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us unto you, to make a confederacy , whence they removed, and went to and peace with you, and that we might Berea, with twenty thousand footmen be registered your confederates and and two thousand horsemen. Now friends. So that matter pleased the Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, Romans well. And this is the copy of and three thousand chosen men with the epistle which the senate wrote him : who seeing the multitude of back again in tables of brass, and sent the other army to be so great were to Jerusalem, that there they might sore afraid; whereupon many conhave by them a memorial of peace and voyed themselves out of the host, confederacy.

insomuch as there abode of them no Ry. They decked. p. cxxii.

more but eight hundred men. Lesson III.

Ry. The LORD open. p. CXX. GOOD success be to the Romans,

Lesson II. and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land for ever: the sword WHEN Judas therefore saw that also and enemy be far from them. If the battle pressed upon him, he was

his host slipt away, and that there come first any war upon the sore troubled in mind, and much Romans or any of their confederates distressed, for that he had no time to throughout all their dominion, the gather them together. Nevertheless people of the Jews shall help them, unto them that remained he said, Let as the time shall be appointed, with us arise and go up against our all their heart: neither shall they enemies, if peradventure we may be give any thing unto them that make able to fight with them. But they war upon them, or aid them with dehorted him, saying, We shall never victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as be able : let us now rather save our it hath seemed good unto the Romans; lives, and hereafter we will return with but they shall keep their covenants our brethren, and fight against them: without taking any thing therefore. for we are but few. Then Judas said, In the same manner also, if war God forbid that I should do this come first upon the nation of the thing, and flee away from them : if Jews, the Romans shall help them our time be come, let us die manwith all their heart, according as the fully for our brethren, and let us time shall be appointed them.

not stain our honour. With that the Ry. They praised. p. cxxii.

host of Bacchides removed out of their THIRD SUNDAY IN OCTOBER. tents, and stood over against them, FIRST NOCTURN.

their horsemen being divided into two

troops, and their slingers and archers Of the 1st Book of Maccabees.

going before the host, and they that Lesson I. Chap. ix.

marched in the foreward were all FURTHERMORE when Demetrius mighty men.

Ry. The LORD hear. p. cxx. were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea

Lesson III. the second time, and with them the As for Bacchides, he was in the forth by the way that leadeth to on the two parts, and sounded their Galgala, and pitched their tents be- trumpets. They also of Judas' side, fore Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and even they sounded their trumpets after they had won it, they slew much also, so that the earth shook at the people. Also the first month of the noise of the armies, and the battle hundred fifty and second year they continued from morning till night. encamped before Jerusalem : from Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army fighting with a small band against the were on the right side, he took with king's armies, was deserted by his him all the hardy men, who discom- troops, and left with only two men; fited the right wing, and pursued them and yet renewed the battle, routed the unto the mount Azotus. But when enemy, and called back his own runthey of the left wing saw that they of aways to share his victory ? Thou the right wing were discomfited, they hast patterns of warlike courage, followed upon Judas and those that wherein is no slight example of were with him hard at the heels from honour and noble spirit, in that it behind : whereupon there was a sore preferred death to slavery and basebattle, insomuch as many were slain ness. But what shall I say of the on both parts. Judas also was killed, sufferings of the martyrs? And, to and the remnant fled. Then Jona- digress no longer, the Maccabee chilthan and Simon took Judas their dren won no less triumph over the brother, and buried him in the haughty king Antiochus than their sepulchre of his fathers in Modin. own parents had done, seeing that Moreover they bewailed him, and all they conquered without weapons, Israel made great lamentation for him. and their parents did so in armour. Ry. Our enemies. p. cxxi.

Ry. The heathen. p. cxxi.
SECOND NOCTURN.

Lesson VI.
From the Book of Offices of S. Ambrose THE unconquered band

of seven boys the Bishop.

stood encompassed by the king's Lesson IV.

legions; tortures failed, executioners Book 1. Chap. 41.

gave in, but the martyrs failed not.

