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tbou think, Zamboga, the sentiments ) bear “Proceed, my Seraphina," replied 1 ;-"I wilh regard to yourself are not more worthy | follow.” of thy merit?-Dust thou think that I “ One thing yet remains," replied she, “my would purchase my own life by an act of dis-hurry and confusion had almost banished it hunour?--Ah! no, Zamboga! the soul of from my memory. You have with justice said, Seraphina is unstained by any spot of dis- that a daughter of the house of Medina should grace! - The honour of the house of Medina be free from dishonour; I will add yet further, shall never be tarnished whilst in my posses- that she should equally guard against the sussion -I should hare been unworthy of thee, piciou of it. Do you therefore expect me Zamboga, had I consented to a condition like here ; I shall return without delay.” this; yet bast thou well guessed ibe purpose Upon this, without adding any thing further, of the tyrant.-Yes, the soul of Philip is Seraphina retired from my apartment, and capable of this infamy, and be bas proposed | left ine in some perplexity what could be the tbis exchange of my houour for your life !" purpose of her departure. My suspence,

Seraphina here related every thing which however, was that of a few minutes ; Serahad passed between the King and herself. 1pbina returned, and in company with ber a could not sufficiently admire the courage and monk of the palace. address of my mistress.

“ Don Zamboga,” said she, “ let this holya “ Thy ingenuity, my Seraphina,” exclaimed father unitaus according to the rites of the I, as she concluded, « is eqnal to thy love; || church; let it not be reported that I have and thy love is that which none but the most fled with any other but my husband !-The generous mind can feel or conceive!_Alas! priest, after the performance of the ceremony, bow few are they who are suited to a passion will accompany us in our escape.--He is of the dignity of love! And how vile is that equally weary with ourselves of the tyranny resemblance which is mistaken for its bright of Philip, and will attend us to the furtbest original !-Yes, my Seraphina, let os hasten extremity of the world to escape it !--You see our escape ! Let interposing mountains di there are more wretched than ourselves :--The vide us from our bated persecutor! Yet, alas! oppression of this King is almost as bound. his power is equal to bis cruelty-Europe is less as the extent of the power which enables overspread with his armies. The Indies, and bim to oppress !Come, Francisco, perform the greater part of the new world is his own. the ceremony of our univu.” Alas! can the justice of Heaven thus sleep, The monk without further delay obeyed ; whilst a monster like this disgraces the race of i and Seraphina and myself were soon united which he bears the figure!-Had Philip been by the rites of the Church. born in an ioferior condition, he is not posses

" Is this happiness real?" said I, as I em. sed of that personal merit which would have braced her ; " is a bliss thus transporting, distinguished him from the lowest of his pre-libus unexpected, no illusion of fancy!-Do sent subjects !"

I embrace my Seraphjua as my wife ?-Philip, “ Let us not lose time in these complaints," I now defy thee !--Death itself can no longer said Seraphina; Philip is, indeed, a tyrant, divide us !--Seraphina, thou art now

my ar:d merits the worst which the fancy of a

own!” poet could imagine. Let us therefore escape

(To be continued.) from bis hands."


The following observations on the na divided for so many ages into different king. tional character of the Spaniards, are ex doms, they have always retained a great ditracted from a Spanish Work, written some versity of laws, customs, dialects, and modes years ago, entitled

Cartas Marruecas, 07 of dress. An Andalusian in nothing reNoorish Letters, which though it has ob sembles a Biscayan; while a native of Catained considerable celebrity in Spain, we be talunia is wholly distinct from a Galician, as lieve it has never yet been translated into those of Valencia from the Asturians, or English:

Montaneses. “ Jo Spain there is an incredible variety in “The Cantabrians, under which name may the character of the inhabitants of the dif be included all who speak the dialect of Bis. ferent provinces. This Peninsula baving been cay, are a peopleof very simple manners, and

Ne, XVIII, Vol.UI.-N. S.

