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consider that the latter has its spikes of | Jamaica, its principal use is for feeding pigeons, flowers much longer, and makes a more elegant as its name imports; whilst the ripe seed, contrast in groqping; but whenever use shall mingled with its green leaves, is often giveu be considered as well as oruament, then the to the various domestic cattle on the planta, first variety will be that most cultivated, as tions, on whom it has a powerful fattening it becomes the largest tree, whilst its wood is effect. Indeed it might even be useful for of the best kind, is extremely hard, and takes these purposes in this country ; but as yet an elegant polish. In fact, it bears a strong it cannot be cultivated out of the hot-house. resemblance to green ebony; so much so as to The concluding lincs of this lecture must be be called by the French the ebony of the Alps, || dedicated to the aud is by them used for many kinds of furniture. Of tbe few trees cut down of English

LAURUSTINUS, growth, the wood has been found of great or Viburnum; which latter name has been strength, and has been used under very fa- supposed to be derived from the word viere, to Fourable circumstances for musical instruie || bind, as its twigs were anciently used for ments, nay even workod up into household that purpose. It is possible that some of the furniture, in which it has been esteemed supe- || species, of wbich there are twenty-three, have rior even to mahogany. Should any of our been applied to that use; the principal of fair readers be induced from these bints to try these are the cominon laurustinus, the wayo it ia clumps in their parks, they will find from faring-tree, oriental viburnum, water elder, its quick growth hat even the thinnings of it) gueldre rose, and cassioberry bush; all the will produce an ample recompence for the others are distinguished by the differences of expence, if sold either for pop poles or for the the leaves. In some species these are varie. purposes of making charcoal; so

- some little l gated of different colours, in others they are pains and expence indeed are necessary at first, both gold and silver striped; in some the as rabbits and þares are yery destructive to umbels are large, and so iudeed are the flowers. it, by stripping it of its hark jy winter; to Of our common laurustinus, the flower's selsuch an extent indeed, and with such an evi- dom appear until the spring is pretty well dent preference to it, to the neglect of all ather advanced, and it sometimes happens that a young trees, that it has even been suggested as severe winter kills the blossoms unless the a very proper shrub to cultivate in large plan- shrubs are in a sheltered situation. All the tations, which are overrun with these destruc- i various species of this shrub are classed by five animals, as they will not feed off any modern botanists amongst the PENTANDRIA other plant whilst they can find a single la- || TRIGYNIA, and natural order of Dumose; in burnum. It is also to be considered in this generic character they have the calyx with the case, that the laburnum, though eaten to the perianth five parted, superior, very small and ground in winter, will still send forth new permaneut; the corolla is one petalled, bell shoots from its roots in the spring, and thus shaped, five cleft, the segments blunt and reproduce a constant supply for these nibblers, || Auxed; the filaments of the stamen are five, without any additional expepçe, as the first are as long as the corolla, awl shaped, and expenditure of five or ten shillings in seed, with roupdish anthers; the germ of the pistil will tend in a great measure to preserve an

is roundish and juferior, with no style but a extensive plantation.

turbinate gland to answer its purpose, with In thus tracing the natural loistory of this three stigmas. In essential character it is elegant flowering shrab, such of our philoso- | unnecessary to say more than that the calyx is phical pupils as have traversed the shades of five parted, superior; the corolla five cleft ; the torrid zone, in either Indjes, inay perceive the berry one seeded. The laurustinus is not a strong resemblance in many points between indigenous in our climate, but is a native of the English laburągm and the pigeon pea; k the southern parts of the European continent, which is so frequently planted, particularly in particularly in Portugal, Andalusia, also about the West Indies, in order to form fences for || Tipoli, and even as far north as Nice and the caue patches, and wbich is also frequently other parts of Piedmont amidst the romantic seen growing in great luxuriance in soils other scenery of the maritime Alps. On its first wise apparently barren. It may not be so introduction into Eugland, it received the generally known, however, by our English name of the wild bay-tree, and many early readers, that its seeds are often eaten by the botanists in other countries have supposed it negroes, who consider it as a wholsome and a smaller species of the bay; bence it has been Bourishing food; indeed in some of the islands | generally called lautus, to which is added tine, it is esteemed superior to the Englislı garden 1 derived from the Greek word tunos, signify, pea. In most places, however, particularly in iug small, and from which also we may derive

