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Latitude and longitude of places, etc.... 256 Merchants' Club for all nations...

516 of point Conception 633

and the money-mania.. Laudanum, excess of duties on.. Law of Usury..

71 Metals, import of precious, at Southampton. 237 59 Mexico, mineral production of...

519 “ journal of mer'lile. 66, 200, 340, 457, 582, 714 cuinage of gold and silver in mints.. 386 Lead mines, discovery in Califorvia of......

263
value of real estate of..

392 of Pensylvania..

120
payment of claims against..

735 Leather, patent, excess of duties on....

reven 'e and expenditures of. 742 Lehigh Canal, opening and closing of.. 261 Miners of California...

772 Levee dues, New Orleans... 89 Miami and Erie Canal shipments.

123 Liability of ship owners... 592 Mining in France and Belgium..

513 Life insurance, what is it?...

521
interest, the British..

264 Light-houses on coast of Maine. 129 Mines and mining in California..

647 Light-house in Gulf of Pozznoli..

368 Mining, journal of.... 111, 262, 370, 507, 643, 767 Light-houses, telegraph sigual ior.

633 Miut, U. 8., deposits and coinage of.. 238 in the castle of sisal ....

29
* and branches, expenses of..

100 Linen, manufucture of...

509 Miss'pi River & N. Y. canals, internal trade of 189 pocket-hand'chiefs, excess of dutes on. 71 Missouri, debt and finances of...

495 draper, epitaph on a.. 522 Mobile, cotton warehouses at.

266 as a substitute for culton..

644 Mogador point, signal for vessels entering... 634 Locomotive engine, a powerful

765 London banker, will or a..

506 Mohawk Valley Railroad..
249 Money matters...

233 and Westminster Bank.

Gray's nature of...

199 prices of breadstuffs at.

266

and business, humorous remarks on.. 781 cheap traveling to.... 506 Monrovia, Liberia, statistics of..

220 Legislation, l. beral commercial.. 720 Mustard, excess of duties on..

71 Letters, relating to directiou, &c., of.. 754 M. Nature of money, Gray's .

199 Maine, lumber trade of...

473

Nautical Intelligence.. 128, 254, 368. 485, 633, 773 stoppage of factories in.. 264 Navigation of Řio Janerio..

474 expense, etc., of state prison of.... 108

act, British, Rodet's report on....

23 ligbt-houses on coast of..

129
of Boston...

225 banking in

392
laws, the Britisb..

517 Mallerd's size ior cotton factories...

116
of Baltimore in 1850

228 Malta, vessels entering quarantine harbor.

New York, free banks of the State of.. 384 Manufactures of New York city, statistics of. 375

arrival of vessels at..

925 in Virginia, in 1850..

262
canal tolls for 1851..

642 74 exports of American.. Manufacture of hats, of the.

can'ıs, inter'l tr'de of Mis. Riv. and 189 370

Bhip building in..... flour in St. Louis.

263

statistics or Tobacco trade of..... 221 glass by machinery.

112
imports and exports of..

222 porcelain buttons.

111
ship building in city of..

514 glass animals....

508

canals, Commerce of...
of Linen

509
city banks, addition of...

604 Marble, Dubuque

264

value of property of State of..... 496 Marit me law, relating to freight.....

191 Marine Insurance, decision relating to....

internal improvement in State of. 34 202

156, 323, 447 Maryland, expenses of State Prison of.... 109

bank circulation of...

211 cotion factories of....

374 Mariners Compass

expenses, etc., of State prison of.. 109 634

incorporated banks of the State of 385 Massachusetts factories, statistics of.

117

valuution of property in State of., 608 condition of banks of..... 241-488

canals, tolls and tonnage of...... 447 Insurance Co. in. 490 statistics of railroads in...

266 valuation of property in.....

252
railroads, statistics of...

376 statistics of banks of...

603
cost of railroads in..

