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Specimens. The whim seized him; he began |, and reflex. The nectary has three horocd their express cultivation, and bis brother pores at the tip of the germ; the stamco has florists admiring his productions, he was en six filaments; and the anthers are couverg. abled to procure good prices for some of his ing. The perianth has the capsule rouudish, ; bulbs. The beauty of the flower naturally three sided, three celled, and tbree valved; increased in the Dutchman's eyes, and he and the seeds are in pairs. The essential cba. commenced a systematic cultivation, calling racter consists priucipally in the corolla being his first variety Vary. Since that, indeed, the bell shaped. Haarlem florists have wamed nearly two thou- || Orthis genus there are no less than seveuteen saud varieties of the double power, and have species ; of these the most remarkable either long been in ihe babit of publishing annual for their abundance, or their peculiarities, are catalogues of their produce. Had it not been the common hyacinth, or harebell, the bending for the unhappy course of events in Holland, hyacinih, late lowering, musk, and feathered .those catalogues would now have become vo || hyacinth, &c. &c. Jaminous, as new varieties were always spring That, however, which is in most frequent ing up, and wbole acres around the town of cultivation as a garden Ruwer, is the oriental, Haarlem were solely dedicated to hyacinthine || which was brought to us from the Lefant. cultivation. For their care and trouble in la the neighbourhood of Bagdad, and also deed, they were well repaid, as some roots near Aleppo, it generally blows as early as have feiched from one to two thousand | February; but our les genial climate delays Aurius, equal to two hundred pounds sterling its appearance till the month of March, and The variety which Voorhelm called Mary is sometimes April. It is unnecesary here to now lost, and that which is supposed now to dwell upon the sweetness of its perfume, the be the oldest double hyaciuth was called the ll varied tinges of blue, violet, purple, and even King of Greut Britain, in compliment to King || yellow, wlich are so often intermingled with Williain, it being first raised about the year ll its purest white; these beauties are well 1700.
known, we shall not therefore longer detain The whole genus are ranked by our bo our fair florists from their morning ramble, tanists amongst the HEXANDRIA MONO- || than just to hint that the juice of their roots GYNIA, and in the natural order of Coronariæ; will be found very tenacious, and extremely so tbat in class and order, it is the same as useful, nay superior to gum, in many orna. the lily. lo generic character ido, the bya. mental works. The use of it, however, recinth much resembles the latter fower, as it quires some caution, as Dr. Withering tells has no calyx; its corolla, bowever, is mono- || us that it is poisonous. petallous and campanulate; but the border
(To be continued.) resembles tbe lily so far as to be six cleft,
An instance of the vindictive spirit of the thirty feet into the air ; the other Boors disé elephant occurred to some Dutch Boors, who mounted and hid themselves in the "bicket. travelled in the year 1799 to the eastward of The elephant looking round and perceiving the Cape of Good Hope, in search of the place only one horse, began to follow it, but prewbere the Grosvenor Indiaman was cast away, sently turning round, walked up to where the which is remarkable, and the authenticity of lead body was lying. At this instant the whole which, Mr. Barrow says, canyot be called in party renewed the attack, when, after receiving question.--This animal, after having received several bullets, he again escaped into tbe into his body several large musket balls, and thicket." Thinking that we should now see twice fallen to the ground, crept with difficulty no more of him, we began to dig a grave for our into a thick thorny coppice. Conceiving him unfortunate compagion, wben the elephant to be done for, four of the Boors rode up to again rushing furiously towards us, drove the the thicket; wben, rushing furiously from wbole party away, and remained triumphant his hiding-place, he lashed lis proboscis round l over the corpse. At the distance of a hundred the body of one of them who was on horse-paces another bullet was sbot into his body; back, dragged bin off to the ground, and trod after wbich we ali fired, when, havi.g staggers him to death; then driving one of his tusksed for some time, he fell to the ground, and dato his body, he threw bim to the beight of was put to death by The Hottentots.
THE EFFICACY OF BATHS IN PRESERVING AND RESTORING
HEALTH AND BEAUTY.
