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Anti-Masonic excitement, caused by the abduction
of William Morgan from Canandaigua, N. Y., by Free Masons, who were charged with murder. A legislative committee of investigation confirmed
the suspicion. 1827 First Railroad in the U. S., from Quincy to Boston, 1828 Tariff Bill a law. The cotton states oppose it.
CABINET OFFICERS, 6TH ADSIINISTRATION—1825–1829.
Secretary of State.—Henry Clay, Ky.
ANDREW JACKSON, Seventh President of the United States, was of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and was born on a plantation in Mecklenburgh County, North Carolina, March 15th, 1767. A few days before the birth of Andrew, his father died, leaving his widow, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Hutchinson, to struggle for the maintenance and culture of three children. Andrew received very little schooling, and was characterized for his boldness, activity, generosity, and self-reliance. At the age of thirteen, fired by the death of his eldest brother, who perished in the Indian battle of Stono, he entered his country's service in the struggle for Indepen
Andrew and his brother Robert were captured by the British, and the latter died soon after their exchange.
Their mother in the mean-time, who had acted as nurse to some captive friends on a prison ship, contracted fever, and died suddenly, leaving Andrew, a half developed youth, the sole surviving representative of the family. Andrew tried the saddlery trade and school teaching, after which he studied iaw, was admitted to practice at the age of twenty, and rose at once to prominence. He married Mrs. Robards in 1791.
On the 5th of December, 1796, Jackson took his seat in Congress as the first Representative of Tennessee, which had just been admitted. He was subsequently Senator from the sanie State, and at a later period Judge of the Supreme Court of Tennessee. In 1806, he fought a duel with Charles Dickerson, when both were severely wounded, and Dickerson died.
The war of 1812 brought him prominently before the world as a dashing military chieftain. Fired by the massacre at Fort Mimms, he inaugurated a vigorous campaign against the British and the Creek Indians, which culminated in a great victory at New Orleans, January 8, 1815.
In 1823, he was again elected to the U. S. Senate, and nominated for the Presidency, receiving a large but unsuccessful vote. In 1828, he was elected to the Presidency, and re-elected in 1832. Many grave measures agitated the coun. try during his administration.
He retired to the “ Hermitage,” March 4th, 1837, where he died, June 8th, 1845. Gen. Jackson was a fearless, honest man, of rare common sense. He was never vanquished. He conquered the wilderness, the savage, the trained European chieftain, the American duelist, and politician.
MARTIN VAN BUREN, Vice-Pres. See sketch 8th Adm.
CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRES., 7TH ADM. For President. Fromo | For Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics. Andrew Jackson, Tenn. John C. Calhoun S. Ca. Democrat. John Q. Adams, Mass. Richard Rush Pa. Federal. For President, 2nd Term.
Vice-President. Andrew Jackson, Tenn. Martin Van Buren, N. Y. Dem. Henry Clay, Ky. J. Sergeant, Pa.
Whig. John Floyd, Va. W. Wilkins, Pa. Independent William Wirt, Md. Henry Lee, Mass. Anti-Masonic.
POPULAR AND ELECTORAL VOTE, 7TH ADMINISTRATION.
Twenty four States voting. Whole number of electors, 261. For President, 1st Term. Andrew Jackson, 650,028 votes; Electoral votes 178. John Q. Adams, 512,159
83. Andrew Jackson was declared elected President, and Johe C. Calhoun Vice-President. For Vice-President. John C. Calhoun, 189 Electoral votes, Richard Rush, 83. For President, 2d Term. Andrew Jackson, 687,502 votes ; Electoral votes 219 Henry Clay, 550,189
49 John Floyd,
11 William Wirt,
“ Henry Lee, 11. Andrew Jackson was declared elected President, and Martin Van Buren Vice-President,
Important Events of 7th Administration.
1829 March 4. Andrew Jackson, inaugurated President 1830 Jackson, opposes the U. S. Bank in his message. 1831 July 4. Death of Ex-president, Monroe.
Agitation of the U. S. Bank question. 1832 First appearance of Asiatic cholera in America.
“ The Black Hawk War" with frontier Indians in
Ill. Black Hawk captured and taken to Wash. ington, and other cities, 'to convince him of the
strength of the nation. State's Rights doctrine dates from this year. Advocated
by John C. Calhoun. S. Ca. Legislator attempted to evade the U. S.
Revenue Law, which gave rise to Pres. Jackson's
March 4. Pres. Jackson enters upon a second term. 1833 Tariff controversy settled by Henry Clay's bill.
Oct. Removal of the Government funds from the U.
S. Bank, by order of President Jackson 1834 Gen. Thompson killed in Seminole War.
Cyrus McCormick's reaper patented. 1835 Seminole Indian War in Florida, led by Osceola.
Dec. 16. 674 buildings burned in New York; loss
$20,000,000. National debt paid off during this year. Gen. Scott subdues the Creek Indians in Ga. and
Ala. They are removed beyond the Mississippi. 1836 June 15. Arkansas admitted as a State.