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of this act to
sued for and recovered in the name of the United States, or of the collector within whose district any such fine, penalty, or forfeiture, shall have been incurred, by bill, plaint, or information, one moiety thereof to the use of the United States, and the other moiety thereof to the use of the person, who, if a collector, shall first discover, if other than a collector, shall first inform, of the cause, matter or thing, whereby any such fine, penalty or forfeiture, shall have been incurred; and where the cause of action or complaint shall arise or accrue more than fifty miles distant from the nearest place by law established for the holding of a
district court, within the district in which the same shall arise or accrue, Jurisdiction such suit and recovery may be had before any court of the state, of utile courts. holden within the said district, having jurisdiction in like cases. Colloc::8 to
Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That the collector shall furnish furnish a copy
one copy of this act to each person liable to pay a duty under the same, certain persons. within the collection district, that may apply therefor, and shall advertise
in a newspaper, or post up notices at the courthouses therein, of his
instruction to furnish the same. Taxes pledged. Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That towards establishing an
adequate revenue to provide for the payment of the expenses of government; for the punctual payment of the public debt, principal and interest, contracted and to be contracted, according to the terms of the contracts, respectively: and for creating an adequate sinking fund, gradually 10 reduce and eventually to extinguish, the public debt contracted and to be contracted, the rates and duties laid and imposed by this act shall continue to be laid, levied, and collected, during the present war between the United States and Great Britain, and until the purposes aforesaid shall be completely accomplished. And for the effectual application of the revenue to be raised by and from the said duties to the purposes aforesaid, in due form of law, the faith of the United States is hereby pledged. Provided always, That whenever Congress shall deem it expedient to alter, reduce or change, the said duties, or either of them, it shall be lawful so to do, upon providing and substituting by law at the same time, and for the same purposes, other duties, which shall be equally productive
with the duties, so altered, reduced or changed. The duties Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That so long as the duties, here laid by this act in imposed on each of the foregoing descriptions of goods, wares, and to be considered as additional merchandise, shall continue to be laid, the duties at present payable on to those already the like description of goods, wares and merchandise, imported into the laid.
United States, shall not be discontinued or diminished, and the faith of the United States is hereby pledged for the continuance of the same until this act shall be repealed.
APPROVED, January 18, 1815. STATUTE III. Jan. 18, 1815. Chap. XXIII.-An Act to provide additional revenues for defraying the expenses [Repealed.]
of government, and maintaining the public credit, by laying duties on household
furniture, and on gold and silver watches. 1815, ch. 91. Duty imposed. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America, in Congress assembled, That there shall be and hereby is imposed an annual duty on all household furniture kept for use, the value of which, in any one family, with the exception of beds, bedding, kitchen furniture, family pictures, and articles made in the family from domestic materials, shall exceed two hundred dollars in money, accord
ing to the following scale : Specific arti
If not exceeding four hundred dollars, one dollar. . cles taxed.
If above four hundred and not exceeding six hundred dollars, one dollar and fifty cents.
If above six hundred and not exceeding one thousand dollars, three dollars.
If above one thousand and not exceeding fifteen hundred dollars, six Specific arti
cles taxed. dollars.
If above fifteen hundred and not exceeding two thousand dollars, ten dollars.
If above two thousand and not exceeding three thousand dollars, seventeen dollars,
is above three thousand and not exceeding four thousand dollars, twentyeight dollars.
If above four thousand and not exceeding six thousand dollars, fortyfive dollars.
If above six thousand and not exceeding nine thousand dollars, seventyfive dollars.
If above nine thousand dollars, one hundred dollars: which duty shall be paid by the owner of the said household furniture.