BY A PHYSICIAN,
ESSAY I.-ON HEALTH AND BEAUTY. whose leaves she has not energy to divide,
HEALTA, like the garden rose, blows | lays down the book, and yawns.-How in, fairest in the open day, and gathers freshness teresting !!! from the breath of heaven, uurivalled by the Aud this is the beauty whose languisirpenciled tower, whose gaudy tints toucb but | ing air and finely tiuted cheek advance the vacant eye; unequalled by the painted
ber evening claim to unrivalled admiration; cheek and larded neck-vain mockeries of || but she is without fragrance as she is without beauty! The artificial Rower, blooming at a
freshness. She is not the garden rose that one distance in tlie rich luxuriance of colour, may
would pluck to wear in one's bosom; she is attract the sight, may warm the imagination;
the insipid artificial flower not worth retainthe desuded sense may yield to the impres ing; she wants that charm of life, that blession, and solicit tbe extended hand to place it sing of existence, which covers the limbs in the bosom.-But where is its fragrance ? with gracefulness, and the form with beauty. it is insipid, and not worth retaining.
“ Sensibility !" says a celebrated writer of Fair countrywomen! the ineed of modesty | the present age-"Sensibility! of wlich we is yours; and a dignity of manner founded on I hear so much.-Sensibility! the sex's glory conscious virtue, unknown to the countries of || and its shame!--To deny a difference in the the Continent : let then your beauty be the
susceptibility of different human beings, child of health, as your manners are tbe off- || would be to put the thistle on a level with spring of virtue.
ll tbe sensitive plar. But let us imagine a There is no beauty in sickness, there is no lady so alive to sounds as, on the dropping beauty in debility, there is no beauty in lan- | of a hair pin from her dressing-table upon tlie guor. Whence then is all this distressing floor, to have a shock through her whole sensibility, this cherished apathy, of late be frame as strong as one of us would receive come 60 aniversal in the female world? How from the electrical discharge of a Leyden jar. interesting !!What?-The poor creature Such a lady you judge acutely sensitive; who whose early treatment and habits have ren. | could judge otherwise? And now for a scale dered her helpless of herself, and useless to of comparison. Is she much more acutely Rociety? She cannot ride; the exercise would sepsitive, do you conceive, than one of those kill her by fatigue. She cannot walk; the dry
savages, with whose power to stand hardshipe ground would strike a death-damp to the we writers upon health regularly taunt or heart. She cannot eat; digestion is impos- edify the degenerate members of civilized sible. She cannot sleep; the bed of down is society? My fair readers will not be pleased rocky as the Aint; but should she chance to at hearing a quality they so much pique slumber, the blue demon, whose slave she is, themselves on disparaged; and there may be spreads some terrific vision before her fancy difficulty as to the points on which the pa.
at wakes her with affright. Not ove mo. Trallel ought to run. In the sincere spirit of re. ment of refreshing sleep-ber enemy is in.
| search, I ask then, what is the respective exorable; he neither permits her to rest or to condition of the principal organs in the two arise. Could she effect even the latter, the | individuals supposed? Has the lady so deenchantment would be undermined, and his Alicale a sense of smell that she is frequently power, by a few more successful efforts, li annoyed by odours which escape the coarser totally destroyed. But, no! She is doomed l organs of the healthy altogether? But the to toss and sigh away the noon in feverish savage is uniformly represented as alive to dreams, in fruitless efforts to obtain that sleep impressions of the same kind. In hearing is which none but the votaries of health are per he inferior? -to him distant footsteps, a mitted to enjoy. Pale and cheerless she comes rustling, which no effort can render per furth; chilled by the softest breath of heaven; ceptible to the European, announces the apagitated by the usual and expected appear proach of an enemy, or a wild beast stirring ence of every thing around her; tortured by ll in the covert. His eye no less recognizes the ticking of her owu repeater ; equally un- || footsteps where to us all would be printless, I able and unwilling to take food or exercise, should be glad to know what are marks of she extends herself on a couch; and as she li sensibility if these are not ?" turns over the pages of a new publication, These savages, like healthy children, equally No. XVIII. Vol. III.-N, S.
