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"the fruit of the Spirit," the idea communicated is this, that they are all effected by his operation. This is called sanctification, to distinguish it from that instantaneous effect which is called regeneration. This is likewise ascribed to God, which proves the Divinity of the Holy Ghost. See 1 Thess. 5. 23. "And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit, and soul, and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." We may see, therefore, that the sanctifier of men is "the God of peace ;" and that he is the Holy Ghost.
Having fully proved his Personality, Deity, and Offices, nothing remains but the
1. If these points have been fairly supported, it will follow, that a Trinity of Persons in the Divine essence, is a doctrine of the Scriptures. If we admit a plurality in God, there can be no difficulty in believing, that it consists in a Trinity. In this precise number of divine Persons, there has been an universal agreement, in all ages, among all classes of people, but the strict Unitarians—those who believe that God is one in Person as well as essence. Among all others, this harmony will, undoubtedly, be continued down to the end of time. This uniformity of sentiment, is a manifestation that the doctrine of the Trinity has not been fabricated by human art; for if that had been the case, the believers in a plurality of Persons in the Deity, would have differed widely in their ideas of the supposed number, in such an extensive world, and through such a long duration of time. This union of sentiment in relation to the doctrine in view, evinces, that it is founded on a standard which is more certain in its nature than the volatile imagination of man. Such an universal consent has
never been witnessed among the Polytheists of the heathen world, in regard to the number of their Gods. This fully proves that their schemes are creatures of their own imagination, and that our belief is the result of an unerring rule. To say, therefore, that a Trinity in Unity is not a doctrine of the Scriptures, is as frivolous, as to say that the sun does not shine upon us, when it is in its highest altitude, and without an interposing cloud between it and the human eye. Every passage that relates to the Divinity of Christ, is a proof of the Trinity; and so is every one that teaches us the Personality and the Deity of the Holy Ghost. As to this article of our faith, we need not be ashamed; for we may be always prepared to give an answer to every one who may be disposed to ask us the reasons of our hope, on this ground.
2. If the Personality, Deity and Offices of the Holy Ghost have been fully supported, then it will follow, that this subject, with the sermon that preceded it, give a powerful testimony in favor of the authenticity of 1 John, 5. 7. The passages which have been our themes in these discourses, completely establish the Supreme Divinity of the Son and the Holy Ghost, and their equality with the Father. The contested passage, only contains in itself what is clearly expressed in Rev. 2. 8, and in Acts 13. 2, in connection with a truth on all hands granted, namely: the Personality and Deity of the Father; and the union of the Three in one essence, and their acting in the capacity of distinct Witnesses.
If the Supreme and Eternal Deity of the Son and the Holy Ghost have been sufficiently evinced, the union of the Three in one essence, cannot be consistently denied for the Unity of God is a doctrine fully established in the Scriptures. Every thing, therefore, which is contained in the compendious text in debate, is clearly revealed in the
sacred writings. This being the case, the Trinitarians have not been under the necessity, in any age, of forging such a passage. If a man be confident that a cause in which he is concerned in a court of justice, can be supported by sufficient testimony, he will not have recourse to bribery, to obtain the addition of false witnesses; for that would injure his cause, instead of supporting it. We may, therefore, be well assured, that the text which has been so powerfully controverted, was never forged by any one; and that it is the real word of God. To fabricate this passage to support a doctrine, which beams forth from the Scriptures like the unclouded sun, would really be a needless undertaking. We have no right to suppose this, unless our opponents can prove that it was actually done; and if the. text under consideration were an interpolation, it would be in their power to do the thing. That cause which labors the most, has the greatest need of wicked efforts to give it plausibility. In relation to the doctrine of the Trinity, and the passages which support it, we need not fear. The glorious truths of the Trinitarian system will be supported and believed, down to the burning day, in defiance of opposition.
3. If the Personality, Deity and Offices of the Holy Ghost have been supported, then it will follow, that there is an ample foundation in the mysterious mode of the divine existence, to save sinners, in a perfect consisteney with the purest justice.
This is an unspeakable consolation, and therefore, the tenets which support it, merit a faithful vindication. If God were only one in Person as well as essence, he could not sustain and execute the offices in which his own glory and our salvation are included. His glory could not be displayed, unless there is one in the divine essence to mainrain the rights of the Godhead-men could not be saved, A A
unless there is one to atone for sin, and intercede for thera in heaven; and that there should be one to form them by his operation for holiness and happiness, is equally necessary. The mystery of a Triune God, is, therefore, a glorious truth, and it secures to us a consistent way of eternal life.
4. If the Personality, Deity and Offices of the Holy Ghost have been supported, then it will follow, that those who deny these doctrines, are barring against themselves the door of heaven. If God is only one in Person, there can be no possibility of our standing before him in Judgment, unless we shall be able to make it appear, that we have always been as holy as the angels of light, or he shall consent to approve of sin, and so cover his own glory with an eternal shade. If He is not a Trinity in Unity, we may, with propriety, abandon ourselves to eternal despair. On such ground, annihilation, or endless misery, must be our portion. To take any other stand, as the foundation of our hope, would be giving up a Redeemer and a Sanctifier, forever. If these doctrines are true, God can never save one who continues to deny them through life. To contend against them is, therefore, the sealing of our souls to an everlasting death! It would be doing the work of the Lord deceitfully, to take any other ground in the instruction of my hearers. In saying this, I am not conscious of possessing any malice towards those people, who differ with us in principle. In these great doctrines of the Bible, my mind has been fully settled for many years. As it has been proved that the Holy Ghost is God, may you all, my ers, obtain an experimental acquaintance with this truth, through his renewing and sanctifying operations. AMEN.
ISAIAH VIII. 20..
To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.
A variety of opinions prevail in the world, concerning the doctrines that relate to God and eternity, and also about the duties which we owe to him, and to each other. There is no way of settling these things, unless there is an unerring standard to which we may resort. There is a great propensity in human nature to decide upon these questions by rules unauthorised from above. The hea-. then world, in all ages, have resorted to gods formed by their own hands; and by their own imagination, for information concerning truth and duty. It is therefore said, in the verse preceding the text, "They say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards, that peep, and that mutter." Blind prophets, lying oracles, and false deities, were the sources on which the Pagan world have relied for their knowledge, from the commencement of time. But in this era of refinement and science, these things are justly discarded by many, who refuse to abide by the decisions of a divine standard, as much as by the unenlightened heathen. They are constantly appealing from the Holy Scriptures, to that tribunal which they call Reason. Right reason, however, is never