The Tacit Dimension
Peter Smith, 1966 - 108 Seiten
A distinguished scientist-philosopher outlines a new theory of mind. He uncovers the mechanism of an essential process of thinking that he calls "tacit knowing", offering as its paradigm the recognition of moods on a human face: few could say what facial configurations make up, for example, a puzzled expression, but we can all recognize puzzlement. This knowledge of particulars that we cannot itemize, and to which we attend only for their meaning in some other sphere, is "tacit knowledge". Tacing knowing guides the scientist to problems promising new discoveries. Hunches and intuitions essential to all creative thought are examples of tacit knowledge emerging into full consciousness. In a similar way do new organic forms emerge, by the process of evolution, from the possibilities contained by simpler forms of life. The author explores the moral and political implications of his theory, which he shows to be incompatible with both positivism and Marxism -- in that they deny the autonomy of thought -- and with existentialism, which demands that man shape himself by his own absolute choice. Rejecting all these doctrines as mental self-destruction, he concludes by staking out a "society of explorers" founded in harmony with man's true powers. [Back cover].
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We have seen that tacit knowledge dwells in our awareness of particulars while
bearing on an entity which the particulars jointly constitute. In order to share this
indwelling, the pupil must presume that a teaching which appears meaningless
This impossible responsibility, which is the source of the existentialist's sense of
universal absurdity, now appears as an obvious self- contradiction. At the
opposite extreme, the theory of science taught under Stalin is equally erroneous.
Such heuristic tension appears to be generated in the alert mind, much as forces
in physics are generated by the accessibility of stabler configurations. But this
tension appears to be deliberate: it is a response striving to comprehend a
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LibraryThing ReviewNutzerbericht - thcson - LibraryThing
This book contains, or at least it's based on, a series of lectures given by Polanyi in the 1960's. It's quite short and only gives a basic introduction to Polanyi's philosophy of science, so ... Vollständige Rezension lesen