Ą a

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of great honesty. They were among the The Castilians, of all the natives of earliest navigators known in Europe, and Spain, have shewn themselves most attached bave always maintained the reputation of be tv ibeir sovereigns. When the army of ing excellent scamen. Their country, although || Philip V. was completely destroyed in the extremely mountainous and rugged, contains battle of Saragossa, the province of Soira a numerous population, which does not ap alone furnished bim with another, fresh and pear to be diminished by the numbers wbich Mumerous, with which he again took the are constantly emigrating to South America. field; and it was it that gained those victories, A native of Biscay, although he may go to

The result of which was the toial destruction another country, never ceases to feel a strong of the Asturian parry. The naiives of this attachment towards his own ; and this al province still intain a certain bughtiness of ways manifests itself when he happụns 10 mee

wanner, the remains of their anci ot gran. with a countryman at a distance from home deur, which is now only to be looked for in There exists among them such a degree or the ruins of their cities, and in the huoour national partiality, that, in their eyes, the and integrity by which their character is still greatest recommendation any one can pos

distinguished. sess is the circumstance of his having been

Estremadura gave birth to tbe conquerors born a Biscayan; and a great man, in the dis of the New World, and has always continued tribution of bis favours among his country.

to produce inany distinguished warriors. Ils in, men, is guided by the consideration of their habitants are not much inclued to the cultiva. respective birth-places being inore or less con

lion of learning, bụi those of them who have tiguous to bis own. The principality of Bis.

applied themselves to such pursuits have cay, Guipuzcoa, Alava, and the kingdom of not attained less celebrity in leiters than its Navarre, maintain among themselves so close

soldiers have acquired in arms. an alliance, that they have been styled the

“ The Andalusians, born and brought up United Provinces of Spain.

"11 a country, warm, abundant, and delicious, “ The inhabitants of the province of As

have the character of being somewhat arroturias value themselves highly upon their gant and assuming; but if this reproach be descent, and on the glory which their ances. just, it ought be attributed to their ardent tors acquired in the re-conquest of Spain fron climale, the powerful influence of which on the Moors. A population too great for the

the moral character is so well known. The adconfined and indigent country which it in. vantages which mature has so liberally bę. Habits, occasions pumbers to seek employ- || stowed upon their country make them regard ment in Madrid, where they are generally with contempt the poverty of Galicia, the found in the class of interior servants;


ruggedness of Biscay, and the barrenness of it has been remarked, that an Asturian gen Castile. Their province, however, has at diftleman residing in that city, would require to ferent times given birth to men who have done be very careful in examining to see that there honour to their country and to buman na. vere none of his relations amongst his grooms ture, and when we reflect that Trajao and or footmen; or, otherwise, he might some Seneca are to be reckoned amoug these, we day have the mortification of finding one of may be inclined in some degree to overlook his cousins rubbing down his horse, or his the vanity of a people whose country has prouncle blacking his shoes. Notwithstanding duced such men. In beauty, vivacity, and this, however, many families of this province | acuteness, the Andalusian women are sufelive in an elegant and splendid manner, are rior to all others; they are possessed of great worthy of the higliest respect, and among | address, together with such a turn for in. them are to be found officers of exalted inerit, I trigue, that a Moor of rank, who bad resided both in the army and navy.

some time in Seville, declared that he consis “ The Galicians, amidst the poverty of their dered one of them sufficient to set the whole country, are robust and vigorous. They are empire of Morocco in a flame. found dispersed all over Spain, engaged in “ The Nurcians partake of the character tbe most fatiguing labours, which, as they 1) of the Andalusians and Valencians. These are more profitable, they prefer to those of an last are generally considered as a light and easier description. For, soldiers, although, | frivolous people; but however general this perhaps, something inferior in external ap- prejudice may be, it must be observed, pearance, they are admirably qualified by their that amongst the Valencians of the prehabits of subordination, strength of body, and sent century the cultivatton of learning and ability to sustaiu privations and fatigué. scicace has been more attended to, and with

