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c. of any ship, or the owners of the quarries, &c, shall, without such try and payment, ship or put on board any such ship any such land. allast, or shall ship any greater quantity than what shall be so en- red and paid for, every person so offending shall for every such ffence forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds for every ton of landallast so shipped without such entry and payment as aforesaid. $ 8.
Quantities of dung, &c. allowed to be shipped as ballast.— The saster of any ship may ship as ballast from London or any part of he said river Thames, any dung or compost, or any soap ashes, soap aste, tobacco pipe clay, or other clay, (subject to the payment of the ates and duties, &c. concerning the same,) so that the several quanties of all dung and other the said commodities, &c. (other than the aid land-ballast from the quarries eastward of Woolwich,) do not in lay one year (after notice to the contrary by the said corporation) scred in the whole 10,000 tons of such dung, and other the said comnodities, or such other total quantity greater than 10,000 tons as shall be expressed in such notice. S 9.
Entry to be made at the ballast-office. Before the master, &c. of any ship shall permit any land-ballast, or dung, or other commodities to be shipped, such master shall make a due entry at the ballast-office of the Trinity-house, in London, or shall make such entry (except in the last seven days of the month of May yearly) with the officer of the said Trinityhouse at Gravesend, and not in any other place, (except in relation to the shipment of land-ballast eastward of the town of Woolwich,) of all commodities which shall be shipped as ballast, and of the name of such ship, and the master, and at the time of making of such entry shall pay to the said corporation one penny for every ton of the said coinmodities. § 10.
Penalty on not making entry. If any master, &c. of any ship shall ship any such commodities before such entry and payment, or shall ship any greater quantity thereof than what shall be so entered and paid for, be shall forfeit the sum of five pounds for every ton. § 11.
Volice for restricting the quantity of land-ballast. The corporation may, by notice from time to time to the owners of the quarries, &c. eastward of Woolwich, limit the total quantity of land-ballast to be shipped from the said quarries to 60,000 tons, or any quantity greater than 60,000 tons, within any one year subsequent to such notices, and also the total quantity of dung and other commodities shipped as ballast, (other than the said land-ballast,) to 10,000 tons, or any quantity greater than 10,000 tons, and which notices shall be inserted three times in the London Gazette, and in one morning and one evening newspaper usually circulated in London; and such restrictions shall take effect from the end of six calendar months after the third insertion of such notices, and until the said corporation shall by other such notices rescind, vary, or alter the said restriction. $ 12.
Dung, &c. not to be shipped without being first put into lighters. No person shall deliver on board any ship in any part of the river Thames westward of the town of Woolwich, any dung, compost, or other commodity as ballast for such ship, otherwise than by and out of some lighter, and not directly from any wharf, quay, or shore, on pain of forfeiting the sum of five pounds for every ton of dung, &c. so delivered or received on board. $ 13.
Power for the corporation to furnish ressels with land-ballast.The corporation may supply ships with other good and fit ballast for the purpose of making good any apprehended deficiency of ballast raised from the bed of the river Thames below London-bridge, or to license masters of ships to procure ballast wheresoever the same can be lawfully had, the said masters paying to the corporation one penny per ton for such ballast, as in the respective licenses shall be expressed : ballast furnished by the said corporation as aforesaid shall be paid for as if taken from the bed of the river Thames below London-bridge. $ 14.
No ballast to be taken from the bed of the river above or westward of London-bridge without the license of the Lord Mayor of London as conservator of the river Thames, and every license so given shall be in force until the same shall be revoked by notice in writing from the Lord Mayor for the time being, such notice to be delivered or lett at the Trinity-house in London. § 15.
Ballast brought into the Thames to be put into the ballast-lighters.The ballast of every ship coming into the river Thames shall be put, at the expense of the owner or master, on some common wharf or quay near to the said river, or on some ground or place above high water mark, or otherwise shall be unladen into lighters of the said corporation, which they are hereby required to furnish and send on any demand for the same being made in writing at the ballast-office of the said corporation, by the master, &c. and on paying for so unlading at the rate of sixpence per ton, which money, and also such additional rates or prices as are hereinafter allowed and given to the said corporation for unlading any ballast in any of the docks hereinafter mentioned shall be paid within twenty-four hours after any such ballast shall be carried away from any such ship; and in case of non-payment, the same may be recovered for the use of the said corporation, by action of debt in any of his Majesty's courts of record at Westminister, in the name of the said corporation, against any such owner or master of any such ship, together with full costs of suit. $ 16.
Ballast removed from one ship may be put on board any other.-All such ballast so received out of any ship may be laden and put on board any other ship in the river wanting ballast, at the rates allowed for ballast furnished by the said corporation. $ 17.
Throwing ballast into the Thames. Every person who shall throw into the said river Thames any rubbish, earth, ashes, dirt, or soil from any wharf, or out of any barge, shall forfeit any sum not exceeding twenty pounds, nor less than forty shillings. $ 18.
