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consider that the latter has its spikes of l Jamaica, its principal use is for feeding pigeons, flowers much longer, and makes a more elegant il as its name imports; whilst the ripe seed, contrast in groqping ; but whenever use shalt mingled with its green leaves, is often giveu be considered as well as arvament, then the to the various domestic cattle on the planta, first variety will be that most cultivated, as tions, on whom it has a powerful fattening it becomes the largest tree, whilst its wood is effect. Indeed it might even be useful for of the best kind, is extremely hard, and takes these purposes in this country; but as yet an elegant polish, In fact, it bears a strong it cannot be cultivated out of the hot-house. resemblance to green ebony; so much so as to ! The concluding lincs of this lecture must be be called by the French the ebony of the Alps, | dedicated to the and is by them used for many kinds of furni.
LAURUSTINUS, ture. Of tbe few trees cut down of English growth, the wood has been found of great | or Viburnum; which latter name has been strength, and has been used under very fa supposed to be derived from the word viere, to pourable circumstances for musical instrui- | bind, as its twigs were anciently used for ments, nay even workod up into household || that purpose. It is possible that some of the furniture, in which it has been esteemed supe-|| species, of wbich tbere are twenty-three, have rior even lo mahogany. Should any of our l been applied to that use; the principal of fair readers be induced from these bints to try these are the cominon laurustinus, the ways it ia clumps in their parks, they will find from faring-tree, oriental viburnum, water elder, its quick growth that even the thinnings of it I gueldre rose, and cassioberry bush; all the will produce an ample recompence for the others are distinguished by the differences of expence, if sold either for pop poles or for the the leaves. In some species these are varie. purposes of making charcoal; some little il gated of different colours, in others they are pains and expence indeed are necessary at first, l both gold and silver striped; in some the as rabbits and pares are yery destructive to l umbels are large, and so iudeed are the flowers. it, by stripping it of its bark in winter; tol Of our common laurustinus, the flowers selsuch an extent indeed, and with such an evi- || dom appear until the spring is pretty well dent preference to it, to the neglect of all ather || advanced, and it sometimes happens that a young trees, that it has even been suggested as severe winter kills the blossoms unless the a very proper shrub to cultivate in large plan- l shrubs are in a sheltered situation. All the tations, which are overrun with these destruc-il various species of this shrub are classed by five animals, as they will not feed off any modern botanists amongst the PexTANDRIA other plant wbilst they can find a single la- || TRIGYNIA, and natural order of Dumose; in burnum. It is also to be considered in this generic character they have the calyx with the case, that the laburnum, though eaten to the perianth five parted, superior, very small and ground in winter, will still send forth new permaneut; the corolla is one pelalled, bell shoots from its roots io the spring, and thus shaped, five cleft, the segments blunt and reproduce a constant supply for these nibblers, fluxed; the filaments of the stamen are five, without any additional expepçe, as the first | are as long as the corolla, awl shaped, and expenditure of five or ten shillings in seed, with roupdish anthers; the germ of the pistil will tend in a great measure to preserve an is roundish and inferior, with no style but a extensive plantation.
turbinate gland to answer its purpose, with In thus traciug the natural history of this three stigmas. In essential character it is elegant flowering shrab, such of our philoso unnecessary to say more than that the calyx is phical pupils as have traversed the shades of five parted, superior ; tbe corolla five cleft; the torrid zone, in either Indies, inay perceive the berry one seeded. The laurustinus is not a strong resemblance in many points between | indigenous in our climate, but is a native of the English laburagm and the pigeon pea; l the southern parts of the European continent, which is so frequently planted, particularly in Il particularly in Portugal, Andalusia, also about the West Indies, in order to form fences for Tipoli, and even as far north as Nice and the caue patches, and wbich is also frequently ll other parts of Piedmont amidst the romantic seen growing in great luxuriance in soils other- || scenery of the maritime Alps. On its first wise apparently barren. It may not be so introduction into England, it received the generally known, however, by our English | name of the wild bay-tree, and many early readers, that its seeds are often eaten by the bolanists in other countries have supposed it negroes, who consider it as a wholsome and Il a smaller species of the bay; bence it has been Bourishing food; indeed in some of the islands Il generally called lautus, to which is added tine, it is esteemed superior to the English garden || derived from the Greek word Tunos, signify, pea, In most places, however, particularly in jug small, and from which also we may derive our word tiny. That species called the way. species of ornamental shrub, for Gerard dee faring-tree, has been found indigenous in scribes it in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Europe, farther north than the common lay- and calls it the elder rose, and ruse elder; he rustinus; with us it is frequent in woods and represents it also as growing in garders, and hedges, and its roots are in great request for is of opinion that its lowers had first beers making birdlime. But the most elegant va- doubled by artificial culture. riety is the gueldre rose, whoso large round We shall close this lecture with reminding branches of flowers groupe so barmoniously " our fair readers of what they must often have with the two first mentioned shrubs. From noticed, that this elegant slirub, though bear. the spherical shape of those bunches (w bicha ing all the variarious of this changeable cliare, however, aburtive) some people have inate, except our very severe winters, yet finds whiuasically called this the snow-ball tree; but the sinuke of London completely destructive the other name, probably derived from the of its growtb. Dutch, is now the most coinman. It is of as
(To be continued.) early cultivation in England as any other
EXTRAORDINARY INSTANCES OF GOD'S JUDGMENTS.
