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upon the

taxed.

sor, and as far as practicable, conformably to those which may be required for the same purpose, under the authority of the respective states. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That if any person as aforesaid,

Assessors may shall not be prepared to exhibit a written list when required, and shall

write the lists

forconsent to disclose the particulars of any and all the lands, lots of ground mation of the with their improvements, dwelling houses and slaves, taxable as aforesaid, persons to be then, and in such case, it shall be the duty of the officer to make such list, which being distinctly read and consented to, shall be received as the list of such person.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That if any such person shall Penalties for deliver or disclose to any assessor appointed in pursuance of this act,

giving in fraud

ulent lists. and requiring a list or lists as aforesaid, any false or fraudulent list, with intent to defeat or evade the valuation or enumeration hereby intended to be made, such person so offending, and being thereof convicted before any court having competent jurisdiction, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, nor less than one hundred dollars, at the discretion of the court, and shall pay all costs and charges of prosecution; and the valuation and enumeration required by this act, shall, in all such cases, be made as aforesaid upon lists according to the form above described, to be made out by the assessors respectively, which lists the said assessors are hereby authorized and required to make, according to the best information they can obtain, and for the purpose of making which they are hereby authorized to enter into and upon all and singular the premises respectively; and from the valuation and enumeration so made, there shall be no appeal.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That in case any person shall be Absentees to absent from his place of residence, at the time an assessor shall call to be required in receive the list of such person, it shall be the duty of such assessor to

writing to sur

nish lists. leave at the house or place of residence of such person, a written note or memorandum, requiring him to present to such assessor, the list or lists required by this act, within ten days from the date of such note or memorandum.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That if any person, on being Property to be notified or required as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to give such list valued by as

where or lists as aforesaid, within the time required by this act, it shall be the

the parties reduty of the assessor for the assessment district, within which such person fuse or neglect shall reside, and he is hereby authorized and required to enter into, and to give in lists. upon the lands, dwelling houses and premises, if it be necessary, of such person so refusing or neglecting, and to make, according to the best information which he can obtain, and on his own view and information, such lists of the lands, lots of ground with their improvements, dwelling houses and slaves, owned, possessed or under the care or management of such person, as are required by this act; which lists, so made, and subscribed by such assessor, shall be taken and reputed as good and sufficient lists of the persons and property for which such person is to be taxed, for the purposes of this act; and the person so failing or neglecting, unless in case of sickness or absence from home, shall moreover forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars, to be recovered for the use of the United States, with costs of suit, in any court having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That whenever there shall be in Property of any assessment district, any property, lands, lots of ground, dwelling persons not liv

ing in the dishouses or slaves, not owned or possessed by, or under the care or man- tricts may be agement of any person or persons within such district, and liable to be assessed by astaxed as aforesaid, and no list of which shall be transmitted to the prin- sessors. cipal assessor in the manner provided by this act, it shall be the duty of the assessor for such district, and he is hereby authorized and required to enter into and upon the real estate, if it be necessary, and take such view thereof, and of the slaves of such absent persons, of which lists are required, and to make lists of the same according to the form pre

sessors

scribed by this act, which lists, being subscribed by the said assessor, shall be taken and reputed as good and sufficient lists of such property

under and for the purposes of this act. Property may Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the owners, possessors, or be assessed in the districts

persons having the care and management of lands, lots of ground, dwellwhere the own- ing houses and slaves, not lying or being within the assessment district ers reside, in which they reside, shall be permitted to make out and deliver the list though the prothereof required by this act, (provided the assessment district in which perty is in other dis- the said objects of taxation lie or be is therein distinctly stated) at the tricts.