379 ex'ses, ect.. of State Prison of. 108

city, manufacturing industry of... 375 stoppage of factories in.. 264

city debt.....

245 merchant governor of....

265

commerce and navigation of..... 746 railroads in 1849..

499
life insurance. law of.

755 railroads, statistics in 1850, of.. 638

passengers arriving at.,

753 in’ease of we'th and pop'ion in 244 New Jersey, general banking law of.. 607 opening of railrvads of.. 758

manufacture of jewelry in..... 645 accident on railroads of..

759 Maury, Lt., notice to whalemen..

expenses, etc., of State prisons of 109 Maplin Sand, extension of...,

773 New Orleans, foundry and machine shops in. 645 634

tariff of insurance on cotton... 626 Mawdeslay's self-acting screw

506
marine insurance at..

634 Measure of value, (G, Bacon.)....

551
condition of banks of..

242 Medals and coins, great sale of...

497

Mint, California gold at the.... 96 Merchandise delivered to a second party....

459 New Hampshire, stoppage of factories in.... 264

expenses of State prisud of. 108 miscellanies. 130, 265, 393.515, 648, 778 Norway, commercial fleet of..

476 law, jour. of. 66, 200, 340, 457, 582, 714 Merchant, au honorable and honest.

0.

518
a candid, in New Orleans......... 520) Ohio wine....

396
philanthropist, and Christian..
Governor of Massachusetts.

expenses, etc., of State prison of. 109 265

80 the, an Oration........

“ hogs and beef cattle ip...
531, 681
statistics of railroads in....

640 an bonest...

515
death of a clothing...
46 debt and finances of...

105 131 the land of wheat and corn...

617 how he may braine a millionaire, 778 Merchants and agents, decision relating to...

* condition of banks of...

91, 487 72 6 finance and incorporations in..

739

127

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Mercantile agency.........

46

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516

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Ou from poppy seed......
647 | Railroads, progress of English...

565 * manufacture of Castor...

113
claim of two, to same track

340 " cloth factory at St. Louis..

511
of Ohio in 1851.

640 Onondaga Salt Springs, statistics of..

372

progress of, in Southern States... 637 Oregon, ship building in...

122
length, etc., lieorgia...

381 Oswego, imports of four, etc., at..

229
in India, necessity of...

642 Oyster trade in England..

783

effects of world's exhibition on... 643 of the world..

127 of Massachusetts in 1850...

638 insurance of passengers on..

505 Pacific coast, sailing directions for the.... 251

Pennsylvania

635 commercial supremocy of...

779

of Indiana... Patent law amendment of....

. 125, 261 769 Payment of claims against Mexico

length and cost of Pennsylvacia. 258 735

Regulations, Commercial 85, 230,363, 479, 624, 757 Paisley Shawls, manufacture of..

510
Revenue of public works...

347 Paris, price of breadstuffs at.....

266

and expenditure of Penn. in 1848-50 607 * cheap traveling to.......

506
of Great Britain..

496 Partnersbip, special, legal decision

66 Rhode Island, exp'ses, etc., of state prison of 108 Passages of Atlantic Steamships.

382

stoppage of factories in...... 264 Pawnbroking in Barcelona...

132
Rio Janerio, revenue, etc., of...

475 Peel's molives for advocating free t. ade....

522

commerce and navigation of.... 474 Pennsylvania Railroau....

635
commerce of....

621 banking capital of..

611
Rocks on coast of Japan.....

485 rates of toll on State works of.. 380 Rosewood boxes, excess of duty on.

70 expenses, etc. of State prison of 109 Russell, G. R., sketch of life of.

531 cost of trans’rtation of coal fr'm 646 Russia, tariff of....

