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PREFACE

For many

No true student of military history can ignore the wealth of material
available in languages other than English. This is true regardless of
the area being studied, United States or foreign history.
years, the military forces of the United States relied upon foreign
military knowledge in developing its own military technology,
recent times, alliances and international cooperation have resulted in
detailed studies of the military systems of other nations, not only by
American scholars but by historians worldwide. Consequently, use of
foreign source materials by the scholar and historian has become ever
more important.

The US Army Military History Research Collection includes within its holdings many important foreign source materials. Over fifty languages are represented. The bibliography of dictionaries and military dictionaries prepared by Miss Wrinkle is an indicator of the foreign publications available. The military dictionaries are important, not only because they provide a key to military terminlogy of the country concerned, but also because they often furnish the sole definition of colloquial or out-of-date phraseology not found elsewhere.

This bibliography has been prepared by Miss Barbara Wrinkle of the
Technical Services Division of the Military History Research Collection.
Prior to joining the staff of the Research Collection, Miss Wrinkle
served with the Library Services of the Office of the Adjutant General in
both the United States and overseas.

GEORGE S. PAPINS
Colonel, US Army
Director, US Army Military History

Research Collection

INTRODUCTION

Language makes possible the development, the elaboration, the transmission and the accumulation of a culture as a whole. Cultural evolution breeds lingual change. Language, like culture is continually adapting to the current requirements of change. Words become obsolete, words are born and words acquire new meanings. A command of the language is an indispensable means of obtaining accurate and thorough knowledge of historical materials. Dictionaries are a basic source for this knowledge.

The term "dictionary" has been used in its broadest sense to include vocabularies and glossaries. Fifty-nine languages are represented, covering from 1748 to 1969.

Traditionally, military terminology has not been included in general language dictionaries; therefore, antiquated terms and the increasing quantity of technical military terminology has created special problems for the researcher.

The military dictionaries in this bibliography cover all branches of the armed forces. Many include specialized material on foreign armed forces. This special information has been listed in the annotations. The English language has been divided into American and British categories, since a word often has different meanings to the two national groups.

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The bibliography is organized in the following manner by national language: 1. Basic language dictionaries

Basic language
Bilingual: subdivided by language, with entries under both
languages. Exception no entry made under American or
British if English is one of the languages represented.
Polyglot: includes more than two languages, with entries
under each language represented. Exception no entry made
under American or British if English is one of the languages

represented.
II. Abbreviations
III. Military dictionaries

Basic language
Bilingual: subdivided by language, with entries under both
languages. Exception no entry made under American or

British if English is one of the languages represented.
C. Polyglot: includes more than two languages, with entries

under each language represented. Exception no entry made
under American or British if English is one of the languages
represented.

Abbreviations
e. Slang
f. Soldiers' Guides: pocket guides to foreign countries,

containing native conversational phrases.
g. Symbols.

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A chronological index, arranged alphabetically by language with subdivisions by date has been designed to assist the user in the search for a dictionary covering a particular period of time. The page where the complete bibliographical information can be located has been noted. Undated dictionaries have been grouped at the end of each language represented.

The compiler wishes to acknowledge the advice and assistance of Miss Joyce Eakin, Dr. B. F. Cooling, Philip Cavanaugh, John Slonaker, and all of the US Army Military History Research Collection Staff.

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