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greater success, than in any other part of | attached to their province, and much prejuSpain.

diced in favour of their own countrymen. In “The natives of Catalonia are the most in former times they cultivated the sciences with dustrious pecple in the Peninsula Manufac success, and acquired much glory in arms tures, fisheries, and commerce are things | against the French in Ilaly, and the Moors in hardly known to the inhabitants of the other Spain. This province, like the rest of the provinces, when compared with the Catal Peninsula, w:18 anciently very populous; and pians. They are not only useful from their it is a common tradition among them, that on industry in peace, but are also of the grealest the marriage of vne of their kings, he was atservice in war, forming light troops of most tended to Saragossa by ten thousand gentle. excellent quality. They possess foundries of men, each one with his servant; the whole cannon, manufactories of arms, clothing, and twenty thousand mounted on horses of the accoutrements for the troops; and warlike breed of the province. stores and provisions of all sorts abound in “The long period during which the difthis province. The country is well cultivated, ferent provinces of this kingdom were divided, while its poplation is continully increasing in and often engaged in war with each other wealth and numbers ; in short, the Catalo their speaking different dialects, and being piaus appear to be a people as completely governed by different laws--naturally induceda distinct from those of Galicia, Andalusia, or certain degree of dislike and animosity between Castile, as if they were inhabitants of another their inhabitants, which, although now much part of the globe. Their disposition, hojv- diminished, is not yet wholly eradicated; and ever, is rather intractable; and from their || ifin time of peace this may be regretted as applying themselves continually to the ad-forming an obstacle to that union which yancement of their interest, they have ac should subsist between the different parts of quired the name of the Jews of Spain. We an empire, it is not without its attendant ad. may predict that this province will continue vantage in war, by the mutual emulation to flourish while the inhabitants remain as which it inspires. Au Arragonese regiment much strangers to luxury as they are at pre will not look with indifference on the glory sent, and to tbe folly of envobling their arti- acquired by one of Castile; and a ship of war, zaps, two evils which have always proved de- with a crew of Biscayans, will never surrender structive of industry in Spain.

while another continues to defend herself The Arragonese are a brave and honour- || wbich is manned with Catalonians." able people, tenacious of their opinions, much


Most of our readers recollect the at bour, and driving piles into the bottom, at tempt said to bave been made upon the life of length performed this wonderful enterprise; Bonaparte by an infernal machine, some year's only in the midst, where the stream was very ago. The following is an account of the ef rapid and very deep, he was forced to make a fects produced by an apparatus of this na Buating bridge of boats, which joined the ture above two centuries ago, at ibe siege of whole together. He likewise built forts or Antwerp. As the work whence it is ex castles on each end, and planked the bridge tracted is scarce, this account may be accept on each side five feet bigh, to secure it from able to many of our friends :

the enemy's cannon, and from thence mucha “Of all the warlike joventions that have annoyed the town. ever been contrived, antiquity can produce “ The people of Antwerp finding how prevone more dreadful than were used by the || judicial this would be to them, and that it people of the Netherlands against Philip V. of " night endanger the loss of the city, consulted Spain; and particularly at the siege of Ant. many ways how to destroy it, but none took werp, which having been besieged some time effect. At last they met with one Frederick witbout success by the Prince of Parma, he at Jambel, an excellent engineer, who coming out leugth resolved to lay a bridge over the of Italy into Spain, desired 10 bave access to Scheldt, that runs by the side of that city. The King, to offer bis services in the Low The river is two thousand four hundred feet | Countries, but being slighted and neglected, broad, and above sixty feet when the tide is he left she Court in a rage, threatening, that but; yet the Prince, by inde fatigable la- | in a short time the King of Spaiu should bear

