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of the towe plevin be trilustification of shall, before

the town where such creatures are impounded; and if the damages be above twenty dollars, then to be prosecuted at the next succeeding court of common pleas to be holden for the county where the damage was sustained: and the justices or wardens who shall grant such writ of replevin shall return the same, with the bond by them taken, (if triable at the court of common pleas,) into the clerk's office of said court, five days before the sitting of such court, and the party distraining shall, before trial, put in his avowry or justification of impounding; and in case the replevin be triable before the justices or wardens of the town as aforesaid, that then the same shall be prosecuted and determined by them, within five days after such writ of replevin shall be served, and not after. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That no hog or hogs Hogs at

large to be in any town in this State, from the twelfth day of Febru- runner ary to the twenty-sixth day of October, annually, shall go at large, without being yoked and rung, unless by act of any town it be ordered otherwise: and it shall and may be lawful for any person to impound any hog or hogs running loose contrary to this act; and the owner of such hog or hogs shall pay the fees and expences of impounding the same, before they be discharged from the pound. Form of the writ of replevin.

Writ of re

plevin. To the Town-Sergeant of thc town of

or to the Constables of said town, greeting. You are hereby, in the name of the State of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations, required to replevy belonging to


in the county of

now distrained or impounded by

in the county aforesaid, and deliver the said unto the said

he having given bond to me in the sum of dollars, to prosecute his replevin at the next court of common pleas to be holden for said county, on the Monday in next, and to pay such costs and damages as the said shall then and there recover against him: hereof fail not, and make true return to me of this writ, with your doings thereon. Given under my hand and seal, in

aforesaid, in the year The same form of writs of replevin to be observed when cognizable before the justices and wardens, mutatis mutandis.

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fence li

Cattle Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any proprietor

ng or occupant of improved land shall suffer his part of the through unlawful division fence to become or continue out of repair, and

not conformable to law, whereby the proprietor or occuowner of

pant of any lands adjoining shall sustain injury by any able.

cattle, sheep, horses or hogs, breaking into his enclosures, through or over such unlawful fence, the party aggrieved shall be entitled to his action of trespass against the owner or occupant of such unlawful fence, to recover all damages which he shall have sustained by any cattle, sheep, horses or hogs, breaking into his enclosure through such unlawful fence; subject however to the conditions annexed to the first section of this act.

er os whichogs, Subjec of this

1699,4729 An act to prevent Sheep and Cattle from being worried and torn 1811 '19

by Dogs. 20 '22. Remedy SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the against

oms of authority thereof it is enacted, That when any person shall owners of dogs which have any sheep or cattle worried, torn or killed by any

sheep, dog or dogs, in such case the owner of such sheep or cat&c.

tle shall recover his damages against the owner of such dog or dogs, by action of the case, with costs of suit; and if afterwards any further damage be done by such dog or dogs to any sheep or cattle, the owner of such dog or dogs shall pay to the party aggrieved thereby, double damages; to be recovered in like manner as aforesaid with costs; and that an order be made by the court before whom such recovery shall be had, for killing such dog or dogs, and that the same be done accordingly by the officer who shall

be charged therewith. Town . Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the town-councouncils cils of the several towns in this State be and they are may tax the own. hereby authorized and empowered to impose such tax or ers, &c.

taxes upon every person within their respective towns, who shall own or keep any dog or dogs, as they may think proper; and also to make such orders, by-laws and regulations, to prevent damage being done to flocks of sheep

and cattle, by dogs, as they may deem necessary: ProvidProviso. ed however, That the towns of Providence, East-Greenwich,

Cranston, North-Providence, Portsmouth, Newport, Middletown, Tiverton, Hopkinton, New-Shoreham and Warwick, are hereby excepted from the provisions of this act.

make laws

lative to

An act concerning Dogs.

1698 1729

'61 '94 98 Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, That the town-councils of the towns certain of Providence, Newport, Portsmouth, East-Greenwich, towns to Cranston, North-Providence, Middletown, Tiverton, Hop-mely kinton, New-Shoreham and Warwick, be and they are dogs. hereby empowered to make and carry into execution such laws and regulations concerning dogs within their respective towns as they shall deem expedient, and to inflict To kill such penalties and forfeitures for the breach of such laws

uch laws they think and regulations as they may deem expedient, whether the proper. same extend to the destruction of the life of the animal or otherwise ; and all pecuniary penalties inflicted by such Pecuniary town-councils respectively, shall be recovered by action of penalties

how redebt or complaint, before any one or more of the justices covered. of the peace or wardens of the town in which a breach of such laws and regulations shall happen; provided that no Proviso. pecuniary penalty inflicted as aforesaid shall exceed the sum of five dollars.


