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TRIAL of MARY, Queen of SCOTS, for a Conspiracy
against Queen ELIZ A BETH, at Fotheringay Castle, in Northamptonshire, Q&tober 12, 1586.
HERE having been several con-hould-pretend a title to the crown, after fpiracies set on foot by the Roman her Majesty's 'decease; or if any thing
Catholics against Queen Elizabeth, lhould be composed or imagined, tending with a view of advancing the Queen of to the hurt of her Majesty's person, with
Scots to the throne, , and thereby restoring the privity of any one, that might pretend their religion, the nation had voluntarily a title to the crown : her Majesty, by : .entered into an association, for the safety of her commission under the great seal, dithe Queen's person, obliging themselves, rected to the Lords, and others, of her by their oaths, to revenge her Majesty's Privy-council, and to such other Lords as death on those who should be authors of it. should be named by her majesty, amounting : Which affociation was approved and con- to.. twenty-four, at least, might authorile
firmed, by a statute made the twenty- them to examine all and every such of: seventh of Elizabeth, anno 1585; -and it fences, and to give sentence therein, on was also further enacted, I hat, if any in the evidence that should be produced before
vasion, or rebellion, should happen in any them; and the Queen of Scots being sufpart of her Majesty's dominions; or any pected to be at the bottom of Babington's
attempt should be made, to the hurt of the conspiracy, a commission was iflued, for Queen's person, by, or for any person that the trial of the Scotish Queen, by virtue of VOL. I.
the faid act, being directed to the Arch-| also were read, wherein the declares, That bishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Spaniard had no other way to reduce the Lord Treasurer, and above forty noble. the Netherlands, but by fetting a Prince men more, to whom were added five of the on the throne of England, that might be Judges.
serviceable to him ; and intreats Paget to The Archbishop did not act in this com-, hasten the forces that were to invade Engmifiion : but the Lord Chancellor, and land : a letter of Cardinal Allen's to the thirty-six of the commissioners, assembling Queen of Scots, also was read, wherein he at Fotheringay Castle, the eleventh of Octo- ftiles her, " His Dread Sovereign; and acber, gave notice to the Scotish Queen of quaints her, that her affairs were comtheir arrival, the next day requiring her to mitted to the care of the Prince of Parma. appear before them. To which message Then she was charged with a design of the answered, she was an independent Prin- transferring her right to the succession of cess, and the commissioners could have no the crown to the Spaniard ; upon which jurisdiction over her : however, having the Queen's counsel' harangued for some made a protest, that she owed no subjection time, observing how precarious all their to the crown of England, she did, at length; honours, liberties and properties, must be, agree to appear before them (she faid) to if such a conveyance should take place. manifest her innocence to the world, and, To which the Lord Treasurer answered, that she might not lie under so foul an that the kingdom of England could not aspersion, as the conspiracy to affaflinate be fo transferred to a foreigner ; but must the Queen of England.
descend according to the laws of sucThen the Queen's counsel charged her cession. with being-privy to. Babington's conspira To this charge the Scotish Queen an--cy, and with approving and encouraging it: swered, That sie knew not Babington, or for proof whereof, they produced copies of ever wrote to, or received letters from him ;: Babington's letters, and his examination, nor had she ever plotted the destruction of wherein he declares, she wrote answers to the Queen ; that they ought to produce them ; , in one of which, fhe commended fomethieg under her own hand, to make and approved his design: a copy of a letter good the charge; that many letters, indeed, from the Lord Charles Paget, to her, also had been sent to her, by people unknown, was read (which Curl, one of her secreta- | offering their assistance; but she had exries, had attested, she received) reciting a cited no man to commit any offence; and, conference between the said Paget, Mendo- being shut up in prison, could neither za, the Spanish ambassador, and Ballard the know, or prevent, what others attempted; : priest, one of the conspirators, importing, that Babington might have confeffed such that an invasion was intended, in order to things, to save himself; that she had, infet the Queen of Scots at liberty; the exa- deed, done her beit endeavours to recover minations of her feeretaries, Naw and Curl, her liberty; which nature 'itlelf allowed, alls were read, to prove the letters that and solicited her friends for that end : but passed between her and Babington, relating that she would not purchase the kingto the conspiracy
doin with the death of the neanest man, She was charged also, with allowing a much lefs of the Queen; that it was an : pension to Morgan, who fent over Parry ealy matter to counterfeit the cyphers and (lready mentioned) to kill the Queen. characters of others; and, she feared, Per letters to the Lord Charles Paget; this had been done by Wallingham, to
destroy her, who had practised both against Morgan, a dependant of her's, privately her life, and her fon's, as she was informed; fent over Parry to murder the Queen; and whereupon Walsingham protested, he had asserted, that the commissioners had full no malice against her, but had acted as the authority, to call her to an account, for duty of his poft required.
her practises against the Queen and kingThen she insisted, that her secretaries, dom. Naw and Curl, ought to have been pro Then the Queen of Scots, proceeded in duced in court, and given their evidence her defence, and said, That as to Cardinal in her presence, since the whole ftress of the Allen, she held him to be a reverend proof seemed to rest upon their teftimony; prelate of the church ; but in what quality they might also, the observed, have written he was esteemed by the Pope, or foreign what the never dictated, and letters might Princes, the knew nat; nor could she come to them, which she never faw; how- prevent their stiling her Queen of England, ever, were they produced, fhe was con- in their letters ; The did not deny her fident they would acquit her of all guilt. treating with the Spaniard, to convey her
As to her allowing a pension to Morgan, right in the kingdom to him; but faid, all who sent over. Parry to kill the Queen, she her hopes in England being desperate, she faid, she always forbad him rencouraging was fully resolved not to reject foreign aid; any fuch attempts, though the confested and concluded, with requiring the might the had given him a pension, on account be heard in full parliament, or, at least, of some services he had done her.; and, on that he might speak with the Queen in the other hand she observed, that the Queen person, not doubting but she would have of England made no scruples of allowing some regard to a sovereign princess, her pensions to her enemies in Scotland. near relation.
She lamented, that the most reasonable Then the commissioners adjourned to the conditions she could propose: to Queen i 2 sth of October, to the Star Chamber in Elizabeth, had always been rejected, even Westminster, when they pronounced the when she offered to deliver her own son, following sentence. and the Duke of Guise's son, for hostages That, after the first day of June, in the and pledges, that neither the kingdom of 27th year of the Queen, and befor: the England, or the Queen, should receive any date of their commission, divers matters damage from her being at liberty. She had been compassed, and imagined, by complained, that her honour and reputation Anthony Babington, with the privity of had been called in question, and insulted Mary Queen of Scots, pretending a title to by foreign lawyers, who, by wretched con- the crown of England, and tending to the clufions, drew every circumstance into a hurt, . death and destruction of the royal consequence; but, that princes, anointed person of the Queen ; and, that the said. aná consecrated, were not subject to the Mary, pretending a title to the crown of laws of any particular.country, as. private England, had also, herfe'f, - within the persons were.
time afresaid, com passed and imagined To this the Lord Treasurer replied, "That divers matters, tending to the hurt, death, ihe, or the Scots, were the occasion, that and destruction of the royal person of the all she had proposed to the Queen failed of Queen, contrary to the itatuts of the 27th success; for the Scotish lords absolutely of Elizabeth. refused to deliver up her son, as an hostage ; The parliament meeting the 29th of the and, while the last treaty was . negotiating fame month of October, approved the