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be considered in the surrounding province as the first moment thought of bis daughter, an orphan committed by a dying parent to the whom the sudden death of her protectiess trust of Lady Margarei.
I might have left in a state which would require Afier this event my mother again returned | bis immediate presence. He therefore resolved to the castle of my grandfather, and thus to to dispatch me in search of my sister; and the arms of her husband. In the following " having summoned me to his apartinent to inyear my grandfather died, leaving to my father struct nie in what was necessary to this dethe inlicritance of bis lauds and honours. In sign, he now for the first time informed me the same year, and within a few months after that I had a sister, and concluded with a rela. that event, my mother gave birth to myself, tion of all that I have now narrated. but fell a victim to the severity of her illness. The following morning I commenced my upon that occasion. Nothing for a time could journey towards Cambray, for the purpose of equal The grief of my father upon this loss. i seeking and restoring my sister to her name What, however, will out time subdue? His and family. I pursued any road without insorrows softened by degrees into a tender me-terruption, and at the end of some days arrived lancholy, a tone of mind he still retains, and in the city. My father's commands were, that which the virtues of my mother so well de- my first inquiries should be made at the bote! serred.
d'Am , in Cambray; and that I should enMy father, immediately upon the death of deavour at this late residence of the Lady my grandfather (being thus relieved from all Margaret to obtain full information as lo my necessity of further concealment), had dis- sister and her present condition. I accord. patched a messenger to the Lady Magret re- ingly hastened thither the moment of my arquiring the child, accompanied with grateful rival, and my surprise was great indeed at the acknowledgments for her past cares. The result of my inquiry. mes enger, however, soon returned with the # Fortune bappened to throw in my way one report that the Lady Maigaret had left Cam. 1 of the most confidential attendants of their bray, being called over to the Spanish court late Lady. From her I learned, that her dein attendance upon the Catholic Queen. She ceased mistress, in a moment of superstition had carried the young Margaret will her, ex-) during her final illness, bad made a rash vow, hibiting towards her a warmth of affection that her adopted daughter should take the which had already excited the suspicions of veil, and had sent her to a convent for that the city and its vicinity that her relationship purpose. The name of ibis religious house, was nearer than was given out. The sudden however, had becn carefully concealed from death of my mother, and the consequent grief every one; for she justly conjectured, that the of my father, prevented any repetition of the knowledge of her death would suinmon around inquiry for some time, at the expiration of the young Margaret all those friends who had which period my father became so attached to hitherto appeared to have forgotten her, and me, and su oci upied with objects of ambition, that thus ber vow might be rendered ineffec. that the remembrance of an absent daughter, tual. The same superstition, therefore, which a child never beheld but in its earliest infancy, led her to make a vow thus rash and arbitrary, gradually vanished from his memory. This led her likewisc thus to exert her efforts to effect was accelerated, and perhaps in some secure its execution. degree justified, by his persuasion of her wel. The couvent, to which my sister was sefare, and his coufidence in the kindness and cretly conducted, was unknown to her domes. ready affertion of the Lady Margaret which | tics; they were even in doubt whether it was she had ever showed equally tuwards bimself in Spain, where she died, or in the vicinity of and his daughter. From these causes, there- || Cambray. All my inquiries with regard to fore, he now desisted fiom any further inquiry, I this circumstance were fruitless, and I was and in full assurance of my sister's bappiness, already preparing to leave the city to return permitted her to remain uniuterrupted and to my father, when an incident, which the evil unclaimed under the protection of her aunt. l genius of my life had been long preparing to
In this inanner elapsed the period between blasi my future happiness in iis very bud, at her infancy and the moment of my misfortune, once discovered to nie the object of my search an event so late as a few preceding months. and the cause of my mistortunc at once At this period my father received information stained my hand in blood, and expelled me as that the Lady Margaret had died suddenly, / a murderer, with the cry of justice at my heels, and that her property, no other beirs appears from my family and country! ing, bad devolved upon himself. He now for
(To be continued.) No. XIX. Vol. III.-Y.$.