232 revenue and expenditure of.... 607

498 increase of banking capital in.. 247

production of gold in..
length and cost of railroads in. 258

S.
copper and lead mines of...... 120
currency in 1723...

727

Sale of copyright of Scott's works.... 784 statistics of Union Canal of.... 762 Sailing direct's i'm Monterey to Col'bia Riv... 128 railroads, statistics of... 760

for Pacific coast... Pepper, adulteration of...

395

San Francisco, sketch of history & com'ce of. 540 Philadelphia, coinage of mint at........ 511, 238

port charges at...

232 exports of produce from

229
imports into ports of.

544 prices of breadstuffs at... 619

city finances.

246 sale of coins and medals at.... 497

commerce of...

362 trade and commerce of.... 747

commercial regulations of.... 631 Wilmington, etc., Railrond..... 793

trip from New York to..... 781 cattle market, statistics of...... 750 Sandwich Islands, commerce of...

748 Philosophy of advertizing..

394

Sardinia, to merchants trading with... 516 Plumbagu, discovery of in Virginia..

121
Savannah, enterprise of...

519 Political economy, the study of..

Sea coast, security of property on..

134 Population in Massachusetts, increase of.... 244

Shawls, manufacture of the Bay State. 373

122 earnings of working, of Belgium. 612 Ship building in Oregon.. Percelain buttons, manufacture of....

masters assistant, etc.. 111

460 Porto Rico, Commerce of...

363
owners, liability of..

592 tariff of......

365
" building in city of New York.

514 Portuguese vessels, duty on coffee and tea im

Shoals on coast of Japan...

485 ported in..

582 Shop keeper, early closing, to his customers. 519 Portland, foreign Commerce of..

361
Silver coins, mint value of...

94 Port charges at San Francisco...

232
coin, scarcity of.....

266, 392 Postage, pamphlet, to California...

mine in Vermont 90

122 Postage law of 1851...

481

how an appreciation would affect us... 277 Post-office regulations of Brazil.

90
rise in the price of...

275 Porznoli, new lighthouse in Gulf of... 368

coinage of mints in Mexico.

386 Preparation of flax...

118
and gold, relative value of..

19 Principles of free trade..

53
coinage at Rio Japerio...

497

129 Precious metals imported at Southampton..: 237 Sisal, light in the castle of..

Slave trade, the Brazilian.

650 Spain, foreign trade with Cadiz.

620 commercial regulations of....

230 Quickest trip from N. Y. to San Francisco... 784 Spanish and American coins, spurious... 237 Quicksilver mines of Mexico.... 512 Speculation, a novel....

522 i mining company.. 771 Speculations, description of...

781 mines of California..

772 South Carolina, condition of banks of. 240

• act of, rel'ing to inspection of R.

flour in..

366 debt and finances of.

107 Railroad, freight on the Columbia..

126
Bank of State of..

101, 490 statistics of Littte Miami..

383 Southampton, import o precious metals at. . 237 Statistics..., 123, 258, 376, 499, 635, 757 State prisons, revenue and expenditures of... 108 Fall River. 261 Steamers, ocean, shortest passages of.......

766 corporations, liabilities of. 458 Steam navigation in the Pacific.

124 law case....

205
“ England

642 Vermont and Massachusetts... 258

power of France..

643 Railroad car seats, head rust for.... 376 Steamboat and railroad line between New receipts of Rochester and Syracuse. 766 York and Boston...

260 Delaware and Hudson.....

757 Steamboat Statistics Railroads in California...

123, 258, 376, 499, 635, 757 766 Steamships building at New York.

382 opening of Massachusetts. 758 Steamship Arctic, Collin's..

126 accidents on Massachusetts... 759 Steamships, passages of the Atlantic.. 382

452, 700

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Steamships, British and American Mail...... 761 | United States, imports, exports, consumption
Steel, improvements in the manufacture of.. 767

and tonnage of, from 182)-50 212 Stenton's ingenious clock....

771

exports of provisions from.... 218 St. Louis, trade and commerce of, in 1850.... 298

treasury notes outstanding, 248 steam navigation of... 309

391, 497, 610, 743 statistics of...

