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A Homily of S. Augustine the Bishop. But in the council, although usually Book 1 on the Sermon on the Mount.

it is the same as the judgment, yes The righteousness of the Pharisees because the distinction made in this consists in not killing; the righteous place compels us to acknowledge that ness of those who are to enter into the there is some difference, to the council kingdom of heaven consists in not

seems to belong the pronouncing of being angry without a cause. It is a

the sentence; since the matter now very small thing, then, not to kill

in question is not, whether the and he who breaks that will be called accused person ought to be eondemned; least in the kingdom of heaven. He but the judges confer among them. who shall fulfil the command not to selves what punishment ought to be kill, will not necessarily be great and inflicted on him who clearly is to be fit for the kingdom of heaven; never condemned. But to hell-fire belongs theless, he advances a step ; but he neither doubt as to condemnation, as will be made perfect if also he is not is the case with the judgment, nor an angry without a cause ; and if he shall unsettled punishment of the con. have attained this, he will be much demned person, as is the case with further removed from manslaughter. the council; for in hell-fire both the Wherefore he who teaches that we

condemnation and the punishment should not be angry, breaketh not the of the condemned person are fixed law which forbids us to kill, but and certain. fulfils it rather ; so that, while both

SEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. outwardly we do not kill and in our Lesson of the Holy Gospel according heart do not feel angry, we keep in.

to S. Mark. Lesson VIII.

Lesson VII. Chap. viii. THERE are therefore degrees in AT that time : The multitude being these sins. First, when any one

very great, and having nothing to is angry, and restrains that passion eat, Jesus called His disciples unto which has been conceived in his heart. Him, and saith unto them, I have Again, if in excitement of feeling a

compassion on the multitude, because cry has been forced from the angry

they have now been with me three

And person, not of any particular meaning, days, and have nothing to eat. but testifying to the passion of the that which follows. heart by the fact of its breaking forth ;| A Homily of S. Ambrose the Bishop. by which cry he against whom the Book 6 on S. Luke. Chap. 9. anger is felt is assailed: this un

After she, to whom it was given to doubtedly is a greater degree of sin be a type of the Church, was cured of than if the rising anger were repressed the issue of blood, and the apostles in silence. But if not only the angry were appointed to preach the gospel person's exclamation is heard, but of the kingdom of God, the nourishalso some word by which he certainly ment of heavenly grace is bestowed. signifies and conveys a reviling of him But mark on whom it is bestowed. against whom it is uttered ; who can Not on men of leisure, not to those doubt that this is a greater sin than dwelling in the city, as though in the if an exclamation only of indignation synagogue, or in high worldly rank, bad escaped ?

but to those who seek CHRIST in the Lesson IX.

desert. For they who are not prond BEHOLD here three arraignments : are received by CHRIST; and with

the judgment, the council, and them the Word of God discourses, hell-fire. For in the judgment there not concerning the things of the is still opportunity given for defence. world, but concerning the kingdom of

God: and if there are any suffering A Homily of S. Hilary the Bishop.. from the sores of bodily passion, He

Comment : on S. Matt. Chap. 6. willingly bestows His healing medicine on them.

He admonishes us that enticing

words and the feigned appearence of Lesson VIII.

gentleness ought to be weighed by the

fruit of the acts : so that we should IT followed therefore that those not regard what sort of character a wounds, He released from fasting by but what he proves himself to be in means of spiritual nourishment. And deeds; for in many the fury of the thus no one receives the food of wolf is concealed under the clothing CHRIST unless he has first been of the sheep. Therefore, as thorns do healed, and they who are called to not bring forth grapes, nor thistles figs, the supper, are, before the calling, and as corrupt trees do not produce healed. If one were lame, he first good fruit, so also He teaches us that received the power of walking, that be the performance of a good work does might come; if he were deprived of not consist in these things, and therethe sight of his eyes, he could not, fore all are to be known by their unless sight were restored, enter the

fruits. For the due utterance of house of the LORD.

words alone obtains not the kingdom

of heaven; nor will he who shall have Lesson IX.

said, LORD, LORD, be an inheritor BUT everywhere the order of the of it. mystery is preserved, that first

Lesson VIII. through the remission of sins wounds should be healed, and afterwards FOR what merit is there in saying

LORD, to the LORD ? Will He not this nourishment of the heavenly table be LORD unless He have been called so should plentifully abound, although by us? And what holy service is there this multitude is not yet refreshed with in the utterance of His name, since it stronger food, nor the hungering is obedience to the will of God, rather hearts of a stronger faith fed with the than the utterance of His name, that Body and Blood of CHRIST. I have will find the way to the kingdom of fed you, He says, with milk, and not heaven ? Many will say to Me in that with meat; for hitherto ye were not day, LORD, LORD, have we not proable to bear it, neither yet now are ye phesied in Thy Name? Even now He able. After the manner of milk are condemns the deceitfulness of false the five loaves ; but the Body of prophets and the feigned pretences of CHRIST is stronger meat; and the Blood of the LORD is å mightier selves from the power of the word, in

hypocrites, who take glory to themdrink.

the preaching of doctrine, in the cast

ing out of devils, and in mighty works EIGHTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

of that kind. Lesson of the Holy Gospel acccording

Lesson IX.
to S. Matthew.
Lesson VII. Chap. vii.

