The Tacit Dimension
Peter Smith, 1966 - 108 Seiten
A distinguished scientist-philosopher outlines a new theory of mind. He uncovers the mechanism of an essential process of thinking that he calls "tacit knowing", offering as its paradigm the recognition of moods on a human face: few could say what facial configurations make up, for example, a puzzled expression, but we can all recognize puzzlement. This knowledge of particulars that we cannot itemize, and to which we attend only for their meaning in some other sphere, is "tacit knowledge". Tacing knowing guides the scientist to problems promising new discoveries. Hunches and intuitions essential to all creative thought are examples of tacit knowledge emerging into full consciousness. In a similar way do new organic forms emerge, by the process of evolution, from the possibilities contained by simpler forms of life. The author explores the moral and political implications of his theory, which he shows to be incompatible with both positivism and Marxism -- in that they deny the autonomy of thought -- and with existentialism, which demands that man shape himself by his own absolute choice. Rejecting all these doctrines as mental self-destruction, he concludes by staking out a "society of explorers" founded in harmony with man's true powers. [Back cover].
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This may be surprising, for modern science was founded through the violent
rejection of authority. Throughout the formative centuries of modern science, the
revolt against authority was its battle cry: it was sounded by Bacon and Descartes
The acceptance of scientific statements by laymen is based on authority, and this
is true to nearly the same extent for scientists using results from branches of
science other than their own. Scientists must rely heavily for their facts on the ...
It is clear that only fellow scientists working in closely related fields are competent
to exercise direct authority over each other; but their personal fields will form
chains of overlapping neighborhoods extending over the entire range of science.
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LibraryThing ReviewNutzerbericht - thcson - LibraryThing
This book contains, or at least it's based on, a series of lectures given by Polanyi in the 1960's. It's quite short and only gives a basic introduction to Polanyi's philosophy of science, so ... Vollständige Rezension lesen