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cessary to salvation : so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of the Faith, or be thought
unto them, that with humility and diffidence do search therefore. Hom. i. 2.
And briefly to conclude, as St. Augustin saith, by the Scripture all men be amended, weak men be strengthened, and strong men be comforted. So that surely none be enemies to the reading of God's word, but such as either be so ignorant, that they know not how wholesome a thing it is; or else be so sick, that they hate the most comfortable medicine that should heal them; or so ungodly, that they would wish the people still to continue in blindness and ignorance of God. Hom. i.1. See Article XX.6.
Sith by the name of testament is signified not only a will, but also a last and unchangeable will, we are hereby admonished that in religion we follow nothing, nor seek for any thing further, than we are therein taught by God; but as there is one only true God, so there be but one godly worshipping and pure religion of one only God. Nowell, p. 2.
Q. Dost thou then affirm that all things necessary to godliness and salvation are contained in the written word of God ? A. Yea; for it were a point of intolerable ungodliness and madness, to think either that God had left an imperfect doctrine, or that man were able to make that perfect which God left imperfect. Nowell, p. 3. See also Article XX. c, d, e.
vate interpretation. For the pro- turn aside to the right hand or to phecy came not in old time by the the left. Deut. v. 32. Every word will of man: but holy men of God of God is pure. Add thou not unto spake as they were moved by the his words, lest he reprove thee, and Holy Ghost. 2 Pet. i. 19, 20, 21. thou be found a liar. Prov. xxx. 5, Whosoever transgresseth, and abid. 6. All Scripture is given by inspi. eth not in the doctrine of Christ, ration of God, and is profitable for hath not God. 2 John 9. From a doctrine, for reproof, for correction, child thou hast known the holy for instruction in righteousness : Scriptures, which are able to make that the man of God may be per. thee wise unto salvation, through fect, throughly furnished unto all faith which is in Christ Jesus. good works. 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17. If 2 Tim. iii. 15. These are written, any man shall add unto these that ye might believe that Jesus is things, God shall add unto him the the Christ, the Son of God: and plagues that are written in this that believing ye might have life book : and if any shall take away through his name. John xx. 21. from the words of the book of this
b Ye shall not add unto the word prophecy, God shall take away his which I command you, neither part out of the book of life, and shall ye diminish ought from it. out of the holy city, and from the Deut. iv. 2. Ye shall observe to do things which are written in this therefore as the Lord your God book. Rev. xxii. 18. There are hath commanded you : ye shall not some that trouble you, and would
requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those Canonical Books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the Church.
Of the Names and Number of the Canonical
| The 2 Book of Chronicles,
The 1 Book of Esdras, Leviticus,
The 2 Book of Esdras, Numbers,
The Book of Esther, ". Deuteronomy,
The Book of Job, Joshua,
The Psalms, Judges,
The Proverbs, Ruth,
Ecclesiastes or Preacher, The 1 Book of Samuel, Cantica, or Songs of SoThe 2 Book of Samuel, lomon, The 1 Book of Kings, 4 Prophets the greater, The 2 Book of Kings, 12 Prophets the less. The 1 Book of Chronicles,
And the other Books (as Hierome saith) the Church doth read for example of life, and instruction of manners; but yet doth it not apply
· Blessed Lord, who hast caused all holy Scriptures to be written for our learning; Grant that we may in such wise hear them, read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest them; that by patience and comfort of thy holy word, we may embrace and ever hold fast the blessed hope of everlasting life, which thou hast given us in our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. Coll. for the second Sunday in Advent.
pervert the Gospel of Christ. But we said before, so say I now again, though we or an angel from heaven If any man preach any other gospel preach any other gospel unto you unto you than that ye have rethan that which we have preached ceived, let him be accursed. Gal. i. unto you, let him be accursed. As 8, 9.
them to establish any doctrine; such are these
The Prayer of Manasses, The Book of Wisdom, The 1 Book of Maccabees, Jesus the Son of Sirach, The 2 Book of Maccabees.
All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account them Canonical.
VII. Of the Old Testament. THE a Old Testament is not contrary to the New ; for both in the Old and New Testament,
. If we be the people of God, how can the word and law of God not appertain to us ? St. Paul, alleging one text out of the Old Testament, concludeth generally for other Scriptures of the Old Testament as well as that, saying, “ Whatsoever is written before” (meaning in the Old Testament) “ is written for our instruction :" which sentence is most specially true of such writings of the Old Testament, as contain the immutable law and ordinances of God, in no age or time to be altered, nor of any persons of any nations or age to be disobeyed. Hom. xiv. 1.