T'hat there shall be, and hereby is, likewise imposed an annual duty of two dollars on every gold watch kept for use, and of one dollar on every silver watch kept for use, which duty shall be paid by the owner thereof. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever lists of property
Lists of the
value of houseshall hereafter be taken in any collection district, under a general assess
hold property, ment therein by the assistant assessors, as required by the “ Act for the as classed by assessment and collection of direct taxes, and internal duties,” passed the first section July the twenty-second, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, or by of this act, to
be added to lists any other act, passed or to be passed, lists of the value of the household taken under a furniture, as classed by the first section of this act, with the number former one. and description of watches, within such collection district, belonging to
Act of July
22, 1813, ch. 16. each person therein taxable as aforesaid, with the name of the owner or agent, shall be made out in writing by such person or his agent, and delivered to the assistant assessor, at the time of his application therefor, which shall be the same time as that prescribed in the act then in force, for the delivery of the lists therein required to be delivered; and the said assistant assessor is hereby empowered and directed to apply therefor at the dwelling of said person, or his agent, at the said time. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, if any person or agent, as
Lists to be
taken by assistaforesaid, shall not be prepared to exhibit a written list when required, and shall consent to disclose the value of any and all the said household in certain cases, furniture, and the number of watches, as aforesaid, in such case it shall be the duty of the assistant assessor to make such list, which being distinctly read and assented to, shall be received as the list aforesaid of such person, and be certified as such by the said assistant assessor. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That if any such person or agent
Penalties for shall deliver or disclose to any assessor any false or fraudulent list, with giving in fraudintent to defeat or evade the purposes of this act, such person or agent shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars, to be recovered in any court having competent jurisdiction. Sp.c. 5. And be it further enacted, That in case any person, whether
Persons absent owner or agent as aforesaid, shall be absent from his place of residence when the at the time an assistant assessor shall apply to receive the list of such officers call, to person, it shall be the duty of such assessor, to leave at the house or furnish lists of
their property, place of residence of such person, a written note or memorandum,
under penaltics. requiring him to present to such assessor the list aforesaid, within ten days from the date of such note or memorandum; and if any person, on being notified or required as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to give such list as aforesaid, within such time, it shall be the duty of the said assessor, to make, according to the best information which he can obtain, such lists, which lists, so made and subscribed by such assessor, shall be received as the lists aforesaid of such person; and the person so failing or neglecting, unless in case of sickness or absence from home, shall, moreover, forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the several assistant asses perfected, to be
sors in each of the said collection districts shall deliver the lists aforesaid delivered by the assistant to the to the principal assessor, within the time prescribed by the thirteenth principal asses- section of the “ Act for the assessment and collection of direct taxes and
Act of July internal duties," passed twenty-second of July, eighteen hundred and 22, 1813, ch. 16. thirteen, for the delivery of the lists therein designated : Provided, That Proviso. if the said time be altered by any act subsequently passed, such delivery
shall be within the time last prescribed there'or. General lists Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the respective principal to be made out by principal as
assessors shall make out, according to the lists received from the assistant assessors, a general list or lists of all persons taxable as aforesaid, specifying the name of the owner or agent, the valuation of the household furniture, with the number and description of the watches as aforesaid, and the duty payable on each; which list or lists shall be made out in alphabetical order, for each county or smaller division of a collection dis
trict, as may be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury. Collectors to
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That each of the collectors of the be furnished by direct taxes and internal duties, for the collection districts aforesaid, shall, principal asses- within sixty days from the day on which the principal assessor shall have sors with lists.
received the said lists from the assistant assessors, be furnished by the principal assessor with one or more of the lists prepared in conformity with the preceding section, by the principal assessor, signed and certified by him. And each collector, on receiving a list as aforesaid, shall subscribe three receipts; one of which shall be given on a full and correct copy of such list, which list and receipt shall remain with the principal assessor, and be open to the inspection of any person who may apply to inspect the same: and the other two receipts shall be given on aggregate statements of the lists aforesaid, exhibiting the gross amount of each of the aforesaid duties, to be collected in each county or state district contained in the collection district; one of which aggregate statements and receipts shall be transmitted to the commissioner of the revenue, and the
other to the comptroller of the treasury. Collectors to
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That each of the said collectors, give public notice of taxes.
