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(which hardly any Commentators have taken notice of,) they are, in strictness of Construction, immediately connected with the following word, Him; which must necessarily be understood of Christ. Concer

ning which manner of speaking, sce N°5386293. 535, Foh.i, 1. In the beginning was the Word,

and the Word was with GOD, and the Word was God.

In the Beginning. ) Before all Ages; before the Creation of the World ; before the World was, Joh. xvii, s: And ver. 3d of This Chapter, All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made,

that was made : And ver. 10, The World was made by 22 sebim. Thus was this Phrase conftantly understood

in the Primitive Church: And Nothing can be more forced and unnatural, than the Interpretation of the Socinian Writers; who understand, in the Beginning, to signify only, At the first Preaching of the Gospel.

Was the Word.] The Word, the Oracle of God, the

Great Revealer of the Will of God to Mankind. 10 Revi i, s, The Faithful Witness :: Rev. xix, 11, Faith -- ful and True": I fobi V, 20, He that is True: Rev. *** xix, 13, And his Name is called, the WORD of God. pilo "It is with great Violence to the Text, and to the 21 31 whole Scope of the Gospel, that the Sabellian and gneza Some Socinian Writers, (whose Notions, tho' seemof yiringly most contrary, yet in reality amount in the

End to the same thing,) expound this Pallage, of 1 : [the dózerdáJETG) the Internal Reason or SIWisdom of God: In the Beginning was REASON, and OD REASON was with God, &c. As if the Perfon who came to be incarnate for us, and to die for our

any real and proper Being. plop ved And the Word was with GOD.] Ws with the Fastado)


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ther, 1 Joh. i, 2. Had glory with GOD, before the
World was, Joh. xvii, s. I was by him, as one brought
up with him, Prov. viii, 30.

And the Word was God.] Of these Words 'tis e-
vident there are only Three possible Interpretations,
The first is ; that the Word was That Jame Perfon,
whom he was with: And This is both a Contradiction
in Terms, and also the Antient Heresy of Sabellins,
The second is ; that the Word was Another Self-ex-
istent, Underived, Independent Person, co-ordinate to
Him with whom he was: And This is the Impiety of
Polytheism; subverting That First and Great Foun-
dation of All Religion both Natural and Revealed,
the Unity of GOD. The third is; that the Word
is a Person, deriving from the Father (with whom
he existed before the World was,) both his Being
it self, and incomprehensible Power and Knowledge,
and other divine Attributes and Authority, in a Man-
ner not revealed, and which humanę Wisdom ought
not to presume to be able to explain : And This is
the Interpretation of the Learnedest and most Antient
Writers in the Primitive Church.

See Origen's Comment on Job, 1; And Eusebius de Ecclefiafticâ Theologia, lib. 2, cap. 17.

536. Joh. x, 33. Thou, being a Man, makest

thy self God.

See N° 580.


XX, 28. And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

See N° 535:

538. Afts xx, 28. To feed the Church of God, which He hath purchased with his own Blood.


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In This place, the word, God, may be understood of Christ, in like manner as in fch. i, 1. ny Antient Copies read it, and the most antient Fathers cite it, The Church of the LORD. Or, if the word, God, be understood to mean the Father ; then, his own Blood, muft fignify, the Blood of his own Son. Or else, (which seems the most natural Interpretation of all;) if God in this place signifies the Fa. ther, the following words, He hath purchased with his own Blood, may be understood of Christ, in the fame manner of Speaking that Si John in his first Epistle frequently uses, and particularly 1 Job. iii, s, Te know that He was manifested to take away our Sins; and in HIM is no Sin: Where the Words, He, and Him, muft of necessity be referred to Christ, though without any antecedent mention of him, the F only having been before spoken of, ver. I, Behold, what manner of Love the FATHER hath bestowed upon us, &c. And the same seems to be the truc construction of those other words, ver. 16, Hereby perceive we the Love of GOD, (see N° 293,] because [incq] HE (viz. Chrift) laid down his Life for us: Which St Paul expresses more fully, Rom. v, 8, GOD commendeth his Love towards us, in that while we were yet Sinners, CHRIST died for use

See N° 534

539. Rom. ix, 5. Of whom

Christ came, who is over all God blessed for ever, Amen. The Greek words [I V Ó Xeesés,

6 ών επί πάντων Θεός ευλογητός εις τες αιώνας, Αμήν,] are of ambiguous construction; and may equally signify, either (of whom Christ came: God, who is over all be blessed for ever, Amen; ] or, { Of whom Christ came, who is over all: God be blessed for ever, A. men;] or, [Of whom Christ came, who is over all God



-qiblessed for tvér, Amen.} In favour of the two former c rondrings, may be alleged the Use of the Word (Ev

royntos, Blefjed,] in other places of Scripture; as

Pf. lxxxix, 5-; Rom.i, 25; 2 Cor. i, 3 ; ( xi, 31; Epb. d'1,3;''1 Pet.i, 3; Mark xiv, 61. But the Latter of

the Three, was pitcht upon by our Translators, as the most natural and obvious rendring of the Words. And the Sense is not difficult.' For, as the fame Apostle tells us, 1 Cor. xv, 27, that when he faith, All things are put under Christ, 'tis manifest that He is excepted, which did put all things under him : so here in like manger, when he repeats the very same thing, that Christ is God over all; and ch. x, 12,' that he is Lord over all; and AEZs x, 36, he is Lord of all; 'ris manifest again, that He muft needs be excepted, by Communication of whose Divine Power and Supreme Authority, Christ is God or Lord over all.

540. 1 Tim. iii, 16, God was manifest in the Flesh;


It has been a great Controversy among Learned men, whether [ Debs] or [ ©s] or [8,] be the true

Reading in this place. But it is not, in reality, of great vf Importance. For the Senfe is evident; that That Per

son was manifest in the Flesh, whom St John in the Beginning of his Gospel stiles [Debs] God. See N•

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541. Tit. ii, 13. The glorious appearing of the

great God, and our Saviour Fefus Cbrift.

Many understand this whole Sentence to belong to one and the same Person, viz. Christ: As if the Words should have been rendred, 'The appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ

. Which Construction, the Words will indeed bear; as do allo those in 2 Pet. 1, 1. But it is much more reafonable,


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25 and more agrecable to the whole Tenor of Scrip

ture, to understand the former part of the words, to 28 relate to the Farber See No 395. Amminos 5423 Hebdi, 8. But unto the Son he faith; Thy PR: Throne, O God, is for ever and ever, See No

135. hora 543. 2 Pet. 1, 1. See N° 289., 544... 1 Job iii, 16. See No 293, 534, 538. 545, V;20, 21. See N° 410, SEC T.

II. The Pallages, wherein it is declared, that the

World was made by Him. 546, TOH. 1, 3. All things were made* by him

[si auron] and without him was not any 9. Otthing made, that was made.

* The Note of Eufebius upon this place, is very pertinent, and expresses the Unanimous Sense of

the Catholick Church. Λέγων και δι' αυτά γεγχή- Whenthe Evangelift(says DJs -- Tawarta, tò inge

he Jaffirnis that all things tixcy Tð Jes[a6zo] zacisn9 were made [218] by or Aurépfa gőv & Euayle

**(or through) Him, be te berein declares the Mis nosas ciwcīv, werrand aus *st niftration of Cbrift to God fylueto, skora ai As he might have expres- vuês avatiueitan etti che mi


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