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For OCTOBER, 1811.
a few series.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ILLUSTRIOUS LADIES.
The Twentp-Fourth Pumber.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SARAH COUNTESS OF MOUNTNORRIS.
In recording the annals of Irish nobi. , reign of Henry VIII. produced William lity, we are obliged in general to refer to | Cavendish of Chatsworth, ancestor of the English geuealogy for their ancestry, so present Devonshire family, and Auditor of few of the ancient Irish families have been the Court of Angmentation, Treasurer and elevated to the Peerage ; and in the parti-member of the Privy Council, and in high cular case of the lady
who is the subject of favour at court.-A near relative of the our present biography, we do not find her last mentioned person was seated at predecessors settled in the sister kingdom Doveridge, in Derbyshire, whose descend. before the commencement of the last cen- aut, William Cavendish, about the close of
the seventeenth century, married Mary, The Right Honourable Sarah Countess of daughter of Sir Timothy Tyrrell, an OxMountnorris, is descended from junior
fordshire Baronet; and their son, Sir brauch of the noble house of Cavendish, Henry Cavendish (created an English Bawho trace their descent from Robert de ronet in 1755), having accompanied his Gurnon, a bold and enterprising Norman relative, William Duke of Devonshire, to chieftain, one of the companions of William Ireland, of which kingdom he was Lord the Conqueror in his expedition to assert Lieutenant, was appointed Teller of the his claim to the English throne, in opposi- Exchequer, and a Privy Councillor in that tion to the usurper Harold. Hertfordshire kingdom. His marriage also procured him then became the principal residence of extensive landed possessions in that counthe family; but having soon after become try; his lady being Anne, daughter and possessed of the barony of Cavendish, in co-heiress of Henry Pyne, Esq. of WaterSuffolk, they acquired the local surname of park, in the county of Cork, son of Lord De Cavendish, and shortly after assumed | Chief Justice Sir Richard Pyne, Knight, a the armorial and significant motto of Ca- lawyer of great abilities and integrity. vendo tutus, “secure by caution,"
His son, Sir Henry, the second Baronet, Though not enobled until the com bore the character of an upright and honest mencement of the seventeenth century, statesman for forty years, during which he yet the family was of cousiderable couse sat in both the English and Irish Parliaquence during the preceding reigns, and ments; and for his services he was approduced several distinguished Knights. pointed one of the Lords of the Irish Trea
Sir John Cavendish, in the reign of sury, when that board was first instituted; Richard II has been said to be the person and soon after he received a grant of the who killed Wat Tyier, in 1981, though Sir office of Receiver-General of that kingdom, William Walworth, then Mayor of London, which he held until his death, with a chahas generally had the credit of it. The l'acter of the strictest probity; yet such is
the virulence of faction, that an attack of a to the spirit of those times, cited into the most un handsome kind was made upon his Court of Chivalry, Thomas de Caterton, memory in Pariiament, respecting the ba an Esquire, who having been Goveruor of lances which remained unsett.ei at the time that castle, had given it up in a treacherous of his death. This, however, was set aside manner to the French. Caterton, at first, in a plain simple statement, by his third || attempted to evade this citation, by several son, the Hon. Augustus Cavendish Brad- || frivolous excuses, but John of Gaunt, Duke shaw, then in Parliament; who with a of Lancaster, having sworn that if he did true filia! warmth vindicated the conduct || not behave himself manfully according to of his deceased parent, and shewed that the law of arms, he should be drawn to the although his death had necessarily left | gallows as a traitor, he was at length com
accounts unsettled, not far- i pelled to enter the lists. The combat took thing would be lost to the nation. Sirl place in the Palace-yard at Westminster, Henry muried Sarah, only child and heir- || before the King and all his Court, and ess of Richard Bradshaw, Esq. lineally de- ! notwithstanding (as has been recorded by scended from the Lord President Bradshaw an ancient historian), Caterton was a man in the time of the usurpation; by which of prodigious valour, of a large statare, Collection a considerable fortune came into | and far overtopped the Knight, yet the family, and the name of Bradshaw was chance or courage soon decided the conadopted by Augustus, the third sou of the test; the Knight conquered, and Caterton marriage.
