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observed him remembering bis ejaculations, that, for the future, sneezing should be accomwas very careful, on the like occasions, to offer panied with thanksgivings for the preservathese wishes in behalf of his descendants, who tion, and wishes for the prolongation of life. perpetuated it froin father to son in all their | We perceive, even in these fictions, the rescolonies.
tiges of tradition and history, wbich place the The rabbis, speaking of this custom, like- il epocha of this civility long before that of wise give it a very ancient date. They say, | Christianity. It was accounted very ancient that not long after the creation, God made a even in the time of Aristotle, who in his progeneral decree, that every man living should blems has endeavoured to account for it, but sneeze but once, and that at the very instant knew nothing of its origin. According to him, of his sneezing, his soul should depart, with the first men, prepossessed with the bigbest out any previous indisposition. Jacob by no ideas concerning the bead, as the principal means liked so precipitate a way of leaving the seat of the soul, that intelligent substance world, and being desiroog of seltling his family il governing and animating the whole human affairs, and those of his conscience, be prus- system, carried their respect even to sternuta. trated himself before the Lord, wrestled all tion, as the most manifest and most sensible second time with him, and earnestly entreated l operation of the head. Heuce those several the favour of being excepted from the decree. | forms of compliments used on similar occaHis prayer was heard, and be sleezed without sions amongst Greeks and Romans ; “ Long dying. All the princes of the universe being ll may you lire! May you enjoy bealth ! acquainted with the fact, unanimously ordered Jupiter preserve you."
On the more probable methods of pre- 1 Numerous are the instances in humble life, ‘venting, or at least of lessening matrimonial or complete conjugal felicity, wbere the wishes
unhappiness, many have been alreally enume and the wants being rew, are more easily grati. 'rated in the provivus essays; the reinainder, fied, and where love reigns in purity, wusullied as they follow naturally out of the subject, will || by the endless wants of fancy, the pareut of be offered in the form of a short sketch drawn || | bonest joy and lasting harmony. from real life; and done in a manner it is Neither suik so low as to feel virtue insult. hoped, at once amusive and instructive. ed by the “proud man's contumely,” or the
It has often been observed, and truly, that contempt of the world; or so elevated in life, nuptial happiness is oftener found in the mid as to be the victims of fashionable indolence, dle, or even in the bumblest classes of society, was the happy middle state of Horatio, and than in the envied and exalted circles of rank Eliza. and fashion. The obvious reason of this is, !! Uniformly tranquil in their tempers by the perhaps, that the will and more splendid | bounty of nature; neitber depressed by world. sphere in which rank and title move, as it ly fears, or dazzled by fallacious hupes, with opeus a wider field, so extensive power gives no wish or purpose but for each others bappi'temptation full opportunity for the indulgence ness; possess:ng an empire of content in of' every appetite; and habitual depravity en. themselves, those lovers exhibit an example of tirely supercedes the honest simplicity of louptial bappiness. nature.
Blessed with mediocrity of talent which The middle and lower orders of mankind |never excites envy; blest with moderation of are too much occupied in the business of the manners, and propriety of conduct; too humday, the honourable pursuits of industry, to ble and too prond to be obtrusive, they retire feel the intrusion of artificial wants, or un
with cunscious and modest dignity within necessary propensities of any kind; necessity themselves, and rather shun than seek a more than nature, as it keeps then more vir world which seldom smiles ou modest and untuous, fits their minds in a superior degree assuming merit. for matrimonial comforts, for a life of modell No earthly happiness is ever so fised as not ration, and for a wholesome restraint of the I to be shaken by some rude adverse wind.
