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Immediately on our descent, a priest pre more notice of the rulleness than the good lady sented bimself at the door of the convent, berself), convinced me of my error; however, ready to show us the bidden rarities. And as a greater token of his civility, having adtliough, as I uuderstood, bardly a day passes mitted no Spaniards along with my companions without tbe resort of some strangers, to gratify and me, it passed off the better; and his after their curiosity with the wonders of the place, civilities manifested that he was willing to reyet is there, on every such occasion, a supe. form my ignorance by his complaisance. To rior concourse of vatives ready to see over demonstrate which, upon my telling him that again, out of mere bigotry and superstition, I had a set of beads wbich I must intreat him wbat they have seen perhaps a hundred times to consecrate for me, he readily, nay eagerly before. I could not avoid taking notice, how- complied, and having hung them on her arm ever, that the priest treated these constant for the space of about balf or somewhat short visitants with much less ceremony, or more of a whole minute, he returned me the holy freedom, if you please, thau any of the stran
baubles with a great deal of address, and most gers of what nation soever ; or, indeed, he evident satisfaction. The reader, will be apt seemed to take as much pains to disoblige to admire this curious piece of superstition those, as he did pleasure in obliging us.
of mine, till I have told him, that even rigid The hall was neat, large and stately; but
protestants have, in this country, thought it being plain and unadorned with more than but prudent to do the like ; and likewise has. decent decorations, suitable to such a society, || ing so done, to carry them about their per. i bastened to the other.
sons, or in their pockets ; for experience has When we entered the chapel, our eyes were convinced us of the necessity of this most immediately attracted by the image of our
catbolic precaution ; sioce those who have Lady of Montserrat (as they call it), which here, travelling or otherwise, come to their stands over the altar piece. It is about the ends, whether by accident, sickness, or the natural stature, but as black and shining as
course of nature, not having these sanctify. ebony itself. Most would imagine it made of ing seals found upon them, have ever been that material; though her retinue and adorers refused Christian burial, under a superstitious will allow nothing of the matter. On the con- imagination, that the corpse of a beretic will trary, tradition, wbich with them is, on some
infect every thing near it. occasions, more than tantamount to religion, Two instances of tbis kind fell within my bas assured them, and they relate it as un knowledge; one before I went to Montserrat, doubted matter of fact, that her present co the other after. The first was of one Slunt, lour, if I may so call it, proceeded from ber who had been bombadier at Monjouick, but concealmeut, in the time of the Moors, be. | being killed while we lay at Campilio, a priest, tween those two rocks on wbich the chapel is whom I advised upon the matter, told me, that founded, and that her long lying in that dis- || if he should be buried where any corn grew, mal place changed ber once lovely white into his body would not only be taken up again, its present opposite.
but ill treated, in revenge of the destruction As the custom of this place, (wbich is like. of so much corn, which the people would on wise allowed to be a distinguisbed piece of no account be persuaded to touch ; for which civility to strangers), wben we approach the reasou we took care to have bim laid in a very black lady (ubo, I should have told you, | deep grave, on a very barren spot of ground. bears a child in ber arms, but whether mater The other was of one Captain Bush, who was nally black, or of the mulatto kind, I protest a prisoner with me on the surrender of Denia; I did not mind), the priest, in great civility, || who being sent, as I was afterwards told, to St. offers you ber arm to salute; at which juncture, || Clemente la Mancha, there died; and, as I J, like a true blue protestant, mistaking my word was informed, though he was privately, and by of command, fell foul on the fair lady's face. || night, buried in a corn field, he was taken out The displeasure in his countenance (for he took of his grave by these superstitious people, as
soon as they could discover the place where || grimage. To me as a stranger, divested of bis body was deposited. But I return to the || acquaintance or friend (for at that instant I convent at Montserrat.