TIIE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY,
WITH PRACTICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PIILOSOPHY OF FLORA, &c. &c. &c.
"- " Now from the town
| some bare considered it as arising from malus " Buried in smoke, and sleep, and noisome damjos,
Epirotica, or the apple of Epirus, from wbence Oft let me wander o'er the Gelds, " And see the country, far diffused around,
say they, it was first brought into Italy. This “Ove boundless blush, one while empurpled shower
conjecture is certainly ingenious, and if one “Of mingled blossoins."
were to trust to conjecture alone, it is extremely possible that if we were to guess until
the fruit is ripe, we should not hit op a more Of all the descriptions of the poet of the
plausible derivation. It happens, bowever, Seasons, there is none perhaps more strikingly i
y that the ancient Romans had a name for the beautiful than the one from which the fore- !
fruit which bore a nearer resemblance to the going quotation is taken ; if hope and expec- ||
modern name. Dioscorides calls it præcocia, tation be more exquisite tban fruition, then
and if we are to believe that the c was sounded surely the promises of spring may be consi.
hard, that is nothing more than the ancieut dered as even more delightful than the bounty
Greek naine praikokia, a name in modern times of autumn; at least we believe our fair readers
corrupted into berikokkin, and evidently the will join us in the opinion, that few rural en
root froin whence it sprung. joyments can me more pleasing than the va
Though some folks may laugh at this learned riegated bloom aud exquisite odours of the
dissertation on the dainties of their dessert, vernal orchard. To it then, we will now direct our footsteps, for there we can not only
and others may sneer at learned ladies, and
whisper something about blue stockings, we are enjoy the pleasures of sense, but from the ob
not afraid either of terrifying our readers, or jects around us, with the assistance of our
of reudering them less attentive to their houseimmortal dramatic delineator, may often draw a useful moral. Shakespeare, whilst pictur
hold duties, particularly when they ing the changes of many-coloured life, bas not « Lend new flavour to the fruitful year, allowed even the
“ And heighten nature's dainties." APRICOT
Nor do we fear that lordly man will find his to escape from his intelligent research. We all apricot tart less grateful to his palate because recollect, when the unhappy Queen of Rich.
his meek help-mate happens to know the deard II. has retired to the garden with her
rivation of the name. We will quit the paths maids of honour, how much the effect of the
of philosophical conjecture, however, to return scene is heightened by the casual directions of
to the more agreeable grass-walks of tbe the gardener.
orchard, and state as simple matter of fact,
tbat the apricot is mentioned in Turner's Her“ Go, bind you up yon dangling apricocks
bal, the earliest botanical authority we possess, “ Which like unruly cbildren make their Sire
as baving been cultivated here in 1562, in the “ Stoop with oppression of their prodigal
reign of Elizabeth ; but as Shakespeare menweight.”
tions it so familiarly, we are the more disposWe will for the present, howerer, leave off ed to give credit to the statement that it was moralizing, to investigate the origin of the first brought here from Italy by a Freoch name of this elegant fruit, a name which has priest, gardener to Henry VII.; nay, indeed, given rise to as many conjectures among bo. as we are unwilling to accuse our favourite tanical philologists as ever a rusty Otho or Il poet of being guilty of an anachronism, we Cunobeline did amongst the recondite philo are almost disposed to believe on his authority sophers of Somerset-House. The immediate that it was in coltivation as early as the reign derivation of it is evidently from the French l of Richard II. abricot, a word, however, not of French ety. | Tbuugb brought into England from a warmer mology, but imported thither along with the climate, and still requiring a warm and shelfruit from Italy, where it is called bacoche. Ittered situation, there is no reason to believe is true that there is but little apparent siinila. it is indigenous in more southern regions exrity between these names, we must therefore | clusively; for there is a species of it called the proceed a little further, and by turning over Siberian apricot, which is a native of the two or three musty folios we will find that Transalpine Dauria, in the Russian empire,
