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FROM GALES AND SEATON'S ANNALS OF CONGRESS; FROM THEIR
REPORTED DEBATES, BY JOHN C. RIVES.
THE AUTHOR OF THE THIRTY YEARS' VIEW.
D. APPLETON & COMPANY, 346 & 348 BROADWAY.
111 LAKE STREET.
ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York,
SIXTEENTH CONGRESS.—SECOND SESSION.
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Monday, November 13, 1820.
Jones, Charles F. Mercer, Hugh Nelson, Thomas
Newton, John Randolph, Ballard Smith, Alexander This being the day fixed by law for the meet- Smyth, Thomas V. Swearingen, George Tucker, ing of Congress, Thomas Dougherty, the Clerk, and Jared Williams. and the following members of the House of From North CarolinaJohn Culpeper, Weldon N. Representatives, appeared, and took their seats, Edwards, Thomas H. Hall, Charles Hooks, Lemuel viz:
Sawyer, Jesse Slocum, James S. Smith, Felix Walker,
and Lewis Williams. From Neo Hampshire-Joseph Buffum, jr., Josiah From South Carolina--Joseph Brevard, William Butler, Clifton Clagett, William Plumer, jr., and Na- Lowndes, John McCreary, James Overstreet, and thaniel Upham.
Starling Tucker. From Jassachusetts—Benjamin Adams, Samuel From Georgia—Joel Abbot, and Thomas W. Cobb. C. Allen, Joshua Cushman, Timothy Fuller, Mark From Kentucky-Richard C. Anderson, jun., WilI. Hill, Jonas Kendall, Enoch Lincoln, Marcus Mor- liam Brown, Alney McLean, Thomas Metcalfe, ton, Jeremiah Nelson, James Parker, and Henry George Robertson, and David Trimble. Shaw,
From Tennessee ---Newton Cannon, Francis Jones, From Rhode Island—Samuel Eddy, and Nathaniel and John Rhea. Hazard.
From Ohio--Philemon Beecher, Henry Brush, From Connecticut-Henry W. Edwards, Samuel John W. Campbell, and John Sloan. A. Foot, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Elisha Phelps, John From Louisiana–Thomas Butler. Puss, James Stevens, and Gideon Tomlinson.
From Indiana--William Hendricks. From Vermont.-Samuel C. Crafts, Rollin C. From Illinois Daniel P. Cook. Mallary, Ezra Meech, Mark Richards, and William From AlabamaJohn Crowell, Strong.
The following new members also appeared, From Neo York-Nathaniel Allen, Caleb Baker,
to wit: Walter Caze, Robert Clark, Jacob H. De Witt, John
From Massachusetts, William Eustis, in the D. Dickinson, John Fay, William D. Ford, Ezra C. Grose, Aaron Hackley, jun., George Hall, Henry
room of Edward Dowse, resigned : Meizs, Robert Monell, Nathaniel Pitcher, Jonathan
From Pennsylvania, Thomas G. MOCULLOUGI, Richroond, Henry R. Storrs, Randall S. Street, James in the room of David Fullerton, resigned : Strong. John W. Taylor, Caleb Tompkins, Albert H.
From Virginia, John O. Gray, in the room Tracy, Solomon Van Rensselaer, Peter H. Wendover, of James Johnson, resigned ; Edward B. Jackand Silas Wood.
son, in the room of James Pindall, resigned ; From New Jersey Ephraim Bateman, Joseph and Thomas L. Moore, in the room of George Bxmfield, Charles Kinsey, John Linn, and Bernard F. Strother, resigned: Smith.
From Kentucky, Thomas MONTGOMERY, in From Pennsylvania–Henry Baldwin, William Dar- the room of Tunstall Quarles, resigned; and lintonu Samuel Edwards, Thomas Forrest, Samuel Francis Johnson, in the room of David Walker, Grusi Joseph Hemphill, Jacob Hibshman, Jacob
deceased : Hostetter, William P. Maclay, David Marchand, Robert Moore, Samuel Moore, John Murray, Thomas
Who severally produced their credentials,
and took their seats. Patterson, Hubert Philson, Thomas J. Rogers, John Sergeant, and James M. Wallace.
John Scott, the Delegate from the Territory from Delaxare-Louis McLane.
of Missouri, and James Woodson Bates, the From Maryland-Stevenson Archer, Joseph Kent, Delegate from the Territory of Arkansas, also Peter Little, Samuel Ringgold, Samuel Smith, and appeared, and took their seats. Henry R. Warfield.
The Clerk having announced that a quorum From Virginia, Mark Alexander, William S. Ar- of the House was present, said that he had recher, William A. Burwell, Robert S. Garnett, James ceived a letter from the Hon. Henry Clay, late
H. OF R.]
(NOVEMBER, 1820. Speaker of this House, which, with the leave of For Mr. Taylor 62; for Mr. Lowndes 57; for the House, he read as follows:
Mr. Smith 15; scattering 1.