alive all over to susceptibility of impression, il ness, and imperfections serving to heighten derive enjoymeut from their sevsibility, while the impressions of beauty; tliese must not be the helpless lady “ dies of a rose in aromatic Il confounded with the essential quality of pain." Whence these opposite effects? This beauty, so as to be mistaken for beauty itself. pleasurable susceptibility in the savage ?- Whatever interesting effect they may chance this painful sensibility in the lady? Look to to bave, when seen in a lovely object, they the health, they respectively enjoy, and the serve to heighten disgust in the contemplaquestion will be resolved. The miseries of tion of deformity; and tberefore are no more hunan life are chiefly owing to a morbid sensi. | than circumstances which increase the bias bility, which nu wealth or station can remove ; | of the mind, but do not determine it. Howand this morbid sepsibilty consists in de ever, as the upisapprehension of his nutions fective health. Health, whether considered may have contributed very largely to transform as a blessing or a beauty, should be improved | the genuine glow of healthful beauty into with our utmost care, that our boasted sen- || sickly languis bient and affective debility, by sibility, hitherto the purveyor of distress, encouraging habits ruinous to the constitu. may become the source of delightful enjoy. tion, I fuel pleased in being able to conclude meut.
these comments witb a quotation that should Let us now repeat tbe question-" How ||
| dissipate the illusion.-" I would not (says he) they has all this distressing sensibility, this here be understvod to say that weakness, betray. cherished apathy, become so universal in the ing rery bad health, has any share in beauty." feniale world ?”
But that we may see more distinctly what the In some, it is the fruit of affectation, aris precise ideas were, which this enligbtened ing from false notions of the umiable. But, geniils entertained of female loveliness, we alas! in the greater pumber it is a helpless will follow him in his exemplification of it, state of positive disease, gradually brought on and then proceed to graver matter. by errors in the developen.ut of life.
“ ()bserve," says be, “that part of a beautiIt matters little on whom, or on what these ful woman where she is per baps the most errors are chargeable, further than respects beautiful, about the neck and bosom ; the their remedy; but still the negligent must smoothness, the softuess, the ease and iutake shame, and the guilty feel remorse; for sensible swell; the variety of the surface, in the scquel of Ibis essay shall be shewn how wbich is never for the smallest space the generally they may be shunned, and by wbat same; the deceitful maze through wbich the conduct health may be established. But when unsteady eye slides giddily without knowing nohappily they have broken duwu the consti- || where to fix or wbither it is carried.”—Look tution into habitual disease, we must have on this picture, and say is it pot the pic. recourse to other means, to be recommended ture of health?-If you think pot! figure to in a subsequent essay, by wbich the constitu. yourself a narrow prominent chest, beneath tion may be renovated, and the morbid sen- | whose skin the blue veins may be seen to sibility destroyed.
creep orer the projecting ribs; and whose But how is it in any instance “ the fruit of rised clavicles give you the idea of being affectation arising from false nutions of the || there on purpose to keep steady the crazy ariable?" May we charge this direlection | fabric. But perhaps the delicate beauty will from nature on Mr. Burke's celebrated Essay | anxiously conceal this shadow of loveliness on the Sublime and Beautiful? Did the rising from the eye; and by the assistance of two of that brilliant star of genius paralyse the gentle paddings, fire the imagination with a feinale mind? Could the fair reader not with more enthusiastic glow than the contemplastand the temptation of bis assertions, when tion of beauty in reality and in substance he tells them that they follow nature in the could inspire. But still tbis is not the garden improvement of beauty, when they learn to rose that one would pluck to wear in one's Jisp, to totter in their walk, to be amiably bosom-she is the ipsipid artificial flower not weak, and lovely in distress? Here, I suspect, worth retaining; she wants that charm of is the poison which affected but a few ori. | life, that blessing of existence which covers ginally; but which, by its contagions influ-l the limbs with gracefulness, and the forin evce, now continues to extend itself far and with beauty. wide among those who cannot be accused of! But let us inquire into the causes of this having had communication with the devast. | impaired conftitution, whose decayed health ating source.
and cbarms invite those miserable feelings Yet notwithstanding all this celebrated attendant ou so many of the softer sex, whose author said op the power of distress, weak. || boasted sensibility, if grafted on another stock,
might bring forth the most delicious fruit. || and in constitution can attain the age of man. Let us direct the attention of the parent to hood; the puny and the crooked die at an the welfare of its offspring, the minds of the early period of life by faligie and exposure ; afficted to their own restoration.
