Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

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Rick J. Schulting, Linda Fibiger
OUP Oxford, 19.04.2012 - 392 Seiten
Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective presents an up-to-date overview of the evidence for violent injuries on human skeletons of the Neolithic period in Europe, ranging from 6700 to 2000 BC. Unlike other lines of evidence - weapons, fortifications, and imagery - the human skeleton preserves the actual marks of past violent encounters. The papers in this volume are written by the experts undertaking the archaeological analysis, and present evidence from eleven European countries which provide, for the first time, the basis for a comparative approach between different regions and periods. Difficulties and ambiguities in interpreting the evidence are also discussed, although many of the cases are clearly the outcome of conflict. Injuries often show healing, but others can be seen as the cause of death. In many parts of Europe, women and children appear to have been the victims of violence as often as adult men. The volume not only presents an excellent starting point for a new consideration of the prevalence and significance of violence in Neolithic Europe, but provides an invaluable baseline for comparisons with both earlier and later periods.
 

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Inhalt

an introduction
1
violence among Subboreal foragers from Gotland central Baltic Sea
17
3 Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective
35
evidence from Neolithic settlements of the Lengyel Culture in Kuyavia northcentral Poland
51
a pivotal find in conflict archaeology
77
anthropological evidence of interpersonal violence
101
7 Violence against the living violence against the dead on the human remains from Herxheim Germany Evidence of a crisis and mass cannibalism?
121
8 Violence in the Single Grave Culture of northern Germany?
139
11 Interpersonal violence in the Late Mesolithic and Middle Neolithic in the Netherlands
191
an overview
207
beyond mortuary monuments in southern Britain
223
14 Evidence of trauma in Neolithic Greece
249
San Juan ante Portam Latinam
265
16 Evidence of traumatic skeletal injuries in the collective burial caves of the Nabão Valley central Portugal
303
an overview
317
Bibliography
341

9 Injuredbut special? On associations between skull defects and burial treatment in the Corded Ware Culture of central Germany
151
10 Investigating cranial trauma in the German Wartberg Culture
175

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Über den Autor (2012)


Dr. Rick Schulting is an archaeologist with strong interests in bioarchaeology as a rich source of information about past peoples. His main area of research is the Mesolithic and Neolithic of western Europe. Another interest is documenting the skeletal evidence for interpersonal violence and placing this within a population perspective in order to better understand its impact on early societies.


Dr Linda Fibiger is an osteoarchaeologist/physical anthropologist whose main interests include interpersonal violence and conflict in prehistoric Europe, human remains from caves, Irish Early Christian Burials, and standards and practice in osteoarchaeology. She has published widely on commercial and research projects in Britain and Ireland, and has recently been involved in an AHRC-funded research project at the University of Cardiff, investigating changing lifeways in the earliest agricultural societies of central Europe.

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