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CHAPTER V.

MEDITERRANEAN PASSES.

PROCLAMATION, 20 Nov. 1819. After declaring a time when all former Passes should be given up, (since passed,) it proceeds :

And all his Majesty's subjects, who are or shall be possessed of any such passes, shall

, on or before the expiration of the periods herein-before mentioned respectively, return the same into the office of the Admiralty of Great Britain, or to the respective Collectors of Customs at the out ports of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to the Governors of some of his Majesty's foreign plantations or dominious, in order to their being cancelled; and they are to furnish themselves with passes of the new form under the hands and seals of the Commissioners for executing the office of High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in lieu thereof, for their several ships and vessels, according to the Treaties subsisting between his Ma. jesty and the governments on the coast of Barbary, and the regulations made by King George I., by Order in Council on the 14th June, 1722, so far as the same remains unaltered by the regulations made by our Orders in Council bearing date respectively on the 28th day of August, 1776, on the 31st day of December, 1783, the 3rd day of November, 1802, or our Order in Council of this day's date, and according to the further regulations then and there made, and our instructions given to the said Commissioners for executing the office of High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland, touching the same · And whereas many ships and vessels belonging to his Majesty's subjects continue several years trading from port to port in the Mediterranean, without returning home, whereby they cannot so conveniently procure the passes to be exchanged ; We do hereby, for the ease of our trading subjects, declare, that upon the application of any owner of any ship or vessel, or other substantial merchant, to the office of the Admiralty of Great Britain, and oath made by him of the property of such ship or vessel, and that three-fourths of the company are our subjects, according to an act made in the 12th year of King Charles II.,* intituled “ An Act for encouraging and increasing of Shipping and Navigation," or such other proportion as may be authorized by act of parliament, and upon entering into a bond for the return of such pass at the end of the period therein specified, it shall and may be lawful for the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for the time being, and they are respectively empowered to make out a new pass for such ship or vessel, and send the same to such of our Consuls in the Mediterranean as the said owner or merchant shall desire, with directions to such Consul, that, upon application to him from the master of the ship, for which the pass is made out, and sur. rendering up his old pass, and entering into bond for the return of such new pass, he shall deliver out the said new pass to such master, and transmit the old one, with the bond, to the office of Admiralty of Great Britain : And in order more effectually to hinder, for the future, any abuses that may be attempted by foreigners relating to the new passes to be issued as aforesaid : We do hereby further declare, that the new form of passes marked (A.), as recommended to us by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in their memorial bearing date the 8th September last, and approved by us, by our Order in Council of this day's date, shall be issued from and after the 1st of January next, within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and as soon after in his Majesty's colonies as the same may be received at each colony respectively; and that passes issued in the United Kingdom, of the above-mentioned form, shall be in force during the voyage for which the said passes shall be taken out, and no longer, and shall be returned at the termination of such voyage to the Commissioners of Customs, or to their chief officer at one of the out ports, provided such voyage shall terminate in

Now the 6 Geo. IV. c. 109.

the United Kingdom, or to the Governor or Lieutenant Governor in any of the islands of Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, or Man; and in case such voyage shall terminate in any of his Majesty's possessions abroad, then that such passes shall be delivered up to the Governor or other person having chief authority there; but if such voyage shall ta. minate at any place out of his Majesty's dominions, then such pass shall be delivered up to his Majesty's Consul or his deputy at such place, or who may be nearest thereto; and that passes to be issued in his Majesty's colonies or possessions abroad shall is like manner be in force during the voyage or voyages for which they shall be taken out respectively, and no longer, and shall be returned at the termination of such Foyage or voyages respectively, in the manner herein before directed, according to the port er place in which such voyage or voyages shall terminate respectively, and that in al cases whatever of passes to be issued, such surety, by way of bond, shall be given to secure the due return of the passes, and to guard against any fraudulent or improper use of them, as hath been ustial, or as the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the time being, may deem necessary to require, according to the circumstance of the case.

And whereas it has been recommended to us, by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, that for the more effectual prevention of abuses, and for the diminution of expence, it may be convenient, in certain cases, that passes to be granted for the purposes afore said, should be united with the ship's Certificate of Registry ; Our will and pleasure is, that if any person shall be desirous of having the Mediterranean pass annexed to the certificate of registry of his ship, such pass so annexed may be issued agreeably to the form (B.) recommended to us by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in their memorial as aforesaid ; and that such pass shall not be separated from such certificate of regis try, but shall be returned at the same time when such certificate of registry shall be delivered up to be cancelled ; and as often as any new certificate of registry shall be granted, an annexed pass shall also be granted under the same conditions, if the party shall be desirous thereof.

