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Penalty shall be sent out of any town, agreeably to this act, shall for return. voluntarily return thither again, without leave first obtaining.
ed of the town-council for so doing, he or she shall forfeit the same penalty, and be subject to the same punishment,
as is prescribed in the twelfth section of this act. wn- Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That if any person councils shall reside in any town in this State, not being legally may order unsuita settled in that or any other town in the State, and shall ble per- become, or likely to become, chargeable to the town sons, &c. to depart. where such person shall so reside,or who shall, in the opin
ion of the town-council of such town, be a person of bad fame and reputation, and an unsuitable person to become an inhabitant thereof, it shall and may be lawful for the town-council of such town, upon complaint of one or more of the overseers of the poor of such town, to order such person to depart from and out of such town, within such
time as the said town-council in their discretion may apPenalty. point: and if the person so ordered shall not depart from
such town, within the time appointed as aforesaid, or having so departed, shall voluntarily return thither, without leave first obtained from the town-council for so doing, such person shall be fined by the town-council, not exceeding seven dollars, to and for the use of the poor of such town; and in default of paying the same, shall be publicly whipped, at the discretion of the town-council, not exceeding twenty-nine stripes, and shall be subject to the like penalty and punishment on every repetition of
such offence. Settlement Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That whenever the not gained
les. town-council of any town in the State shall adjudge any tate in person residing therein to be of bad fame and reputation,
or to be an unsuitable person to become an inhabitant of such town, and shall order him or her to be removed therefrom, such person shall not, by his or her thereafter acquiring or becoming seized or possessed of any real estate in such town, gain any settlement in such town, or any right to become an inhabitant thereof, without the consent of the town-council of such town.
86397995 An act regulating proceedings in cases of Bastardy. 1800 "22. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, and
by the authority thereof it is enacted, That upon the examination of any unmarried woman, taken on oath, in writing,
in consequence of a complaint made under the hand of Upon comone or more of the overseers of the poor of the town where plaint of
overseers, such unmarried woman shall reside or belong, that she is &c. warwith child, it shall be lawful for any justice of the peace rant to isor warden of either of such towns, to grant forth a warrant or summons against the person whom she shall so charge with getting her with child; which warrant or sum-To whom mons, in case the person so charged shall live or may be directed. found in any other town in the county than in the town liable to become chargeable for the support of such child when born, shall be directed to the sheriff of the county, his deputy, or to the town-sergeant of the town where such unmarried woman shall reside or belong, who are hereby authorized and empowered to execute such warrant or summons in any town in such county; but if the person so charged shall live in the same town with such unmarried woman, the warrant or summons may be directed for service to the sheriff, his deputy, or to the town-sergeant, or to either of the constables of such town: that when the
Person acparty accused shall appear before any such justice of the peace or warden, if he can offer no satisfactory reason be recogthat he is innocent, he shall enter into a recognizance with " one or more sureties, at the discretion of such justice of the peace or warden, to appear at the next supreme judicial court to be holden in and for the county in which such complaint may have originated ; and if he shall re- On refusal, fuse to enter into such recognizance, the justice of the to
mitted. peace or warden shall commit him to the common jail, there to remain until he shall be by due course of law discharged therefrom; and that the said supreme judicial court, if recognizance be entered into, and the woman be not delivered, may order a continuance of the recognizance to their next term, and so on from court to court, until the woman shall be delivered, to the end that an order may be made. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That after any bastard On the
birth the child shall be born in any town in this. State, whether mother to such child be born alive, or be still-born, or being born be exam
: ined. alive shall die before an order be made, and no examination had before the birth of such child, it shall be lawful for any two or more justices of the peace or wardens, living in the town where such child shall be born, or in the town which shall be liable to support such bastard child, upon examination of the woman by them taken on oath, and upon complaint of the overseers of the poor of
Warrant either of such towns, to grant forth a warrant for the to be is.
person whom the mother of the child shall charge on sued.
oath with begetting such child; or in case the mother, before the birth of such child, shall have charged any person upon oath as aforesaid with begetting the same, then, upon the birth of such child, a warrant shall be issued in like manner against the person so accused; provided he shall live or may be found in the same county; which warrant or warrants shall be directed and served as is herein before directed : that when the accused person shall appear, if the woman, on being examined anew on oath, shall continue constant in her accusation, and no plea or proof be produced sufficient to satisfy the justices or wardens, who shall have taken cognizance of the case
that he is innocent, they shall adjudge him to be the puOrder to tative or reputed father of the child, and make an order ade. for its maintenance if living, or if dead, for payment of
the expences accrued before and at its death and inter
ment; and that if the person accused shall be dissatisfied Appeal with the order, he may appeal therefrom to the supreme granted. judicial court, at the term thereof next to be holden in the
county in which the child shall have been born, upon paying down the costs that shall have accrued, and entering
into a recognizance with one or more sureties, at the disTerms
cretion of such justices or wardens, for his appearance, and abiding by such order as shall be made by the said supreme judicial court; and in default of such order to be then made or taken by the said supreme judicial court, to perform the order already made; but if he shall not
pray an appeal, the justices and wardens who shall have May be issued the order are empowered and directed to commit committed him, if he shall refuse or neglect to give bond with surety in case.
