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Vol. 77.-No.1.]


[Price Is. 20,


be put into the occupation of one who is not the owner, how careful we are about the covenant! Why, these highspirited knaves who are railing against pledges, would, I suppose, scorn to be parties to the covenants of a lease, they would scorn to be parties to a contract for furnishing this righteous Government with horses or clothing for the

armny, in which specific pledges are given PLEDGES.

with regard to the age and size of the

horse, and with regard to the quality of ELECTORS OF THE WHOLE KINGDOM. the cloth. Their high blood would boil

at the idea of pledging themselves to LETTER III.

perform the specific things required of

them in the ordination of priests, and in Kensington, 3rd of July, 1832. My Friends,

the consecration of bishops ! In short, This is really VITAL matter! I sball persons so very high blooded as to deem first make a few remarks on the ob- it a degradation to give any pledge to jections which the crafty knaves are those who entrust them with affairs making to pledges generally. In all the of any sort, are far too high-blooded to concerns of life, when we are engag. be entrusted by anybody who has not ing a person to do anything for us, the mind to be the slave of his agent. whether he be servant, clerk, attorney,

So much for the principle of pledges; steward, or agent of any sort, we tell so much for the result of common him what we want him to do for us, and sense and of reason applied to the he engages to do that thing. A mem- case. And now for experience; and ber of Parliament is called the represen- for our own recent experience as applitative, and those who choose him are cable to this very matter. The Reform called his constituents. They consti-Pill had to pass through two Houses : tute, or make him their representative; a pledged House, and non-pledged House. he is to act for them; he is to do that Through the pledged House it went very in his single person which it would be glibly; but we all recollect that a nonimpracticable for them in a body to do pledged House actually threw it out for themselves ; and of course they are the first time, and passed it the second to give him instructions what to do, and time, only because something was applihe is to promise, or to pledge himself, to ed to it quite as efficacious as a pledge! obey those instructions. They do not Then the House which was pledged the choose him to do his own will, and not last time, was not pledged the first time; their will; and if he think it beneath and it was obliged to be dissolved, in him to be considered as their mere dele. order that we inight have an opporgate to act for them he ought not to un- tunity of pledging it. In short, we all dertake the task; to say to a body of know that if the House of Commons person, choose me to do what I like, is had not been pledged, we should have at once nonsense and impudence. had no Reform Bill. What

says our experience in common The base reptiles in the city of Lon-matters? How often have great mis- don; these sneaking, tax-hunting knaves, chiefs happened from there not being a who are now clamouring against the clear understanding between the parties pledges put forth by the committee of serving another, and the parties to be the clectors of London, and who are served. When a house or a farm is to crying out, that no gentleman will give


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