of the name of this despised person, not with and Holland squadrons did the like on the out tears; and coming to Autwerp he had | otber; therefore the Prince kept strict guard now a fit opportunity of expressing the na lo prevent mischief, which was nearer to him ture and fury of his mind. He was enter tban be expected. When behold from the tained by the besieged, and assured them he city there appeared three ships first, and after would rüin this dangerous bridge; to which them several others, brightly sbiving with fire purpose he built four ships, with Aat bot. iu lhe darkness of the night, and at which i he toms and bigh sides, much thicker aod || camps were alarmed, and a cry given ofm stronger than ordinary ; first, in the keel of arms. arms.!.ind the bridge was soon filled these ships he made a strong brick wall, like || with soldiers. The ships came down the river a foor or ground-work, a foot bigb and five in good order, two or three together, as if for broad, through the whole length of the ship; 1) shew only, having their mariners on board then be built walls on each side about the them, and the flames were so clear, that they foundation, three feet high and as many seemed not to carry fire, but to be burning broad, and having filled the vacancy withi | tbemselves, and that fire could sail and be gunpowder, tempered with exquiste arl, uy preserved in the waters. The whole made a known to any but himself, be covered it over glorious shew, if the hearts of the spectators with grave-stones, mill-stones, and other huge hard not been filled with terror; for the banks stones. Upon this covering he made another of the river and the castles placed thereon slory, vault-wise, of mill-stones, and other shone with continual fires, which, with the vast stones, which, leaning ou each other, || armed troops along the shore and on the made a ridge like that of an house, so that the bridge, in bright armour, with their swords slaughter might not only be strait forward, || drawn and colours displayed, with the galbut on each side. In this upper vault be pullantry of their cominanders, made a very agree. iron and marble balls, chains, blocks, nails, || able sight, aiid was heightened by ibe fiery knives, and whatever else bis mischievous wit ships in the midst of the Scheldt, which could suggest to him to destroy mankind. hitherto without hurt spit their lames as if Lastly, all the space that lay open between

in sport. the sides of the ships, the wall, and the roof “ When these ships were within two miles of the mine, be filled up with stones close of the bridge, the seamen turned these four joined together, and bound down with beams that had the mines within their holds directly fastened with iron. He covered and secured down the midst of the channel against the all these things with a strong plank and brick bridge, not valuing the small vessels, and floor, in the middle whereof be set fire to a setting fire to the matches, presently leaped pile of wood, that the ships might seem to be into the boats to observe the success at a set out in that order to burn the bridge, || distance. But wanting their pilots, they did putting ander the wood pitch and brimstone, not keep one course. Most of the small ones that could not be extinguished before the mine dashed themselves agaiust the machines feucshould be fired, with the prepared timber. He ed with sharp spikes, or run aground upon framed two ways to fire the mine; in some of the the banks; and of the four that carried deships he placed matches besmeared with gan. struction in their bowels, one leaking was powder, which being laid through the keel, swallowed up in the midst of the river, vomit. reached to the mine, and of such a length as he || ing out thunder and smoke ; two others by had found by experiment would continue light be force of the wind, were driven ashore on ed until the ships should come to the bridge. the Flanders side; and the last had nearly In other ships he used clocks to continue with shared the same fute, being violently driven a gentle motion till they arrived at the bridge, towards the shore, which, with the sight of the and then with a violent ineeting of the wheels loss of the resl, made the Spaniards triumpb against a flint, should strike some sparks into and scoff at the fully of their enemies. But the the bruised gunpowder ibere scattered, and in last ship being

onger than the

bers, broke fame the train, and thence convey the fire through all opposition, destroying all the eninto the mouth of the miue. Jambel having gines and contrivances made to hinder its profinished these four dreadful engines, added gress, and came furiously on against the bridge. thirteen less, which had nothing hurtful but At this sigbt the soldiers shouted with terror the hatches covered wiih huge tires. These and fear. The Prince of Parma, himself came preparations were observed by ibe Spaniards, thither, when he beard these shouts, and endeathough ignorant of the stratagem, imagining voured to preventthe danger from this fire-ship, they were providing a fleet in the city to al.

