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By-laws, Rules, Orders, and Regulations, made, ordained, and esta
blished, at a Court of Directors, held on the 11th of July, 1828, by virtue of the powers contained in the Act 9 Geo. IV. c. 95. as follows.
N. B.-Only such of these as affect the masters of ships, and are not to be found in the foregoing act, will be given, Those parts relating to visitors, craft, &c. are omitted.
7. Officers of ships, &c. shall have admittance at all working hours, on leaving their names and stations with the gate-keepers, if not previously known to them.
15. Repairs, pitch-pots, &c.-No shipwright's work or repairs (beyond calking the upper deck) may be performed within the Dock Company's premises, except in special cases, with the express permission of the court of directors; but painter's and joiner's work will be perinitted as heretofore in the outer dock and basins. Pitch-pots will not be permitted to be heated within the dock walls, or work done by candle-light, either by joiners or other tradesmen; and whatever chips or dirt is made, must be carefully collected and removed to the receptacles provided for the purpose.
16. Stoves or cooking-places.-To prevent danger from fire, stoves or cooking-places will not be allowed to be used on board the ships or vessels in either docks or basins; but candles will be permitted on special occasions, on application to the dock-master, who will grant a written permission for the purpose. Any person offending against this regulation will be subject to a penalty of five pounds.
18. No person to remain on board the ships during the night.-No person to remain on board ships in the export dock or basin, during the night, excepting ship-keepers and apprentices, to whom a ticket of permission will be granted, on application to the dock-master. Penalty forty shillings for each offence.
19. Shingle ballast, dunnage, &c. landed on quays, forfeited. Receptacles for dirt, &c.-All shingle ballast, dunnage, water-casks, and other materials, landed on the quays, from homeward-bound ships, if not removed within five days by the owners, will be considered as abandoned, and become at the disposal of the Dock Company. And as convenient receptacles in both docks are provided wherein all dirt and rubbish may be deposited, any person detected throwing dirt, rubbish, or filth of any sort, upon the quays, or into the docks or basins, will incur in such case the penalties in § 174, and be proceeded against with the utmost rigour.
20. Live stock.-Cows, sheep, pigs, goats, &c. are requested to be sent out of the several ships previous to their entering the import dock; and in every instance where they are introduced there as a matter of necessity, they are required to be confined in their pens on board the ship, so as to prevent inconvenience in the discharge of the cargo. And they are prohibited from being landed on the quays, or from being turned ashore within the dock premises : every commanding officer committing or permitting a breach of this regulation, shall be subject to the penalty of five shillings per head, of such live stock, and they shall be impounded until it be paid, together with the expense of their maintenance.
21. Goods sent for clearance and shipment -The quays and wharfs of the docks, being constituted legal quays and wharfs, all private goods can be received for shipment in the export dock; and if sent there for clearance by the searchers, can be housed and examined there in shed warehouses, erected by the company upon the north quay for that purpose, subject to charges as at the other docks.
BY-LAWS RESPECTING SHIPS AND CARGOES.
HOMBWARD. 1. Dock Company not answerable for damage in certain cases.-The docks being constructed for the safety of shipping, and for the more convenient and regular delivery and lading of their cargoes, it is to be understood that the East India Dock Company are not answerable for any evil that may arise from lightning, storms, the effects of civil commotion, or war, fire, plunder, or robbery, or any event not arising from the act or neglect of their officers.
2. Regulations respecting mooring ships to the hulk.-As the moorings within 200 yards of the dock entrance are exclusively appropriated to ships coming into or going out of the docks, the Dock Company have caused a hulk to be moored, with four chain bridles, affixed to the mooring chains laid down by the corporation of the city of London, as an accommodation to ships so coming into or going out of the docks ; and it is ordained, that not more than two large ships of 1000 tons each or upwards be permitted to lie on each side of the hulk, or three of a smaller class; and any pilot birthing ships contrary to this regulation, will be subject to a penalty of five pounds. If more ships arrive off the docks than can be accommodated at the hulk, the chains above the dock entrance and below it have been placed by the city of London, at proper distances, with bridles and buoys to moor to; and ships that are too large, or drawing more water than may be considered prudent or safe to swing at these buoys at o* water, may conveniently form themselves from them into half tiers, by availing themselves of the head or stern moorings of the hulk, as it may be that they are below ar above her.