where the north sides of the ranges of inuun. || filaments twenty to thirty, is awl shaped, al. tains are covered in the spring with the purple most the length of the curolla, and inserted flowers of the Rhododendrom Dauricum, and into the calyx, and the authers are twin, short; their soutbero sides with the white and rose the pistil has the germ superior, roundish; coloured blossoms of this elegant though di the style is filiform, and the length of the minutive tree. Still, however, it must be con stamen. In essential characters the calyx is fessed that in this situation, so remote from five cleft, inferior; the petals five; in the the vertical rays of tbe genial sun, their perianth, a drupe with a Rut having the juices perer become concentrated, so that the sutures prominent. Of the whole genus there fruit is always of a favour austerely acid. are thirty-three species, comprehending the
In China too, it has long been in cultiva. cherry, laurel, plum, bullace, sloe, &c. &c. tion, even in the more northern parts, near but amongst all these the apricot is superPekin ; and the Chinese contrive to render it | eminently distinguished by its leaves, wbich highly ornameutal in their gardens, particu are roundisb and much broader than those of Jarly a double blossomed variety which they any other species; they are also drawn to a plant on little mounts, and whose blossoms in point at the end, are smooth and glandular at the spring months produce a very pleasing the base. With us it requires sedulous cultia effect: they have also a diminutive species of vation; but we have already voticed that it the double flowering apricot, which are placed grows wild on the northern mountains of in their apartments during the winter, at China; it is found also over the whole tract of which time they blossom and perfume the Mount Caucasus, and even in Japan. Our most chambers with their fragrance.
common varieties in the orderof ripening arethe As these would be a valuable addition to the || mascoline, the orange, the Algier, wbich is high foral luxury now so much the ton in fashionable flavoured and juicy, the Roman, Turkey, &c.; apartments, we would recommend it to some but the best are the Breda, which came ori. of our fair readers counected with our Oriental ginally from Africa to Holland, and the Brus. empire, to prevail on their fathers, brothers, sels, which is the latest in ripening. The supe or lovers, to procure a few of the seeds in their posed varieties are, however, much more visits to the city of Canton, as these would be oumerous, as our modern gardevers, by the highly valuable to the lovers of practical various cbanges of soil and aspect, and even botany. It is not, however, for ornament alone, by the processes of budding and engrafting or even for the gratification of mensal luxury, || are always producing some novelties to which that the Chinese pay such attention to its they give bigh sounding names, and thus let cultivation, as they even encourage the growth them bave their run in the world of fashion, of the wild trees on the mountains, whose We shall close this part of the subject by refruit having but little pulp, with a large minding our fair readers of the passage in The kernel, they have adopted a mode of extract. Midsummer's Night's Dream, where Titania reing a great quantity of oil from them, which commending Bottom to the care of her fairies, for culinary uscs is much superior to tbat ex Tells them in pressad from the walnut. Linnæus, in his
“ Be kind and courteous to this gentleman, Genera Plantarum, ranks this tree amongst
“ Hop in his walks, and gambol in his eyes; the genus Prunus ; in lbis, however, he is not
• Feed him with apricocks and dewberries, original, for our countryman, Parkinson, up
“ With purple grapes, green figs,” &c. wards of a century and a half ago, says that the apricot is without question a kind of Of the same elegant species of dessert fruit, plum, but that on account of the excellence there is another which deserves notice in this of its fruit, and its difference from all other place, being of the same class and order as the pluins, he is induced to treat of it separately | apricot, though ranked by botanists as of a from !hem. This genus Prunus, however, it different species; this is the must be noticed, comprehends not only the
PEACH, plum and apricot, but also the varieties of the cherry; and the whole genus is classed amongst
Which is comprehended along with the nec. the IcosANDRIA MONOGYNIA, and of the
tarme aud the almond, in the genus of natural order of Pomacee. In generic charac
Amydalus. To descant on its farour as applied ter it has the perianth one lcafed, bell shaped,
to the palate, or on its elegance in the disvert, five cleft, deciduous, segments blunt, concave;
would here be superfluous; but it may be a jo the corolla the petals are five, roundish,
novelty to some of our fair reders to hear it concave, large, spreading, and inserted into
recommended as au ornamental tree without the calyx by their claws ; the stamen has the ll any reference to its fruit. It has indeed been