!! Horatio and Eliza, sometimes felt the con. assions,
mon penalty inflicted on man, but they found || out to ber children the proper way they were in themselves a never-failing solace; they to go in through life ; to ioculcate that excel. could fly from worldly affliction, and find l levt precept of Solomon's by her own example, shelter in each other, and every stroke of ad- and to instil into the juvenile mind those versity awaken new powers of reciprocal af- ll initiatory duties which lead the infant mind tu fection.
morai tendency. “ That she was not,” she In their friendly circles Eliza never thought I said smiling, “ buried alive when at liome, but of ridiculing her biisband in imitation of actively employed in her domestic duties, Lydia; nor was Horatiu's face like Rinaldo's |which uature as well as affection made a plea: tortured into momentary phrenzy, if his wife sure. In the sweet and endearing employment did not speak at all times grammatically. It || of caltivating her tender infant plants, she was the honest, and laudable aim of each, || found the most fattering variety, and those not uxoriously, but in the accents of love and opening prospects of progressive infantile imtrutb ; and ouly when the occasion called for | provement, which filled her heart with grateit, to raise each other's character, and to speak ll ful rapture." by ardent looks, and kind words, their mu The first meeting of Eliza and Horatio was tual satisfaction.
accidental; and the first seen by the other Horatio was descended from a long line of was Eliza. 'opulent ancestors, but was not rich himself; Horatio saw a lovely young lady, sweet as “ his wife was bis afluence,” he was wont to the morn, and unconsciously importing from say, aud uften added, that he was proud to her fine eyes a thousand unerring shafts, and say it." This he observed smiling with con- | instantly felt his bosom filled with rising tent, and sometimes with a look at Eliza. hopes. He imaged to his soul perfection in
Horatio's figure was not sufficiently heroic its most enchanting carthly form; be retired to form a splendid whole length for a modern Il from the first interview deeply impressed; and novel; it was tolerable, there was not much soon, with as genuine fervent and exalted a to regret or commend, but it bore about those passion as ever expanded an honest heart, internal graces which few can boast, a con | offered his modest yet ardent proposals, the stant and regular flow of cheerfulness, a for acceptance of which blessed him through a titude never subdued, strong and active bene long life with felicity only known to virtuous volence, unsullied honour, and manners love. Prior has said, somewhat sarcastically, formed to inspire joy and happiness in every || that, sphere which they moved in.
“ Few married fowls peck Dunmor's bacon." Elizas person was elegant and interesting ; but it was elegance of which she was uncon But Horatio and Eliza, who are now living, scious; it struck every one but herself; her ll and whoin I esteem as well as I do myself, eyes were soft and penetrating; her whole de might safely and consciously hare pecked portment was easy and graceful, and her dress Dunmor's bacon every day of their lives for was neither Grecian, or Eyptian, but Roman, twenty years. it was the simpler munditiis of Horace.
And let it be recorded to the glory of genuine Eliza was seldom at public places, not from love, that (I am sure this instance is not a dislike, or want of taste and vivacity, but be solitary one) I know many fowls of the same cause her domestic duties required her whole feathers, birds of gentle kind, and not paired attention. Indeed she was so blest, in her with mousing owls, chattering pies, or pilferfamily concerns, that she has repeatedly assur. ing rooks. ed me her bappiness was so full, her husband When Horatio determined to enter on the so kind, her lovely offspring so endearing, that important business of courtship, he uttered it scarcely left any room for a wish to leave instinctively the following soliloquy:her home! When rallied by some fashionable « What am I about to do? I am about to ladies for burying berself alive, she apologized | solicit this charming young creature to be. by saying, that she approved of public amuse- come my wife. Transporting thought! How ments in moderation, but that she did not shall I conduct myself to secure her affections? think it right to take fine growing girls and Shall I assume a disguise, a masquerade, to hide boys too much into public; especially into my real character from ber view ? I shall then public walks or gardens, because there were seem perfectly agrecable. I shall then be many things tbat occurred, or that were likely | irresistible. Shall I hide the dark parts of the to occur, which were uufit for children to see | picture? Shall I only shew the lights ? All and hear; and that she thought one way to lovers do so. It is a method prompted by check modern folly and depravity was, to point | nature herself. But are all things right which
are prompted by nature? Let me pause.- No; Il gates may deride the picture which I have a thousand things are prompted by nature drawn, but I write not for such, but for those which our reason and sense of duty ought to whose lives do rot reproach them; for those correct. If not, we should become the victims, whose passions are taught to muve, as Jobusun the slaves of ungoverned appetite and passion, fively expresses it, at the command of virtue; I will uscuo deception, for deception is no part for those who are too wise and too good to of love! Pure love cannot exist independent | fancy ibat true pleasure is ever found in de. of honour! We cannot wish tv deceive those pravity and vice; and for those who know and that we truly love!-No; I will go honestly to feel that the love which we feel for the charmwork: in such a manner as, at least, to insure lling sex is blended with the love which we owe self-approbation. I have many imperfections, ll to God! she shall see iny genuine character, that she To conclude, it is plain that the best and may be enabled to judge perfectly in so in only way to promote conjugal happiness is, for portant a concern as a union for life? She is the gentleman to make his proposals, and for truth and purity herself, let me follow her the lady to receive them with candour and sinexample, and endeavour to exalt myself by the
cerity. That it is a trutlı, which cannot be language of truth, that I may be worthy of too strongly inculcated, that those who enpossessing such a treasure.”
