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through devotion for this sacrament, eating His Flesh, and not quitting piously appointed the commemoration His unity. But most of those who of the aforesaid institution to be cele- were present were offended, not underbrated by all the faithful, on the first standing Him. For they did not think, Thursday after the octave of Pentecost: when they heard these sayings, of in order that we, who, through all the anything save the flesh of which they year, use this sacrament for our themselves were made. But the redemption, should especially com- Apostle saith, and truly saith: To be memorate its institution at the time. carnally minded is death. The LORD when the Holy Ghost taught the giveth us His Flesh to eat; and to be hearts of the disciples fully to under- carnally minded_is death. When stand the mysteries of this sacrament; He saith of His Flesh, that there is for it was at that same time that this eternal life, we ought not therefore to sacrament began to be attended by the understand it as flesh according to the faithful.

flesh, as in these words. Many thereRy. I am. p. viii.

fore that heard, not of His enemies, THIRD NOCTURN.

but of His friends, said, This is a

hard saying: who can hear it ? And for the month of February.

Ry. As the living FATHER. P. ix.
Lesson of the Holy Gospel according

Lesson IX.
to S. John.
Lesson VII. Chap. vi.

IF the disciples found that saying

hard, what must His enemies have AT that time : Jesus said unto the done ? And yet it was needful that

multitude of the Jews : My Flesh it should be spoken in such wise as is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink not to be understood by all. A secret indeed. And that which follows.

of God ought to make men studious, A Homily of S. Augustine the Bishop. and not hostile; but they fell away at Tract 27 on S. John.

once, when the LORD JESUS CHRIST We have heard the word of the LORD believe Him when He said some great

spoke in such wise. They did not from the Gospel : those words which thing, and hid some grace under those follow His previous discourse; where words; but they understood according fore a sermon is due to your ears and to their wishes, and after the manner minds, and is not unsuitable to-day: of men, that Jesus was able, or JESUS For it is about the LORD's Body,

which had appointed,

to distribute, as though He said He would give to be eaten for cut up, to them that believed in Him, eternal life.

And He explained the the Aesh wherewith the WORD was manner of this application of it, and clothed. This, quoth they, is a hard of His gift, how He would give us His Flesh to eat, saying, Whoso eateth saying: who can hear it ?

Te Deum, p. 15. My Flesh, and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him. The

SATURDAY. proof that he has eaten and drunk, is

In the Octave. This: if he abides, and is abided in;

FIRST NOCTURN. if he dwells, and is dwelt in; if he

Of the 1st Book of Samuel. clings, so as not to be forsaken.

Lesson I. Chap. iii. Ry. He that. p. ix.

AND the child Samuel ministered Lesson VIII.

unto the LORD before Eli. And HE therefore taught us this, and the word of the LORD was precious in

enforced it in mystical words, those days; there was no open vision. that we should be in His Body, under And it came to pass at that time, Himself, as the Head, His members, when Eli was laid down in his place,

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and his eyes began to wax dim, that he said, What is the thing that the he could not see; and ere the lamp of LORD hath said unto thee? I pray Ciop went out in the temple of the thee, hide it not from me: God do so Lorp, where the ark of God was, and to thee, and more also, if thou hide Samuel was laid down to sleep ; that anything from me of all the things the Lord called Samuel: and he that he said unto thee. And Samuel answered, Here am I. And he ran told him every whit, and hid nothing unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for from him. And he said, It is the thou calledst me. And he said, I LORD : let him do what seemeth him called not ; lie down again. And he good. And Samuel grew, and the went and lay down. And the LORD LORD was with him, and did let none called yet again, Samuel. And of his words fall to the ground. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba said, Here am I; for thou didst call knew that Samuel was established to

And he answered, I called not, be a propbet of the LORD. my son; lie down again. Now

Ry. And Elijah. p. vii. Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet

SECOND NOCTURN. revealed unto him.

And for the month of February.
Ry. And the whole. p. vi.

A Homily of S. John Chrysostom.
Lesson II.

Lesson IV.

ND the LORD called Samuel again Hom. 61. to the people of Antioch.

the third time. And he arose IT is needful, beloved, to learn the and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; marvel of the sacrament: what for thou didst call me. And Eli per- it is, wherefore it is given, and what ceived that the LORD had called the is the profit of that thing. We are child. Therefore Eli saidunto Samuel, made one body: members, He saith, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he of His flesh and of His bones. Let us call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, therefore, who are instructed, follow LORD; for thy servant heareth. So what is said. In order, then, that we Samuel went and lay down in his may so become, not through love only, place. And the LORD came, and stood, but in actual fact, we must be mingled and called as at other times, Samuel, with that Flesh; for this is brought Samuel. Then Samuel answered, about by the food which He has Speak; for thy servant heareth. And bestowed upon us, willing to shew the the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I yearning that He feels towards us. will do a thing in Israel, at which both Wherefore He hath mingled Himself the ears of every one that heareth it together with us, and blended His shall tingle. In that day I will per- Body in us, that we should be, as it form against Eli all things which I were, one body united to the head. have spoken concerning his house : For this is a property of those who when I begin, I will also make an love fervently. end.

