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LIST OF STATUTES

CONTAINED OR CITED IN THIS VOLUME.

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Page 55 Geo. 3, c. 184, . Stamp Duties, &c., 1815,

231 7 Geo. 4, c. xlix, . Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 1826,

4, c. 68, . Carriers Act, 1830, . . . 170, 202, 223-4, 227 1 & 2 Wm. 4, c. 41,. Special Constables, 1831,

332 , c. 57,. Land and River Improvement, Ireland, 1831, . 136 2 & 3 Wm. 4, c. 120, Passenger Duties, &c., 1832,

231-2 5 (& 6) Wm. 4, c. 8, Oaths and Declarations, 1835,

• 395 5 & 6 Wm. 4, c. 43, · Special Constables, 1835, . . . . . 332 c. 50,. Gates at Level Crossings, 1835,

Sings, 1035, . . 15. 16 c. 62,. Declarations in lieu of Oaths, 1835, . . . 395 6 (& 7) Wm. 4, c. 13, Constabulary, Ireland, 1836, . . . . 335 (7 Wm. 4&1 Vic.c.36, Post Office Offences, 1837,. . 1 Vic. c. 83, . . Deposit of Plans, &c., 1837, . 115, 127, 197, 318 1 & 2 Vic. c. 80, Peace Constables, 1838, . . . . .,336 c. 98, . Mails, 1838, . .

. 1, 48 c. 117, . Deposit of Money under Standing Orders, 196, 321 2 & 3 Vic. c. 41, Bankrupts Sequestration, Scotland, 1839, • Level Crossings, 1839, .

14, 29

. Stage Coach Duties. 1839

. . 231 London Metropolitan Police Act, 1839, 195, 298 3 & 4 Vic. c. 97, Railways Regulation, 1840, ...

17,51 Municipal Corporations Act, Ireland, 1840, 337 4 & 5 Vic. c. 30, Survey Act, 1841, ,

353 5 & 6 Vic. c. 55, Railways and Troops, 1842, : : : 26, 171 Passenger Tax, 1842, . . . .

· 231 Drainage, Ireland, 1842, . . . . 136, 138-9 7(& 8) Vic. c. 21, Stamp Act, 1844, . .

xxxvi 7 & 8 Vic. c. 85,

Railways Regulation, 1844, . . . 40, 224 c. 110,

Joint Stock Companies, 1844, . c. lll, .Winding-up Act, 1844, .

363 8 (&"9) Vic. c. 3, · .. Peace Constables, Scotland, 1845, .

e. 16, Companies Clauses, 1845,
e. 17, Companies Clauses, Scotland, 1845, . 70, 71, 116

• Lands Clauses, 1845, . 120, 125, 239, 316, 318

Lands Clauses, Scotland, 1845, . .

Railways Clauses, 1845, xviii, xix notes, 120, 349, 383 9 Vic. c. 33, Railways Clauses, Scotland, 1845, . . 349, 383

Railway and Canal Carriers, 1845, . . . 198
Peace Constables, Ireland, 1845, . . 334, 337-8

Railway Selling and Leasing, 1845, . . 206 98, Winding-up Act, Ireland, 1845, . . . 363 113, . Evidence of Documents, 1845, . . 326

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Page 8 & 9 Vic. c. clxxxiv, Oxford to Worcester and Wolverhampton, 1845, 209 c. clxxxviii, Oxford and Rugby, 1845, .

209 c. cxc, South Wales Railway, 1845, . .

208 c. cxci. · Monmouth and Hereford, &c., 1845,

208 9 (& 10) Vic. c. 20,. Deposit of Money under Standing Orders, 1846,196,321 9 & 10 Vic. c. 28, .. Railway Companies Dissolution, 1846, . . 353 c. 57, . Guage, 1846, . . . . . . .

207 c. 93, . Accidents, Compensation, 1846, . . 338 c. 105, · Commissioners of Railways, 1846, . . 214, 349 c. cv . Bristol and South Wales. &c., 1846, . . 209 c. clxvi,. Great Western to Uxbridge, 1846, . . c. ccx, Midland, Ireland --Lifey and Longford, 1846, 302 C. ccxxxvi, Great Western to High Wycomb, 1846,. : 208 c. ccxxxix. South Wales Extension. &c., 1846.. . 208-9 c.cclxxviii, Oxford, Worcester, and Wolverhampton Extension, &c., 1846,

208 10 & 11 Vic. c. 42, . Inland Revenue, 1847, .

232 c. 85, . Post Office, 1847, . .

210 11 (& 12) Vic. c. 3,. Extension of Time, 1847, .