was sole prisoner there), at first it appeared If you ascend from the lowest cell to the such, though in a very small compass of time very summit, the las' of all the thirteen, you || I luckily found it made quite otherwise by an will perceive a continual contention between | agreeable conversation. pleasure and devotion; and at last, perhaps, Sainte Clemente de la Mancha is rendered find yourself at a loss to decide which deserves famous by the renowned Don Michael Certhe pre-eminence: for you are not here to take vantes, who, in his facetious but satirical ro. cells in the vulgar acceptation, as the little mance, bas-fixed it the seat and birth-place of dormitories of solitary monks ; no, neatness,
bis hero Don Quixote. use, and contrivance, appear in every one of The gentlemen of this place are the leastthem; and though in an almost perfect equa- priest-ridden, or sons of bigotry, of any that I lity, yet ju such perfection, that you will find met with in all Spain; of which, in my converit difficult to discover in any one of them any sation with them, I had daily instances. Among thing wanting to the pleasure of life. If you | many others, an expression that fell from Dən descend to the convent near the foot of that | Felix Pacheo, a gentleman of the best figure venerable hill, you may see more, much more thereabout, and of a very plentiful fortune, of the riches of the world, but less, far less ap shall now suffice. I was become very intimate pearance of a celestial treasure. Perhaps it
with him; and we used often to converse tomight be the sentiment of a heretic, but that I gether with a freedom too dangerous to be awe and devotion, which I found in my atteo. common io a country so enslaved by the in. dant from cell to cell, grew languid, and was lost | quisition. Asking me one day in a sort of a in mere empty bigotry and foggy superstition | jocose manner, who, in my opinion, had done when I came below.
the greatest miracles that ever were heard of? Before I leave this emblem of the beatific
I answered, Jesus Christ. “It is very true," vision, I must correct something like a mis.
says he, “ Jesus Christ did great miracles, and take as to the poor borigo. I said at the be
a great one it was to feed five thousand people ginning that his labour was daily, but the
with two or three small fishes, and a like numSunday is to him a day of rest, as it is to the
ber of loaves: but Saint Frances, the founder bermits, his masters, a day of refection : for,
of the Franciscan order, has found out a way to save the poor faithful brute the hard drud
to feed daily one hundred thousand lubbards gery of that day, the thirteen bermits, if with nothing at all;” meaning the Franciscans health permit, descend to ibeir cænobium, as
the followers of Saint Francis, who have no they call it, that is, to the hall of the convent,
visible revenues; yet in their way of living where they dine in common with the monks
come up to, if they do not exceed, any other of the order, who are Benedictines. After
order. seven days variety of such innocent delight
Another day, talking of the place, it natur. (the space allowed for the entertainment of | ally led us into a discourse of the kuight of La strangers), I took my leave of this pacific | Mancha, Don Quixote. At which time he told bermitage, to pursue the more boisterous
me, that, in his opinion, that work was a per duties of my calling.
fect paradox, being the best and the worst romance that ever was wrote.
“ For," says be, TAKING THE VEILA
"sthough it must infallibly please every man
that has any taste of wit, yet has it had such Being now pretty well recovered of my a fatal effect upon the spirits of my countrywounds, I was, by order of the Governor of men, that every man of wit must ever resent; Valencia, removed to Sainte Clemento de la for,” continued he, “ before the appearance in Mancha, a town somewhat more inland, and the world of that labour of Cervantes, it was consequently esteemed more secure, than a next to an impossibility for any iran to walk seaport. Here I remained under a sort of pil "the streets with any delight, or without dan..
FROM THE SAME.
ger. There were seen so many cavalieros So soon as she entered the chapel belonging prancing and carvetting before the windows to the numuery she kneeled down, and, with an of their mistresses, that a stranger would have
appearance of much devotion, saluted the imagined the whole nation to have been no
grourd, then rising up, she advanced a step thing less than a race of kuight-errants. But or two farther, when, on her knees, sbe reafter the world becace a little acquainted with peated the salutes; this done, she approached that notable history, the man tbat was once to the altar, where she remained till mass was acen in that notable drapery was pointed at as over; after which, a sermon was preached by a Don Quixote, and found himself tbe jest of one of the priests, in praise, or rather in an high and low. And I verily believe," added he, exalted preference, of a single life. The ser“ that to this, and this only, we owe that mon being over, the puu elect fell down on dampness and poverty of spirit which has run her knees before the altar, and, after some through all our councils for a century past, short mental orisons, rising again, she with. so little agreeable to those nobler actions of || drew into an inner room, where, stripping off our famous ancestors."
all ber rich attire, she put on her nun's weeds; After many of these lesser sorts of confi in which, making her appearance, she, again dences, Don Felix recommended me to a lodg. | kneeling, offered up some private devotions, ing next door to his own. It was at a widow's, which, being over, she was led to the door of who had one only daughter, her house just the nunnery, wbere the lady and the rest of the opposite to a Franciscan runnery. Here I
nuns stood, ready to receive her with open remained some time; all which time, lying in
arms. Thus entered, the nuns conducted her my bed, I could hear the nuns early in the into the quire, where, after they bad enter. moroing at their matins, and late in the even
tained her with singing, and playing upon the ing at their vespers, with delight enough to organ, the ceremony coucluded, and every one myself, and without the least indecency in the departed to their proper habitations. world in my thoughts of them. Their own The very same day of the year ensuing, the divine employ too much engaged every faculty | relations and friends of the fair novitiate meet of mine to entertain any thing inconsentaneous again in the chapel of the nunnery, where the or offensive.