We are indebted to Dr. Thomas Beard, of n gave they out a most horrible outcry: one of Huntington, and Dr. Thomas Taylor, of All them tbrew himself headlung into a tub of dermaubury, two very worthy, and, ju their water, provided to rince their drinking caps times, eminent divines, for the follo: ing sin. and goblets, and upon that occasion standing gular information wbich was published by not far off: two were burot to death, without them in the year 1631, under the title of The stirring once from their place: the bastard Theatre of God's Judgments : wherein is repre Foix and the Earle of Jouy escaped indeed sented the admirable justice of God against all present death; but being conveyed to their notorious sinners, great and small,especially against lodgings, they survived not two dajes: the the most eminent persons in the world, whose exor King himselfe being one of the six, was saved bitant power had broke through the barres of divine | by the Dutchesse of Berry, that covering him and humane law.
with her loose and wide garments quenched l'he work is divided into several chapters, the fire before it could scize upon bis flesh. each containing some remarks on peculiar Fruyssard the reporter of this tragedy, saith, vices, and illustrated by accounts of the visi. that the next morrow every mau could say, tations experienced by the criminals, a few of that this was a wonderfull signe and advertise which may not be unamusing to our readers - ment sent by God to the King to warne bim to Having reprobated dancing as vile, filthy, and renounce all such food and foolish devices forbidden, he proceeds:
which he delighted too much in, and more MUMMERIES.-"Now touching mummeries then it became a king of France to doe: and aud maskes, I place them in the same ranke this was the event of that gallant masque. with the other; forasmuch as they are derived || THEATRICAL EXHIBITIONS," Upon from the same fountaine, and communicate il plays and theatrical exhibitions he is very se. the same nature, aud produce the sanie effects, vere, and concludes with the following occur. and oftentimes are so pernitious, that divers rences:-Moreover, how odious and irksome honourable women have been ravished and in the sight of the Lord such spectacles are, conveyed away by Their mealles : way, and and what power and sway the devill beareth sume masquers have been well chastised in therein, the judgement of God upon a Chris their own vices: as it happened in the reigne tian woman may sufficiently instruct us. Charles VI. to six that inasqued it to a mar There was a woman that went to the theatre riage at the hostle of S. Pauls, in Paris, being Il to see a play, and returned home possessed with attired like wilde horses, covered with loose an uncleane spirite; who being rebuked in a flax, dangling downe like baire, all bedaubed conjuration for daring to assault one of the with grease for the fitter hanging thereof, and faith, that professed Christ: answered that he fast bound one to another, and in this guise had done well, because he found her upup his. entered the hall, dancing with torches before owne ground. tbem; but behold suddenly their play turved
“ Tbe same author reporteth another exa to a tragedy; for a spark of one of their torches ample as strange, of a woınan also that went fell into the grease flax of his neighbour, and to see a tragedie acted, to whom the night fol. set it immediately on fire, so that in the turn- ! lowing appeared io a dreame the picture of a ing of an haud they were all on Saines, thep Ishcete (a presage of death) castiog in ber teeth
that which sbe bad done; and five daies after, ll about with him an evil spirit in tbe likei ess of death himselfe seized upon her.