deavour to deceive, must also expect to be When the courtship commenced, which was deceived ! not a long one, Horatio appeareil before her
That married people of all descriptions as he did before others, open, candid, manly,
should, not only from a sense of moral duty, and generous. He felt even a refined pleasure
but from motives of sound policy, endeavour in tbe reflection that, as it is not possible that
on all occasions to improve that delightful a blooming young lady can he supposed to be quality called good-nature. To study and to a match for deceit, to wish, or enıleavour to
practise a mutual conciliatory conduct to. deceive such a one, when perhaps her food
berhaps ber fund l wards each other, never lo expuse their little beart is open, genuine, and not in the least foibles or mistakes when in company, but calculated to suspect one who professes love, rather endeavour to commend than to blaine is not only base and inhuman, but cowardly;
their companions for lifc; and finally, I desire his whole soul revolted from the idea.
most emphatically to assure the reader, ibat The pleasing consequence of Horatio's bo
wlien love is founded in ruil and honour, and nourable courtship was, that Eliza bad po
the married state continued with mutual formotive for suspicion ; her lover being candid,
hearance and tenderness, it produces a fulness she was so too ; their growing love was un
of joy and felicity, and a refined solace and sullied, it was spotless, and the wanton God
endearmeut, wloich molliing else earthly can ranged free as the sweet breath of Heaven,
bestow; and that the greatest content which dazzling in the white robes of truth, exalted
our nature is capable of in this world, must be in purity, and smiling with ufading youth. l sonight for in conjugal happiness.
Fools may sneer, and libertines and profii- ||
OAKWOOD HOUSE.-AN ORIGINAL NOVEL.
not extend beyond terrestrial objects If you TO MRS. BRUDENELL, BELMONT-COTTAGE || want the grey tints of the morning, the cloud
Ferrybridge, March 12, 1907. less skies of ncon, or the glowing refulgence BEHOLD me thus far on my way to my of evening, you may either draw and colour native vale. My maid, Anson, my only com- || them for yourself, or look into the many au. panion in a post chaise ; and my man, James, thors wbere they are to be found. my only attendant. You bade me write an | Newark you know, its beautiful church and account of my journey; of what I see, feel, and ancient castle. From Thence to Doncaster imagine: in a word, you require the life and the country is generally fat, and has formerly opinions of Jave Oakwood, during a visit to been uncultivated; as the names of Scarthing her brother in Yokrshire. May you not re. Moor, Markham Moor, and Buildly Moor, the pent your commands. I shall inake but one || several stages, denote. The most suiking ob. condition. My information and remarks shall "jects to me were the road and the ions; this one spacions, the other a succession of palaces, lack against a tree, and his foot against a thorn; which stand with their doors open, to receive for there are some very old ones in the park. the traveller.