3. Other than ships coming into or going out of the docks, may stop tide when hulk is discrpiged.—Though the hulk is specially appropriated for the use of ships coming into or going out of the docks, other ships or vessels (when the hulk is disengaged) may stop ude, or a period not exceeding twenty-four hours; but in case any shall remain beyond that time, and shall not be removed within twelve hours after notice is given to do so by the dock-master or his assistants, the master, pilot, or other person having the command or charge of such ship or vessel will be subject to a penalty of not exceeding ten pounds nor less than five pounds, for every twenty-four hours that sach ship or vessel may remain. $ 162.
4. Charge for using the hulk.-In order to defray the charge of maintaining the hulk, every East India Company's ship and private ship using the docks, and making fast to the hulk, outwards or homewards, of 500 tons burthen or upwards, to pay one guinea ; and ships or vessels under that burthen, ten shillings and sixpence, for every twenty-four hours they use the same, for the first three days; and, to prevent disappointment to other ships requiring the like accommodation, be subject, if she renain beyond that period, to the payment of five guineas for every twenty-four hours, and if not acquiesced in, the penalties of the act respecting her removal are to be enforced ; unless such further stay be occasioned by actual necessity, or other Ieasonable cause, to be allowed by the dock-master, or that her admission into the docks be prevented by impediments on the part of the Dock Company or their officers.
6. Rstation for ships or vessels entering the docks.—The ships at the moorings, or arriving off the dock entrance, are to prepare to come into the docks in succession, pursuant to notice from the dock-master of his assistants; and for any attempt to come is contrary to such prescribed rotation, or to impede the entrance of other shipy or Fessels by any wilful or negligent manwuvre, the pilot of the ship so offending shall fori-it five pounds.
Ossertations on ships entering.-In fixing the order of ships and vessels entering the docks, regard must necessarily be had to the burthen and draft of water of the vessels, and the height and state of the tides ; in some cases it may be advisable to take the larger vessels in before the smaller ones that were ready before them, and vice versái ; al other times it may be expedient to take the smaller vessels in before the larger or deeper; but in neither case will their respective turns for unloading be prejudiced by such expediency.
7. The larger classes of East India Company's ships, how to be prepared for catering.-The larger classes of ships in the service of the East India Company, before entering the docks, are required to strip to their lower masts, to have their topmasts struck, their anchors delivered from the ship, their guns out, their npper deck cleared of spars, booms, and boats, and their derrick rigged, unless some pressing emergency (to be allowed by the dock-master) shall render it necessary to dispense with any part of this regulation.
8. Private ships entering -The repeated instances that experience has furnished of the risk and mischief private ships are liable to from the want of ballast, and from not sufficiently stripping before commencing their discharge, render the following regulations in regard to them absolutely indispensable, viz. private ships arriving at the moorings will not be required, before they enter the basin, to do more than to furl their sails, and get the flukes of their anchors in-board, to prevent damage to the food-gates and locks, and having entered the basin, nothing further will be required of then than to strike top-gallant-yards and masts, rig in their jib-booms, top their loser and top-sail-yards, as may be directed by the dock-master, to clear their decks of boats and spars, which might otherwise impede their discharge, and to have their derrick rigged; but it is distinctly to be understood, that if the respective ships or vesels, from not striking their top-masts and lowering their yards, or from not having suficient ballast on board, should be unable to discharge their cargoes, that the Dock Company will not hold themselves responsible for any consequence that may arise therefrom to the vessel herself, the cargo, or stores; and that the ship-owner shall be answerable for any damage done to the company's works, or to other vessels, in consequence of this departure from principles of general safety.
9. Ships must be furnished with sufficient hausers and ropes.-All ships or vessels entering the docks are required to be furnished with good and sufficient hawsers and ropes, for the purpose of transporting them as occasion may require, and also for mooring them; in default of which, the owners thereof will be held liable for any damage to themselves, the Dock Company's works, or to other vessels.