a dog; being at Wittenberg, when as I y the WANTON SONGS, &c.-"As touching wan. || edict of thie Prince he should have been . aken, ton songs, and unchaste and ribald bookes he escaped by bis magicall delusions; and (that I may be briefe) I will content my selfe after at Noremberg being by an extraor linary only with tbat which is alleadged by Lodovi. sweat that came upon bim as he was at linner, cus Vives concerning that matter. The ma. certified that he was beset, payed his host gistrate (saith be) ought to banish out of bis suddenly his shot, and went away: and being dominion all unhonest songs and poems, and scarce escaped out of the walls of the citie, the not to suffer novelties to be published day by sergeants and other officers came to appreday in rimes and ballads, as they are: as if a hend him. But God's vengeance following man should heare in a city nothing but fool bim, as he came into a village of the dakedome ish and scurrilous ditties, such as would make of Wittenberg, he sat there in bis inne very even the younger sort that are well brought sad: the host required of him what was the up to blush, and stirs up the indignation of cause of his sadnesse; he answered that lie men of gravity: this ought magistrates to I would not bave bim terrified, if he beard a prevent, and to discharge the people from great noise and shaking of the house that reading, Amudis, Tristram, Launcelot due Lake, night; which happened according to his preMelusine, Poggius scurrillities, and Boccace 110 sage: for in the morning he was found dead, velties; with a thousand more such lyke with bis necke wrung bebinde him; the devill toyes : and thus much out of Vives.”
whom he served having carried his soule into In the extracts we have now made from this bell. This story is set downe by many in curious production, our readers will perceive l other termes ; but Philip Lonicorus expresseth that the learned and reverend authors were by ' it in this manner, in his Theatre of Histories. no means free from the superstitious cast of ll " Anno 1553, two witches were taken which the seventeenth century. James the First, in I went about by tempest, haile, and frost, to whose reign the volume first appeared, was destroy all the corne in the countrey; these bimself a believer in ghosts and hobgoblins, || women stole away a little infant of one of their and indeed wrote a long and pedantic perform neighbours, and cutting it in pieces, put it ance in proof of their existence, but even this into a cauldron to be boiled; but by God's defender of the faith has been outdone by a li providence the mother of the childe came in ghostly champion of the present day, who the meane while, and found the members of having fallen a dupe to one of the most bare her childe thus cut in pieces and boyled. faced deceptions that ever disgraced a civilized // Whereupon the two witches were taken, and and enligbtened nation, is justly entitled to being examined, answered, that if the boyling the ridicule and contempt of every rational | had beene finisbed, such a tempest of rain and person. We allude to the author of the late | haile would have followed, that all the fruits disrespectful proceedings at Sampford. of the earth in that countrey should have been
OF CONJURORS, &c.-" John Faustas, a destroyed: but God prevented them by his filthie beast, and a sinke of many devils, led l judgment, in causing them to be put to death.”'
A NEW PSALM.
Part of a psalm composed by a clerk in in " Yet they do nothing do at all, Yorkshire, on the distemper among the horned
" With all their learning store; cattle in the summer of the year 1784. Sung, “ So Heav’u drive out this plague away, and chorussed by the wbole congregation in “ And vex us not no more." tbe church The first four stanzas contain This piece was so well received that after an account of the cattle that died, and the the service it was desired again liy all the connames of the farmers to whom they had be- l gregation except five farmers, who wept bit longed; the remaining verses were as follows: || terly, and said the lines were too moving.
No Christian bull, nor cow, they say, | The minister iu going out said to the clerk: « But takes it out of hand;
Il “ Why, John, what psalm was that we had “ And we shall bare no cows at all
to day? it was not one of David's.”_" David's! "I doubt within this land.
| No, no, Sir," quoth John, big with the new “The Doctors, tho' they all have spoke honour he had acquired ; " David never made « Like learned gentlemen,
such a psalm sin he was born. This is one "And told as bow the entrails look
ll of my own putting togetber, Meastar!" « Of cattle dead and green; N.. XVII. Vol. III.- N.S.
SUNDAY IN LONDON. Now labour ceases ; while the busy throng, || Who, while gay Betty with her sweetheart walks, No longer thro' Cheapside are borne along: Is doom'd to listen, wbile ber lady talks, The tuneful ballad strikes no more the ear, | Not 'risen yet from hed and now we haste Until SAINT MONDAY shall again appear: From the great contrast to the scenes of taste. Now Mrs. Dripping, deck'd with lace and rings, ll« O insupportable! O heavy day!" For trump'ry she hates, and paltry things, Her Grace exclaims_"To pass the time away Beside her deary, in their one-horse chaise,
“ I know not bow! Let John the coach preSits in plump state, her neighbours to amaze :
“ And yet Hyde Park, I solemnly declare (pare.Their eldest offspring hires a quiet horse,
“ ls grown so stupid, and so vulgar too, And straight to Rotten Row directs bis course;
« SI ENNUYANT! Good Hear'ns! what shall And as some WALKING citizens he views
please to ride Graciously stops, and asks them “ what's the ||
“ Till ev'ning comes ?"_" Will your Grace news ?"