time and in the manner prescribed to the assessor of the assessment district wherein such persons reside. And it shall be the duty of the assistant assessors in all such cases to transmit such lists at the time and in the manner prescribed for the transmission of the lists of the objects of taxation lying and being within their respective assessment districts to the principal assessor of their collection district, whose duty it shall be to transmit them to the principal assessor of the collection district wherein the said objects of taxation shall lie or be, immediately after the receipt thereof, and the said lists shall be valid and sufficient for the purposes of this act; and on the delivery of every such list the person making and delivering the same, shall pay to the assistant assessor one dollar, one half whereof he shall retain to his own use, and the other half thereof he shall pay over to the principal assessor of his district for

the use of such principal assessor. Lists to be Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the lists aforesaid shall be taken with re- taken with reference to the day fixed for that purpose by the act or acts ference to the of Congress laying the tax or taxes; and the assistant assessors respected by acts of ively, after collecting the said lists, shall proceed to arrange the same, Congress. and to make two general lists, the first of which shall exhibit in alpha

betical order, the names of all persons liable to pay a tax under the authority of the United States, residing within the assessment district, together with the value and assessment of the objects liable to taxation within such district for which each such person is liable to pay a direct tax and whenever so required by the principal assessor, the amount of direct tax, payable by each person on such objects under the state laws imposing direct taxes; and the second list shall exhibit in alphabetical order, the names of all persons residing out of the collection district, owners of property within the district, together with the value and assessment thereof, or amount of direct tax due thereon as aforesaid. The forms of the said general lists shall be devised and prescribed by the principal assessor, and lists taken according to such form shall be made out by the assistant assessors, and delivered to the principal assessor within sixty days after the day fixed by the act of Congress requiring lists from individuals. And if any assistant assessors shall fail to perform any duty assigned by this act, within the time prescribed by his precept, warrant, or other legal instructions, not being prevented therefrom by sickness or other unavoidable accident, every such assessor shall be discharged from office, and shall moreover forfeit and pay two hundred dollars, to be recovered for the use of the United States in any

court having competent jurisdiction, with costs of suit. Appeals may

Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That immediately after the valuabe had from the tions and enumerations shall have been completed as aforesaid, the valuations fixed by assessors.

principal assessor in each collection district shall, by advertisement in some public newspaper, if any such there be in such district, and by written notifications to be publicly posted up in at least four of the most public places in each assessment district, advertise all persons concerned of the place where the said lists, valuations, and enumerations may be seen and

examined; and that during twenty-five days after the publication of the Conditions. notification as aforesaid, appeals will be received and determined by

him relative to any erroneous or excessive valuations or enumerations by

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the assessor. And it shall be the duty of the principal assessor in each collection district, during twenty-five days after the date of public notification to be made as aforesaid, to submit the proceedings of the assess

Lists to be ors, and the lists by them received or taken as aforesaid, to the inspection open for inspecof any or all persons who shall apply for that purpose; and the said principal assessors are hereby authorized to receive, hear, and determine, in a summary way, according to law and right, upon any and all appeals which may be exhibited against the proceedings of the said assessors: Provided always, That the question to be determined by the principal assessor, on an appeal respecting the valuation of property, shall be, whether the valuation complained of be or be not in a just relation or proportion to other valuations in the same assessment district. And all appeals to the principal assessors as aforesaid, shall be made in writing, and shall specify the particular cause, matter, or thing respecting which a decision is requested; and shall moreover state the ground or principle of inequality or error complained of; and the principal assessor shall have power to re-examine and equalise the valuations as shall appear just and equitable; but no valuation shall be increased without a previous notice of at least five days to the party interested to appear and object to the same, if he judge proper; which notice shall be given by a note in writing, to be left at the dwelling house of the party by such assessor as the principal assessor shall designate for that purpose.