One, having the skin of his head torn THAT courage is proved not merely off, changed his semblance, but in

in prosperity, but also by adver- creased his courage. Another, ordered sity, we may see in the death of Judas to put out his tongue that it might Maccabæus. After he had conquered be cut off, answered, The LORD, Who Nicanor, general of king Demetrius, heard the silent Moses, does not limit he was confident enough to offer battle His hearing to those who speak. He against twenty thousand of the king's hears more perfectly the silent thoughts army, with eight hundred

men, of His own servants than the voices and although they wished to retreat, of all men. Thou fearest the scourge lest they should be overwhelmed by of my tongue, dost thou not fear the superior numbers, he persuaded them to choose a glorious death, rather than scourge of my blood ? The blood has

a voice of its own, wherewith it cries à shameful flight. Let us not, said to God, as it cried in Abel's case. he, leave a stain on our glory. There

Ry. Thine, O LORD. p. cxxii. fore he joined battle, and when the strife had raged from early dawn till

MONDAY. evening, he attacked and drove back Of the 1st Book of Maccabees. with ease the right wing, where he

Lesson I. Chap. ix. observed the strongest body of the enemy to be; but while pursuing the FOR this cause all Judas' friends fugitives he exposed his back to a

came together, and said unto wound, and thus met a death more died, we have no man like him to

Jonathan, Since thy brother Judas glorious than his victories. Ry. Fear ye not. cxxi.

go forth against our enemies and

Bacchides, and against them of our Lesson V.

nation that are adversaries to us. WHY should I add anything about Now

therefore we have chosen

thee Jonathan his brother, who, when this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight

TUESDAY. our battles. Upon this Jonathan Of the 1st Book of Maccabees. took the governance upon him at that

Lesson I. Chap. xii. time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas. But when Bacchides NOW when Jonathan saw that the gat knowledge thereof, he sought for

time served him, he chose certain to slay him.

men, and sent them to Rome, for to Ry. Judas said. p. cxxii.

confirm and renew the friendship that

they had with them. He sent letters Lesson II.

also to the Lacedemonians, and to other THEN Jonathan, and Simon his places

, for the same purpose. So they brother, and all that were with went unto Rome, and entered into the him, perceiving that, fled into the senate, and said, Jonathan the high wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched priest, and the people of the Jews, their tents by the water of the pool sent as unto you, to the end ye should Asphar; which when Bacchides under renew the friendship, which ye had stood, he came near to Jordan with with them, and league, as in former all his host upon the sabbath day. time. Upon this the Romans gave Now Jonathan had sent his brother them letters unto the governors of John, a captain of the people, to pray every place, that they should bring his friends the Nabathites, that they them into the land of Judea peacemight leave with them their carriage, ably, which was much. But the children Ry. This is. p. cxxiii. of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and

Lesson II. went their way with it.

AND this is the copy of the letters Ry. They decked. p. cxxii.

which Jonathan wrote to the Lesson III.

Lacedemonians : Jonathan the high AFTER this came word to Jonathan | priest, and the elders of the nation,

and Simon his brother, that the of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians children of Jambri made a great their brethren send greeting: There marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, Onias the high priest from Darius,

were letters sent in times past unto as being the daughter of one of the who reigned then among you, to signify great princes of Chanaan. Therefore that ye are our brethren, as the copy they remembered John their brother, here underwritten doth specify. At and went up, and hid themselves which time Onias entreated the am.. under the covert of the mountain : bassador that was sent honourably, where they lifted up their eyes, and and received the letters, wherein looked, and, behold, there was much declaration was made of the league ado and great carriage: and the bride

and friendship. groom came forth, and his friends

Rz. Thou, O LORD. P. cxxiii. and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of rausick,

Lesson III. and many Weapons. Then Jonathan THEREFORE .we also, albeit we and they that were with him rose need none of these things, for that up against them from the place where we have the holy books of scripture in they lay in ambush, and made a our hands to comfort us, have neverslaughter of them in such sort, as theless attempted to send unto you many fell down dead, and the remnant for the renewing of brotherhood and fled into the mountain, and they took friendship, lest we should become all their spoils.

strangers unto you altogether : for Ry. They praised. p. cxxii.

there is a long time passed since ye

sent unto us. We therefore at all ! two thousand into Galilee, and one times without ceasing, both in our thousand went with him. feasts, and other convenient days, do Rz. They decked. p. cxxii. remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason

Lesson III. is, and as it becometh us to think NOW as soon as Jonathan entered upon our brethren.

into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais Ry. Open. p. cxxiii.

shat the gates, and took him, and all

them that came with him they slew WEDNESDAY.

with the sword. Then sent Tryphon

an host of footmen and horsemen into Of the 1st Book of Maccabees.