300, 316

act of, regarding vessels from manufacture of flour in..

263

British provinces
oil-cloth factory at..

511
navigation laws of...

542 Stock market of Baltimore in 1850..

493

expenditures of government of 10: dividends paid in Roston.

239

exports of dry goods from..... 83 Suffolk Bank system of N. E... 316, 439, 577, 707

receipts and expenditures of.. 102 Sugars and sheep-skins, excess of duty on... 70

public debt of the....

102 Sugar manufactured from cucoanut...

120
timber lauds of...

71 invention in the manufacture of.

121

importation of breadstuffs into
making, process of..

119
from 1e21 to 1850.

215 Sweden, summary of statistics of..

194

commerce of each state and Swedish cloth or Swedish wool..

375
territory of....

615

100

mint, expenses of.. T.

mint of the..

98 Tariff, synopsis of Cuba

231

commercial cities, etc., of.. 298, 540 new Russian...

232

mint, deposits and coinage at. 238 moditications of the Austrian.

54
coinage at..

388 Tax and valuation of prop'ty in State of N. Y. 608

value of, and duties on, imTeas, culture in Brazil of..

265
ports into....

219 impurtation of, into V. S...

215

imports of dry goods into..... 208 Tea trade, statistics of China..

84

treasurer's statement of depos" export of tea from Shanghae to U. S... 749

its, etc

.390, 606, 737

559 Telegraph, Atlantic and Pacific..

611 mint, coinage of..

261 Timber shipped by Lehigh Canal..

91

erection of custom-houses in..
lanus, decision relating to.

71
coast survey of.........

369 Tobacco trade, statistics of, in N. Y.

221

condition of state b'ks in, 1850 598 statistics of..

84

treaty with Hawaiian Islands . 85 monopoly in Hungary

307

act of, reducing postage, etc... 481 exported from U. s. from 1844-50... 75

mint at Dahlonega..

740 Toledo, shipments un Miami Canal at. 123

vessels built in.

744 Toll on Pennsylvania Works, rales of. 380

finances of....

736 Trade, synopsis of principles of free..

53 etc., of Eastern Archipelago.

562

V. internal.

189 Value, mint, of gold and silver coins....... 94 of Australia.

478
measure of...

551 adulterations in.....

782
of bills of broken banks..

100 and traders of Bokhura..

520 Valuation of property in Massachusetts 252 Treasury notes, U. S. outstanding ::

218

“ property in the State of N. York 496 391, 497, 610, 743 Van Dieman's Land...

633 Varnish, manufacture of

114 Ventilator, patent fog screamer and.

257 Union, the past, present, and future, a brief Vermillion, etc., duties on.......

367 review reviewed....

.403, 659
excess of duties on...

70 66 Canal, statistics of.... 762 Vermont, a silver mine in....

122 condition of banks in dif. sections of. 732

and Massachusetts Railroad. 258 United States, law of appraisement of m'd'se. 479

expenses of State prison of... 108 co'merce of, with E. Indies, etc. 477

debt and finances of....

106 and Hawaiian Islands

85 Vessel, first American at London from Canton 393 appraisement of merchandise. 624 Vessels, arrival of, at New York...

225 importation of cuffee into, from

law of, from British provinces...

233 1790 to 1850.

216
built in U.S...

745 commerce and navigation of, Virginia, discovery of plumbago in..

121 in 1849-50..

351
condition of manufactures in.

262 domestic exports of......

352
debt and finances of...

103 dom'stic exp'rts to each foreign

tobacco trade, statistics of..

84 country...