or his deputies, shall, within ten days after receiving his list agreeably to Act of July the “ Act for the assessment and collection of direct taxes and internal 22, 1813, ch. 16. duties," passed twenty-second [of] July, eighteen hundred and thirteen,
or agreeably to any act subsequently passed or to be passed, advertise in one newspaper printed in his collection district, if any there be, and by notifications to be posted up in at least four public places in his collection district, that the said duties have become due and payable, and state the times and places at which he or they will attend to receive the same, which shall be within twenty days after such notification: and with respect to persons who shall not attend, according to such notification, it shall be the duty of each collector, in person or by deputy, to apply once at their respective dwellings within such district, and there demand the duties payable by such persons, which application shall be made within sixty days after the receipt of the said lists by the collector; and if the said duties shall not be then paid, or within twenty days thereafter, it shall be the duty of such collector and his deputies to proceed to collect the said duties, by distress and sale of the goods, chattels, or effects, of the persons delinquent; and in case of such distress, it shall be the duty of the officer charged with the collection to make, or cause to be made, an account of the goods or chattels which may be distrained, a copy of which, signed by the officer making such distress, shall be left with the owner or possessor of such goods, chattels, or effects, or at his dwelling, with a note of the sum demanded, and the time and place of sale ; and the said cfficer shall forth with cause a notification to be publicly posted up at two of the taverns nearest to the residence of the person whose property shall be distrained, or of his agent, or at the courthouse of the same county,
if not more than ten miles distant, which notice shall specify the articles distrained, and the time or place proposed for the sale thereof; which time shall not be less than ten days from the date of such notification, and the place proposed for sale not more than five miles distant from the place of making such distress: Provided, That in any case of distress for Proviso. the payment of the duties aforesaid, the goods, chattels, or effects so distrained, shall and may be restored to the owner or possessor, if, prior to the sale thereof, payment or tender thereof shall be made to the proper officer charged with the collection, of the full amount demanded, together with such fee for levying, and such sum for the necessary and reasonable expenses of removing and keeping the goods, chattels, or effects, so distrained, as may be allowed in like cases by the laws or practice of the state or territory wherein the distress shall have been made; but in case of non-payment or tender as aforesaid, the said officer shall proceed to sell the said goods, chattels, or effects, at public auction, and shall and may retain from the proceeds of such sales, the amount demandable for the use of the United States, with the necessary and reasonable expenses of distress and sale, and a commission of five per centum thereon for his own use, rendering the overplus, if any there be, to the person whose goods, chattels, or effects, shall have been distrained, or to his agent: Provided, That it shall not be lawful to make distress of the tools or im
Proviso. plements of a trade or profession, beasts of the plough necessary for the cultivation of improved lands, arms, or apparel necessary for a family.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of every owner, or his agent, of household furniture, or watches as aforesaid, property, &c. to within a collection district of any state in which said collection district furnish lists, &c. lists of property shall not, under a general assessment therein, have been directed by law to be taken previously to the month of February in any year, by the assistant assessors, conformably to the act, entitled “An act Act of July for the assessment and collection of direct taxes and internal duties," 22, 1813, ch. 16. passed the twenty-second of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen; or to any act subsequently passed, to transmit during the said month of February in said year, to the principal assessor for the said collection district, a list in writing, stating the value of the household furniture, with the number and description of watches, owned or possessed by such person; on failure to do which, every such person, whether owner or agent, shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars. And it shall be the duty of the principal assessor to cause a written or printed notice to be left, previons to the said month, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, at every inhabited house within the collection district, requiring every person to make out and render the lists annually as aforesaid. And it shall be the duty of the principal assessor, every year, within sixty days after the expiration of said month, to make out, and deliver to the collector, lists in the manner prescribed by the seventh and eighth sections of this act, and of the collector, thereupon to proceed in all respects as is required by the eighth and ninth sections of this act, in cases where lists as aforesaid shall have been taken by the assistant assessors, excepting so far as regards the times of paying the said duties, and of notifying and applying for the same, all of which shall be the sanie as those fixed in relation to the then existing direct tax becoming due.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the preceding Provisions of section of this act, shall, under the penalty thereby provided, be observed the preceding in, and shall apply to the several collection districts within the territories,
scction to apply or districts, wherein no direct tax is laid, excepting that the collectors therein shall perform all the duties required thereby to be performed by the principal assessors: Provided, That instead of the receipt of the Proviso. collector, to the lists received from the principal assessor, the collector shall affix thereto a certificate, that the same is correct, and shall lodge with the marshal for the district, the copy of the general list, which
ture is em.