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That whenever the quotas or por- Where countions of direct tax payable by the states respectively, shall be laid and ties contain apportioned by law on the counties or state districts, and such county

assessment disor counties, state, district or districts, shall contain more than one assess trict, then the ment district, then and in that case, the principal assessor shall have requisite appor

tionments may power, on examination of the lists rendered by the assistant assessors according to the provisions of this act, to revise, adjust, and equalise the valuations of lands, lots of ground with their improvements, dwelling houses and slaves between such assessment districts, by deducting from or adding to either such a rate per centum as shall appear just and equitable.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That immediately after hearing Lists of the appeals, and adjusting and equalising the valuations according to the property taxed

to be made out. provisions of the preceding section, the principal assessors respectively shall make out lists containing the sums payable according to the assessments aforesaid, and according to the provisions of this act, upon every object of taxation within their respective districts, so as to raise upon the county or counties, state, district or districts, contained within the collection districts established by this act, for which they are respectively appointed, the quota of the direct tax laid by the United States, which shall have been imposed on such county or counties, state, district or districts, by the law laying such direct tax; which lists shall contain the name of each person residing within the collection district liable to pay the direct tax, or of the person residing within the said district and having the care or superintendence of property lying within the said district, which is liable to the payment of said tax, where such person or persons are known, together with the sum payable by each such person or persons aforesaid on account of the said direct tax as aforesaid. And where there is any property within any collection district, liable to the payment of the direct tax, not owned or occupied by or under the superintendence of any person resident therein, there shall be a separate list of such property, specifying the sums payable, and the names of the respective proprietors, where known.

Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That each of the collectors to be Assessors to appointed as aforesaid, shall, within sixty days from the day on which furnish collecthe principal assessors shall have received the lists from the assistant as- able Jists. sessors, be furnished by the principal assessors with one or more of the

tors with tax

lists prepared in conformity with the preceding sections by the principal assessor, signed and certified by such assessor. And each collector on receiving a list as aforesaid, shall subscribe three receipts, one of which shall be given on a full and correct copy of such list, which list and, receipt shall remain with the principal assessor and be open to the inspection of any person who may apply to inspect the same; and the other two receipts shall be given on aggregate statements of the lists aforesaid, exhibiting the gross amount of taxes to be collected in each county or state district contained in the collection district; one of which aggregate statements and receipts shall be transmitted to the Secretary,

and the other to the Comptroller of the Treasury. Bonds to be

Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That each collector, before given, and to receiving any list as aforesaid for collection, shall give bond, with one or be approved of more good and sufficient sureties, to be approved by the Comptroller of by the Comp- the Treasury, in at least double the amount of the taxes assessed in the

of the Treasury. collection district for which he may be appointed; which bond shall be

payable to the United States with condition for the true and faithful discharge of the duties of his office according to law, and particularly for the due collection and payment of all moneys assessed upon such district; and said bond shall be transmitted to and deposited in the office

of the Comptroller of the Treasury. Assessed taxes Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That the taxes so assessed, shall to remain a lien be and remain a lien upon all lands and other real estate, and all slaves upon the es- of the individuals who may be assessed for the same, during two years tates of persons to which they after the time it shall become due and payable; and the said lien shall belong. extend to each and every part of all tracts or lots of land or dwelling

houses, notwithstanding the same may have been divided or alienated in

part. Collectors may

Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That each collector shall be appoint, depui authorized to appoint, by an instrument of writing under his hand and

held responsible for seal, as many deputies as he may think proper, assigning to each their conduct. such deputy, by that instrument of writing, such portion of his col

lection district as he may think proper; and also to revoke the powers of any deputy, giving public notice thereof in that portion of the district assigned to such deputy. And each such deputy shall have the like authority in every respect to collect the tax so assessed within the portion of the district assigned to him, which is by this act vested in the collector himself; but each collector shall in every respect, be responsible both to the United States and to individuals, as the case may be, for all moneys collected, and for every act done as deputy collector by any

of his deputies, whilst acting as such: Provided, That nothing herein Proviso.