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our word tiny. That species called the way. species of ornamental shrub, for Gerard dee faring-iree, has been found indigenous in scribes it in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Europe, farther north than the common lau and calls it the elder rose, and rose elder; he rustinus; with us it is frequent in woods and represents it also as growing in gardeus, and hedges, and its roots are in great request for is of opinion that its Rowers had tirst been making birdlime. But the mpet elegant va doubled by artificial culture, riety is the gueldre rose, whoso large round We shall close this lecture with reminding branches of Bowers groupe so barmoniously our fair readers of what they must often have with the two first mentioned shrubs. From noticed, that Ibis elegant shrub, though bear. the spherical shape of those bunches (wbiching all the variations of this changcable cliare, however, abortive) some people have' inate, except our very severe winters, yet finds whiuasically called this the snow-ball tree; but the smoke of London completely destructive the other name, probably derived from the of its growth. Dutch, is pow the most common. It is of as

(To be continued.) early cultivation in England as any other


We are indebted to Dr. Thomas Beard, of gave they out a most horrible outcry: one of Huntington, and Dr. Thomas Taylor, of Al. them threw himself headlung into a tub of dermaubury, two very worthy, and, ju their water, provided to rince their drinking caps times, eminent divines, for the following sin. and goblets, and upon that occasion standing gular information wbich was published by not far off: two were burnt to death, without them in the year 1631, under the title of the stirring once from their place: the bastard Theatre of God's Judgments : wherein is repre Foix and the Earle of Jouy escaped indeed sented the admirable justice of God against all present death; but being conveyed to their notorious sinners, great and small, especially against | lodgings, they survived not two dajes: the the most eminent persons in the world, whose exor King himselfe being one of the six, was saved bitant power had broke through the barres of divine by the Dutchesse of Berry, that covering bim and humane law.

with her loose and wide garments quenched The work is divided into several chapters,

The fire before it could seize upon bis Aesh. each containing some remarks on peculiar | Froyssard the reporter of this tragedy, saith, vices, and illustrated by accounts of the visi that the next morrow every man could say, tations experienced by the criminals, a few of that this was a wonderfull signe and advertisewhich may not be unamusing to our readers - ment sent by God to the King to warne him to Having reprobated dancing as vile, filthy, and renounce all such food and foolish devices forbidden, he proceeds :

which he delighted too much in, and more MUMMERIES.—"Now touching mummeries then it became a king of France to doe: and and maskes, I place them in the same ranke || this was the event of that gallant masque. with the other; forasmuch as they are derived THEATRICAL EXHIBITIONS." Upon from the same fountaine, and communicate plays and theatrical exhibitions he is very sethe same nature, aud produce the same effects, | vere, and concludes with the following occurand oftentimes are so pernitious, that divers :-Moreover, how odious and irksonia honourable women have been ravished and in the sight of the Lord such spectacles are, conveyed away by their meanes : way, and and what power and sway the devill beareth some masquers have been well chastised in therein, the judgement of God upon a Chris, their own vices: as it happened in the reigne || tian woman may sufficiently instructus. Charles VI. to six that masqued it to a inar There was a woman that went to the theatre riage at the hostle of S. Pauls, in Paris, being to see a play, and returned home possessed with altired like wilde horses, covered with loose an uncleane spirite; wlio being rebuked in a flax, dangling downe like baire, all bedaubed conjuration for daring to assault one of the with grease for the fitter hanging thereof, and faith, that professed Christ: answered that he fast bound one to another, and in this guise had done well, because he found her upup bis, entered the hall, dancing with torches before

owne ground. them;

but behold suddenly their play turbed “ The same author reporteth another exa to a tragedy; for a spark of one of their torches | ample as strange, of a woman also that went fell into the grease flax of his neighbour, and to see a tragedie acted, to whom the night fulset it immediately on fire, so that in the turn lowing appeared jo a dreame the picture of a ing of an hand they were all on Sames, lheu shcete (a presage of death) casting in her teeth


that which sbe had done; and five daies after, || about with him an evil spirit in the likei ess of deatb himselfe seized upon her:

