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OB

NORTII AND SOUTH

AMERICA,

FROM ITS DISCOVERY

TO THE

| DEATH OF GEN. WASHINGTON.

BY RICHARD SNOWDEN, Esq.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

PHILADELPHIA:

JBLISHED BY BENJAMIN WARNER, NO. 171, MARKET STREET,
AND SOLD AT HIS STORES, RICHMOND, VIRGINIA,

AND CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA.
Checked

1819.
1 May, 1913 ILLUAN GREER, PRINTER, COLUMBIA,

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DISTBICT OF PENNSYLVANTA, to wit:

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twelfth day of June, in the twentyninth year of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1805, Jacob Jounson, of the said district, hath deposited in this office, the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in tlie words following, to wit: "The History of North and South America, from its discovery to the

“death of General Washington. By Richard Snowden, Esq. In two "volumes. Vol. I.”

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entituled, "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies durng the times therein mentioned ;" and also to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary to an act, entitled, “An act for the encouragement of learning, hy securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the au. thors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints." (L. S.)

D. CALDWELL,
Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania.

PREFACE.

TO furnish the public with a cheap history of America, from its discovery, to its present state of ci vilization and importance, is an undertaking of such general utility, that the attempt, if it even fall short of complete execution, has a claim to a con

siderable share of indulgence. This is more especially the case, . when the writer has to follow a historian of such great and just celebrity as Dr. Robertson, in at least one half of the work.

To compose such a historical epitome as is desirable, from scattered materials, is a difficulty of such magnitude, as wholly to discourage the attempt; and to abridge the pages of so great an original, where there is nothing superfluous, nothing the reader would wish omitted, is a design, which to many will seen to border on temerity. But this abridgement has been preferred, as it is attended with the least chance of disappointment; and to borrow is not dishonourable, when the obligation is can. didly acknowledged.

In what relates to South America, Dr. Robertson's history has, therefore, been implicitly followed. His arrangement of the subject, his chronological order, and his very style have been adopted, as the best that can be chosen. To condense his de tails, to introduce only the most prominent and characteristic events, has been the principal effort, and invariable purpose of the epitomiser : endeavouring as he progressed, to preserve uns broken, the connexion and continuity of events; and in the whole, to present the reader with a brief, but interesting view, of one of the most important æras in the annals of the world.

So far the writer travelled with pleasure: but in tracing the subsequent part, the history of North America, he has cause to regret, with all his contemporaries, the absence of so pleasing and faithful a guide....being obliged to collect materials from

different sourees, none of which are complete, of all the British settlements in North America, from their first landing to their final separation from the parent state.

The settlement of these colonies being made at different pe. riods, with charters of incorporation extremely variant, and with governments as distinct as their geographical boundaries, reudered a history of the British enipire in America' extremely complex and difficult. From this heterogeneous mass, however, the writer has endeavoured, with considerable labour, to educe a summary of those events that paved the way to the American Revolution ; and which will constitute the introduction to the future histories of the UNITED STATES.

In that portion of the work which suceeeds the confederation of the colonies, and the consequent declaration of Independence, we set our feet on surer ground : we revive events that happened in our own memory; and of which there are faithful records within the reach of most of our readers. In treating on this part of the subject, it is not a very easy task, wholly to avoid that collision of opinions which is inseparable from free governments, and which constitutes so great a part in the annals of United America. This, however difficult, the writer has endeavoured to avoid, confining himself, as much as possible, to a history of facts, and to those only that are of a national concern. His principal object has been to present his readers with a comprehensive view of the whole, without any respect to the politics of a single state or party; and to excite, if possible, a zeal for the general welfare and honour of our common country....How far he has succeeded in this, as well as other parts of the work, must be left to the candid reader; to whom it is now very respectfully sabmitteda

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