Ry. As they were. p. vii.
Rz. Ye shall eat. p. vi.

Lesson V.
Lesson III.


ET us then return from that Α'

ND Samuel lay until the morning, table, as lions breathing fire,

and opened the doors of the house becoming terrible to the devil, and of the LORD. And Samuel feared to pondering in thought our Head and shew Eli the vision. Then Eli called the love which He hath shown towards Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. For parents often give their ANT answered, Here am I. And children to be reared by others. Yet

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I, saith He, do not so: but feed them, of His Blood, that we should abide in with My Flesh, and set Myself before Him, and He in us. But we abide in you, desiring that ye should be all Him when we are His members : noble, and granting you a good hope whereas He abides in us when we are for your future : inasmuch as I, Who His temple. Unity binds us together have here given Myself to you, will do to be His members; but what makes so far more in the time to come. I unity binding, save love? And whence willed to become your brother; I is the love of God? asks the Apostle. shared in flesh and blood for your The love of God, saith he, is shed sake: and again I give you that very abroad in our hearts by the HOLY Flesh and Blood by which I became Ghost, which is given us. your kinsman.

Ry. He that. p. ix.
Ry. JESUS took. p. vii.

Lesson VIII.
Lesson VI.

IT is therefore the SPIRIT which LET us therefore, beloved, give quickeneth. For the SPIRIT maketh

heed to ourselves who enjoy such members live. But the SPIRIT canblessings; and when we feel inclined not make any members live save those to say any evil thing, or see ourselves which it finds in the body which it hurried away by anger, or any other quickens. Nor can the spirit which like sin, let us ponder of what thing is in thee, O man, the spirit by which we have been made worthy, and let thou art a man, quicken a member such a thought as this check our un- which it finds separated from thy reasonable impulses. So many of us flesh. By thy spirit, I mean thy soul. then as have been made partakers of Thy soul does not quicken any mem. this Body, so many of us as taste this ber, save those which are in thy flesh. Blood, let us ponder that we are tasting If thou take away one, it is no longer

Him Who is throned on high, Who is quickened by thy soul, because it is · worshipped by angels. Ah me! how no longer joined to the unity of thy

many ways have we to salvation! He body. hath made us His Body; He hath Ry. As the living FATHER. p. ix. shared His Body with us; and yet none of these things turns us from

Lesson IX. our sins.

THESE things are said in order that Ry. I am. p. viii.

we should love unity, and dread THIRD NOCTURN.

separation ; for a Christian ought to

fear nothing so much as separation And for the months of March and from the Body of CHRIST. For, if he April.

be separated from the Body of CHRIST, Lesson of the Holy Gospel according he is no member of His : he is no to S. John.

member of His, if he be not quickened Lessom VII. Chap. vi.

by the SPIRIT. But whoso, saith the AT. that time : Jesus said unto Apostle, hath not the SPIRIT of CHRIST,

the multitude of the Jews: My the same is none of His. It is then Flesh is meat, indeed, and My Blood the SPIRIT that quickeneth : the flesh is drink indeed. And that which pr eth nothing: the words which I follows.

have spoken unto you, they are spirit and they are life.

What means, A Homily of S. Augustine.

They are spirit and they are life? Tract 27 on S. John.

That they are to be understood WE have said, brethren, that the spiritually. Hast thou understood

LORD bestowed this upon us, in spiritually? They are spirit and life. the eating of His Flesh, and drinking Hast thou understood carnally? Even so they are spirit and life, but not for

Lesson III. thee. Te Deum p. 15.

AND the Philistines were afraid, for

they said, God is come into the SUNDAY WITHIN THE OCTAVE.

camp. And they said, Woe unto us!

for there hath not been such a thing Being the first Sunday after Trinity. heretofore. Woe unto us! who shall All the office is of the Octave, except deliver us out of the hand of these the lessons, and the 8th Rz.

mighty Gods ? these are the Gods

that smote the Egyptians with all the FIRST NOCTURN.

plagues in the wilderness. Be strong, Of the 1st Book of Samuel. and quit yourselves like men, 0 ye Lesson I. Chap. iv.

Philistines, that ye be not servants AND the word of Samuel came to all unto the Hebrews, as they have been Israel. Now Israel went out

to you: quit yourselves like men, and against the Philistines to battle, and and Israel was smitten, and they filed

fight. And the Philistines fought, pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.

