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Sec. 4. That all such reports shall, as speedily as may be, be laid before the secretary of the treasury, and if such as to authorize the work without further legislation, he shall forth with proceed with it; otherwise, such reports shall be laid before Congress at the next ensuing session; but in all cases where the person designated by the secretary of the treasury, under the second section of this act, does not report such preliminary examination as expedient, the provisions of this act shall without delay be carried into execution.

Sec. 8. That the secretary of the treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and required to cause a board to be convened at as early a day as may be practicable after the passage of this act, to be composed of two officers of the navy, of high rank, two officers of engineers of the army, and such civil officer of high scientific attainments as may be under the orders, or at the disposition, of the treasury department, and a junior officer of the navy to act as secretary to said board, whose duty it shall be, under instructions from the treasury department, to inquire into the condition of the light-house establishment of the United States, and make a general detailed report and programme to guide legislation in extending and improving our present system of construction, illumination, inspection, and superintendence: Provided, That no additional compensation shall be allowed any person serving on said board.

Sec. 9. That the President be, and he is hereby, required to cause to be detailed from the engineer corps of the army, from time to time, such officers as may be necessary to superintend the construction and renovating light-houses.'

[Approved, March 3, 1851.]

[By Res. 6, 3 March, 1851, vol. 9, p. 647, the benefits of the acts of 7 July, 1838, chap. 189, ante, 3 March, 1843, chap. 102, ante, and 17 June, 1844, chap. 102, ante, granting pensions to widows, extended to those whose husbands died after the passage of those acts.]

1 See act 31 Aug. 1852, chap. 112.

CHAPTER 19.-Approved, March 22, 1852.- Vol. 10, p. 3.

An Act to make and warrants assignable, and for other purposes.

That all warrants for military bounty lands which have been or may hereafter be issued under any law of the United States, and all valid locations of the same which have been or may hereafter be made, are hereby declared to be assignable, by deed or instrument of writing made and executed after the taking effect of this act, according to such form and pursuant to such regulations as may be prescribed by the commissioner of the general land-office, so as to vest the assignee' with all the rights of the original owner of the warrant or location: Provided, That any person entitled to pre-emption right to any land shall be entitled to use any such land warrant in payment for the same, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, for the quantity of land therein specified : Prorided, That the warrants which have been, or may hereafter be, issued in pursuance of said laws or of this act may be located according to the legal subdivisions of the public lands in one body upon any lands of the United States, subject to private entry at the time of such location, at the minimum price: Provided, further, That when said warrant shall be located on lands which are subject to entry at a greater minimum than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, the locator of said warrants shall pay to the United States in cash the difference between the value of such warrants at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre and the tract of land located

on.

(Sections 2 and 3 not military.)

SEC. 4. That in all cases where the militia or volunteers, or state troops of any state or territory, were called into military service, and whose services have been paid by the United States subsequent to the eighteenth June, eighteen hundred and twelve, the officers and soldiers of such militia, volunteers, or troops shall be entitled to all the benefits of the act entitled “An acts granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States,"

1 By sec. 2, chap. 84, 3 June, 1858, extended to warrants issued under chap. 207, 3 March, 1855. 2 And see, as to widows, 5 Aug. 1854, chap. 267.

' Chap. 85.

3

approved September twenty-eight, eighteen hundred and fifty, and shall receive lands for their services according to the provisions of said act, upon proof of length of service as therein required, and that the last proviso of the ninth section of the act of the eleventh of February, eighteen hundred and fortyseven, be, and the same is hereby, repealed: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall authorize bounty land to those who have heretofore received or become entitled to the same.

Sec. 5. That where any company, battalion, or regiment, in an organized form, marched more than twenty miles to the place where they were mustered into the service of the United, States, or were discharged more than twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was organized; in all such cases, in computing the length of service of the officers and soldiers of any such company, battalion, or regiment, with a view to determine the quantity of land any

officer or soldier is entitled to under said act, approved twenty-eighth September, eighteen hundred and fifty, there shall be allowed one day for every twenty miles from the place where the company, battalion, or regiment was organized to the place where the same was mustered into the service of the United States; and also one day for every twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was discharged to the place where it was organized, and from whence it marched to enter the service.

