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'there is he in the midst of them, Matt. xviii. 20. even when he ascended into heaven, he promised to be with his apostles on earth, chap. xxviii. 20. Is it omnipotence ? the scripture tells you he is the Almighty, Rev. i. 8. Is it omniscience? the scripture tells you, he knoweth all things, John xxi. 17. he needed not that any should testify of man, for he knew what was in man, chap. ii. 25. searcheth he the hearts and the reins, Rev. ii. 23. Is it unchangeableness? the scripture tells you, he is the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever, Heb. xii. 8. even when the heavens perish, he shall endure, when they shall wax old, when they shall be changed, when they shall be changed like a vesture, he shall be the same, and his years shall have no end, Psal. cii. 26, 27. Hence it is that scripture attributes to him a perfect equality with his Father ; for he counted it no robbery to be equal with God, Phil. ii. 6. Hence it tells us, in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily, Col. ii. 2. For this reason, it calls him God by excellence : his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, Isa. ix. 6. O God! thy God hath anointed thiee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows, Psal. xlv. 7. In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God, John i. l. We are in him that is true, even in Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life, 1 John v. 20. Hence he is called the great God,' Tit. ii. 13. God over all, blessed for evermore, Rom. ix. 5.

2. The scripture attributes to Jesus Christ that supreme communication, that supreme goodness, that intimate relation to our happiness, which is the second ground of adoration, and which is the foundation of that second homage, which is requir

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ed of a worshipper, that is, the homage of the heart. Hence it is, that the holy scriptures direct us to consider him, as the author of all the blessings, which we possess. If the heavens rolling above our heads serve us for a pavilion, if the earth be firm beneath our feet to serve us for a support, it is he, who is the author of both; for thou Lord, thou hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands, Psal. cii. 26. If numberless creatures near and remote contribute to the happiness of man, it is he, who has formed them; for without him nothing was made, that was made. By him were all things created that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones or dominions, principalities or powers, all things were created by him and for him. And he is before all things, and by him all things consist, John i. 3. Col. i. 16, 17. If the Jews received miraculous deliverances in Egypt, if they gained immortal victories over the nations, which they defeated, it was he, who procured them, for the angel of his presence he saved them, in his love and in his pily he redeemed them, and he bure them and carried them all the days of old, Isa. Ixiii. 9.. If darkness has been dissipated from the face of the church, it was he who made it vanish; for he is the true light, who lighteth every man that cometh into the world, John i. 9. If we are reconciled to God, it was he who made our peace; for we have redemption through his blood, Eph. i. 7. it pleased the Father by him to reconcile all things unto himself, and by the blood of his cross to unite things in heaven, and things on earth, Col. i. 19, 20. If we have received the Comforter, it was he who sent him ; for, says he, I tell you the truth, it is expedient for you that I go away, for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you, but if I depart, I will send him unto you, John xvi. 7. If after this life, our souls be carried into the bosom of God, it will be by his adorable hands; Lord Jesus, said one of his exemplary seryants, receive my spirit, Acts vii. 59. If our bodies rise from their graves, if they be recalled to life, after they have been reduced to ashes, he alone will re-animate them ; for he is the resurrection and the life, he that believeth in him, though he were dead, yet shall he live, and whosoever liveth and believeth in him, shall never die, John xi. 25, 26.

· 3. Finally, the scripture attributes to Jesus Christ the third ground of adoration, that is, empire over all creatures. This lays a foundation for the third homage of the worshipper, I mean devotedness of life. “ I saw in the night visions,” said the prophet Daniel, “ and behold! one, like the Son of

man, came with the clouds of heaven, and came “ to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him

near before him. And there was given him do“ minion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all peo

ple, nations, and languages should serve him : “ his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which -“ shall not pass away, and bis kingdom that, whicla “ shall not be destroyed,” chap. vii. 13, &c. “The Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son, this

day have I begotten thee, ask of me and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and

the uttermost parts of the earth for thy posses“ sion; Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, “ thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's ves“ sel," Psal. ii. 7-9. “Gird thy sword upon thy " thigh, O most mighty ! with thy glory and with

thy majesty. Thine arrows are sharp in the “ heart of the king's enemies, the people fall uns der thee. Thy throne, O God ! is for ever and

ever : the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right scep


tre,” Psal. xlv. 3, 5, 6. .66 The Lord said unto

my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I “ make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord s shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion, “ rule thou in the midst of thine enemies," Psal. cx. 1, 2. The question of right then is sufficiently proved.

The question of fact immediately follows: As Jesus Christ is supremely adorable, for he is supremely adored by intelligences, whom we ought to imitate. This adoration is recommended by scripture; the very scripture, that forbids us to adore any but God, prescribes the adoration of Jesus Christ.

“ Let all the angels of God worship “ him.” Heb. i. 6. “ The Father judgeth no man, 6 but hath committed all judgment to the Son, that « all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father," John v. 22, 23. “ He hath re“ ceived a name above every name, that at the

name of Jesus every knee should bow,". Phil. ii. 9, 10. “ The four and twenty elders fell down, and

worshipped him who liveth for ever and ever.” All the particular acts of adoration, which are reputed acts of idolatry when rendered to any but God, are rendered to Jesus Christ by the express direction of the holy scriptures. Prayer, that prayer, of which it is said, how shall they call on him in whom they have not believed ? Rom. x. 14. Prayer is addressed to Jesus Christ; they stoned Stephen praying and saying, Lord Jesus receive my spirit, Actsvii.59. * Confidence, that confidence, of which it is said, Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, Jer. xvii. 5. that confidence is an homage rendered to Jesus Christ: Who

* Ils lapidoient Etienne, priant, et disant, Seigneur Jesus, &c. perfectly agreeable to St. Luke's ΕΠΙΚΑΛΟΥΜΕΝΟΝ και λεγοντα. . The word God in our text is inserted properly.


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soever believeth on him shall not be ashamed, Rom. x. 11. Baptism, that baptism, which is commanded to be administered in the name of the Father, that baptism is an homage rendered to Jesus Christ, it is administered in his name: Go teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, Matt. xxviii. 19. Swearing, that swearing, of which it is said, Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name, Deut. vi. 13. that swearing is an homage rendered to Jesus Christ; I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the holy Ghost, Rom. ix. 1. Benediction, that blessing, of which it is said, The Lord bless thee, and keep thee, Nuin. vi. 14. that benediction is an homage rendered to Jesus Christ. Grace be to you, and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ, Rom. i. 7. In fine, supreme praise, that praise, of which it is said, To the only wise God be honor and glory, 1 Tim. i. 17. is an homage paid to Jesus Christ.

“ And I beheld, says our text, and I heard the voice of many an

gels round about the throne, and the living “ creatures, and the elders, saying with a loud “ voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to re“ ceive power and riches, and wisdom and strength, “ to the Lamb be honor and glory and blessing for ever.” Weigh that expression, which God uses to give the greater weight to his command of worshipping him only; before my face, * Thou shalt have no other Gods before my face, Exod. xx. 3. God would have this always inculcated among his ancient people, that he was among them in a peculiar manner, that he was their head and general, that he marched in the front of their camp, and conducted all their host : he meant by this declara

* Mr. S. quotes according to the Hebrew text of Exod. xx. 3.

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