lady abbess brings her out and delivers her to This my neighbourhood to the punnery || them. Then agaio is there a sermon preached gave me an opportunity of seeing two nuns on the same subject as the first; wbich, being jovested; and in this I must do a justice to over, she is brought up to the altar, in a decent the whole country to acknowledge, that a but plain dress, the fine apparel which she put stranger wbo is curious (I would impute it | off on her initiation being deposited on one rather to their hopes of conversion than to | side of the altar, and her nun's weeds on the their vanity) shall be admitted to much greater | other. Here the priest, in Latin, cries, Utrum freedoms in their religious pageantries than horum mavis, accipe: to which she answers, as
her inclinatiou or as her iostruction directs One of their nuns was of the first quality, her. If she, after this her year of probation, which rendered the ceremony more remarkably shows any dislike, sbe is at liberty to come fine. The manner of investing them was again into the world: but if, awed by fear (as tbus: In the morning her relations aud too often is the case, or won by expectation, friends all met at her father's house, whence, or present real inclination, she makes choice she being attired in her most sumptuous ap- of a nun's weeds, she is immediately invested, parel, and a coronet placed on ber head, they and must never expect to appear again io the attended her, io cavalcade, to the nunnery, tbe || world out of the walls of the nunsery. The streets and windows being crowded, and filled | young lady I saw thus invested was very beau. with spectators of all sorts.
tiful, apd sang the best of any in the nunaers.
THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY,
If the myrtle may particularly be con. the fainily; and any accurate observer may sidered as a domesticated exotic, the
notice that the peduncles are always curved
duwnwards at the commencement of that peGERANIUM
riod, but become erect the moment the flower Is even more so. This elegant shrub (for such
opens, and are thus flowered by each separate it actually is in more genial climes), which has
pedicel. long borne the Euglish name of cranesbill, was
In generic character (as applicable to each well known to the ancients, and bore in the
branch of the general family, for we shall not classic regions of Greece a name of similar im.
notice minuter variations) the c-lyx is five port, from its fruit, or berry, having an exact | leaved, wi h ovate, acute, concave, and permiaresemblance to the head aud neck of the crane;
nent leaflets; the corolla has also five petals, so that from Geranos, geranium is a name of
wbich are spreading, regular in disposition, self-evident derivation. In modern classifi.
und in shape obcordate or ovate; the nectary cation the plant is to be found amongst the
also has five horned glands, which are fastened MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA, and in the na
to the bases of the longest filaments; the statural order of Gruinales; but though of such
men has ten filaments, wbich are awl shaped, high antiquity in botanical chronology, yet
and spreading at the top, but connected more modern discoveries bave developed such || slightly at the base, and are shorter than the a number of varieties that the arrangemeut of corolla; the anthers are oblong and versatile; the genus, even by the Linnean classification,
the pistil bas a five-cornered germ, a perma. is become too extended for convenient simpli
nent awl-shaped style longer than the stimens, city; a division of the geuus has therefore
and five reflex stigmas; in the pericarp the tiken place, founded on recent observations that in some species all the filaments are fer-inwards, the seeds are solitary and oblate.
capsule is five grained, with the cells opening tile, wbilst in others it happens that four or
The essential character is simply the five leaved five of them form no efficient part of the fruc. tification, being destitute of anthers. From calyx, the five petalled corolla, &c.