[Approved, March 22, 1852.]

[By chap. 81, sec. 2, 6 August, 1852, vol. 10, p. 29, the assistant professors of French’ and drawing to receive the pay and emoluments allowed to other assistant professors.]

1 Chap, 8.

? At West Point Military Academy, professors receive $2240 per annum, and assistant professors receive the pay and emoluments of captains of cavalry.

CHAPTER 108.-Approved, August 31, 1852.–Vol. 10, p. 76.

An Act making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic erpenses of the Govern

ment for the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fisty-three, and for other purposes.

SEC. 10. That where any moneys shall have remained unexpended upon any appropriations by law, other than for the payment of interest on the funded debt, or the payment of interest and reimbursement according to contract of any loan or loans made on account of the United States, as likewise moneys appropriated for a purpose in respect to which a larger duration is specially assigned by law, for more than two years after the expiration of the fiscal year in which the act shall have been passed, all and any such appropriations shall be deemed to have ceased and been determined, and the moneys 80 unexpended shall be immediately thereafter carried, under the direction of the secretary of the treasury, to the account on the books of the treasury denominated the “surplus fund,” to remain like other unappropriated moneys in the treasury; and it shall not be lawful, for any cause or pretence whatsoever, to transfer, withdraw, apply, or use for any purpose whatever, any moneys carried as aforesaid to the surplus fund, without further and specific appropriations by law.

Sec. 18. That no person, hereafter, who holds, or shall hold, any office under the Government of the United States, whose salary or annual compensation shall amount to the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars, shall receive compensation for discharging the duties of any other office.

CHAPTER 110.-Approved, August 31, 1852.- Vol. 10, p. 107.

An Act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending the

thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-three.

2. Transfers of appropriations forbidden except in certain cases. Appropriations

of this act not to be applied to expenses incurred before July 11, 1852. 5. Ration for paymasters' clerks. 7. Settlement of accounts of military contributions in Mexico. 1849, chap. 126.

Sec. 2. That all acts' or parts of acts authorizing the President of the United States, or the secretary of the proper department, under his direction, to transfer any portion of the moneys appropriated for a particular branch of expenditure in that department, to be applied to another branch of expenditure in the same department, be, and are hereby, so far as relates to the department of war, repealed; and no portions of the money's appropriated by this act shall be applied to the payment of any expenses incurred prior to the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two. But nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent the President from authorizing appropriations for the subsistence of the army, for forage, for the medical and hospital departments, and for the quartermaster's department, to be applied to any other of the abovementioned branches of expenditure in the same department; and appropriations made for a specific object for one fiscal year shall not be transferred to any other object, after the expiration of that year.

Sec. 3. That so much of the act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending 28 Sept. 1850, as provides extra pay to the commissioned officers and enlisted men of the United States serving in Oregon and California, be, and the same is hereby, continued in force for one year from the first day of March, 1852, and that the provision of the last-mentioned act be, and is hereby, extended to New Mexico, during the current year, provided for by this section; and that $300,000 be, and the same is hereby, appropriated for that purpose: Provided, further, That said officers and men shall receive only one-half of the increased amount over the regular pay allowed by law.

Sec. 5. That paymasters' clerks shall be entitled to receive one ration per day when on duty at their stations, to be commuted at the price now authorized when travelling on duty.

Sec. 6. That for the pay and equipment as mounted riflemen, finding their own horses and forage, of the volunteers serving under the command of Captain John C. Fremont, in California, during the year 1846, as appears by the muster rolls on file in the war department, and for the subsistence and supplies consumed by said volunteers in said service, $168,000 is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appro)priated; and the secretary of war is authorized and empowered to appointi

3 March, 1809, chap. 20, sec. 1, 31 Aug. 1842, chap. 186, sec. 11. 2 Chap. 78, which extends one year. 3 75 cents per day.

* Board ablished, 1835, Mar. 3, chap. 69.

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