An act for the Crying of Horses, Neat Cattle, Sheep and Hogs. 1734 98

1817 °22. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and by the Estrays authority thereof it is enacted, That it shall and may be law- how to be ful for any person within this State, who shall find any with. horses, neat cattle, sheep or hogs, damage feasant, within his own land in this State, not knowing to whom the same belong, to take any creature so found as an estray, and within ten days next after such taking up of any such creature, to repair to the town-clerk of the town in which the same may be taken up, and give notice thereof; and Townthe said town-clerk shall thereupon cause to be made clerk to three notifications, attested under his hand, setting forth tray.

notify esthe natural and artificial marks of such creature, one of which notifications shall be set up in the same town, and the other two in some public places in the two next towns in this State ; and shall also cause such notification to be published in one of the newspapers printed in the town nearest to that in which such estray shall be taken up: May be and any creature so strayed and taken up shall be kept bept a

Pyear and by the person who took it up, one year and a day, (and if a day. it be a horse, to have a withe kept about his neck, the whole of said time,) and any person laying just claim to

Owner such creature, may, at any time, within the year and day,

have the same again, upon paying the just and reasonable within charges of keeping, crying and notifying as aforesaid ; but said time.

in case any difference shall happen to arise between the said parties about the claim or charge of keeping such creature, the same shall be referred to the two or three next justices of the peace or wardens within said town, who are hereby directed and empowered to hear and determine the same, according to justice and equity, and to

tax cost as in other cases, which judgment shall be final: Otherwise, and in case no owner shall appear within said limited time,

in the person who took up said creature shall repair to the taking up may con- town-clerk, taking with him two good freeholders of the

his neighborhood, who shall be by the town-clerk engaged to own use, &c. make a faithful and true appraisal of said creature; and

the person who took such creature shall pay one half of the sum said creature shall be appraised at (after all just charges are deducted) into the hands of the town-clerk, who shall give the said person a certificate from under his hand that he hath proceeded according to law with sạid creature; and upon the receipt thereof, the person who

took up said creature may convert the same to his own Penalty use: and any person taking up any creature and not profor not proceeding ceeding as is by this act required, shall forfeit the sum of according five dollars, to be recovered before any two justices or to law.

wardens in the town where the offence shall be committed, by action of debt, one half thereof to and for the poor of said town, and the other half to and for the use of him who will sue for the same; provided that this act shall not extend to such towns where other provision is made

by law. Town

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each town-clerk clerk to shall keep a fair record of all his proceedings, according keep re

to this act; and shall pay all money by him received for proceed. anya

any creature strayed, and for which no owner appears, into the town-treasury, immediately on receipt thereof: and the town-clerk shall be paid for every creature so cried, and for every advertisement posted up or printed as aforesaid, twelve cents; and if no owner appear, and it be appraised, and he give a certificate as aforesaid, he shall have twenty-five cents therefor,


1666, 1725 An act for regulating Fences.

28 '53 '97

'98. Section 1. Be it cnacted by the General Assembly, and by Lawful the authority thereof it is enacted, That the fences herein- fences. after described are and shall be adjudged lawful fences, to wit: a hedge with a ditch shall be three feet high, upon the bank of the ditch well staked at the distance of two feet and a half, bound together at the top, and sufficiently filled to prevent small stock from creeping through, and the bank of the ditch shall not be less than one foot above the surface of the ground : a hedge without a ditch shall be four feet high, staked, bound and filled, as a hedge with a ditch: post and rail fence on the bank of a ditch shall be four rails high, each well set in posts, and not less than four feet and a half high : a stone-wall fence shall be four feet high, with a Hat stone hanging over the top thereof, or a good rail or pole thereon, well staked or secured with crotches or posts ; and a stone-wall without such flat stones, rails or posts on the top, shall be four feet and a half high; and all other kinds of fences not herein particularly described, shall be four feet and a half high.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all partition Partition fences between lands under improvement shall be made hences,

de be equally and maintained in equal halves, in length and quality, maintainby the proprietors or possessors of such lands respective-ed. ly; and in case any proprietor of land shall improve his land (the land adjoining being unimproved) and shall make the whole partition fence, in such case the proprietor or possessor of the land adjoining and unimproved shall, upon improvement thereof, pay for one half of such partition fence, according to the value thereof at that time, and shall keep up and maintain the same ever afterwards, whether he shall continue to improve such land or not; and all partition fences shall be kept up and maintained in good order through the year, except the parties concerned shall otherwise agree.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That when any pro- On refusa) prietor or possessor of land shall neglect or refuse to sup- applica.

p tion to be port the one half part of any divisional fence, or shall made to withdraw his fence from any divisional line, upon com-fe

viewer. plaint thereof to any one fence-viewer of the town in which such cause of complaint shall arise by the party aggrieved, and upon request to him to view such insufficient or defective fence, such fence-viewer shall attend


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