I saw three score and ten of bold Robin Hood's The entrance into Doncaster, between rows men come marching to their master's assistof trees, is beautiful; and the town itself, ance, at ihe well known sound of his horn. I which is one long wide street, with a few colla- saw the Bishop a sppliant in bis turn; de. teral branches, is justly celebrated for peatness | nied the pardon he refused to grant ; led by and elegilice. I sauniereil to its church, a' the hand; treated with venison and mock handsome ancient structure, with a tall tower civility; robbed; and made to dance round a steeple; but it hurt my eyes to see those spaces tree, the existence of which is still rememberoccupied by sash windows which were origi- ', ed. In short, I sung the whole ballad to Anson, nally destined to receive small panes, fastened and you are very fortunate I do not transcribe into lead, if not painted glass. I was attracted it to you. by a female figure in basso relievo, over the I have such a veneration for antiquity that I entrance, and approached her, hoping to gain shail introduce to your botice a couple of old some information respecting ancient costume; ' shattered boards, held together by pieces of Lut when I found the lady bad a pair of wings iron, which form the sign of a little public springing from her shoulders, and that her house at the entrance of the village of Wentbr:siness was to bold a coat of arms, I thought, bridge. The figure represented is a bell, io a further examination unnecessary.
new, bright, blue livery, richly trimmed witlu The same kind of road, between rows of gold. The inscription: stalely trees, that bad conducted me into
1633. Doncaster from the south, led ine vut of it on “The Blue Bell on Wentbridge Hill. the uorth. The fields are fertile ; but the 1 « The old Sign's existing still. bouses congregate in villages, and are not « And rustic Royalists and Oliverians; Jaco. scattered about the country. To Ilentbridge, bites and Williamites; Wbigs and Tories; which is leo miles, I do not recollect more than | Pittites and Foxites have tippled under it." four near the road. One of ihese is a country Mucb as admire white houses and white iun, about seven miles froin Doncaster, which roads, the clouds of limestone dust which Bulls out the sigu of Robin Hood and Liltle bave blown in my eyes at Ferrybridge disglistJohn, and on the other side the road is a well, ed ine; and I shut my windows and amused with a small stone building erected over it, Inyself with observing the loading and univad. still called Robin Hood's well. The scigh- ing of the heavy coaches from York to Lone bouring grounds, how a park and a common, I dou. These are ponderous machines, and of then a forest, were the abode of that celebrated no small importance. Besides the visible podlaw, and the scene of inny of his exploits; i cargo of inside and vutside passengers; be. and no doubt the well was used by him and his sides the usual loading of boxes and pickage; juliowers.
every crevice is stowed with Yorkshire presents; In the park stood the stump of a tree called
hams, poultry, and potted meats, and in the the Bishop's tree root: a man is living near
season), game and stupendous pies. the spot wbo knew a man of vinety-three If coaches must have names, those of Iligh. wliose father remembered it; around this tree flyer, Mcrcury, and Telegraplı are goud; but it was that Robin Hood made the Bishop of I own myself unable to comprebend the proHereford dance in his boots, when he liad robbed il priety of such as the Prince of Wales, Lord kim nf all his gold. Merry Barnsdale, to which Nelson, and the l'eace Maker. he led tbe Bishop, and where he treated him Tomorrow I go to York, from which place witb the veuisou be paid for so dear, is just you shall again bear from your above.
JANE OAKWOOD. These circumstances impressed my mind so forcibly, that I saw the whole country an undivided forest; the great north road a horse
LETTER II. patb; the pretended shepherds dressing their || TO MRS. BRUDENELL, BELMONT COTTAGE. deer by its side; and the Bishop approach, at.
York, March 13, 1807. tended by a number of armed followers (for | I view York with the impartid eye of a then the great dust put travel without, and stranger. Thugl the capital of my country, the commou people did not travel at all). I I have seen it only once before; when, ou my faw the Bishop calling the shepherds to ac-brother's coming of age, I quitted the paternal count fur deer stealing, and refusing the par- | mansion at the age of eighteen, and under the don tbey influred. I saw Robin Hood set his li wing of my mother, was going to make muy first appearance in the world. That is now 1 percbes for a thousand images, some of which, thirty-lbree years ago. I then saw tbiogs | alas! are empty; when I stood in the centre. with a careless eye. I examined notbing; and within, and turning round, viewed its four to compare would have been impossible, as I matchless windows; I can give you no idea of had only seen my native fields and woods, and what I saw, or what I felt. I, who have such a the three small market towns I had passed mavia for catbedrals, that I have travelled through io muy way.