Penalty on throwing ballast into the Thames from ships.- No ballast of any kind shall be thrown out of any ship or vessel into the river Thames ; and every captain, &c. who shall throw or procure, or suffer to be thrown, any ballast into the river Thames, or shall unload any ballast on any shore or place below the high water mark in the said river, shall forfeit the sum of twenty pounds. $ 19.
Lighters to be marked according to tonnage. - The tonnage of every lighter belonging to the said corporation as a ballast lighter, shall be marked at the stem and stern with visible gauge marks, distinguishing every two tons and a half of the tonnage thereof respectively: $ 20.
Niasters of vessels to appoint persons to survey ballast-lighters.- It shall be lawful for the masters of all ships taking ballast of the corporation to meet in the square at Billingsgate, on the third Monday in June, in every year, and to adjourn to such place as the majority of them shall think' fit, and then and there by writing, under their hands and seals, or under the hands and seals of the major part of them, to ppoint one or more persons, being or having been masters or mates of hips, to inspect and survey all the ballast-lighters belonging to the Forporation, and which persons are authorized and empowered to exmine the marks of every such lighter; and if they shall suspect that he gauge mark of any lighter hath been removed or altered, it shall be awful for the major part of them, by writing under their hands and eals, to require the corporation to cause such lighter to be reweighed so as that no more than one lighter shall be so reweighed in any one week), and if such lighter shall be found to be of a less tonnage than shall by the mark thereof be denoted or ought to be, the corporation shall, besides defraying all the costs of reweighing, make good any rieficiency of ballast to any person who may have failed of receiving such just quantity, by reason of any alteration of the mark. $ 21.
Lighters to be trimmed.-Immediately before the delivery of ballast to any ship out of any ballast-lighter the ballast-man shall trim such lighter so as to make the same swim at equal marks at the stem and stern, and pump all the water out; and if any ballast-man or other person, working on board such lighter, shall obstruct any person, so appointed to inspect lighters, froin going on board in order to examine and inspect the same, or shall begin to deliver ballast on board any ship before such lighter shall be so trimmed and the water pumped out, such person shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five pounds, nor less than twenty shillings. $ 22.
Prices for ballast, § 23, see Table, p. 77.
Wages of ballast-men.--The corporation shall pay the ballast-men employed by them in the raising of ballast, the wages following:
For the raising and carrying of every ton of ballast consisting of twenty hundred weight, so to be raised and carried to any such ship or vessel, not less than the sum of sixpence, nor more than the sum of eightpence, at the discretion of the said corporation. $ 24.
Demurrage for detention of lighters. — The owner or master of any ship who shall delay or detain any lighter of the corporation beyond the time necessary for delivering on board such ship the ballast directed to be delivered to and brought by such lighter to be put on · board the same, shall pay to the said corporation for such delay and detention, the sum of one shilling and sixpence per hour for every hour of such lighter's detention, over and above the time necessary for completing the delivery of such ballast: Provided always, that nothing herein contained shall extend to charge any ship, or the owners or masters thereof, which may receive ballast from the said corporation, or out of which ballast may be unladen in any or either of the before. mentioned docks, with demurrage for or on account of any detention of any of the ballast lighters of the said corporation in the said docks. $ 25.
Obstructing the passage of ballast lighters. -- If any master or owner of any ship, or any other person being on board, and having charge thereof for the time being, shall wilfully cause any obstruction, or shall wilfully (after due and reasonable warning and request made in that behalf) continue, or shall refuse or neglect to remove any obstruction, whereby any ballast lighter shall be prevented from getting to the ship to which such lighter shall be duly ordered for the purpose of delivering any ballast thereto, or taking away any ballast therefrom, or whereby any ballast lighter shall be prevented from withdrawing and returning from such ship, after such delivery of or taking away any ballast as aforesaid, such master or owner, or other person, shall forfeit any sum not exceeding five pounds, nor less than forty shillings. § 26.
Rulers of ballast-office neglecting to supply lighters. If any ruler of the ballast-office, with whom any application or demand of the owner or other person belonging to any ship or vessel, for any lighter or lighters for the receiving of ballast to be unloaded out of any such ship, shall have been left in writing, shall refuse, or for twenty-four hours after the delivery of such written demand neglect to give proper orders for the supplying of a sufficient number of lighters for receiving such ballast, according to the number of tons that shall be specified in such demand, or if any ruler, to whom any application shall be duly made .n writing by any person appointed to inspect lighters, for the reweighing of any lighters, shall refuse or neglect to cause such lighter to be reweighed, in due course of the service, such ruler shall forfeit the sum of fifty pounds. $27.
Short delivery of ballast.-If any working ballast-man shall wilfully and knowingly deliver to any ship any ballast which shall fall short of the tonnage at and for which the same shall be delivered, the ballastman shall, for every ton which the ballast so delivered shall fall short of the full tonnage or quantity for which the same was delivered, forleit, any sum not exceeding fire shillings, nor less than two shillings and sixpence; and the ruler of the ballast-office shall upon demand repay to the owner or master of such ship, all such monies as shall have been paid to the corporation for ballast as shall not have been duly delivered. $ 28.