367 11 & 12 Vic, c. 45, . Winding-up Act, 1848,

. 385, 386 c. 72,. Peace Constables, Ireland, 1848. 12 (& 13) Vic. c. 1,. Inland Revenue, 1849, 12 & 13 Vic. c. 108,. Winding-up Amendment Act, 1849, . 385, 886 13 (& 14)Vic, c. 21,. Language of Acts, 1850, .

· · · xix, 3, 14 13 & 14 Vic. c. 83, . Railways Abandonment, 1850, . . . 372 c. 97, - Stamp Act, 1850, ...

xxxiii, xxxiv c. xxix, . Waterford and Limerick Railway, 1850. .

301 ,, c. xxxiii, Clearing House, 1850, .

. xxxvi, 233, 340 c. xlv, Dublin and Drogheda Railway, 1850. 301-2 c. lxxvi, Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway, 1850, . . 302

c. lxxxviii, Midland Great Western Railway, 1850, . . 302 14 & 15 Vic. c. 19, .. Offences, 1851, .

20 c. 42, · Commissioners of Woods, &c., England, 1851, : 210 c. 64, . Board of Trade, 1851, c. 70, · Lands, &c. ; Railways Act, Ireland, 1851, 120, 301, 317 c. 99, . Evidence, 1851, . c. ciii,. Killarney'Junction Rail way. 1851.. :

c. cx, . Waterford and Limerick Railway,'1851, . . 302 16 & 17 Vic.

c. 63, ..
Stamp Act, 1853, .

xxxy c. 31, .

Railways and Canals Traffic Regulation, 1854, xix, 218

Railway Lights; Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, 216 19 & 20

Railways Act, Ireland, Continuance, 1856, . 317 c. 81, . Stamp Act, 1856, . .

xxxvi c. 34, . Railways Act, Ireland, Continuance, 1858, 317 c. 75, . Cheap Trains, and Canal Leasing, 1858, 45, 224

214

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BEFORE 1840, there was no general legislation relative to Railway

Legislation, Railways. Railways had been previously established, and to some extent regulated, by the special Acts authorizing their construction; and in 1838, provision was made for making such and future Railways available for the Post Office service: but it was not until 1840 that it was considered "expedient for the Safety of the Public to provide for the due Supervision of Railways," by a general law, so far as that end could then be accomplished by it. The insufficiency and imperfections of this and other of the earlier statutes passed during the growth of the railway system, are sufficiently shown by the extent and nature of subsequent legislation, which affords also at the same time ample evidence of the rapidexpansion of that system. The first completed Railway in the United Kingdom for Early

Railways. general traffic may be taken to be the Liverpool and Manchester line, "—constructed by a Company incorporated in 1826 by Act of 7 Geo. 4, c. xlix, and since, as well as the Grand Junction, amalgamated with the London and North Western Company's lines. Its opening in September, 1830, is memor

The Stockton and Darlington line may, perhaps, properly be regarded as the germ of the present railway system. This and the Stratford and Moreton Railway (or horse tramway, a single line, now merged in the Oxford, Worcester, and Wolverhampton Railway Company's undertaking), appear, after some mineral train ways in the northern coal districts, to have been the earliest portions, in point of date, of the existing railway system. The Stockton and Darlington line was originally pro

as originally projected rather as a tramway for minerals, worked by animal labour, according to its first Act of Parliament (obtained in 1821), and ultimately opened in September, 1825, (under a further amending act of 1823), as a railway worked partly by stationary engines and inclines, partly by locomotives, and partly (for passengers) by horse power. It has since become one of the most important as well as profitable links in the chain of general railway communication.

The Stratford and Moreton line was first opened in 1827, the Company having been incorporated by an act of 1820.

An interesting account of both of the early lines,-the Stockton and Darlington, and the Liverpool and Manchester, --- may be found in Smiles's Life of George Stephenson, the Engineer of both, and the introducer of locomotive power into practical use on railways.

able no less as the earliest developed example of British enterprise in this direction, than from its attendant fatality in the loss of one of our most distinguished statesmen, whose official position as Vice-President of the Board of Trade brought him in contact with the nieans of his destruction.

The second Railway in the United Kingdom, and the first in Ireland, was the Dublin and Kingstown line, opened in 1834, and now in the hands and under the management of the Dublin and Wicklow Railway Company, in conjunction with their own more recent line.

In the 38 years from 1821, when the first act of the Stockton and Darlington line was passed, to 1858, inclusive, no less than 1,686 special Railway Acts have been passed for the United Kingdom ; of which 1,248 have been for Railways in

Railway Acts.

a Number of Special Railway Acts, for the United Kingdom, passed in the

38 years, 1821 to 1858 inclusive.

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