No choice having yet been made, a motion Sir: I will thank you to communicate to the was made to adjourn, and decided in the affirmHouse of Representatives, that, owing to imperious
And the Clerk adjourned the circumstances, I shall not be able to attend upon it House to 12 o'clock to-morrow. until after the Christmas holidays, and to respectfully ask it to allow me to resign the office of its Speaker, which I have the honor to hold, and to consider this
TUESDAY, November 14. as the act of my resignation. I beg the House also Several other members appeared and took to permit me to reiterate the expression of my sin- their seats, to wit: cere acknowledgments and unaffected gratitude for From New Hampshire, Arthur LiverMORE ; the distinguished consideration which it has uniform- from Massachusetts, Martin Kinsley; from ly manifested for me.
New Jersey, Henry SOUTHARD; from PennsylI have the honor to be, with great esteem, your vania, Christian Tarr; from Maryland, Rafaithful and obedient servant,
PHAEL NEALE; from Virginia, WILLIAM LEE Thomas DOUGHERTY, Esq.
Ball, PHILIP P. BARBOUR, and WILLIAM MoCor; Clerk of the House of Representatives.
from South Carolina, Elias Earle; from Ten
nessee, John Cocke; and from Ohio, THOMAS On motion of Mr. Newton, the letter was or- R. Ross. dered to lie on the table, and to be inserted in The House then proceeded forth with to balthe Journal of the House.
lot again for a Speaker of the House, in the On motion of Mr. N., the House then pro- place of Mr. Clay, resigned. The votes having ceeded to the election of a Speaker.
been counted, Mr. Newton reported, that the The Clerk declared that, as this was an elec. whole number of votes was 149; of which 75 tion to be made from amongst members of the were necessary to a choice ; that the votes were: House, no previous nomination was necessary. For Mr. Taylor 64; for Mr. Lowndes 54; for No nomination, therefore, was made.
Mr. Smith 33 ; scattering 1. Messrs. Newton and MOSELY being appoint No one having a majority of all the votes, the ed a committee to count the ballots, reported House proceeded to ballot the ninth time; when that the votes were-For John W. Taylor 40; it appeared that the votes were : For Mr. Tayfor William Lowndes 34; for Samuel Smith 27 ; lor 66; for Mr. Lowndes 47; for Mr. Smith 33; for John Sergeant 18; for Hugh Nelson 10; scattering 1. scattering 3.
No election having yet taken place, the House Sixty-seven votes being necessary to a choice, proceeded to ballot for the tenth time; and the and no member having the requisite majority, result was declared as follows: For Mr. Taylor a second ballot took place; when the votes 64; for Mr. Smith 50; for Mr. Lowndes 25; were thus reported: For Mr. Taylor 49; for scattering 1. Mr. Lowndes 44; for Mr. Smith 25; for Mr. No election having yet taken place, the House Sergeant 13; scattering 1.
proceeded to ballot for the eleventh time; when No choice being yet made, the House pro- the following result was pronounced : For Mr. ceeded to a further ballot, when the votes given Taylor 61; for Mr. Smith 50; for Mr. Lowndes in were as follows: For Mr. Lowndes 56 ; for 31; for Mr. Sergeant 5; scattering 1. Mr. Taylor 50; for Mr. Smith 16; for Mr. Ser No election having yet taken place, the House geant 11 ; scattering 1.
proceeded to ballot for the twelfth time; ard No choice having been yet made, the House the result was as follows: For Mr. Smith 53; proceeded to ballot a fourth time, when the fol- for Mr. Taylor 47; for Mr. Lowndes 23 ; for Mr. lowing result was reported: For Mr. Lowndes Sergeant 19; for Mr. Tomlinson 3; scattering-3. 61; for Mr. Taylor 60; for Mr. Smith 11; scat The thirteenth ballot resulted as follows: For tering 3.
Mr. Smith 48; for Mr. Taylor 32; for Mr. SerNo one having yet a majority of all the votes, geant 32; for Mr. Lowndes 30; scattering 3. a fifth ballot took place, which resulted as fol The fourteenth ballot resulted as follows: lows: For Mr. Taylor 65; for Mr. Lowndes 63; For Mr. Smith 42; for Mr. Lowndes 37; for for Mr. Smith 8; scattering 2.
Mr. Sergeant 35; for Mr. Taylor 27; scatterA motion was then made that the House do ing 3. now adjourn; and the question thereon being The fifteenth ballot resulted as follows: For put by ihe Clerk, it was decided in the negative. Mr. Lowndes 55; for Mr. Sergeant 32 ; for Mr.
The House then proceeded to ballot a sixth Smith 27; for Mr. Taylor 26 ; scattering 6. time; and the votes, being counted, stood thus : No one yet having a majority of the votes, a For Mr. Taylor 67; for Mr. Lowndes 61; for further ballot was declared necessary; when (it Mr. Smith 7; scattering 1.
being half-past 3 o'clock), No election having yet taken place, another A motion was made to adjourn, and negamotion was then made to adjourn, and the vote tived. thereon was—for adjourning 65, against it 68. The sixteenth ballot then took place, and was
So the House refused to adjourn, and another as follows: For Mr. Lowndes 68 ; for Mr. Tayballot was held, which resulted' as follows: I lor 30; for Mr. Sergeant 24; for Mr. Smith 23.