ND hence they promise to them-

selves the kingdom of heaven; as AT, that time : JESUS said to if indeed any of those things which

His disciples; Beware of false they speak or do were their own, and prophets, which come to you in sheeps' as if the power of God, obtained by clothing, but inwardly they are prayer, did not accomplish all things. ravening wolves. And that which When reading has bestowed the follows.

knowledge of doctrine, the name of



CHRIST may cast out devils. On our the divine word in which there is no part, then, that eternal bliss must be iniquity, and which has been in. merited, and something of our own trusted to Apostles, if it has been well must be given, so that we may desire dispensed, raise its stewards to good and avoid all evil, and with entire heaven? affection obey the heavenly precepts,

Lesson IX. and by the

performance of such ber; WHEREFORE it follows; He that be may

in , rather desire what He wills than boast in carnal things, will be faithful also in what His power effects, since He in much, that is, in spiritual things; rejects and repels those whom works and he that is unjust in a little, so of iniquity have turned away from the that he gives not that to his brethren knowledge of Him.

to use which has been created by God

for all, he also will be unjust in NINTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

dividing the spiritual money ; so that Lesson of the Holy Gospel according he will not divide the LORD's doctrine to S. Luke.

according to necessity, but according Lesson VII. Chap. xvi. to persons. And if, He says, ye disAT that time: JESUS spake

this pense not well the

carnal riches

which parable to his disciples : There pass away, who will intrust to you was a certain rich man which had a the true and eternal riches of the steward; and the same was accused doctrine of GOD ? unto him that he had wasted his goods. And that which follows.

TENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. A Homily of 8. Jerome the Priest. Lesson of the Holy Gospel according Epistle 151 to Algasias.

to S. Luke. If the steward of the unrighteous

Lesson VII. Chap. xix. mammon is commended by the voice AT that time : When Jesus was of his lord for having prepared come near, He beheld the city righteousness for himself by an un. and wept over it, saying, If thou righteous deed; and the lord, though badst known, even thou, at least in he had suffered loss, commends the this thy day, the things which belong prudence of the steward, that though unto thy peace; but now they are hid he had indeed defrauded his lord, yet from thine eyes. And that which he had done prudently for himself, follows. how much more will CHRIST, Who

A Homily of S. Gregory the Pope. cannot suffer any loss, and is ready to shew mercy, commend His dis

Homily 39 on the Gospels. ciples, if they have been merciful to

That the LORD, when He wept, those who believe in Him?

described that overthrow of Jerusalem

which was wrought by the Roman Lesson VIII.

princes, Vespasian and Titus, no one LASTLI, after the parable, He is ignorant who has read the history

adds: And I say unto you, Make to of that overthrow. yourselves friends of the mammon of princes are signified when it is said, unrighteousness. Riches are called, The days shall come upon thee, that not in the language of the Jews, but in thine enemies shall cast & trench that of the Syrians, mammon, because about thee. This also which is added : they may have been gathered by They shall not leave in the one iniquity. If, then, unjust gain, being stone upon another, is also attested well dispensed, is turned into by the removal of the city ; for, righteousness; how much more will whilst it has now been built on that

spot where the LORD had been cruci- | A Homily of S. Augustine the Bishop. fied outside the gate, that former

Serm. 36 on the Word of the LORD. Jerusalem, as it is said, has been

The Pharisee might at least say, 1 overthrown utterly.

am not as many men. What meaneth Lesson VIII.

he then, when he saith, Other men, TO which also is added the fault but all besides himself? I, he says,

for which the punishment of its am just, the rest are sinners. I am overthrow was brought upon it: Be- not as other men, unjust, extortioners, cause thou knewest not the time of adulterers. And behold the publican thy visitation. For the Creator of standing near gives occasion for men through the mystery of His in- greater pride. As this publican, he carnation deigned to visit her; but says. I, he says, am alone; he belongs she remembered not His fear and to the rest: I am not, he says, such love. Whence also the Prophet for as he is, on account of my righteous the rebuke of the heart of man brings deeds, by means of which I am not the birds of heaven for a testimony,

wicked. while he saith: The stork in the

Lesson VIII. heaven knoweth her appointed times; I FAST twice in the week, I give and the turtle and the crane and the

tithes of all that I possess. What swallow observe the time of their has he asked of God? Search among coming; but my people know not the his words, you will find nothing. He judgment of the LORD.

went up to pray; felt no desire of

asking God, but of praising himself. Lesson IX.