but of these there can be but few, seeing ge. There is much to deplore in the state of || nerally that such as the parents are, such will human nature, for there is much that hitherto the offspring be. Now in civilized life, just has been considered beyond the reach of re care enough is bestowed to raise the puny medy; and maukiud seem content to submit plant to a sickly maturity; but it is less at. without an effort, because physic in its ordi. tended to iban the exotic shrub, it is exnary forms proves daily ineffectual. I would | posed to the air by vight, to the chilling winds vot be understood to make a reflection dis by day; it is frust-bitten in the winter ;* in honourable to medicine; it is a noble scieuce, the summer it is stilled in a hot-house; its capable of diminishing much bodily suffering Il rigour is deficient, it brings forth scions puny in the world, and if energetically applied, of like itself, and dies. ministering to the health of thousands threat. Thus civilization brings on evils upon so-, ened with disease; but its ordinary forms are|| ciety by perpetuating disease; it should not sufficient alone, excepting in sudden and 1 either do more or do less : in savage life the acute diseases ; the great work of prevention upbealthy progeny are carried off before they apd of renovation is to he done by a long and are equal to propagate their kind; but with steady management, by a strict attention to ll us they seem to live to n
us they seem to live to no purpose; and hotre the constitution from infancy, that the powers ever healthy their coonubial partner may be, of life may be developed so perfectly as 10 pre-l children are born, that inlierit ibe disease as clude the possibility of constitutional dis- l well as the resemblance of their unhealthy pa. order. And when this has been neglected, by rent. Here is a prolific source of morbid sen. placing the patient in a situation where the sibility, and other conscquences of constitue weakened frame may be enabled gradually to | tional disorder. effect its own restoration. To what purpose Can we bestow too much of whatever we is it that your physician recognizes in his pa. hold most valuable, to counteract such a tient all the symptoms of incipient consump source of disease and misery? if required, tion; can tell that it arises from an hereditary the whole time, money, and care, bestowed on scrophulous taint, which has not been eradi.|| the cultivation of the mind frone childhood, cated; or from a gradual diminution of the should bear exclusively on the cultivation of vital energy, which for years has exposed bis the health from infancy, or rather from birth; patient to repeated colds? He prescribes it is more difficult to superadd this essential bleeding, blistering, foxglove, and the lichen || to our well-being, than all the other accom. islandicus, by turns; telling you from day to | plishments of our nature collectively. day tbat notwithstanding all that can be done, Begin the work at early dawn, at the very the case is hopeless; that the hectic paroxysm birth; and bear in inind that it is not a dock of evening will soon be preceded by auot her or a thistle, but a tender myrtle you have to at noon; that the pulse which beats one hun. rear; that by gentle inclinations you may dred and twenty strokes in the minute, will in bend the tenderest twig to any form, but that a little time run as high a one hundred and the force which would only incline the strong, sixty; that the night sweats incident to the Il inevitably destroys the weak and tender. The hectic fever will be succeeded by a wasting vital power of this infant must always be condiarrhæa; and that notwithstanding the sidered weak; it must not therefore suddenly cheerful hope of his patient, her pellucid cye, li be plunged into cold water, however proper aud crimsoned cheek, a few, a very few days such treatment may be for the robust, whose must bring her to the grave. Let us repress Il vital energies are equal to re-act upon the the, tear that claims to fall, and train our 11 stock. This puny being should be washed at sepsiblity to bring forth fruit less soothing to first in water whose temperature is the mean ourselves, but more so to suffering humanity;
between its own body and the atmosphere; let us strike out some new ideas, or seize on 1] reducing it one degree every third day until those already imparted to us from others, as Bikely to arrest the progress of constitutional | * A medical writer of great fame says, that derangement in the young, or restore it where the appearance of chilblains on the feet or it has obtained, cut up scrophula by the roots, | hands of children, or others not very much and destroy the food on which consumplion exposed, may be considered indicat ve of inthrives.