a dog; being at Wittenberg, when as 'y the Wanton SONGS, &c.—“As touching wan. edict of the Prince he should have been .aken, ton songs, and uncliaste and ribald bookes | he escaped by his magicall delusions; and (that I may be briefe) I will content my selfe | after at Noremberg being by an extraor' linary only with that which is alleadged by Lvdovi. sweat that came upon him as he was at linner, cus Vives concerning that matter. The ma. certified that he was beset, payed his bost gistrate (saith be) ought to banish out of bis suddenly his shot, and went away: aud being dominion all unbonest songs and poems, and scarce escaped out of the walls of the citie, the not to suffer novelties to be published day by sergeants and other officers came to appreday in rimes and ballads, as they are: as if a bend him. But God's vengeance following man should beare in a city nothing but fool- || bim, as he came into a village of the dakedome ish and scarrilous ditties, such as would make of Wittenberg, he sat there in bis inne very even the younger sort that are well brought sad: the host required of him what was the up to blush, and stirs up the indignation of cause of his sadnesse; he answered that he men of gravity: this ought magistrates to would not bave him terrified, if he heard a prevent, and to discharge the people from great noise and shaking of the house that reading, Amadis, Tristram, Launcelot due Lake, night; which happened according to bis preMelusine, Poggius scurrillities, and Boccace no sage: for in the morning he was found dead, velties; with a thousand more such lyke with bis necke wrung behinde bim; the devill toyes: and thus much out of Vives."

whom he served having carried his soule into In the extracts we have now made from this hell. This story is set downe by many in curious production, our readers will perceive other termes ; but Philip Lonicorus expresseth that the learned and reverend authors were by it in this manner, in his Theatre of Histories. no means free from the superstitious cast of “ Anno 1553, two witches were taken which the seventeenth century. James the First, in went about by tempest, haile, and frost, to whose reign the volume first appeared, was destroy all the corne in the countrey; these bimself a believer iu ghosts and hobgoblins, women stole away a little infant of one of their and indeed wrote a long and pedantic perform-neighbours, and cutting it in pieces, put it ance in proof of their existence, but even this into a cauldron to be boiled; but by God's defender of the faith has been ontdone by a providence the mother of the childe came in ghostly champion of the present day, who ihe meane while, and found the members of having fallen a dupe to one of the most bare- her childe thus cut in pieces and boyled. faced deceptions that ever disgraced a civilized | Whereupon the two witches were taken, and and enlightened nation, is justly entitled to being examined, answered, that if the boyling the ridicule and contempt of every rational bad beene finished, such a tempest of rain and person. We allude to the author of the late | haile would have followed, that all the fruits disrespectful proceedings at Sampford. of the earth in that countrey should have been

OF CONJURORS, &c." John Faustus, a destroyed : but God prevented them by his filthie beast, and a sinke of many devils, led judgment, in causing them to be put to death.”


Part of a psalm composed by a clerk in " Yet they do nothing do at all, Yorkshire, on the distemper among the horned

« Witb all their learning store ; cattle in the summer of the year 1784. Sung,

“ So Heav'o drive out this plague away, and chorussed by the whole congregation in “ And vex us not no more." the church -The first four stanzas contain This picce was so well received that after an account of the cattle that died, and the the service it was desired again loy all the connames of the farmers to whom they had be- ll gregation except five farmers, who wept bitlonged; the remaining verses were as follows: || terly, and said the lines were too moving.

« No Christian bull, nor cow, they say, The minister iu going out said to the clerk: « But takes it out of hand;

Why, John, what psalm was that we had « And we shall hare no cows at all

to day? it was not one of David's.”—“ David's ! "I doubt witbin tbis land.

No, no, Sir," quoth Jobn, big with the new “ The Doctors, tho' they all have spoke honour he had acquired; " David never made “ Like learned gentlemen,

such a psalm sin he was born. This is ony “And told as bow the entrails look of my own putting togetber, Measter!" « Of cattle dead and greed; No. XVII. Vol. III.- N.S.


Says one,

no common

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Now labour ceases ; while the busy throng, Who, while gay Betty with her sweetheart walks,
No longer thro' Cheapside are borne along: Is doom'd to listen, while her lady talks,
The tuneful ballad strikes no more the ear, Not 'risen yet from hed

and now we haste Until SAINT MONDAY shall again appear : From the great contrast to the scenes of taste. Now Mrs. Dripping, deck'd with lace and rings,

“O insupportable! O heavy day!" For trump'ry she hates, and paltry things,

Her Grace exclaims_" To


the time away Beside her deary, in their one-horse chaise,

“ I know not bow! Let John the coach preSits in plump state, her neighbours to amaze :

“ And yet Hyde Park, I solemnly declare (pare.-Their eldest offspring hires a quiet horse,

“ Is grown so stupid, and so vulgar too, And straight to Rotten Row directs his course;

“SI ENNUYANT! Good Hear'ns! what shall And as some WALKING citizens he views,

I do?

[please to ride Graciously stops, and asks them “ what's the

« Till ev’ning comes ?"_" Will your Grace news?"