either died of his wounds on the following The present Lady Mountnorris was the day, or as some old Chronicles say, was third daughter of a numerous family, a fa- | drawn to Tyburn, and there hanged for mily which has been enrolled in the class treason. of nobility since the year 1792, at which Robert Annesley, a younger branch of the time their mother, Lady Cavendish, was family, settled at Newport Pagnel, in Bucks, elevated to the rank of an Irish Peeress, by in the sixteenth century; and his eldest son the title of Baroness Waterpark, a dignity | Francis was principal Secretary of State now enjoyed by her eldest son.
for Ireland in the reign of James I. and This Lady is the second wife of a Peer not only created a Baronet of that kingwho is a Viscount of Ireland by desceut, | dom, but also called to the House of Peers an Earl by creation, and what is more re by the title of ViscountValeutia. It is beyond markable, a claimant by descent of an our plan to give a detailed genealogy of the English Earldom, exactly upon the same descent; we shall therefore pass over the evidence by which he holds his Irish Vis- || intermediate generations (premising that county. As this case is of an extraordi- | the first Peer was also created Earl nary nature, and has some affinity to the || of Anglesey in England), until we come late Berkeley case,
we shall notice it to Richard, the late, and last acknowledged, after a slight sketch of the origin of the Earl of Anglesey, who becoming Lord family.
Altham on the death of his brother in 1797, The Earl of Mountuorris derives his fa and teu years afterwards, on the death of mily desiguation of Annesley, from a town his cousin Arthur, Earl of Anglesey, and of the same name in Nottinghamshire, || Viscount Valentia, &c. His first wife, where his earliest ancestor upou record, from whom he had been separated several Richard de Anoesley, one of the Norman years, having died without leaving issue, chiefs, was seated in the year 1079. From he married Miss Juliana Donovan, a young him was descended Sir John Annesley, lady of an ancient and respectable Irish fa. Kight, who in the reign of Richard II. | mily, then about seventeen years of age, was representative for his native county; || said to have been highly accomplished, and having married Margaret, sister and and exquisitely beautiful. Of this marco-heiress of Sir John Chandos, Knight, riage came one son, the present Lord Mount. and Baron of St. Saviour, in Normandy, norris, and three daughters; but it seems he became interested in that barony in con that some doubt was raised of its legality, sequence of his marriage; and according Il founded on circumstances connected with
its alledged celebration by the Rev. Mr. cates. A very small majority, however, Neil, his Lordship's Chaplain, at his seat | set aside the claim, when a revision took of Carolin Park.
place in the Irish House, where the same That the claimant, John Annesley, Esq. | female witness so completely contradicted had some doubts, at least, in his own herself as to annul her evidence, and the mind, respecting his specific right, appears | Irish honours were again adjudged to the from the almost romantic circumstances claimant; but the decision on the Euglish connected with the banishment and at- claim has since that period been suffered to tempted concealment of the legal heir; } remain at rest.' however he boldly presented a petition to His Lordship, who is now a Privy Counthe Irish Government, claiming the titles of cillor, Senior Governor of the county of that realm, whilst the minor's rights were Wexford, Premier Baronet of Ireland, and asserted by his mother, the Countess Dowa was created Earl of Mountnorris in 1793, ger. The proper law officers in Ireland first married a daughter of Lord Lyttleton, to whom it was referred, reported that the liby whom he has several children, the eldest marriage was proved, and the heir coming of whom, George, now Viscount Valentia, of age in the same year, took his seat in has distinguished himself by his Abyssinian the Irish House of Peers; but having im- | Travels, and has lately returned from a mediately afterwards petitioned for bis writ Tour to the Grecian Islands, from which the of summons to the English House, as Earl learued and elegant world expect much of Anglesey, the petition was referred to information and amusement. His Lordthe Attorney-General, who reported in its ship afterwards espoused the present Lady favour. The petition was then referred to | Mountnorris, in 1783, an union which has the House of Lords, to ascertain precisely been productive of much happiness, and the authenticity of the certificate written from which has sprung an amiable faat the time of marriage
mily. man, and also of the attesting witnesess. To avoid the accusation of flattery we Throughout the whole of this examination, must, however, contract the effusions of not a doubt could be supported on any our pen, nor shall we risk the censure point, except a suspicion of forgery re of modest worth by obtruding its virtues specting the signature of one Kavanagh, in