ternal mischief; also arising from the inIn savage life none but the perfect in form fluence of cold, or a weak constitution.
it gradually be brought down to 50% of Fareu- || circulation should be excited by alternate heit; the transition from its cloaths to the warm and cold bathing. water, and from the water to its cloaths,should When able to take exercise it should be be as rapid as possible. Its mother, unless I permitted freely, and left entirely to follow the healthy parent, should not in any justauce | the beut of its own inclination ; long droning be its nurse ; sbe should be chosen from | walks, holding the hand of a grown person, among the healthy; and the child at all || is not useful, but bigbly injurious; the child times should be kept as much from the un- || is not enlivened by pursuit; it is not warmed healthy parent as possible. If born in the by exercise; its exertions should be short summer, it should sleep alone ; if in the win | and spontaneous, while motives to action, ter, with its nurse. Its cloathing should be l and facilities of place, are all that is required sufficient to keep it warm, but not to stew of us. It should be brought up in the it in its own vapour. Its chest should be country. At two years old its food should better covered than its head ; the head may ll consist principally of Besh meat; but water, be left bare with advantage, but not the chest | at all times, with or without the addition of without injury; yet we see the former covered | milk, should be its only drink; its bowels and the latter exposed. Nothing wet should should be kept regular, and its food, clothing, be allowed to remain an instant beneath iis exercise, and bathing, proportioned to its accloaths, but the part witliout delay made dry. Il quired vigour. It shonld not at any time, by a tedious pro We are now arrived at the period of life cess of putting on garments by no meaus when school education commences; consuited to infancy, be suffered to chill; cbilli Il tinuing through a long succession of mental n'ess damps the energies of life more than Il instruction and bodily confiocment. Oh, generally is apprehended; its garments Il this subject there is but one observation should be so constructed as to be easily put necessary, --That all accomplishments and on and taken off, so that the little crea. || acquirements are rain to a person whose life ture may not be kept crying and trembling shall be brought to a close with maturity; under a process ibat may seat the doom of its | or whose extended existence shall be rendered fature life. From its hereditary wcakness of insupportable by babitul disorder in the coue, constitution there will obtain for some time I stitution. The alternative is before iis. Would disorders of the bowels, arising from a diffi. we have an healthy adult otherwise unaccoincuity in the quality of the bile, so as to permit | plished; or a sickly, dead, and dyiug mortal at she milk to run into acescency, producing the age of twenty, whose tongue has been atgreen stools and griping; in these circum- tuned to Freuch, inusic, and Italian, now with, stances a little limewater in milk, or calcined out energy to speak or sing; whose fingers bave magnesia, are the only suitable remedies of been taught to run swiftly over the keys of their kind; the carbonetes producing in. || the piano, or sweep the strings of the barp, creased uneasiness, from the disengagement now too feeble for their office; whose accomof their own acid; the nurse too may eat plishments, though brilliant as the sug, cannot carraway seeds, which will give the infant burst through the gloom of her clouded comfort that cannot be with safety effected faculties. The choice is clear!-- Let then the in any other way; carraway seeds have the common modes of education give place to peculiar property of imparting their virtues those of invigorating the constitution ; estas to the purse. It should be suckied during
blish the health, and every other accoinplish. twelve or eighteen munths, and desh meat
ment may readily be superadded at a future broths superadded as 8000 as practicable. Il period. It will not suffer from an early vaccination; ! By these and other attentions of the same but it should be kept out of the way of hoop- | kind to the progeny of the unhealthy, a ing-cough, and other contagious disorders. stronger race would be formed, whose offspring It should never be taken out of doors but with common care might staud forward among in dry warm weather, wotil its constitu the healthiest of their fellows; and thus one tion has acquired vigour. It shonid not prolific source of disease and misery would be put tou early on its legs, that the system be converted into a fountain of health. may not be forced upon strengthening the What has been said on invigorating the bones before the soft parts are completely weak will, with little deviation, apply to the formed and extended; for where the consitu- ll preservation of the healthy. tion is very defective some of the bones will ll But it frequently bappens that children of continue soft for several years; in which case healthy parents, and themselves healthy, until it can take exercise, and afterwards, the begin to droop at the age of puberty. The