[Jack." “ You've got a pretty horse, there,

“ To Kensington ?"_“ Name any place heside, “ D-d mettlesome," be

“ 'Twill please me better What, to view a set says,

“Of tradesmeu's wives, and so the hours forget! hack,

“No; help me dress, and I will haste to pay “I can assure you ; but Dang it, 'tis no fun To ride a stupid beast, like father's dun;

“Some morning visits, till 'tis time to say

“Grace o'er our stupid dinner; for I vow, “ Bye, bye-I cannot stay-'tis plaguy hot;

" I think the Duke is frantic! for some how * But this of fashion is the only spot.".

“He's grown of learned men, so fond, that we Now let us leave the city airs alone,

“ Scarce dine without we've authors two or To view the tradesman of the west end town :

Bebold the poult'rers, who St. James's grace, “ To help adorn our table! and at five,
And the King's butcher, with his smiling face; “We dine to-day!'Tis true, as I'm alive;
Saddlers, with bridles new, jog side by side; “Because, if later, there's two writers grent,
Whisp'ring each other, they the cits deride : “Who could not at our dinner take a seat!
But the purveyors who attend the great,

“ Poor book-worm souls! no learning could I
(For great men, like the humblest men, must eat) prize,
Know well each Duke, each Countess, Earl, or Which made me fashion and the laws despise :

" However, thank kind Heav'n, they'll soon be Who oft times Smiles instead of cash afford.

The pastry-cooks and hakers, fruit'rers here, “ Long ere the evening's dear delights come on :
Clad in best clothes, in Sunday state appear : "My heart is fix'd from Lady Spade to win
The grocer's lady, simply clad is seen ; .

“ An ample sum, this night, tho' 'tis a sin,
No fin'ry she adopts, but neat, and clean, “ Our chaplain says, on Sunday cards to play;
She says, is now much more genteel than show; “ Hear'n bless bis sober maxims! Let him pray
She finds the citizens extremely low

“And preach ; it is his prorince, pleasure oars, in actions, dress, and talk ; and doth declare, “On whom kind fortune er'ry blessing show'rs." Sooner she'd shave than wear such stiff-curld | Thos prattles the fair dame before her glass ;

hair! Her voice is gone, she’s most completely hoarse ; | With feign'd politeness, dinner guests she greets,

When dress'd, in visits doth the moments pass : Can any ign'rance be so bad, or worse

Tastes Liqueurs, talks but little, and less eats :
Than their's? They know not Duke nor

At length, when evening comes, the tables set,
She wonders what they do in Rotten Row ?

Loses three thousand in one thoughtless bet:

Pharo, Cassino, each by turns employ
Full twenty questions has she answer'd mild,

Her hours mispent, while both with loss annoy.
To that great stupid oaf, Old Dripping's child !
As “ who is she, who drives the four small | Encourage gaming, seeking time to slay;

Too much doth fashion, on this sacred day, greys ?

[bays ? « And who's that gentleman, with long-tail'd Better amusements for the languid mind;

Yet some of the HAUT TON, on Sabbaths find “Who's is that coach-and who the lovely girl,

Where Sunday concerts charm; where the sweet “ That turns her ponies with that charming whirl?"


Of matchless BILLINGTON, their joys proloog; “ Poor, clownish cit! he'd better keep at home;

Here too Italian cboristers attune « Or thro' fam'd Islington obscurely roam."

Melodious lays, and morning comes too 5000. Can these half-gentry the enjoyment know, At Lady FROLIC's neither song nor card That oft attends the servile and the low?

Her guests amuse, yet bours they disregard; The housemaid trim, with ribbons pink array'd, Here the gay youths of either sex are found; Enjoys this day, more than my lady's maid; Juvenile wirth, and harmless sports go rounds


Whimsical CONSEQUENCES — thoughts they || To fam'd Whiteconduit-house, or Chelsea gay, guess;

(press. Direct their course, while time flies swift away : And oft looks speak what words dare not ex The city 'prentice, bound to lower trades, A kind of gentry now, I needs must sing, To those lov'd haunts, his friend or sister leads; Who form'd to tread in fashion's golden ring, There cakes and ale afford a splendid treat; Are yet ungrac'd by title ; and their purse And youth the heavy hours can gaily cheat. Not over-stock’d, which makes their station | But, Oh! if rain the face of heav'n deforms,