In the thirty-two species another division this curious circumstauce, modern classifiers have formed three genera ; the first with five has taken place for the sake of regularity, the fertile stamevs only, and called erodium; the first variety having the peduncles one powered, second having seven, by the name of pelago
whilst in the other they are doubled. The nium; and the third more particularly called
most beautiful of these species are the Siberiar, geranium, with all the filaments distinctive of which bas been about half a century in cultiits class completely fertile. Independent of vation bere; the bloody geranium, which is these sexual differences there are other discri- | indigenous in various parts of the European minative marks arising from varieties in their continent, found wild in thickets and even in generic characters, but these are too tedious pastures, and from its flowering during great for a general lecture; at the same time we
part of the summer is weil deserving of more must premise, that notwithstanding this con general cultivation; then come the silky leav. venient arrangement, still must we considered, and the boary cranesbill, which latter the whole species, amounting to thirty-two, ll species is berbaceous, and was introduced here as of one natural family, and the minuter dis- || from the southern districts of Africa about the tinctions to be merely artificial, as they all eighteenth century; the tuberous rooted is agree in their leading features; such as they also an elegant variety from the abundance of all agree in the furm of the calyx and corolla, its flowers, and bas been cultivated here since and in general form and babit. Indeed one the reign of Qucen Elizabeth, but is not indimost curious circumstance respecting their | genous but a native of Italy, and also of Silesia, inforesceuce is common to all, and peculiar to in Germany; after these come the purple
flowered, meadow, mountain, marsh, and wood food for the American wild deer, yet it is cranesbill; the dovesfoot, or common cranes highly deleterious to cattle and sheep which in bill, is the most frequent of our wild gerani severe winters have eaten it when other food ums, and may be found growing under walls, could not be got. On its introduction into or in corn fields, and even in pastures; and Europe it was classed as DecanDRIA Monothe last variety is the herb-robert, or stinking GYNIA, and placed in the ustural order of cranesbill. We shall pass over its meilicinal Bicornes; io generic cbaracter the calyx bas astringent qualites, which rank it deservelly the per anth small, peripanent, and five part. am yngst the domesticated flowers, and pro- ed, the segments being subovate, acute, and ceei to a pl. nt of more recent introduc'ion to in some measure columoar; the corolla is our greenhouses, and sometimes exposed to one petalltd, and of a funnel form, ibe Tube more open cultivation. This is the
cylindric and longer tbau The calyx; the bor
der is wild a flat disk, the margin upright and KALMIA,
ball live cleft, wbilst len nectariferous boroAn elegant plaot of American nativity, deriv- let project outwardly from the corolla and ing its name from P«ter Kilm, who was Pro. surround it when the border is upright; the fessor of Botany at Aby, in Sweden, and hav stamea bas ten awl.shaped filaments, which ing described this plani in bis travels in Ame are upright and spreading, but rather shorter rica, received the compliment from Linneus than the corolla, into the base of which they of having his name affixed to it. It is a pative are inserted, and the anthers are simple; the of Carolina, and delights in rocky situations, pistil bas a roundish germ, with the style filisometimes hanging its elegant Bowers over form and longer than the corolla, but beol murmuring rivulets, and at oihers covering quwnwards, and the stigma is obtuse. la the sides of bills otherwise barren, and flou essential character the calyx is five parted, the rishing in the most sterile soils. Even in corolia of a salver form; and the capsule fire these situations it sends out such a number i celled. It contains four species, the broad of suckers as soon to form impassable thickets; || leaved, narrow leaved, glaucous, and hairy but with us, though our winters are seldum kalmia, and in its native soil is a tree of six colder than its naive place, and with changes fcet iu height, and four or five inches in dia. less rapid, yet it neither produces suckers, 1 meter; its branches are rouodisla and placed nor do its sieds ever become ripe. This is in threes; the leaves are ovate, oblong, coriothe more remarkable as it flowers with us
ceous, smooth, and sbining, and are alternate, great part of the sumn er, and ncariy in as whilst the corollas before they unfold are an great luxuriance as in its gative soil, where elegant pale purple. The wood, particularly of it forms one of the greatest ornaments of the
the roots, would be an elegant addition to our forests; nor can it be injured by cold; but it turnery ware, and is soft and easily worked is perhaps fortunate that this plant, though when green, but is too hard when imported so elegant, cannot be produced bere except as
for that purpose. an ornament, and even that by sedulous culti In our next lecture a visit to the bot-bouse vation, for it is possessed of very noxious shall conclude this section of our plau. qualities, and though it forms an article of
STORIES OF SEVEN DAYS.
(Continued from Page 189.)
TALE IV.—THE AUTHOR ESS FROM of the most interesting event of my life I must LOVE.
repeat an occurrence that took place thirty. The following evening M danie de Sain nine years ag); and that I must acknowledge ville was calieri upou for her story.
that Madame de Sainville, wbu is now regard. What is itthont y u require, my dear friends ed as a rational woman, was once the most (cried she)? Do you kuow that to inform you l romantic of beings! Well, we have all our