“ To Kensington ?"_" Name any place heside, Says one, “ You've got a pretty horse, there,
« 'Twill please me better What, to view a set “ D-'d mettlesome," he says, “no common
Of tradesmen's wives, and so the hours forget! hack,
“No; belp me dress, and I will haste to pay “ I can assure you ; but Dang it, 'tis no fun
“Some morning visits, till 'tis time to say • To ride a stupid beast, like father's dun;
“Grace o'er our stupid dinner; for I vow, “ Bye, bye-I cannot stay-'tis plaguy hot;
" I think the Duke is frantic! for some how « But this of fashion is the only spot."
"He's grown of learned men, so fond, that we Now let us leave the city airs alone,
“Scarce dine without we've authors two or To view the tradesman of the west end town:
three, Bebold the poult'rers, who St. James's grace, “ To help adorn our table! and at five, And the King's butcher, with his smiling face; “We dine to-day!'Tis true, as I'm alive; -Saddlers, with bridles new, jog side by side; “Because, if later, there's two writers grent, Whisp'ring each other, they the cits deride : “Who could not at our dinner take a seat! But the purseyors who attend the great,
“ Poor book-worm souls! no learning could I (For great men, like the humnblest men, must eat) || prize, Know well each Duke, each Countess, Earl, or “ Which made me fashion and the laws despise : Lord,
" However, thank kind Heav'n, they'll soon be Who oft times Smiles instead of cash afford.
gone; The pastry-cooks and bakers, fruit'rers here, 11 “ Long ere the evening's dear delights come on : Clad in hest clothes, in Sunday state appear: | "My heart is fix'd from Lady Spade to win The grocer's lady, simply clad is seen ;.
" An ample sum, this night, tho' 'tis a sin, No fin'ry she adopts, but neat, and clean, “ Our chaplain says, on Sunday cards to play; She says, is now much more genteel than show; “ Hear'n bless his sober maxims! Let him pray She finds the citizens extremely low
Il “ And preach; it is his province, pleasure ours, in actions, dress, and talk ; and doth declare, Il “On whom kind fortune ev'ry blessing show'rs." Sooner she'd shave than wear such stiff-curl'd
Thos prattles the fair dame before her glass; hair!
When dress’d, in visits doth the moments pass : Her voice is gone, she's most completely hoarse; ||
With feign'd politeness, dinner guests she greets, Can any ign'rance be so bad, or worse Than their's?
Tastes LIQUEURS, talks but little, and less eats : They know not Duke nor
At length, when evening comes, the tables set, Duchess--noman
Loses three thousand in one thoughtless bet: She wonders what they do in Rotten Row?
Pharo, Cassino, each by turns employ Full twenty questions has she answer'd mild,
Her hours mispent, while both with loss annoy. To that great stupid oaf, Old Dripping's child!
Too much doth fashion, on this sacred day, . As “ who is she, who drives the four small
Encourage gaming, seeking time to slay; greys ?
. [bays ? ! « And who's that gentleman, with long-tail'd ||
Yet some of the HAUT TON, on Sabbaths find ~ Who's is that coach-and who the lovely girl,
Better amusements for the languid mind; “That turns her ponies with that charming
Where Sunday concerts charm; where the sweet
song whirl?" « Poor, clownish cit! he'd better keep at home;
Of matchless BILLINGTON, their joys proloog; « Or thro' fam'd Islington obscurely roam."
Here too Italian choristers attune
Melodious lays, and morning comes too 5000. Can these half-gentry the enjoyment know, At LADY FROLIC's neither song nor card That oft attends the servile and the low ?