10. Signals to direct ships as to proper time of entering the docks. Whenever the ships are (pursuant to the aforesaid regulations, and to the satisfaction of the dockmaster or his assistant) prepared to enter the docks, a red flag, as a preparatory signal thereto, will be hoisted on the flag-staff at the dock entrance, which will be shifted with a diagonal blue and white flag, for the first ship to come into the basin; which last flag will be kept flying so long as it is proper for ships to enter that tide.
11. Ships going out. I'he same regulation, as to the dock-master's or his assistant's direction or authority, is to apply to ships proceeding out of the docks into the river, and the penalty of five pounds will be incurred for any breach thereof.
12. Pilot's chargé ceases when in the basin.-On the ship's being secured in the basin, the dock-master is to receive her from the pilot.
13. Commanding officer to report state of leakage.-A report is to be made by the commanding officer of every leaky ship, regularly signed and delivered, to the duckmaster, of the water the ship has made per hour for three successive days, before she be permitted to enter the import dock; and if the report be incorrect, the ship will be liable to be the last delivered, and the Dock Company will not hold themselves responsible for any damage to the cargo that may ensue. Whilst the ship remains in the hasin, the Dock Company do not engage to pump the ship unless specially requested. The expense of pumping the ships by the Dock Company, will be charged to the owners at a moderate rate, according to the extent of the leakage and the quantum of labour required.
14. Riggers permitted to work on board ships in the busin.-Riggers and other persons will be admitted, whilst the ship is in the basin, to strip the rigging, or for any other necessary purpose ; and it is strongly recommended that the opportunity should be embraced, as persons will not be adınitted into the import doek for such purposes.
15. Stores to be put out in the basin.-Such stores as may be required to be delivered from any ship or vessel, must be put out in the basin previous to her going into the inner dock, as no description of craft will be admitted into the import dock for such purpose; and ships not being prepared to the satisfaction of the revenue officers to enter the import dock, or not being dismantled and cleared, as required by the preceding clauses, the owners shall be liable to all the expenses incurred by the Dock Company in dismantling and clearing her.
16. Strangers not allowed access to ships in import dock.-On the ship's arrival in the inner dock, no person can have access to her but the king's, company's, ship's, and dock officers, and others on the establishments; nor any of these after four o'clock in the evening, excepting an officer of the ship, a ship-keeper, or other persons, be specially permitted to remain on board by the dock-master, under authority granted to him by the directors for such purpose.
17. Regulations for quaying ships in import dock.-In order to give every possible and equitable dispatch to the unloading of ships, it is ordained that the East India Company's ships have their delivering places on the north side of the import dock, and that the south side be allotted to the private ships, and that the eastern and western sides be used for either, as the number of vessels, or other prevailing circumstances, may require.
18. When a second line to be formed.—That a second line of ships be formed at the respective allotted situations, (if there be more than can occupy the delivering places) so as to be ready to succeed as others are discharged.
19. Priority of unlading.-On the arrival of ships in fleets, as it may not be pos. sible to commence the unlading of the whole upon their immediate entry into the docks, priority in unlading shall attach to the ships or vessels in the East India Company's service, or of private ships or vessels, conformable to the preceding rules, and that are, under the existing regulations, first ready to enter the dock ; nor shall any preference be given, unless the requisition for that purpose is consented to in writing by the parties who have a prior claim to an earlier delivery, or from circumstances of imperious necessity, such as leaky ships ; any other alleged cause must first receive the sanction of the court of directors.
22. Commander objecting to ship's discharge to state his reasons in writing. The cargo being under the charge and direction of the commander till unladen, in the event of his objecting to its delivery, the same must be stated in writing to the dock. master, setting forth the cause thereof, and the discharge of the ship will be suspended.
23. Leaky ships.- If from the leaky state of the ship, or from any other circumstance, a delivery at two or more hatchways be required, requisition must immediately
be made to the board of customs and to the dock-master, stating the necessity thereof.
24. Master or mate to be on board during the delivery of the cargo.-By the foregung act, $ 132, the master, &c. is required to attend the delivery of the cargo, and rules are laid down in the said act, $ 146, for ascertaining the cause of any damage the same may have sustained. Should he neglect to attend pursuant to the said act, the Dock Company will suspend the delivery of the ship; and any charge incurred for men engaged for that purpose, who shall be unemployed on account thereof, shall be paid by the owners.