353 Voyage, whaling, rights of pelty officer on a. 457 foreign m'd'se re-exp'rt'd from 354 imp'rts främ for'gn c'ntries into 355

W. commerce, with

all countries . 357 Washington, D.C., expenses of State prison of 109 navigation, with all countries. 358 Wealth, increase of, iu Massachusetts... toppage of the, in 1850........ exports of whalebone from.... 361 Weighing, etc., merchandise, treasury circular

752 treasury, coin in the....

relating to... 463

361 Whalebone, exports from U.S. of..... national character of vessels entering and clearing the..; 467 Whalernen, important notice to...... Whaling voyage, authority of a master on a.. 457

773 arrivals and cle'r'nc's of Ameri

622 Wheat, average price of, in France.. can and foreign vessels from each collection district of... 470 Wickersham's weaving wiie..

crops of Ohio....

618

769 treasury circular to ofticers of

Will, a London banker's..
customs...
624

247

396 Wine, the Ohio Catawba. lake trade of the... 217

492
Wisconsin, finances of State of..
treasurer's statement.

253
Wool, cloth of Swedish

375
importat ion of teas into, from
1790 to 1850...

368 215

Wrecks at Key West.
importation of coal into, from
1801 to 1850...

z.

214
exports of cutton and tobacco. 75 Zinc paint, new wbite...

121

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PAOL,

ARTICLES.
ART.
I. CALIFORNIA GOLD:

WITH REFERENCE TO THE RELATIVE VALUE OF GOLD AND SILVER. By Hon. GEORGE TUCKER, late professor in the University of Virginia. 19 II. BRITISH NAVIGATION ACT: A REPORT OF THE PARIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. By M. RODET,..

92 III, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK: A SKETCH OF

THE RISE, PROGRESS, AND PRESFNT CONDITION OF INTERNAL IMPROVE-
MENTS IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK. No. V. By Hon. A. C. Flagg, late
Controller of the State of New York...

34 IV. THE MERCANTILE AGENCY

46 V. THE PRINCIPLES OF FREE TRADE. By SAMUEL BEMAN, Esq., of New York....... 53 VI. THE LAW OF USURY. By J. C. COCHRANE, Esq., Counsellor at Law, of Rochester, New York

59 VIL. THE FIRST PLANK ROAD. By WILLIAM H. BOGART, Eeq., Member of the Legislatare of New York...

63 JOURNAL OF MERCANTILE LAW. Special Partners A Special Partnership is Dissolved by the Death of the Special Partner...... 66 Actions against the Collector of Customs of New York, to recover back Excess of Duties......

70 Law of Cutting Timber on Lands of the United States

71 Agents and Commission Merchants....

73 COMMERCIAL CHRONICLE AND REVIEW: EMBRACING A FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES, ETC., ILLUSTRA

TED WITH TABLES, ETC., AS FOLLOWS: The state of the Money Market-Probable decrease in the receipts of California Gold-Exports

of the United States--Exports of American Manufactures-Weight and Value of our Cotton Export-Exports of Rice and Tobacco-or Breadstuffs, Importations of Dry Goods into New York-Imports of the Port of New York-Commercial Policy of Great Britain-Quantities of Food and Material imported into Great Britain--Commercial advantages of England, etc.,,.73-79

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS. Imports and Exports of Cotion and Cotton Manufactures..........

80 Exports of Rice and Tobacco from United States...........................................

80 Statistics of Hogs and Beef Cattle in Ohio......

81 Trade and Commerce of Lake Champlain... Statistics of the Receipts at New York, and Exports of Cheese to Great Britain........... 82 Exports of Dry Goods from United States, 1848 to 1850......