contained shall prevent any collector from collecting himself the whole

or any part of the tax so assessed and payable in his district. Public notice Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That each of the said collectors, to be given of or his deputies, shall, within ten days after receiving his collection list, the times and advertise in one newspaper printed in his collection district, if any there Collectors will be, and by notifications to be posted up in at least four public places in attend, &c. &c. his collection district, that the said tax has become due and payable, and

state the times and places at which he or they will attend to receive the same, which shall be within twenty days after such notification; and with respect to persons who shall not attend, according to such notifications, it shall be the duty of each collector, in person, or by deputy, to apply once at their respective dwellings within such district, and there demand the taxes payable by such persons, which application shall be made within sixty days after the receipt of collection lists by the collectors; and if the said taxes shall not be then paid, or within twenty days thereafter, it shall be lawful for such collector and his deputies to pro ceed to collect the said taxes by distress and sale of the goods, chatiels, or effects of the persons delinquent as aforesaid, with a commission of

lic account.

eight per centum upon the said taxes to and for the use of such collec- Tools or imtor: Provided, That it shall not be lawful to make distress of the tools plements of

trade and beasts or implements of a trade or profession, beasts of the plough necessary of the plough for the cultivation of improved lands, arms or household furniture, or and household apparel necessary for a family.

furniture, not to

be distrained. Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That whenever goods, chattels,

Property in or effects, sufficient to satisfy any tax upon dwelling houses or lands, certain cases and their improvements, owned, occupied, or superintended by persons,

advertised for

sale to satisfy known and residing within the same collection district, cannot be found, taxes to be purthe collector having first advertised the same for thirty days in a news chased by colpaper printed within the collection district, if such there be, and having

lectors on pubposted up in at least ten public places within the same, a notification of the intended sale, thirty days previously thereto, shall proceed to sell, at public sale, so much of the said property as may be necessary to satisfy the taxes due thereon, together with an addition of twenty per centum to the said taxes. And if the property so advertised for sale, cannot be sold for the amount of the tax due thereon, with the said ad. ditional per centum thereto, the collector shall purchase the same in behalf of the United States, for the amount aforesaid: Provided, That the Proviso. owner or superintendent of the property aforesaid, after the same shall have been as aforesaid advertised for sale, and before it shall have been actually sold, shall be allowed to pay the amount of the tax thereon, with an addition of ten per centum on the same, on the payment of which, the sale of the said property shall not take place: Provided also, That the owners, Redemption their heirs, executors, or administrators, or any person in their behalf,

of lands sold

for taxes. shall have liberty to redeem the lands and other property sold as aforesaid, within two years from the time of sale, upon payment to the collector, for the use of the purchaser, his heirs or assigns, of the amount paid by such purchaser with interest for the same at the rate of twenty per centum per annuin; and no deed shall be given in pursuance of such sale, until the time of redemption shall have expired; and the collector shall render a distinct account of the charges incurred in offering and advertising for sale such property, and shall pay into the treasury the surplus, if any there be, of the aforesaid addition of twenty per centum, or ten per centum, as the case may be, after defraying the said charges.

Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That with respect to property Property of lying within any collection district, not owned, occupied, or superintend- non-residents,

how to be dealt ed by some person residing therein, and on which the tax shall not have with. been paid to the collector within ninety days after the day on which he shall have received thc collection list from the principal assessor, the collector shall transmit lists of the same to one of the collectors within the same state, to be designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury. And the collector who shall have been thus designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall transmit receipts for all the lists received as aforesaid, to the collector transmitting the same, and the collectors thus designated in each state by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall cause notifications of the taxes due as aforesaid, and contained in the lists thus transmitted to them, to be published for sixty days in at least one of the newspapers published in the state ; and the owners of the property on which such taxes may be due, shall be permitted to pay to such collector the said tax with an addition of ten per centum thereon: Pro- Proviso. vided, Such payment is made within one year after the day on which the collector of the district where such property lies, had notified that the tax had become due on the same. Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That when any tax, as aforesaid,

Steps to be shall have remained unpaid for the term of one year as aforesaid, the taken with procollector in the state where the property lies, and who shall have been phi ha

which tax is undesignated by the Secretary of the Treasury as aforesaid, having first paid for twelve advertised the same for sixty days, in at least one newspaper in the state, months.

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