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any laws hereafter to be made for the purpose, shall have full power tablished by authority to issue writs of error to the court established by this act; and this act.
said superior court shall have cognizance thereof, and also of all appeals for error in law in all causes in which appeals are by law allowed from
the courts of common pleas to said superior court. By what rules Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said superior court is judgments of hereby authorized, upon the reversal of a judgment of the courts estathe court estab- blished by this aci, to render such judgment as the said court ought to lished by this act, may be re- have rendered, except where the reversal is in favour of the plainuff in versed by the the original suit, and the debt or damages to be assessed are uncertain, superior court.
in which case the cause shall be remanded for a final determination. No writ of
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no writ of error shall operate error to operate as a supersedeas, unless the plaintiff in error shall give security, to be
superse- approved of by a judge of the superior court, to prosecute bis writ to deas, but upon effect and pay the condemnation money and all costs, or otherwise abide tions.
the judgment which may be rendered on such writ of error. Judge to be Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the judge to be appointed by appointed un- virtue of this act shall appoint a clerk of said court, who shall be comder this act, to missioned by the governor, and hold his office during the temporary appoint a clerk, &c. &c. government of said territory, unless sooner removed by said judge. Semi-annual
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said court established by terms of the this act shall hold two terms in each and every year in the said village court to be held of Arkansaw, to commence on the first Mondays in April and Septemat Arkansaw.
ber annually, and shall continue in session until all the business before Proviso.
it shall be disposed of: Provided always, That the general assembly of the said territory shall have power to alter the times and place of holding
the said court. Salary, &c. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the judge to be appointed by &c. of the judge. virtue of this act, shall receive the same salary, and payable in the same
Act of June 4, 1812, ch. 95, manner which is established by law for judges of the said superior court
in the said territory of Missouri.
APPROVED, January 27, 1814.
Chap. IX.-An Act authorizing the President of the United States to cause cerJan. 28, 1814.
tain regiments therein mentioned to be enlisted for five years, or during the war. (Obsolete.)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Fourteen regiments of in- United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of fantry enlisted the United States be, and he hereby is authorized and empowered to for one year
cause to be enlisted for the term of five years, or during the war, the may be enlisted for the term of fourteen regiments of infantry which are now by law authorized to be five years or the enlisted for the term of one year, or such number of them, or of the Bounty, pay,
troops composing the same, as in his opinion will best promote the puband emolu
lic service. ments, in mo- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each man enlisted under the ney and land.
authority of this act, shall be allowed the mme bounty in money and land as is now by law allowed to men enlisted for five years or during the war, and that the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, shall receive the same pay, clothing, subsistence, and forage, be entitled to the same benefits, be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be placed in every respect on the same footing as the other regular troops of the United States.
APPROVED, January 28, 1814.
Feb. 10, 1814.
Chap. XI.-An Act to raise three regiments of riflemen.
diately raised such number of regiments of riflemen, not exceeding three,
ber of regiments as in the opinion of the President will best promote the military service, of riflemen auto serve for five years, or during the war, unless sooner discharged. thorized.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each regiment shall consist Component of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, two majors, one adjutant, one pay- parts of each
regiment. master, one quartermaster, one surgeon, one surgeon's mate, one serjeantmajor, one quartermaster's serjeant, two principal musicians, and ten companies.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That each company shall consist Of each comof one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, one third pany. lieutenant, and one ensign, five serjeants, four corporals, two musicians, and ninety privates. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That each man recruited under the
Bounty, pay, authority of this act be allowed the same bounty in land and money as is emoluments,
&c., &c. of the allowed by law to men enlisted for five years, or during the war, and that officers and the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, shall men. receive the same pay, clothing, subsistence, and forage, be entitled to the same provisions for wounds or disabilities, the same benefits and allowances, and be placed in every respect on the same footing as the other regular troops of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That each company of the regiment Number of of riflemen authorized to be raised by the act of April twelfth, one thou- privates in each
company. sand eight hundred and eight, shall consist of ninety privates.
APPROVED, February 10, 1814.
Chap. XIV.-An Act giving further time to purchasers of public lands to complete Feb. 19, 1814. their payments.
(Obsolete.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Further time United States of America in Congress assembled, That every person, given to pur
chasers of land. who, prior to the first day of April, one thousand eight hundred and ten, had purchased any tract or tracts of land of the United States not exceeding in the whole six hundred and forty acres, unless the tract purchased be a fractional section or sections, or fractional sections classed with an entire section, at any of the land offices, and whose lands have not already been actually sold or reverted to the United States for non-payment of part of the purchase money, shall be allowed the further time of three years, Act of March from and after the expiration of the present period already given by law, 3, 1813, ch. 45. for completing the payment of the said purchase money; which further term of three years shall be allowed only on the following conditions: First, that all arrears of interest on the purchase money shall have been Conditions. paid on or before the time shall have expired for completing the payment of the purchase money: Provided, That in all cases in which the time Proviso, in for completing the payment of the purchase money may have expired or cases where shall expire before the first day of June next, the interest may be paid on the time for or before that day.