And every man into his tent: and there the Philistines put themselves in fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.

was a very great slaughter; for there array against Israel: and when they And the ark of God was taken; and joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines : and they slew of the the two sons of Eli, Hophni and

Phinehas. army in the field about four thousand men. And when the people were

Ry. And Elijah. p. vii. come into the camp, the elders of

SECOND NOCTURN. Israel saïd, Wherefore hath the LORD And for the months of March and April. smitten us to day before the Philistines ? Let us fetch the ark of the

A Sermon of S. John Chrysostom. covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh

Lesson IV. unto us, that, when it cometh among From Hom. 60. to the people of us, it may save us out of the hand of

Antioch. our enemies.

INASMUCH as the WORD saith, Rz. And the whole. p. vi.

This is My Body, let us assent and

believe, and gaze on Him with the Lesson II.

eyes of our understanding. For So

the people sent to Shiloh, that CHRIST hath given us nothing cog

they might bring from thence the nizable by the senses, but in sensible ark of the covenant of the LORD of tokens all that is cognizable by the hosts, which dwelleth between the understanding. For example, in bapcherubims: and the two sons of Eli, tism, by means of a sensible thing, to Hophni and Phinehas, were there with wit, water, the gift is bestowed, and that the ark of the covenant of God. And which is conferred belongs to the unWhen the

ark of the covenant of the derstanding: birth and renewal. For LORD came into the camp, all Israel if thou wert bodiless, He would have shouted with a great shout, so that the given thee simple and bodiless gifts ; earth rang again. And when the but seeing the soul is united to the Philistines heard the noise of the body, He gives thee things which shout, they said, What meaneth the pertain to the understanding, in things noise of this great shout in the camp which pertain to the senses. How of the Hebrews ? And they understood many are there now who say, Would that the ark of the LORD was come in that I could behold His form, His

face, His garments, His sandals ! RY. Ye shall eat. p. vii.

Behold, thou dost see Him : thou

to the camp.

touchest Himself; thou eatest Him. / with CHRIST. Who can declare the self. Thou wishest to see His mere gar- mighty deeds of the LORD, or shew ments;

but He grants thee not merely forth all His praise ? What shepherd to see Him, but to eat Him, to touch feeds his sheep with his own blood i Him, to take Him within thyself. and why say I, wbat shepherd? There Ry. As they were. p. vii.

are many mothers who after the pains Lesson V.

of childbearing intrust their children

to other nurses. This He did not LET no one therefore come with disi endure to do, but Himself feeds us

gust, no one carelessly, but all with His own Blood, and unites us kindled, all fervent, and eager. For if in all things unto Himself. the Jews ate the lamb hastily, standing, having their sandals on their feet, and

Ry. I am. p. viii. grasping their staves in their hands, it

THIRD NOCTURN. is far more needful that thou shouldst Lesson of the Holy Gospel according be on the alert. For they were about to

to S. Lake. make their journey to Palestine, and for that reason assumed the character of

Lesson VII. Chap. xvi. travellers; but thou hast to journey AT that time : Jesus said unto His

. Wherefore thou must disciples : There was a certain needs be watchful in all respects, for rich man, which was clothed purple no light punishment is set before those and fine linen, and fared sumptuously who receive unworthily. Think how every day. And that which follows. wrathful thou art against the traitor, A Homily of S. Gregory the Pope. and against them who crucified Him.

Sarum Breviary. Ponder therefore, lest thou shouldst

There are men who will have it that be guilty of the Body and Blood of CHRIST. They slew that most holy

the precepts of the Old Testament are Body: thou, after so many acts of His straiter and more binding than those

of the New. goodness, receivest Him in a polluted

They, however, who soul. For it was not enough for Him to

think without thought, and

For in the be made man, to be smitten with so deceive themselves. buffets, and to be crucified, but He old law, not fast holding, but fierce also blends Himself with us; and not getting pays the penalty. There, goods in faith alone, but in very deed, makes unjustly gotten are punished with us to be His Body.

repayment four-fold.

But here, Ry. Jesus took. p. viii.

brethren dearly beloved, the rich man

now before you is not reproached with Lesson VI.

having spoiled his neighbour's goods, OUGAT not one then to be very pure, but with not having given of his own,

partaking of such a sacrifice ? Nor is he said to have oppressed any by Ought not the hand which shares this violence, but that he vaunted himself Flesh to be more glorious than the in the things which he had received. sunbeam ? the mouth which is filled with spiritual fire, the tongue which

Ry. He that. p. ix. is ruddy with that most awful Blood ?

Lesson VIII. Ponder what an honour it is with HENCE, therefore, must we most which thou art graced: what a Table surely gather with how sore a it is thou dost enjoy. That which punishrent will he be visited who the angels tremble to behold, and doth despoil his neighbour's goods, if dare not look upon freely, because of he who dealeth not abroad of his own the glory which shineth from it, with is smitten with the damnation of bell. this we are fed, to this we are united, Let no one therefore think to shelter and become one body and one flesh himself when he saith: Behold, I rob

think so,

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