iniles in every direction, and luudreils in some York lias an air of grandeur and antiquity; to see oue! I, who regret the reformation ou no of gentry, if not mobility; of busjuess, but not account whatever, but that we can no longer of trade. The shops are ivferior only to those build cathedrals! When one man could perof the metropolis. Indeed the people bere suade another that his sinful soul would go to have a proverb, “ You may bave every thing beaven if he cheated his beirs, and left wbat at York you can at London, and Acomb sand he could no longer enjoy, towards building a beside” Meaning a fine sand, brought from church; what magnificent piles arose! Now, the neighbouring village of Acomb, for the || bow difficult to obraiu by subscription, a few purposes of scouring. The bridge over the paltry thousands, to rear the plaiuest edifice! Ouse is high and narrow. The streets are York Cathedral was two hundred years in narrow and crowded, and many of the houses | building, and each prelate endeavoured to project over them. There are twenty-i bree vulvie his predecesser, in what was added to it. parish churches in York, four large city gates, It is 524 feet in length from east to west; the and five posterns. Some of the churches are || transept 222 from north to soutlı ; the bright beautiful; all are venerable. The tower of of the body of the church 99. But it claims Christchurch, on the pavement, is literally a precedence of all catbedrals for the beauty of lanthorn; an open octagon, supported by ll its windows. That at the east end is 75 feet eight pillars. The church of St. Margaret, bigli, and 32 broad, of painted glass, and is Walmgate, bas a curious Saxon porch, of live said to be the most magniticeut in the world. round arches, each within, and smaller than The upper part is remarkable for its tracery ; the other, and each supported by round pil
the lower, iu a lundred and seventeen paitiJars, touching the side walls. The two outer
tions, represents almost the whole history of arches are ornamented with human figures, !! the Bible. its opposite, at the west end, thivugli beasts, and mousters, carved in the stone; the inferior ou the whole, is said to surpass it in Ihree inner with knots, and different devices. its curious tracery. The uoble window at the
The church of St Martin, Comey street, has end of the nortlı transept is five distinct win. a curious pulpit cloin, of ancient needle-work.dows joined together; and you are told it was The cevtre piece represents the figure of Jesus the gift of five maiden sisters, who each worked Christ upon the cross, and God the Father a pattern iu embroidery, as a model for the seated above, supporting bim. Around is a tracery of ber share of the present. The south Lorder, divided into different compartiments, | transept las sis windows; one circular, and each containing a whole length figure, about very line. six inclics in beight. The whole is worked in A celebrated screen, containing statues of something like tent stitch, with shades of all the Kings of England, from William the Jrab coloured silk, un lineu cloth, which it Conqueror to Henry V). separates the body of once entirely covered; but time has, in some the church from the choir. It is said to have places, laid it bare. The figures, and even been executed in the reign of Henry VI. and the features, are extremely well executed. The to have included the statue of that monarch, bead of the Deity, that of a respectable old which the Archbishop of the next reigu man, has zu embroidered golden sull, like a took down in compliment to Edward IV. The watch case, banging over it, which may be vicle remained empty till one of his succeslifted up at pleasure. The dress of the figures sors complimented James 1. with the vacant in the border is that of the beginning of the place, on his passage through York, to take fifteenth century, the reign of Henry IV. The possession of the throne of England. rest of the pulpit cloth, on which these pie The Chapter-house appears to me one of the tures of needle-work are sewed, is crimson wonders of the world. Without, it is an ugly velvet, studded witb silver stars.
excrescence, with a sugar-louf top, growiug But the Cathedral of York! I cannot de out of the north transept. Within, it is an scribe it. When I stood without, and con vctagon room, 63 feet in diameter, and 67 feet templated its south side; when I went on, and in height, to the centre of the roof, wbich is raised my aching eyes to its west end, where not supported by any pillar. The entrance two grand tower's arise;" and between them || occupies one of the eight sides, and over il