completing the Second, that the residue of the sum due on account
payments shall of the principal of such purchase shall be paid with interest thereon in have expired, or three equal annual payments, as follows, viz: one third of the said residue shall expire with the interest which may be due thereon within one year; another 1814.
upon June 1, third of the said residue with the interest which may be due thereon, within two years; and the remaining third of the said residue with the interest due thereon within three years, after the expiration of the time for completing the payment on account of such purchase according to former laws. And in case of failure in paying either the arrears of interest or any of the three instalments of principal with the accruing interest, at the time and times above mentioned, the tract of land shall be forthwith advertised and offered for sale in the manner and on the terms directed by law, in case of lands not paid for within the limited term, and Vol. III.-13
shall revert in like manner, if the sum due with interest be not at such sale The benefit bidden and paid : Provided, That the benefit of this act shall not extend of this act not to any person or persons on account of any purchase of any tract or tracts to purchasers of of land made at any of the land offices, northwest of the river Ohio, prior land northwest to the first day of April, one thousand eight hundred and nine. of the Ohio, prior to April 1,
APPROVED, February 19, 1814.
STATUTE II. Feb. 24, 1814.
Act of Feb. 25, 1813, ch. 31, continued in force for one year.
Chap. XV.-An act to continue in force an act to raise ten additional companies
of rangers. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act, entitled “An act to raise ten additional companies of rangers," passed the twentyfifth day of February, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, be and the same is hereby continued in force for one year from and after the date of the passage of this act.
APPROVED, February 24, 1814.
Feb. 24, 1814. Chap. XVI.-An act to authorize the President to receive into service certain [Obsolete.) Services of
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the certain volunteers may be
United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the accepted by the United States be, and he is hereby authorized to receive into the service President.
of the United States sach proportion of the volunteers authorized by the Act of Feb.6, 1812, ch. 21. act of sixth February, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, and the
Act of July 6, act supplementary thereto, of the sixth July, one thousand eight hundred 1812, ch. 138.
and twelve, and accepted under the authority of said acts, as in his judg. Volunteers to ment the public service may require: Provided, That the volunteers so engage to serve received shall engage to serve for five years or during the war, unless
sooner discharged. Their bounty, Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the volunteers which shall be pay, and emo- taken into service under the authority of the preceding section, shall be
entitled to the same bounty, pay, rations, clothing, forage, and emoluments of every kind, and to the same benefits and allowances as the
regular troops of the United States. Act of March Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the officers of corps of vo30, 1814, ch. 37, lunteers which shall be taken into service, shall rank according to grade
and the dates of their commissions or appointments with other officers
APPROVED, February 24, 1814.
of the army.
March 4, 1814. Chap. XVII.-An act to provide for the return to their own districts of vessels de
tained by the embargo in districts other than those where they are respectively (Obsolete.)
owned or belong President au- Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the thorized to grant United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be lawful for permission to vessels loaded
the President of the United States to authorize the collectors of the cusin whole or in toms to grant permission to ships or vessels of the United States, which, part, in certain at the time when the masters thereof received notice of the act passed to the districts
on the seventeenth day of December last,“ laying an embargo on all to which they ships and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States," were in belong.
in a district other than that where the said ships or vessels were owned Act of Dec. 17,1813, ch. 1.
or belonged, to return to the district where the owner or owners of such ships or vessels reside, in ballast, or with the cargoes other than provi
cases, to return
Act of Dec.
sions, naval and military stores, which were on board the same when the masters received notice of the act as aforesaid: Provided, That no such permission shall be granted until the owner or master of such ship or vessel, together with one or more sufficient sureties, shall have given bond in four times the value of such vessel, and of the cargo if any there be on board, conditioned that the said ship or vessel shall not proceed to any other port or place than that mentioned in her clearance, nor put any article on board of any other vessel or boat during the voyage. And if such ship or vessel shall proceed to any foreign port or place, or put any article on board of any other vessel or boat during the voyage, or be guilty of any other act contrary to the provisions of the act before mentioned, “laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States," or contrary to the provisions of this 17, 1813, ch. 1. act, the said ship or vessel, her tackle and apparel shall be forfeited, and the master shall moreover forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding twenty thousand dollars, and shall be imprisoned for a term not less than six months nor exceeding one year. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the master of every vessel
Equipment of receiving a permission under this act shall, before the departure of the such vessels, as same from port, make out under oath, and deliver to the collector of the to seamen. district, a list of the seamen on board the same, the whole of which shall be landed at the port or place to which the vessel is permitted to proceed, under penalty of five hundred dollars, to be recovered of the master of such vessel before any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction, for every seaman which shall not be thus landed, except death or other unavoidable casualty shall prevent the same. And no vessel receiving such permission shall take on board a number of seamen more than sufficient to navigate the same, of the sufficiency of which number the collector shall be the judge, and shall be authorized to refuse a clearance and permission to depart, if the number of seamen on board shall exceed that which may in his opinion be necessary.