But whereas the laws for the registry of British shipping do not apply to ships bee longing to Gibraltar and Malta ; * and whereas it is expedient that passes granted to the ships of the said places, should be accompanied by some document, proving that they belong to his Majesty's subjects in his Majesty's said possessions respectively;" It is our further will and pleasure, that the Governors or Deputy Governors of the said Possessions respectively, who shall be authorized to issue passes, shall issue them only in the form marked (C.), as recommended to us by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in their memorial as aforesaid, and that the said Governors or Deputy Governors shall issue them only to such ships as shall be certified in such manner as we shall be pleased by any Order or Orders in Council to direct) to belong to our subjects, and to the possessions under their respective governments; except that when any ship, having a pass issued in the United Kingdom, or in any of his Majesty's colonies, the time of which pass shall have expired, and which by these regulations ought to be returned, or where the owner or master of a ship, having a British certificate of registry, shall be desirous of obtaining a Mediterranean pass, the Governors or Deputy Governors as aforesaid, may grant for such ship a pass of the form aforesaid, cracked (C.), to be in force to the end of the ship’s then voyage, and no longer, and to be returned to be cancelled at the end of such voyage, as herein-before directed in other cases respeetively; and the said Governors or Deputy Governors shall sign their names in the margin of all

passes issued by them respectively, as specified in the said form ; and in all cases the Governors or Deputy Governors issuing such passes, shall take a bond (as above directed) for the delivery up of such pass on the first ensuing arrival of such ship in any port of the United Kingdom, or of a British possession of which the Gover. nor or Deputy Governor may be authorized to issue passes.

It is our further will and pleasure, that for the more convenient issue of such passes, the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the time being, shall be authorized to furnish to the Commissioners of Customs in London, Edinburgh, and Dublin, and to the Governors of his Majesty's colonies, and of Gibraltar and Malta, passes of the necessary forms, signed and executed by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord dligh Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for the time being, in blank as to the

• But see the 7 and 8 Geo. IV. c. 56. page 386.

names of the ships; which passes the Commissioners of the Customs as aforesaid, or their officers, and the said Governors, shall be authorized to fill up and issue on the receipt of the bond required to be taken for the same.

And it is our further will and pleasure, that it shall be lawful for the Commissioners for executing the otfice of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire. land for the time being, and they are hereby empowered to lodge Mediterranean passes, of the same form with the new passes for ships and vessels belonging to Gibraltar and Malta, in the hands of the High Commissioner of the lonian islands, and to empower the said High Commissioner of the Ionian islands to issue and deliver out such passes to auy of the inhabitants of the said islands, to be applied to ships actually belonging to the said islands, and none other, provided the person or persons applying for the same do comply with and conforın to the several rules and regulations now in use, or that may be required to be observed by our subjects, or that may be directed to be ob served by the said inhabitants of the lonian islands, by the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the time being,

And we do hereby order, that the Commissioners of the Customs in Great Britain and Ireland do cause to be carried into execution such parts of the said Order of Council of the 14th June, 1822, concerning passes, as relate to themselves and the proper officers under them, so far as the same remains now in force, and of our Orders afore. said, made in Council on the 28th of August, 1776, the 31st of December, 1783, the 34 of November, 1802, or our Order in Council of this day's date; and that they do direct their Officers in the several ports of the United Kingdom to demand of the masters of all merchant ships, so soon as they shall return into port from a foreign voyage, all passes granted as aforesaid, which shall be in their possession, to be produced to the said respective Officers of Customs, and if the same shall appear to be of an older date than the periods hereinbefore severally and respectively mentioned for the return of the passes of the present form, then such passes shall be delivered up to the said respective Officers of Customs, and be by them returned to the Office of the Admiralty of Great Britain ; and in case the master of any such ship or vessel shall refuse to produce or deliver up such passes, according to the true intent of our said order, then the said officer shall certify the name of every such master and of the ship or vessel, to the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to the High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the time being, to the end that directions may be given for putting the bond entered into on the granting any such pass in suit.