to perform their order: Provided however, That no woman Proviso.
shall be admitted a witness as aforesaid, who hath been convicted of any crime which would by law disqualify her from being a witness in any other cause; and the question
of her credibility shall always be governed by the law of May have evidence, as in other cases: And provided further, That
by in all cases when the defendant appeals, or is recognized jury.
to appear before the supreme judicial court as aforesaid, a trial shall then be had by the jury, if either party require it.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That if the person accused, doth not live in the county wherein complaint shall be made, before or after the birth of such bastard child as
trial by in all cast before the suped by the jur
aforesaid, or is not there to be found, it shall be lawful Accused for any justice of the court of common pleas in the county living out where complaint shall be made as aforesaid, having first county, examined the mother of such child upon oath, to grant Warrant forth a warrant, directed to the sheriff of the county, or his issued, deputy, in which the accused person dwells or resides, to apprehend the said person, and him bring to the town where such complaint shall be made, before the birth of any bastard child, or after such child shall be born; and when he appears, the justice who shall have granted the warrant or summons as aforesaid, shall order him into the custody of the town-sergeant, or some constable of that town; and is hereby fully empowered, in conjunction with Proceedany one justice or warden living in the said town, to take money cognizance of the cause, and proceed therein, in the manner directed in the two preceding sections, with concurrent powers and similar forms prescribed therein to the justices or wardens, whether on complaint that any unmarried woman shall be with child of a bastard child, or such child be born alive, or be still-born, or being born alive shall die before an order be made, and no examination had before the birth of such child, respect being had to the local jurisdiction of the different authorities created by this act.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the order to be made for the maintenance of a bastard child, shall be in substance of the following form, to wit: Whereas due proof has been made before us,
Form of and Esquires, inhabiting in the town of
the order. in the county of
upon the oath of of mother of a bastard child, born the day of in the town aforesaid, that
of did beget the said bastard child, which child is likely to become chargeable to the said town of we the said
upon examination of the said and the cause and circumstances of the premises, do adjudge the said
to be the putative father of said bastard child; and thereupon do order, as well for the relief of the said town of
as for keeping and maintaining of said child, that the said shall forthwith, upon sight of this our order, pay, or cause to be paid, to the overseers of the poor of the said town, for the time being, the sum of
for the first four weeks from the birth of said child, for defraying the
charge of the lying in of the said
and after the expiration of the said four weeks, the said
shall likewise pay, or cause to be paid, to the overseers of the poor of the town aforesaid, weekly and every week, the sum of for and towards the maintenance of the said bastard child, for so long time as the said child shall be chargeable to the said town: and further we do hereby order, that the said
shall every week, for so long time as the said child shall be chargeable as aforesaid, and she shall not keep the same, pay or cause to be paid unto the overseers of the poor of the town of aforesaid, for the time being, the sum of . for and towards the further maintenance of said child : lastly, we order that the said
do upon notice of this our order, give sufficient security to the overseers of the poor of the town of aforesaid, for the performance of this our order. In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, this
day of Order may Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That when any order
tered made in manner as aforesaid for the maintenance of a by su
bastard child, shall be brought before the said supreme court.
judicial court by appeal, the said court be and hereby is fully empowered to alter or amend the same, if it shall appear to be extravagant or any way defective; but shall not quash or reverse it, unless it be made to appear that there is no sufficient reason to adjudge the person charged with the maintenance of the child, to be the putative father thereof; any law, custom or usage to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
And whereas it sometimes happens that the persons charged, as the reputed or putative fathers of bastard children, with the maintenance thereof, are of little or no estates, and are committed to jail for non-performance of orders made against them, or for not giving security to perform the same, and make the towns liable with their sup
port in jail : Commit- Sec. 6. Be it therefore further enacted, That when and so
re- often as any man shall stand committed to any of the jails fusal to perform in this State, for the non performance of any final adjudiorder, may cation and order in bastardy made up against him, the out. town-council, for the time being, wherein such order ori
ginated, shall and may bind out and give and take indentures of servitude of such prisoner, for such length of time, and for such wages or sum, as the town-council shall think convenient and requisite, which indenture shall be sign
ted for re