Galilee, and into the great plain, to Lesson I. Chap xii.

destroy all Jonathan's company. But NOW Tryphon went about to get when they knew that Jonathan and

the kingdom of Asia, and to kill they that were with him were taken Antiochus the king, that he might set and slain, they encouraged one the crown upon his own head. How- another, and went close together, beit he was afraid that Jonathan prepared to fight. They therefore would not suffer him, and that he that followed upon them, perceiving would fight against him; wherefore he that they were ready to fight for their sought a way how to take Jonathan, lives, turned back again. Whereupon that he might kill him, So be they all came into the land of Judea removed, and came to Bethsan. Then peaceably, and there they bewailed Jonathan went out to meet him with Jonathan, and them that were with forty thousand men chosen for the him, and they were afraid; battle, and came to Bethsan. Now wherefore all Israel made

great when Tryphon saw that Jonathan lamentation. came with so great a force, he durst Ry. They praised. p. cxxii. not stretch his hand against him ;

THURSDAY. but received him honourably, and commended him unto all his friends, and

Of the 1st Book of Maccabees. gave them gifts, and commanded his

Lesson I. Chap. xiii.

sore

men of war to be obedient unto him, Now when a Simone beard that

as to himself.

had Ry. The sun shone. p. cxxii.

a great host to invade the land of

Judea, and destroy it, and saw that the Lesson II.

people was in great trembling and fear, U

hast thou put all this people to the people together, and gave them 80 great trouble, seeing there is no exhortation, saying, Ye yourselves war betwixt us? Therefore send them know what great things I, and my now home again, and choose a few brethren,' and my father's house, men to wait on thee, and come thou have done for the laws and the with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it sanctuary, the battles also and troubles thee, and the rest of the strong holds which we have seen, by reason and forces, and all that have any whereof all my brethren are slain charge : as for me, I will return and for Israel's sake, and I am left alone. depart: for this is the cause of my Now therefore be it far from me, coming. So Jonathan believing him that I should spare mine own life did as he bade him, and sent away his in any time of trouble: for I am no host, who went into the land of Judea. better than my brethren ; doubtless And with himself he retained but I will avenge my nation, and the three thousand men, of whom he sent sanctuary, and our wives, and our chil.

1

dren: for all the heathen are gathered | bled, neither would he let Jonathan to destroy us of very malice.

go. Rm. The LORD open. p. CXX.

Ry. Our enemies. p. cxxi.
Lesson II.

FRIDAY. NOW as soon as the people heard Of the 1st Book of Maccabees. these words. their spirit revived.

Lesson I. Chap. xiv. And they answered with a loud voice, saying, Thou shalt be our leader Now wheu it was heard at Rome, instead of Judas and Jonathan thy Jonathan was dead, they were very

and as far as Sparta, that brother; fight thou our battles, and whatsoever thou commandest us, that sorry; But as soon as they heard that

his brother Simon was made high will we do. so then he gathered priest in his stead, and ruled the together all the men of war, and made haste to finish the walls of wrote unto him in tables of brass, to

country, and the cities therein : they Jerusalem, and he fortified it round renew the friendship and league which about. Also he sent Jonathan the they had made with Judas and son of Absalom, and with him a great Jonathan his brethren : which writings power, to Joppe : who casting out

were read before the congregation of them that were therein remained

Jerusalem. And this is the copy of there in it. So Tryphon removed the letters that the Lacedemonians from Ptolemais with a great power sent. to invade the land of Judea, and

Ry. Fear ye not. p. cxxi.
Jonathan was with him in ward.
But Simon pitched his tents at Adida,

Lesson II. over against the plain.

The rulers of the Lacedemonians, Ry. The LORD hear. p. cxx.

with the city, unto Simon the

high priest, and the elders, and priests, Lesson III.

and residue of the people of the Jews, Simon was risen up instead of bassadors that were sent unto our

: , his brother Jonathan, and meant to people certified us of your glory and join battle with him, he sent messen-honour: wherefore we were glad of gers unto him, saying, Whereas we their coming, and did register the have Jonathan thy brother in hold, it things that they spake in the council is for money that he is owing unto of the people in this manner; the king's treasure, concerning the Numenius son of Antiochus, and business that was committed unto Antipater son of Jason, the Jews' him; wherefore now send an hundred ambassadors, came unto us to renew talents of silver, and two of his sons the friendship they had with us. And for hostages, that when he is at liberty it pleased the people to entertain the he may not revolt from us, and we men honourably, and to put the copy will let him go. Hereupon Simon, of their ambassage in publick records, albeit he perceived that they spake to the end the people of the Lacededeceitfully unto him, yet sent he the monians might have a memorial money and the children, lest perad. thereof: furthermore we have written venture he should procure to himself a copy thereof unto Simon the high great hatred of the people : who

priest. might have said, Because I sent him

Ry. The heathen. p. cxxi. not the money and the children, therefore is Jonathan dead. So be sent

Lesson III. them the children and the hundred AFTER this Simon sent Numenius talents : howbeit Tryphon dissem. to Rome with a great shield of

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