Not asking God, but praising himself, FOR the

Redeemer wept beforehand is a small part of his conduct; bethe ruin of the faithless city, sides this, he insults him that did which that city herself knew not should ask. The publican on the contrary .come upon her. For to her it is justly stood afar off, and yet he really drew said by the weeping LORD: If thou near to God. The conscience of his hadst known, even thou, He implies, heart drove him to a distance, his wouldest have wept; who now, be- piety brought him near.

The pubcause thou knowest not what is lican stood afar off, but the LORD threatening, rejoicest. Whence also listened to him nigh at hand. it is added : Even at least in this thy

Lesson IX. day, the things which belong unto thy peace. For when she was giving

her FOR though the LORD be high, yet self up to oarnal delights, and foresaw for the proud, such as was that Pha

bath He respect unto the lowly; as not the coming evils, she had in her risee, He beholdeth them afar off. day the things which might have been Things that are lifted up Ho over

sees from afar, but He does not overELEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

look them. Hear now the humility Lesson of the Holy Gospel according of his conduct that he stood afar off ;

of the publican. It is a small part to S. Luke.

he did not even lift up so much as Lesson VII. Chap. xviii. his eyes to heaven; that he might be AT that time : Jesus spoke this looked upon, he looked not himself;

parable to certain which trusted he dared not to look upwards ; conin themselves that they were righteous, science weighed him down, hope and despised others : Two men went raised him up. And further; he up into the temple to pray, the one a smote upon bis breast. He exacted Pharisee, the other a Publican. And punishment from himself. Therefore that which follows.

the LORD spared the penitent. He

for her peace.





smote upon his breast, saying, LORD, 'gave what He required;

but He be merciful to me a sinner. Behold taught us to sigh unto Him who rules one who entreats. Why marvellest in heaven; so that our ears should be thou that God pardons, when he him- opened through the gift of the HOLY self confesseth ?

SPIRIT, and our tongue loosed for

words of preaching through the spittle TWELFTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

of His mouth; that is, through the Lesson of the Holy Gospel according knowledge of divine discourse. to S. Mark.

Lesson IX. Lesson VII. Chap. vii. AT that time : Jesus, departing AND to him is afterwards said from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, and straightway his ears were opened,

Ephphatha, that is, Be opened: came unto the sea of Galilee, through and the string of his tongue was loosed. the midst of the coasts of Decapolis. In which we must notice that, on And that which follows.

account of his ears being shut, it is A Homily of S. Gregory the Pope. said, Be opened. But when the ears

Homily 10. Book 1. on Ezekiel. of any one's heart are opened to obey, What meaneth it that God, the afterwards without doubt the string of Creator of all things, when He willed his tongue also is loosed, that he may to heal the deaf and the dumb, put declare that the good deeds which he His fingers into his ears, and spit, and has done himself are to be done by touched his tongue? What is signified

others. Whence it is well added ; by the fingers of the Redeemer but the And he spake plain. For he speaks gifts of the Holy SPIRIT ? Whence in plain who has first by obedience done another place, when He had cast out a those things which by speech he urges devil, He said, If I with the finger of

others to do. God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you. Lesson of the Holy Gospel according

THIRTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. Concerning which another Evangelist

to S. Luke. describes Him as saying, If I cast out devils by the SPIRIT of God, then the

Lesson VII. Chap. X. kingdom of God in come unto you. A", that time; Jesus said to His

of that the Spirit is called the finger. which see the things that ye see. For Therefore to put the fingers in the I tell you, that many prophets and ears is, through the gifts of the kings have desired to see those things HOLY SPIRIP, to open the mind of the which ye see, and have not seen them. deaf to obedience.

And that which follows.
Lesson VIII.

A Homily of Venerable Bede, the

ND what is it, that He spit and

touched his tongue? The spittle Book 3. Chap. 43. on S. Luke 10. from the mouth of the Redeemer Not the eyes of the Scribes and signifies to us wisdom received in Pharisees, who saw only the divine discourse. For the spittle body of the LORD, but those eyes are flows down from the head into the blessed, which can perceive His mouth. Whilst therefore our tongue mysteries, of which it is said: And is touched by that wisdom, which is Thou hast revealed them to babes. He Himself, it is forthwith directed to Blessed are the eyes of the babes words of preaching. And He, looking to whom the Son deigned_to reup to heaven, sighed; not because He veal both Himself and the FATHER. considered it necessary to sigh, Who Abraham rejoiced to see the day of



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