83 Exports of Denmark .... Statistics of the Virginia Tobacco Trade from 1841 to 1850.

84 The China Tea Trade to September, 1850............

84 Foreign Commerce of France in 1850.......

84 VOL. XXIV.-10. I.

2

83 PAOB.

COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS. Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation, between the United States and the King of the Hawaiian Islands

85 New Orleans Levee and Wharfage Dues on Ships and Vessels.....................

89 Brazilian Post-office Regulations...

90 California Mails-Pamphlet Postage..

00 Erection of Custom-houses in the United States..........

91 JOURNAL OF BANKING, CURRENCY, AND FINANCE. Condition of Banks of Ohio, November, 1850

91 Counterfeit Gold Coin.....

93 Value of Gold and Silver Coins issued within Twenty-five Years past.

94 California Gold Received and Coined at the New Orleans Mint...

96 Deposits of American Gold at the Mint of the United States and Branches, from 1824 to 1850..

97 Coinage of the United States Mint and Branches to October 31, 1850..

98 The Mint of the United States......

98 Import and Export of Coin and Bullion from 1821 to 1850........................

99 Value of Taxable Property in Kentucky........

99 Expenses of United States Mint and Branches in each year from 1794 to 1850....

100 Value of Bills of Broken Banks in the United States

100 Expenditures of the Government of the United States from 1825 to 1850....

101 The Bank of South Carolina...

101 Receipts and Expenditures of the United States for year ending June 30th, 1850.

102 Public debt of the United States...

102 Debt and Finances of Virginia, September, 1850.

103 New Feature in British Banking..

104 Debt and Finances of Ohio in 1850.

105 Debt and Finances of Vermont in 1850.

106 Debt and Finances of South Carolina in 1850.

107 Revenues and Expenditures of State Prisons in the United States.....

108 Scarcity of Silver Coin...

110 Debt and Finances of Arkansas.-Debt and Finances of Texas..

111 JOURNAL OF MINING AND MANUFACTURES. Manufacture of Porcelain Buttons. By Tuomas PROSSER..

111 Manufacture of Glass by Machinery..... American and East India Castor Oil

................ 112

113 Different sorts of Copal Varnish found in the Market, and the mode of preparing Copal Varnish 114 Mallard's Patent Size for Manufacturers...

116 Massachusetts Factories, Products, etc..................

117 Preparation of Flax on the Unsteeped Process...

118 Patent Cordage Machine, or Portable Rope Walk..

119 Process of Sugar Making.- Improved Cotton and Wool Cards...

119 Gold and Lead Mines of Pennsylvania.-Breweries and Distilleries...

120 Manufacture of Sugar from the Cocoanut......

120 Invention in the Manufacture of Sugars.--New White Zinc Paint

121 World's ladustrial Convention.-Discovery of Plumbago in Virginia..

121 Frauds by Foreign Manufacturers.-Ship Building in Oregon.... Silver Mine in Vermont.- Manufacture of Coutinuous Railroad Iron...

122 RAILROAD, CANAL, AND STEAMBOAT STATISTICS. Miami and Erie Canal at Toledo, 1849-50..

123 British Steam Navigation in the Pacific.

124 Railroad Enterprise in Indiana.- Travel on the Hudson River Railroad..

125 Freight on the Columbia Railroad.-Illinois and Michigan Capal in 1848-49-50..

126 Collins' Steamship Arctic Commerce of the New York Canals in 1848-49-50.-The Railwaye of the World.....

197 NAUTICAL INTELLIGENCE. Catadioptric Light on top of the Light-house of Scheveningen......

128 Sailing Directions from Monterey to Columbia River.........

128 Two Light-houses on the coast of Maine....

129 Sea Beacon on Grak lubben Rock.-Light in the Castle of Sisal.

129 MERCANTILE MISCELLANIES. Adulterated Drugs and Medicines Death of Lewis, the large Clothing Mercbant................................................

130

131 Information relating to impost wanted.. Pawnbroking in Barcelona.--Filterer for Sea Water... Abuses of the Credit System

132

133 How to Reform a Dishonest Clerk...

134 Enterprise and Benevolence.- Security of Life and Property on our Seacoast.

134 TIE BOOK TRADE. Notices of new, works or new editions of old works....... Testimonials as to the character of the Merobants' Magazine from Distinguished Statesmen. 143-144

..135-142

122

...... 126

**....... 132

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