCE OF A MISPLACED COMMA. such quantity or proportion as is wanted or Amazing as it may seem, it is certainly a intended. The last preparatory process of the fact, that the unfortunate King Edward II. plate for the Letter-press, previously to its lost his life by the means of a misplaced comma. being printed as described, is by tixing it on a For the cruel Queen, with whom he was at vawooden block; or by grooying it on a brass or riance, sent to the keeper of the prison in which other metallic standard; or by fixing it on a he was confined, the following lines: clay or earthen substance or cement, taking “ To shed King Edward's blood special care that the whole body thus formed “ Refuse to fear, I count it good.” shall not be higher or lower than the types | Had the comma been placed after the word commonly used at the Letter press; and also refuse, thus, taking special care, that it be calculated in To shed King Edward's blood every degree to be embodied, as it were, with Refuse,” the Letter-press Printer's form or types, so as the sense would have implied that the keeper to produce, by the very same operation of the was commanded not to hurt the King, and the Letter-press, the impression of both the plate remaining line, and the types at one and the same time, or by “ To fear I count it good," one and the same pull of the Letter-press would have sigoified that it was counted good Printer, and on the very same sheet or piece of not to spill his blood; but the comma being paper. Or the plate or plates thus prepared, wickedly placed after the word fear, the murmay, if on particular occasions deemed more der seemed commanded, together with a kind of expedient, be worked off alone at the Letter- indemnification to the keeper. According to the press, so as to produce the intended effect of punctuation, the keeper took the lines in the Engraving with the facility and dispatch of worst sense, and the King lost his lite. multiplying copies agreeably to the nature or The well known anecdote of the Bishop of principle of operation peculiar to the Letter- | Assello is another case iu point. The good press. I wisla also to be clearly understood, I prelate, carrying with him the humility of the that the plate or plates for maps, charts, station from which he had been raised, and music, or other figures already mentioned, may possessing a liberality becoming his elevation, be prepared by engraving, indenting, or stamp ordered this inscription to be put over bis gate : ing on a flat surface of wood, of metal, or other

Porta, patens esto, nulli clauderis honesto. material or substance, so as to form a matrix. « Gate, be thou open, and not shut to any. or mould from which I cast or form tbe re. honest man."--But the painter unfortuuately verse, in the manner of a seal or die, that is to

put the comma after the word nulli, instead of say, the hollows, or sunk lines, dots, letters or

esto, the sense stood thus" Gate be thou figures of the former, become the protuber. open to nobody, but be slıut to an honest man.” ances or raised lines, dots, &c. of the latter, by Wbich caused the Bishop to lose bis bishopric. which I print by the common process of the Thus we may perceive the necessity of being Letter-press Printer.

very particular with respect to points or stops; “ Thus by the means now described or spe- since the misplacing of a single comma occacified, I combine, or unite, for maps, charts, 1 sioned the murder of a King, and the loss of a music, anatomical figures, or any figures or hishopric. representations of the human body, or for all

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