Although many did take Christ to have swerved from Abraham and the old Fathers, and to have brought in a certain new religion in his own name, yet answered he them directly, “ If ye believed Moses, ye would believe me also. For my doctrine is not so new as ye make it. For Moses, an author of great antiquity, and one to whom ye give all honour, hath spoken of me." St. Paul likewise, though the Gospel of Jesus Christ be of many counted to be but new, yet hath it, saith he, a testimony most old, both of the Law and of the Prophets. Jewell.
Let us reverently hear and read holy Scripture, which is the food of the soul. Matt. iv. 4. Let us diligently search for the well of life in the books of the New and Old Testaments. Hom.
Behold the great goodness and tender mercy of God in his behalf: albeit that man's wickedness and sinful behaviour was such, that it deserved not in any part to be forgiven; yet to the intent he might not be clean destitute of all hope and comfort in time to come, he ordained a new covenant, and made a sure promise thereof; namely, that he would send a Messias or Mediator into the world, which should make intercession, and put himself as a stay between both parties; to pacify the wrath and indignation conceived against sin, and to deliver man out of the mi
a Think not that I am come to in divers manners spake in time destroy the law or the prophets : past unto the fathers by the proI am not come to destroy, but to phets, hath in these last days fulfil. For verily I say unto you, spoken unto us by his Son. Heb. Till heaven and earth pass, one i. 1. Search the Scriptures; for in jot or one tittle shall in no wise them ye think ye have eternal life: pass from the law, till all be ful- and they are they which testify of filled. Matt. v. 17, 18. Which are me. John v. 39. These are the a shadow of things to come, but words which I spake unto you, the body is of Christ. Col. ii. 17. while I was yet with you, that all
God, who at sundry times and things might be fulfilled, which
everlasting life is offered to mankind by Christ,
serable curse and cursed misery whereunto he was fallen headlong, by disobeying the will and commandment of his only Lord and Maker.
This covenant and promise was first made unto Adam himself immediately after his fall, we read in the third of Genesis, where God said to the serpent on this wise; “ I will put enmity between thee and the woman, between thy seed and her seed. He shall break thine head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.” Afterward the self-same covenant was also more amply and plainly reserved unto Abraham, where God promised him, that 66 in his seed all nations and families of the earth should be blessed.” Again it was continued and confirmed unto Isaac in the same form of words as it was before unto his father. Gen. xii. 3. xxvi. 4.
And to the intent that mankind might not despair, but always live in hope, Almighty God never ceased to publish, repeat, confirm, and continue the same by divers and sundry testimonies of his prophets: who for the better persuasion of the thing, prophesied the time, the place, the manner, and circumstance of his birth, the afflictions of his life, the kind of his death, the glory of his resurrection, the receiving of his kingdom, the deliverance of his people, with all other circumstances belonging thereto. Hom. xxiv. 1.
were written in the law of Moses, ing them concerning Jesus, both and in the prophets, and in the out of the law of Moses, and out of Psalms, concerning me. Luke xxiv. the prophets, from morning till 44. The Scripture foreseeing that evening. Acts xxviii. 23. A cerGod would justify the heathen tain lawyer stood up and tempted through faith, preached before the him, saying, Master, what shall I Gospel unto Abraham, saying, In do to inherit eternal life? He said thee shall all nations be blessed. unto him, What is written in the So then they which be of faith are law ? how readest thou? Luke x. 25, blessed with faithful Abraham. 26. For there (Zion) the Lord comGal. iii. 8, 9. For unto us was the manded the blessing, even life for Gospel preached, as well as unto evermore. Ps. cxxxiii. 3. For had them. Heb. iv. 2. That the blessing ye believed Moses, ye would have of Abraham might come on the believed me; for he wrote of me. Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that John v. 46. Of which salvation the we might receive the promise of prophets have enquired and searchthe Spirit through faith. Gal. iii. 14. ed diligently. 1 Pet. i. 10. The To Abraham and his seed were the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of promises made. He saith not, And prophecy. Rev. xix. 10. It is to seeds, as of many, but as of one, written in the prophets, And they And to thy seed, which is Christ. shall be all taught of God. Every Gal. iii. 16. Ye are the children man therefore that hath heard, of the prophets, and of the cove- and hath learned of the Father, nant which God made with our fa- cometh unto me. John v. 45. To thers, saying unto Abraham, And him give all the prophets witness, in thy seed shall all the kindreds that through bis name whosoever of the earth be blessed. Acts iii. 25. believeth in him shall receive reTo whom he expounded and testi- mission of sins. Acts X. 43. fied the kingdom of God, persuad