justly observed by a practical bolanist, that I have supposed that his Persea was the same there are few trucs more ornamental in plan uith the modern prach; it differs from it howtations, shrubberies, or wilderness quarters, ever totally in description. In later times, howparticularly in the inimerliate vicinity of the ever, it was known among the Romans by the residence, and sheltered situations, where they name of Nalus Persica, or Persian apple, a will unfold their variegated and odorous blos. | name which implies their baving received it soms in the early spring months, or about the direct from Asia, and not through the medium beginning of April. To those who reside in of Greece. It is now indeed generally spread the immediate weighbourliood of the metro. all over Europe; and is in such abundance polis, this may not be an useless himt, as the since its introduction on the Transatlaotic cultivation of the tree will answer the pur. Continent, that in many parts of Maryland poses both of ornament and of utility, thus and Pensylvannia, the hogs are driven into enabling the proprietor of the smallest shrubs' the orcharils to futten on the windfalls. bery to indulge his taste both risual and That it has been introduced into England alimentary. Where the peach is planted for 1, as early as the time of Elizabetli, is evident ornament alone, the variety with double from the pun of the Clown, in Measure for flowers will be found the mosi elegant, for Measure, where he says, “ There is here one indeed we have not a floweriug tree or shrub, Master Caper, at the suit of Master Threeout of the green-house, of equal beauty: it is a pile the tercer, for some four suits of peachsingularity too attending this variety, that al. i coloured satin, which now peaches him a though its flowers are double it will produce, 1, beggar.”Juleed we have reason to believe but not of any pleasing favour, we inust con that the double blossomed variety was known ess, unless it is trained on a hot, or southeru here are early as 1629. Of this delicious fruit wall. Though agreeing with the apricot ju we have now thirty five different species, class and order, yet its generic character is!
some of which have been produced by engraftnot the same. The peach bas a calyx with ing on the apricot; but we must not consider the perianth one leafed, tubulous, inferior,
every variation as a variety, as many gardeners quinquefid, deciduous, divisions spreading, pretend to make distinctions and to give obtuse ; its corolla is of five petals ; oblong, wames, where the fruits resemble each other so ovate, obtuse, concave; the siamen has gene much that even the nomenclators can scarcely rally ibisty filaments, is filiform, erect, and
point out any difference. Before we dismiss shorter by balf than the corolla, and the this lecture, we must slightly notice the anthers are simple; in the pistil, the germ is
NECTARINE, roundish and villose, with longitudinal furruws, and the seed is a nut, ovate, compressed, which is, in fact, now considered by botapists with prominent sutures on each side.
as being merely a variety of the peach. The The peach and almond are considered as of Hower is indced nearly the same, and a perthe same genus, yet there is this remarkable sou not accustomed to this kind of research difference in the fruit, that the latter is merely will not readily perceive any difference in the covered with a dry busli, whilst the former general appearance of the trees, or in the size has a pulpy covering which rivals in flavour and formation of the leaves. For the sake ibe boasted produce of better climaics. Prac- of distinction, botanists have agreed to call tical gardeners who attend inore to difference it the “ Nuci Persica,” a wame derived from its of the fruit, than to the coincidence of the general resemblance to the walnut; but the sexual classification, state that the only cer- | common English Dame is perhaps more extain difference between this genus and that of pressive of its exquisite flavour, as if its juice the Prunus, already described, is the pubes had given a flavour to the nectar of the gods. cence of the skin ; for the pores of the shell! It was indeed the principal ingredient in that which at one time were considered as separat- liquor so famed in Heathen mythology. Thus ing the Amydalus froin the Prunus are now the English gentleniau whilst enjoying his found not to form an invariable distinction dessert, may justly think himself a match for In essential character this genus has the calyx the deities of Olympus, for if they had their quinquefid, inferior; petal live; drupe having | nectar, so bave we; and fur goddesses we surely a shell perforated with pores and skin pubes- 1, can equal, if not siitpiss them, as our divi. cent; but these latter distinctions, as we have vities, in addition to their own native charms, noted, are not invariable. That the peach is are now educated by Minerva, attired by the not of very early introduction in Europe, is Graces, intimate with the Muses, and sur, evident from its not being mentioned by rounded by all the sweets of Flora! Theophrastus, though some commentators /
(To be continued.)