by commanding some mariners aboard to die. tack tbe bridge on one side, while the Zealaud perse thc wood and quenchthe fre and others to

keep it off with large poles and spikeg. He: The river Scheldt prodigiously gaping was then bridge, and with him several of his chief com- || ling above its banks, overdowed the adjacent

himself. stood on the wooden castle on the seen to discover its bottom

again swel

manders, and the guard of the place, and shores. The motion of the earth was felt nine amougst them a Spanish Ersign, who either | miles off, and great grave-stones were thrown bad some knowledge of such engines, or knew a mile from the river, and sonk two feet into that Jambel was excclient in this art, who the ground. But the destruction of men was came to the Prince and earnestly entreated very deplorable; some the helligh violence of him, that now be had done all that was ne ibe fire consumed or carried into the air, cessary, he would please to witbdraw, and oot wbence they fell bruised on the earth or into venture his life whereon every soldier's life, || the river; others were stifled with the poisonyea, the war itself depended, in so dangerous a ous smoke; others boiled to death with the place;' but being rejected, he still insisted, and scalding waters; many slain with the showers throwing bimself on his knees before the of stones; and some of the grave-stones both Prince, said, 'I most humbly beseech and killed and entombed. The Viscount of Brus. intreat you, most illustrious Prince, as you sels was darted out of his own ship, at a great Falue your life, which I now see exposed 10 distance, witbout hurt. A captain, hy this the utmost bazard, that you would please for infernal wbirlwind, was carried heavily armed this once to take tbis advice from your ser out of St. Mary's fort, like chaff in the air, and raut.'

thrown into the midst of the river, from “Saying this he modestly plucked bim by whence, by swimming, with the loss of his the garment, and with a kind of commanding armour he escaped. A young man of the air, intreated him to follow him, who interpret. | Prince's guard was carried over a great part of ing this unusual freedom of the man to pro the river into the Brabaut, a considerable disteed from an bigher power, at last consented, || tance, only hurting his shoulders a little when and with some others went away. Tbe Prince he fell on the ground, and said he seemed like had hardly entered St. Maria's fort, when the a bullet shot out of a cannon, he felt such a limited hour for the match to fire tbe mine

violence forcing him forward. was come, and all on a sullden this fatal ship “ To conclude, there were 800 slain, and exploded, with such a horrid noise, as if the the Prince of Parma was in great danger, very skies had rent asunder, and heaven and though a good distance off, by a great stake, earth come together, or the whole body of the which struck bim down, where he lay some earth had trembled; for the storm of stones, time in a france. And indeed the desolation chains, and bullets, being thrown out with produced by this execrable engine was such thunder and lightning, there followed such a as made people say that the author of it fetch. slaughter as cannot be imagined. The castle ) ed ibis terrible fire, which made the river boil on which the infernal machine fell, the bridge with heat, and those pestiferous mortal sanext to it, with the soldiers, mariners, armour, pours, from the infernal pit; and that the and arms; all these the furious whirlwind | thunder and lightning was procured by magic swept away together, tussed in the air, and art." dispersed as the wind doth leaves of trees.



*My dear friend,” said a woman to her wedding day? That vesed you very much; busband, a plain honest tradesman, “I very || but I did not chuse then to confess the use much applaud your wise mavner of edncating reason I knew not one step." our daughter, let her continue learuing to sew “ What are you aiming at, my dear wife?" well; be it so; let ber learn to knit stockings, | replicd the husband, who knew how to uniie make shirts; in a word, let hier be initiated in tenderness with firmness, and who was obligall househuld work, I desire nothing better. 1 ing without being too obsequious. knew nothing more when I had the happiness “ It is the subject of my dangbter I am of pleasing you, but to put in practice those || coming to,” replied the wife. “She is an exlessons which my mother bad given me. I cellent manager, and she must both please and did not displease you. Do you recollect, how interest by the qualities of her heart and the ever, that no one could make me dance ou our useful talents she has acquired; but I wisla

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