No passengers shall be transported in such vessel, other than the owner, supercargo, or agent for the same, or for the cargo, if any there be on board.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no ship or vessel shall be en- Limitation of titled to the benefit of this act unless the permission hereby authorized time in which
permission may to be granted shall be applied for within three months after the passage be obtained. thereof. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United
President may States may instruct the collectors of the customs, under such restrictions permit vessels
employed in the and limitations as he may deem proper, to clear out for any
transportation in the United States or the territories thereof, any vessels wholly em- of the public ployed in the transportation of military or naval stores, provisions, or property, to
clear out for any other articles on public account; and if any such vessel, after the delivery district in the of such public property at any port or place within the United States or United States, the territories thereof, shall cease to be employed in the transportation of and to return to
those to which public property as aforesaid, such vessel may be permitted to return to they belong. the port or place of lading, or proceed in ballast only to the district to which such vessel may belong, any thing in the “ Act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States,” 17, 1813, ch. 1. passed during the present session of congress, to the contrary notwithstanding.
APPROVED, March 4, 1814.
Act of Dec.
March 4, 1814. Chap. XVIII.-An act to authorize the issuing of treasury notes for the service (Obsolete.)
of the year one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, (a)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the A sum not exceeding United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of 5,000,000 dol- the United States be, and he is hereby authorized to cause treasury notes, lars in treasury for a sum not exceeding five millions of dollars, to be prepared, signed, notes, to be prepared, &c. &c. and issued, in the manner hereinafter provided.
Additional Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United *5,000,000 dol- States be, and he is hereby authorized to cause treasury notes for a lars in treasury further and additional sum not exceeding in the whole five millions of notes may be issued, but to
dollars, or such part thereof as he shall deem expedient, to be prepared, be considered signed, and issued, in the manner hereinafter provided : but the amount as part of the
of money borrowed or obtained for the notes which may be issued by sum authorized to be borrowed.
virtue of this section, shall be deemed and held to be in part of the sum which may be authorized to be borrowed by virtue of any act authoriz
ing a loan which may be passed during the present session of Congress. Where, when, Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said treasury notes shall and terms on be reimbursed by the United States at such places respectively, as may which to be reimbursed.
be expressed on the face of such notes, one year respectively after the day on which the same shall have been issued; from which day of issue they shall bear interest at the rate of five and two-fifths per centum a year, payable to the owner or owners of such notes, at the treasury, or by the proper commissioner of loans, or by the officer designated for that purpose, at the places and times respectively designated on the face of
said notes for the payment of principal. By whom to Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said treasury notes shall be signed.
be respectively signed in behalf of the United States by persons to be
appointed for that purpose by the President of the United States, two of Compensation which persons shall sign each note, and shall each receive as a compento the persons
sation for that service, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents for appointed to sign them.
every hundred notes thus signed by them respectively: and the said notes Notes to be shall likewise be countersigned by the commissioner of loans for that countersigned. state where the notes may respectively be made payable, or by the re
gister of the treasury, if made payable in the District of Columbia, or by a person to be appointed for that purpose by the President of the United States, if made payable in a state for which there is no commissioner of loans; which person or persons thus appointed shall also receive as a compensation for that service at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents for every hundred notes thus signed by him or them
respectively. (a) Treasury Notes. See notes in Vol. 2, p. 766. See Act of 1812, ch. 111.
An act authorizing the issuing of Treasury Notes for the service of the year one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, Feb. 25, 1813, chap. 27.
An act to authorize the issuing of Treasury Notes for the service of the year one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, March 4, 1814, chap.18.
An act supplemental to the acts authorizing a loan of the several sums of twenty-five millions of dollars, and three millions of dollars, December 26, 1814, chap. 17.
An act to authorize the issuing of Treasury Notes for the service of the year one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, February 24, 1815, chap. 56.
An act to authorize the payment in certain cases on account of Treasury Notes which have been lost or destroyed, February 4, 1819, ch. 13.
An act relating to Treasury Notes, May 3, 1822, chap. 47.
An act to authorize the issuing of Treasury Notes to meet the current expenses of the government, May 21, 1838, chap. 82.
An act to revise and extend “An act to authorize the issuing of Treasury Notes to meet the current expenses of the government, approved the twenty-first of May, 1838,” March 2, 1839, chap. 37.
An act to authorize an issue of Treasury Notes, January 31, 1842, chap. 2.
An act for the extension of the loan of eighteen hundred and forty-one, and for an addition of five millions thereto, and for allowing interest on Treasury Notes due, April 15, 1842, chap. 26.
An act to limit the sale of public stocks at par, and to authorize the issuing of Treasury Notes, in lieu thereof to a certain amount, August 31, 1842, chap. 287.
An act to authorize the re-issue of Treasury Notes, and for other purposes, March 3, 1848, ch. 81.