Skies dark, unbroken, bode unceasing storms, Than theirs who labons at some gainful trade, Ah! then, wbat pleasure for the vacant mind ? Who oft look down on those, as wanting aid, What hopes to shew the muslin dress, desigo'd While they high distance keep. This day di-By taste and fashion, to ensnare the beart vine,

Of Billy Bodkin, and point Cupid's dart! They're seldom seen, save at Devotion's shrine : The city fair, wrapt in her morning gown, Not unaccomplish'd are this middling race;

Reads a new povel, and, in vapours thrown, And oft their daughters own each outward grace; Says she is indispos’d! While fond mamma, Their sons heroic, virtuous, brave, and wise,

Cannot appease the rage of stern papa ; Koow well the gifts of nature how to prize :

Who swears, girls were not thus when he was These in genteel retirement pass their life,

young ;

[sung, Unvex'd by passion, or her stormy strife ;

They were good housewives ; what if they ne'er Too high to mix in company that's low,

Or danc'd, or gabbl'a French, what matter? pray, Too proud the great to cringe to, or ta bow.

They made good wives, and work'd the live long

day.When er’ning comes, the tradesman's joy is o'er;

“ But Sunday, lovey, is no day to work;Dines late, nods in his chair, begins to snore;

“Why, I DECLARES, you're just like any Turk?! While Mrs. Splitplumb wakes lier drowsy dear, “Well! let her read good books, and ne'er again And cries, “ My love, you have forgot, I fear,

“ Borrow romances to distract her brain." “ That we must go to Mr. Crab's to tea!"

And yet the father feels as much unhing'd, “ Ay, Crab, the fishmonger !"-"Well, come

As when the gout his toe and finger twing'd : with me;

Watches the weather, while the rain still beats " There, GENTEAL company, we always see!

Hard on the sky-light, and his hope defeats : Neat Mrs. Splitplumb palates every dish;

He posts a page or two in his day-book ; Whispers ber husband." Each thing tastes like | And oft abroad he casts a wistful look ; FISH !"

The dinner past, nods in his elbow-chair, Her sponse the jest admires; the laugh goes || Starts in his sleep, and asks if weather's fair ? round;

While the shop gentry, beyond Temple Gate, All hail the lady as a wit profound :

Experience of their brother cit the fate; A PETIT-MAITRE-an attorney's clerk,

Minds equally uncultivated own, With rev'rence doth the lady's talents inark;

And poor the joy they fipd in rest alone.
Steps up, and asks her, how she lik'd the play

Sometimes the carriages to church genteel,
Acted last week ? for him he nacds must say,
He thought it poor insipid trash, quite low;

Yclept St. James's, their gay owners wheel;

With hair EN PAPILLOTES, the fair behold, And it must prove the author's overthrow.

Whose bair more oft is deek'd' with gems and gold; “ Iudeed, Sir," she replied, " I think with you,

But who, so vulgar, at a church would shine, “ I saw not one applaud-except a feir

And bring these off'rings due to fashion's shrine ? « Of tasteless creatures; who, no doubt, were paid "For what they did—yet

, 'twill

again be play'd. But, Ah! if rain the hapless 'prentice keeps " I went last night to Covent Garden-Oh!

At home; be almost with bis sorrow weeps ;

Confin'd the week, condemn'd from morn totre “ I think you'll laugh, when I shall let you know

To toil, and learn his wants how to relieve:

With joy, he looks for Sunday's dear retarn; “ The way I went!-wrapt in my bonnet close, “The filthy pit, would you believe, I chose ?

But pleasure's schemes bad weather must o'erturn; « For traly I am stingy lately grown ;

That day,when fine, the hope of his young breast,

And innocence with youth delights to rest. “ The boxes are so dear!So, quite unknown, “We crowded in: but do not me disgrace,

O day of sacred joy! ordain'd by Hear'n, “ By telling this-I then must hide my face.” Amongst its bounties, to creation giren;

May no fanatic frown ere damp thy bliss, The citizens at country boxes keep

Or innocent amusement deem amiss; 'Till Monday morning's dawn begins to peep;

Not for austerity this day was blest,
Their Sunday ev'nings pass o'er pipes and wine ; || But social gaiety and holy rest;
their wives and daughters walk, if weather's fine, Free trom licentiousness and noisy mirth,
Along the dusty road; then yawn at home,

Let each one own the Pow'r that gave three birth; 'Till supper's ready, wishing night was come.

When myriads sang around the Heav'nly Throne, This best of days enjoy a lower class,

While wond'rous good, the Seventh Day's rest Who toil the week-the lover and his lass,


S. G

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