At the Court at St. James's, the 25th August, 1830.

Present, The King's most excellent Majesty, in Council. Whereas there was this day read at the Board a memorial from the Right Honour. able the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, dated the 20th of August, instant, in the words following, viz.

" Whereas His late Majesty was most graciously pleased, by His Royal Proclamation, dated the 20th November, 1819, to establish certain regulations for the issue of Medic terranean passes, of the forms A, B, and C, and to direct that the undermentioned fees (including the stamp duty of 58.) imposed by the Legislature on each pass, and also a bond stamp of 358. (for each pass issued in the United Kingdom) be paid for such passes, as often as any such pass shall be granted, viz.

Form A.

£. $. d. Passes not annexed to the certificate of registry.

2 10 0 Form B.

Parere igned in the United Kingdom, and annexed to the certificate}

5 5
of registry

Form C.
Passes issued by governors of colonies and possessions..

2 0 0 “And whereas the Board of Trade have with a view of affording relief to the shipping interests, suggested the expediency of Mediterranean passes being issued gratis, in which suggestiva the lords of his Majesty's Treasury have coucurred, with the exception of the abovementioned charge for Stamp Duties, imposed by the Legislature; do therefore most humbly propose to your Majesty, that your Majesty will bost graciously be pleased by your order in Council, to authorize us to issue Mediteranean passes free of all charges, with the exception of the abovementioned stamp duties is posed by the legislature." His Majesty having taken the said memorial into con sideration, was pleased, by and with the advice of His Privy Council, to approve of what is therein proposed, and to Order, as it is hereby Ordered, that the same be duly and punctually complied with and carried into execution. And the Right Honderate the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty are to give the necessary directions berein accordingly.

(Signed)

C. F. GREVILLE.

CHAPTER VI.

ON THE TRANSPORT SERVICE. Of shipping thus engaged there are several denominations, according to the particular service on which they are employed : namely, a TROOP-SHIP, which is one engaged principally for the conveyance of troops; a victuaLLER, engaged for that of provisions; a CARRIER, for stores, &c. generally ; a HORSE-SHIP, a cartel, a Convict-ship, an ordnance or naval STORE-SHIP, &c.*

The agreement or Charter-PARTY entered into, or made with, the Commissioners, will explain the nature of the engagement, as will be presently shown; for this indenture specifies the precise terms on which the vessel proceeds. The bills OF LADING, as may be inferred from what has been already advanced respecting them, determine the contents of the cargo; and the master or owners bind themselves, the ship, tackle, and furniture, that the goods freighted shail be delivered, (daigers of the seas excepted,) in good condition, at the place agreed on; covenanting, at the same time, that there shall be sufficient tackle and mariners to fit the ship, in every respect, for performing the voyage. The Commissioners, on the part of Government, stipulate to pay freight on the prescribed conditions, and both parties are bound in penalties of non-performance.

When vessels, or a certain quantity of tonnage, are required by Government, notice is usually given by public advertisement, and particulars may be had on application to the Secretary of the board at the office in Westminster, where forms of the tender may be seen.

The tender is, in form, usually divided into perpendicular columns, at the head of which the following particulars are expressed. 1. Ships' names. 2. If sheathed with wood, or with copper, or unsheathed. 3. Tons by register. 4. Where lying. 5. Time to be at Deptford, complete, on the part of the owners.

This tender is usually addressed in the following form :
My Lords,

London, the The undersigned beg leave to offer you, agreeably to the annexed authority, from the

the ship (or ships) above mentioned for regular transport, for six months certain, at the rate of

per ton per calendar month, and to be subject to all the rules and conditions of the usual printed charter-party. The ship

to be at Deptford on or before the time expressed against

, in every respect complete on the part of the owners; in failure of which

hereby bound to forfeit to the commissioners on behalf of his Majesty, the sum of one hundred pounds

; and the board are also, in that case, to have the option of rejecting altogether.

name

My Lords,
Your most obedient humble servant.

(Name of the owners if to be obtained.) To Com}

missioners of the Admiralty.

Transports were formerly under the Transport Board ; but they were subsequently transferred to the Navy Board—the duties of which office have now, (1832,) me.ged into the Admiralty Board ;-and having made this observation, the following pages are given as the work originally stood.

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