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LIFE

OF

GEORGE WASHINGTON.

BY

WASHINGTON IRVING.

VOL IV.

NEW YORK: G P. PUTNAM & CO., 321 BROADWAY

1857.

Enteked% according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857,
By G. P PUTNAM & CO.,
in tho Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for tho
Southern District of New York.

Johw F. Trow,

Printer, Storeotyper, and Electrotyper,

877 «k 379 Broadway,

Cor. Wl iU Street, N«w York.

CONTENTS OF VOL. IV.

CHAPTER I.

PAG*

Sufferings of the Army at Morrlstown—Rigorous Winter—Derangement

of tho Currency—Confusion in the Commissariat—Impressment of

Supplies—Patriotic Conduct of the People of New Jersey—The Bay

of New York Frozen over—Lord Stirling's Expedition against Staten

Island—Knyphausens Incursion into the Jerseys—Caldwell's Church

at Elizabethtown burnt—Character of its Pastor—Foray into West-

chester County—Burning of Young's House in the Valley of the

Neperan, .... . .... 1

CHAPTER II.

Arnold in Command of Philadelphia—Unpopular Measures—Arnold's

Style of Living—His Schemes and Speculations—His Collisions with

the Executive Council—His Land Project—Charges sent against him

to Congress—His Address to the Public—Charges referred to a Court-

Martial—His Marriage—Verdict of the Court-Martial—Arnold Repri-

manded—Obtains Leave of Absence from the Army, . . .11

CHAPTER III.

South Carolina Threatened—Its Condition and Population—Stormy

Voyage of Sir Henry Clinton—Loss of Horses—Character of Lieu-

tenant-Colonel Tarleton—Fleet Arrives at Tybee—Sir Henry Clinton

Advances upon Charleston—Lincoln Prepares for Defence—Commo-

dore Whipple—Governor Rutledge—Forebodings of Washington—

Embarkation of British Troops at New York—Washington sends De

Kalb with Reinforcements—His hopeful Letter to Steuben, . . 25

CHAPTER IV.

Evils of the Continental Currency—Military Reforms proposed by Wash-
ington—Congress Jealous of Military Power—Committee of Three

PAG*

sent to Confer with Washington—Losses by Depreciation of the Cur-

rency to be made good to the Troops—Arrival of Lafayette—Scheme

for a Combined Attack upon New York—Arnold has Debts and Dif-

ficulties—His Proposals to the French Minister—Anxious to Return

to the Army—Mutiny of the Connecticut Troops—Washington writes

to Reed for Aid from Pennsylvania—Good Effects of his Letter, . 34

CHAPTER V.

Siege of Charleston continued—British Ships enter the Harbor—British

Troops march from Savannah—Tarleton and his Dragoons—His brush

with Colonel Washington—Charleston Reinforced by Woodford—

Tarleton s Exploits at Monk's Corner—At Laneau's Ferry—Sir Henry

Clinton Reinforced—Charleston Capitulates—Affair of Tarleton aud

Buford on the Waxhaw—Sir Henry Clinton Embarks for New York, . 47

CHAPTER VI.

Knyphausen Marauds the Jerseys—Sacking of Connecticut Farms—Mur-

der of Mrs. Caldwell—Arrival and Movements of Sir Henry Clinton

—Springfield Burnt—The Jerseys Evacuated, 61

CHAPTER VII.

Washington applies to the State Legislatures for Aid—Subscriptions of the

Ladies of Philadelphia—Gates appointed to Command the Southern

Department—French Fleet arrives at Newport—Preparation for a

Combined Movement against New York—Arnold obtains Command

at West Point—Greene Resigns the Office of Quartermaster-General, 73

CHAPTER Vin.

North Carolina—Difficulties of its Invasion—Character of the People

and Country—Sumter, his Character and Story—Rocky Mount—

Hanging Rock—Slow Advance of De Kalb—Gates takes Command

—Desolate March—Battle of Camden—Flight of Gates—Sumter sur-

prised by Tarleton at the Waxhaws—Washington's Opinion of Militia

—His Letter to Gates, ....... ... 86

CHAPTER IX.

Treason of Arnold—His Correspondence with the Enemy—His Negotia-

tions with Andrd—Parting Scene with Washington—Midnight Con-

ference on the Banks of the Hudson—Return of Andre by Land—

Circumstances of his Capture, * 105

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