on the garish eye of public curiosity ; in cousequence of the evidence of a female closing our task, however, with the symwitness, and that of a nature which drew bolical delineation of her Ladyship's pasevere animadversions from some of the ternal armorial bearings, we will leave it Peers; her evidence, indeed, was so little for those who know her best to appreciate attended to, that the only debateable point the coincidence of modern virtue with was some apparent difference between that ancient blazon. signature and other writings and sub The arms of Cavendish, the family scriptions of that person. On this occasion name of the Waterpark title are, sable, the venerable Lord Mansfield distinguish- three harts' heads caboshed, argent, ated himself much, contending that where tired or. By a reference to some of there was clear and consistent parole evi- our preceding Numbers, our readers will dence of a certain fact having taken place, observe that sable represents wisdom it was contrary to common sense to consider , and prudence, and that those who bore it the mere suspicion of forgery in any parti- | were obliged to support, or at least to cular point as sufficient to overturn the assist the widow and the fatherless; argent direct and positive oaths of other actual was the characteristic symbol of humility, witnesses of the marriage, and even of the purity, innocence, and truth; whilst or reality of the certificate. No man, indeed, represented opulence, splendour, and rec. we believe, has ever been known to make titude of heart. Sable coupled with argent his signatures fac-similes of each other was inost fair, with or, most rich ; whilst through a course of twenty years, parti- | sable in a tri-union with argent and or, cularly a man almost illiterate, or at least signified constancy and honour. not in the habit of signing formal certifi
ORIGINAL JOURNAL OF A VOYAGE TO THE COAST OF AFRICA
IN 1815, IN HIS MAJESTY'S SHIP SUCCESS.
BY J. STRANG, SURGEON.
The following journal contains a rela- | blown hard, and from being prevented tion of events that occurred in a voyage from carrying much sail by the convoy, that has been so frequently described as the ship rolls very much. This has pronot to admit of the discovery of a new duced violent sea-sickness in many of the peuple or a new country: it lays claim, crew, who as yet have not got used to the however, to originality on the score that motion. There are few feelings more disit is the first journal of the proceedings of || tressing than those that accompany this a ship of war on the coast of Africa; and mariue malady. The person at first expe. though kept for the mere purpose of pri- | riences some unpleasant sensations in his vate anzusement, it is hoped it may give head, increasing gradually to vertigo; the some idea of the events that generally occur most violent nausea and sickness at stomach on such a service.
follow, which is seldom relieved by vomitHis Majesty's frigate Success, was com- || ing. The utmost disrelish for food and missioned at Portsmouth by Captain G. | drink takes place; the patient becomes inScott, about the latter end of the summer different to every thing around him, even 1804; and after being completely equipped, life itself ceases to be an object of concern was ordered to victual at Spithead for to him. When the complaint does not foreign service.
assume this violent form, the motion fre. On the 25th of October we got under quently produces a most distressing head. weigh, and ran through the Needles. The ache, with much confusion of thought, aceloquence of poets and philosophers has companied with a certain derangement of been often displayed in the description of the stomach, Hot so severe as to excite vo. those feelings we experience on our bid- | miting but to destroy appetite. In these ding adieu to our native land. We ia mild instances the complaint is soon got turally associate with our homes all the the better of by clearing the stomach when pleasures and enjoyments we receive there; it is foul, or by remaining on deck in the the scenes of our infancy, the days of our fresh air. There are some seafaring men, youth, are recalled in many a fond retro however, who never entirely get the better spection; the very spots we grew familiar of this confusion of the head, and certain with in the days of youth become endearing | unpleasant feelings that they cannot de. to us, and in our old age we love to ramble scribe; even some who have spent most amongst the haunts that had witnessed the of their days at sea have the complaint in happiness of former years :
its most violent form during every severe Ah happy hills! ah pleasing shades !
gale. It has been disputed whether this Ah fields, belov'd in vain!
distemper has ever proved mortal; but a I feel the gales that from A momentary bliss bestow,
complaint which produces such distress, As sporting blythe on gladsome wing,
and deprives the body for a long time of My weary soul ye seein to soothe,
all nourishment, may easily be imagined to And, redolent of joy and youth,
have sometimes terminated fatally. And To breathe a second spring!
indeed there are instances record But our regard at parting with those en where this was undoubtedly the case, and dearments is increased by the prospect of where the patient, after being reduced to the future, and by the difference of past extreme debility, has died of exhaustion. enjoyment with present expectations. A slow hectic fever intervenes, the stomach
Nov. 27. The wind has come round a' rejects every thing that is swallowed, violittle to the southward of east, it has lleut hiccup takes place accompanied with