EXHIBITION OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY.
Thus annual School of Art, which, to the but that they should become acquainted with great credit of its body, subsists upon those professors, who may instil into them right funds which its own merits procure from the sentinients of the importance, dignity, and exhibition of the works of British Painters, was splendour, which belong to them. opered to the public on Monday, April 29th. V History declares to us the necessity of this This establishment, unlike many other lusti. i patronage and encouragement of the liberal tutions of learving and art, is no burthen upon | arts by the great; since, wherever it is want. the tax and pension list. It is not, by a jealous ing, the arts and sciences are infallibly wanting and exclusive arrangement, or by tedious forms also. The Egyptians, who invented almost of introduction and wearisome application, || all the arts, never perfected any one, because turned into a monopoly for the benefit of a few they did not honour their professors, but conindividuals; but is thrown open to all, and is sidered them as mere artisans. The Phæni. supported in a stale of honourable indepene | cians advauced the arts a little farther, becausese dence, aud upon impartial principles, for the they encouraged then from the same pr princicommon benefit of the country.
ples upon which they have, of late, h een en. The present is the forty-third Exhibition of couraged in tbis country they fou. the Royal 3 cademy. It is very creditable to ful as articles of commerce. the British Artists, and is a manifest proof, ! We need not say tbat a naonage of this that the encouragement which has lately been sort is degrading to true art. 6 extended to the Arts has not been misplaced. It was at Athens, that paintinga ir architec
A new room has been throwo open for the ture, and sculpture, received the era couragepurpose of accommodating such pictures as ment of genius and taste, ibè rewards got opus have been before rejected from the want of it; lence, and the distinctions of the Republica there is still, however, a great number turned! The Romans, who had only one road to out; and we hear that nearly 300 pictures | eminence-military service, never equalled the have been excluded upon this consideration, Greeks in art; and had only so much taste as only.
to despoil the Grecian Republics of 'heir most It gives us infinite satisfaction to see the valuable reliques, and ensbrine them in the progress which the Fine Arts are obviously magnificent palaces of Rome --It was thus making in this country. They could never in that Rome di based artists and their works, deed have degenerated or gone backward, from and furnished no excitement to original any other reason thau want of patronage ; bilt genius. without the encouragement of the enliglatened To order, therefore, that the arts may flou. and the opulent, the mine of native genius can rish in a nation, it is not only necessary that the never be worked with much success.-Unless works of the printer should be esteemed, but that class of society which gives a tone to the that bis profession should be proportionably country, and a direction to its taste in other ( honoured. No generous soul will sacrifice his pursuits, sleps forward to nourish and patro. life and labours in a profession, which, instead nize the Arts, the consequence will be the of bringing him honour, discredits him. Withinevitable decay and extinction of all honour. || out patronage, therefore, the pusillanimous able effort; the public will be surrendered over only will apply themselves to the arts, who to the frauds of picture-dealers, and the mere l aspire to nothing but interest, and are incapapedlars of the art of painting.
ble of i he sublime conceptions of true genius. To our opinion, the greatest utility which it We bave made these observations, because arise from the Royal Academy and the British we think that we discover a new æra in the Institution, will be, that the mobility and gen- li arts of this country. When the Prince Regent try may thus have an opportunity given to visited tbe Academy on its openi g for the justruct themselves in the principles of the season, be passed a proud compliment upon its Arts, and be taught to conceive for them a improvement. He said, “that be saw por. proper love and esteem. In the nobility of traits which would bave done honour to Vanthis country, who very much exceed the rest dyke, and landscapes which Claude Lorrain of Europe in refinement, there is a natural dis. ' might have been proud of.” His Royal Highposition to the arts, and notbing is wanting lness would not have exceeded the truth, if be