35. Treer deeks to be cleared before opening the hold. All avenues to the cargo, except at the delivering hatchway or hatchways, to be shut up, as far as possible, and the tween decks to be cleared previous to the opening of the hold, unless under special circumstances, to be admitted by the dock-master.
27. Kentledige for stiffening.–Kentledge, if required for the stiffening of ships, will be supplied by the Dock Company. The terms may be had on application at the dack-taster's office.
23. Srps and ressels masted or dismasted.-Ships and vessels will be masted or dismasted at the building of the company, at rates according to the burther of the Vessel, and the extent of service performed, the terms of which may be obtained at the rock-master's office ; but where ships above 800 tons have teak or poon lower masts, t may become necessary to have the aid of sheers, and a corresponding number of hands on board the ship, guard against accident, the additional cost of which Lust be detrayed by the owners; and the decision as to its necessity left to the dock. master.
99. Store- houses for ships' provisions and stores may be rented of the company, at moderate rates; and anchors and guns will be received on the company's wharf, sube ject to moderate charges ; tables of rates for which, and other services, may be had at the dock-master's office.
SHIPS AND CARGOES OUTWARD. 30. The quaying and watering of the East India Company's ships, and the lading of them, shall be conformable to the appointed time for their coming afloat by the East ludia Company, as far as may be practicable; in case of any difficulty arising, the dock-master to decide thereon. And ail private ships that load outward in the cock shail be quayed, watered, and laden, according to the priority of notice they give the dock-naster or his assistant of their intentions; unless some special case may induce the court of directors to determine otherwise. Persons in the command of saips, or other persons concerned therein, either resisting such rotation or direction. or DA complying therewith, shall suffer a fiue of five pounds.
TABLE OF RATES FOR WHARFAGE, STORE-HOUSES, &c. AND FOR
SUNDRY WORK DONE BY THE EAST INDIA DOCK COMPANY.
8. d. Wharfage of guns above 20 cwt. each....
2 6 15 cwt. and under 20 cwt. each
2 0 10 cwt. and under 15 cwt. each .
1 6 - under 10 cwt. each .
10 1 3
10 Gun-carriages belonging to the guns of the above scale.
06 Anchors, per cwt.
0 3 Kentledge, per ton
16 other articles deposited on the wharfs or quays, per ton..
2 6 These rates of wharfuge are for the season the ship may remain at home; or for
a period not exceeding twelve months : if the twelve months be exceeded, the same rate of charge will be made as if a new season had been commenced, and this rate of wharfage be considered an annual charge. N. B.-By the present existing agreement between the East India Company and the Dock Company, the guns and anchors of ships whilst in the Company's service are free of
wharfage. Guns, landing from craft, and stowing them on skids, per cwt...
0 2 Carriages, above 10 cwt. each
10 under 10 cwt. each
06 shipping of into craft, the same rate, getting on board ship, and mounting them, per ton ...
2 6 Carriages, getting on board, of guns above 10 cwt. each.
0 6 - under 10 cwt. each.
0 4 Anchors, landing from craft, and placing them at racks, per cwt.
0 3 shipping of into craft, the same rate. placing for unstocking or for stocking, per cwt........
0 1 Kentledge, discharging from ships, and stacking it on the wharf, per ton.... ! 2 into craft, per ton.
1 0 shipping off from the wharf, and stowing it in the hold, per ton.. 1 2 into craft, per ton .....
0 10 Discharging shingle or stone ballast into craft or on the quay, per ton....... 13 Water supplied to outward-bound ships, as well as what is used for seasoning their casks, per tun imperial measure
10 Loaded waggons, admission of, conveying cargo, or passengers' baggage, in lieu of wharfage, each..
5 0 Carts with ditto, ditto.
2 6 Trucks with ditto, ditto .
10 N. B.—Ships' stores and commander and officers' baggage, admitted free to
Storehouses (for ships' stores) may be hired at one guinea per week; if rented
annually, large storehouses forty pounds a-year; smaller ditto thirty-five pounds a-year; or if taken permanently, large store houses thirty-five pounds a-year, smaller
ditto at thirty pounds a-year.
For ships of 800 tons and upwards.... five guineas.