Penalties for neglect or refusal, and for irregularity in delivery of ballast.-If any working ballast-man shall neglect or refuse to deliver to any ship such quantity of ballast as the rulers of the ballast-office shall by their usual tickets for the purpose direct, or shall deliver any more or other ballast than shall be directed by the said rulers to be delivered to any ship, or shall wilfully deliver any quantity of ballast to any ship for which the same was not specifically and expressly in such ticket directed to be delivered, (unless the rulers shall have given licence or order to change the destination and delivery of any particular quantity from one ship to another, or unless such deviation from such original order shall have been necessarily occasioned by circumstances of wind or weather, or some other unavoidable necessity, to be judged of by the said rulers ;) or shall, by the space of twenty-four hours after any order given by any ruler for that purpose, neglect to take or receive any ballast from any ship coming into the river Thames, (unless prevented by frosty or tempestuous weather, or other reasonable hinderance ;) in such case, the ballast-man shall for every ton of ballast so directed by the ballast-rulers to be delivered on board any ship, which such ballast-man shall neglect or refuse to deliver, and for every ton of ballast so delivered without or contrary to the directions of the said rulers, and for every ton of ballast so neglected to be received, forfeit any sum not exceeding ten shillings, nor less than three shillings. § 29.
Ballast-men taking or soliciting bribes, &c.- If any ruler, clerk, or other person employed or acting in or about the ballast-office, or otherwise in the service of the said corporation, or any ballast-man, or any person on behalf of any of the parties aforesaid, shall, directly or indirectly, take or receive, or shall demand, ask for, or solicit, or by any ways or means endeavour to obtain of and from any person any bribe, sum of money, or other fee or reward, gratuity, or extra allowance, or promise of any money, fee, or reward, (whether such demand or solicita
h shall be complied with or not,) for or on account of any ballast, or the ivery of the same, to or for the use or service of any ship, or unlading
same from any ship, every such person not being a ballast-man shall every such offence forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty pounds, and not s than five pounds, over and above any sum of money or benefit or vantage that may have been received by such person as such bribe aforesaid ; and every ballast-man so offending shall forfeit a sum not reeding ten pounds, and not less than forty shillings, over and above y sum of money, benefit, or advantage, that shall have been received such ballast-man as such bribe as aforesaid. $ 30. Bribery.- If any owner, master, or other person shall directly or lireetly, for or on account of any ballast or the delivery of the same,
the use of any ship, or unlading the same, give or pay, or er or promise to give or pay, any bribe, sum of money, or fee or other atuity or reward, to any ballast-man, or other person, in the service of e said corporation, or to any person for his use or behoof, or with tent that he or his family, or any person or persons on his behalf, ould participate therein, or should derive any profit, emolument, or sistance therefrom, (whether such offer or promise, &c. shall be acpted or not,) every person shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty unds, nor less than five pounds. $ 31. Fraudulent obtaining of ballast by masters.- No master, owner, or her person shall oblige any ballast-man to carry and deliver to any Lip any ballast which shall have been ordered and directed by the pers to be carried to any other ship; and if any master or other erson shall fraudulently, or by collusion with any of the ballast-men, ke and receive or be concerned in the collusively taking on board any
ch ship, any greater or other quantity of ballast than they respectively all enter and pay for at the ballast-office, or any other ballast than ch as shall be specifically allotted by the rulers for such ship, (except h cases of necessity, from circumstances of wind or weather, as proded,) the person so offending shall, for every ton of ballast so comulsively caused to be carried or delivered, or so fraudulently and ollusively taken and received, above the quantity so entered, forfeit a um not exceeding fire pounds, nor less than twenty shillings. $ 32.
Ballast-men wilfully and maliciously destroying ships, &c.- If any jallast-man shall wilfully attempt to destroy any ship, vessel, lighter, or wat, or cut any cable or hawser, by which any ship, &c. lying in the river Thames, or any creek thereof, shall at such time be moored or ecured, such ballast-man shall be deemed to be guilty of felony, and may be adjudged to be transported for any term not exceeding seven gears, or may be otherwise punished by fine and by imprisonment, not exceeding two years, in any gaol or house of correction in England, at the discretion of the court before which such conviction shall take place. $33.
Ballast-men doing other damage.--If any ballast-man shall wilfully or negligently do or cause to be done any damage or injury to any ship, vessel, lighter, or boat, or to any goods on board thereof, it shall be lawful for any justice of the peace before whom information shall be given upon oath, to grant a warrant under his hand and seal for the
apprehending of such offender; and in case such offender shall not, on such offence being proved, make full compensation to the party injured, and also pay such penalty not exceeding twenty pounds, nor less than forty shillings, as to such justice shall appear, according to the nature of the case, to be proper, in such case such justice mav commit such bal