Her guests amuse, yet bours they disregard; The housemaid trim, with ribbons pink array'd, | Here the gay youths of either sex are found; Enjoys this day, more than my lady's maid; Juvenile mirth, and harmless sports go rounds
Whimsical CONSEQUENCES -- thoughts they | To fam'd Whiteconduit-house, or Chelsea gay, guess;
(press. || Direct their course, while time flies swift away: And oft looks speak what words dare not ex- || The city 'prentice, bound to lower trades, A kind of gentry now, I needs must sing, To those lov'd haunts, his friend or sister leads; Who form'd to tread in fashion's golden ring, There cakes and ale afford a splendid treat; Are yet ungrac'd by title ; and their purse And youth the heavy hours can gaily cheat. Not over-stock'd, which makes their station | But, Oh! if rain the face of heav'n deforms, worse
Skies dark, unbroken, bode unceasing storms, Than theirs who labour at some gainful trade, ll Ah! then, what pleasure for the vacant mind? Who oft look down on those, as wanting aid, What hopes to shew the muslin dress, desigo'd While they high distance keep. -This day di
By taste and fashion, to ensnare the beart vine, a
Of Billy Bodkin, and point Cupid's dart! They're seldom seen, save at Devotion's shrine: || The city fair, wrapt in her morning gown, Not unaccomplish'd are this middling race; Reads a new porel, and, in vapours thrown, And oft their daughters own each outward grace;
Says she is indispos'd! Wbile fond mamma, Their sons heroic, virtuous, brave, and wise,
|| Cannot appease the rage of stern papa; Know well the gifts of nature how to prize :
Who swears, girls were not thus when he was These in genteel retirement pass their life,
| [sung, Unvex'd by passion, or her stormy strife;
They were good housewives ; what if they ne'er Too high to mix in company that's low,
Or danc'd, or gabbi'd French, what matter? pray, Too proud the great to cringe to, or to bow.
They made good wives, and work'd the live long
day. When er'ning comes, the tradesman's joy is o'er; ||« But Sunday, lovey, is no day to work; Dines late, nods in his chair, begins to snore; « Why, I DECLARES, you're just like By Turk?" Wbile Mrs. Splitplumb wakes hier drowsy dear, « Well! let her read good books, and ne'er again And cries, “ My love, you have forgot, I fear,
“ Borrow romances to distract ber brain." « That we must go to Mr. Crab's to tea !"
And yet the father feels as inuch unhing'd, “ Ay, Crab, the fishmonger !"-"Well, come
As when the gout his toe and finger twing’d: with me;
| Watches the weather, while the rain still beats * There, GENTEAL company, we always see! )
Hard on the sky-light, and his hope defeats : Neat Mrs. Splitplumb palates every dish;
He posts a page or two in his day-book; * Whispers ber husband--" Each thing tastes like
And oft abroad he casts a wistful look ;
The dinner past, nods in his elbow-chair, Her sponse the jest admires; the laugh goes Starts in his sleep, and asks if weather's fair ? round;
While the shop gentry, beyond Temple Gate, *All hail the lady as a wit profound :
Experience of their brother cit the fate; A PETIT-MAITREan attorney's clerk,
Minds, equally uncultivated own, With rey'rence doth the lady's talents inark;
And poor the joy they find in rest alone. Steps up, and asks her, how she lik'd the play
Sometimes the carriages to church genteel, Acted last week ? for him he nocds must say,
Yelept St. James's, their gay owners wheel; . He thought it poor insipid trash, quite low;
1 With hair EN PAPILLOTES, the fair behold, And it must prove the author's overthrow,
1 Whose bair more oft is deek'd' with gems and gold; « Judeed, Sir," she replied, " I think with you,
But who, so vulgar, at a cburch would shine, '" I saw not ope applaud-except a fer
And bring these off'rings due to fashion's shrine ? “ Of tasteless creatures; who, no doubt, were paid “For what they did-yet, 'twill again be play'd..
But, Ah! if rain the hapless 'prentice keeps
At home; be almost with bis sorrow weeps; "I went last night to Covent-Garden-Oh! « I think you'll laugh, when I shaħl let you
Confind the week, condemn'd from morn toltre kuow
To toil, and learn his wants how to relieve :
With joy, he looks for Sunday's dear rerarn; « The way I went!-wrapt in my bonnet close,
But pleasure's schemes bad weather musto'erturn; « The filthy pit, would you believe, I chose ? « For truly I am stingy lately grown ;
That day,when fine, the hope of his young breast, " The boxes are so dear! So, quite unknown,
And innocence with youth delights to rest. “We orowded in: but do not me disgrace,
O day of sacred joy! ordain'd by Hear'n, “ By telling this I then must hide my face.” Amongst its bounties, to creation giren;
May no funatic frown ere damp thy bliss, The citizens at country boxes keep
Or innocent amusement deem amiss; *Till Monday morning's dawn begins to peep;
Not for austerity this day was blest, Their Sunday ev'nings pass o'er pipes and wine;
But social gaiety and holy rest; their wives and daughters walk, if weather's fine,
Free trom licentiousness and noisy mirth, Along the dusty road; then yawn at home,
Let each one own the Pow'r that gave thee birth : 'Till supper's ready, wishing night was come.
When myriads sang around the Heav'nly Throne This best of days enjoy a lower class,
While wond'rous good, the Seventh Day's rest Who toil the week--the lover and his lass,