would otherwise have remained with the principal assessor, which list shall remain with the marshal, and be open to the inspection of any person who may apply to inspect the same: And provided, That the times for paying the said duties in such collection district, and of notifying and applying for the same, shall be the same relatively to the date of such certificate, as in the other collection districts they are required to be
relatively to the date of the collector's receipt. Lists of house- Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That in case any person shall be hold furniture to be furnished
the owner of household furniture, a part of which shall be in one house by owners for and a part in another, the valuation of each part thereof shall be distinctly their houses, made. separately.
Séc. 13. And be it further enacted, That within the meaning of What furni
this act, household furniture shall be considered as including pictures, braced by this plate, clocks and time-pieces, (except watches) and as excluding books, law.
maps, and philosophical apparatus. Furniture belonging to chari
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, 'That the objects taxed as aforesaid tabic literary in which shall belong to any charitable, religious or literary institution, or stitutions, &c. which shall belong to the United States, or any state or territory, or shall exempt.
be permanently cr specially exempted from taxation, at the time of the passing of this act, by the laws of the state or territory wherein the same may be situate, shall be exempted from the aforesaid valuation and speci
fication and from the duties aforesaid. Where there Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That in cases in which it may is a doubt who be doubtful who is chargeable with the duties aforesaid, they shall be paid is the owner, the possessors by the person in whose possession the articles taxed shall have been at
the time of ascertaining the said duties, except where such person or his agent cannot, at the time of collecting the same, be found within the collection district in which they were ascertained, in which case they
shall be paid by the person then in possession of such articles. Errors how to
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That in case any errors shall be corrected.
be committed in collecting, making out, or rendering the lists aforesaid by the assistant or principal assessors, or the collectors, the same may and shall be corrected in such way and within such time as shall be
prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. Collectors to
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That every collector shall give give receipts of what tenor.
receipts for all sums by him collected under this act, which shall specify the value of the household furniture, with the number and description of
watches, for which a duty shall have been paid. Forms to be Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That the forms of lists and notificaprescribed by
tions required by this act, shall be prescribed by the Treasury Department. Treasury Department.
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall forcibly Obstructing obstruct or hinder any officer in the execution of this act, or of any of officers.
the powers or authorities hereby vested in him, the person so offending
shall forfeit and pay the sum of two hundred dollars. Penalties on Sec. 20. And be it furthcr inacted, That any assistant assessor who officers for neg- shall wilfully neglect or fail to perform any of the duties herein required lect of duty.
to be performed, shall, for every such neglect or failure, forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars: and any principal assessor or collector who shall wilfully fail or neglect to perform any of the duties herein required to be performed by him, shall for every such neglect or
failure, forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars. Fees of office Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That for performing the duties to the assessors, herein required, there shall be annually allowed and paid to each princi&c.
pal assessor at the rate of two dollars and fifty cents for every thousand persons in his collection district, according to the previous census; to each collector in districts in which the direct tax is not laid, there shall be annually allowed and paid at the same rate; and to each assistant assessor, where the lists aforesaid shall be taken, there shall be allowed and paid for taking the same, at the rate of five dollars for every hundred