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in respect to all articles, not the growth, produce, or manufacture of the dominions of Her said Majesty, which can legally be imported into the ports of the United Kingdom in ships.

All goods, wares, and merchandise which can legally be imported into the ports of either country, shall be admitted at the same rate of duty, whether imported in the vessels of the other country, or in national vessels ; and all goods, wares, or merchandise, which can be legally exported from the ports of either country, shall be entitled to the same bounties, drawbacks, and allowances, whether exported in vessels of the other country, or in national vessels.

No. 4. No priority or preference shall be given, directly or indirectly, by the Government of either country, or by any company, corporation, or agent acting on its behalf, or under its authority, in the purchase of any article, the growth, produce, or manufacture of either country, imported into the other, on account of, or in reference to the character of the vessel in which the article was imported; it being the true intent and meaning of the High Contracting Parties that no distinction or difference whatever shall be made in this respect.

No. 5. All merchants, commanders of ships, and others, the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, shall have full liberty, in all the territories of

to manage their own affairs themselves, or to commit them to the management of whomsoever they please, as broker, factor, agent, or interpreter; nor shall they be obliged to employ any other persons for those purposes than those employed by

or to pay them any other salary or remuneration, than such as is paid in like cases by

citizens, and absolute freedom shall be allowed in all cases to the buyer and seller, to bargain and fix the price of any goods, wares, or merchandise imported into, or exported from they shall see good, observing the laws and established custom of the country. The same privileges shall be enjoyed in the dominions of Her Britannic Majesty, by the citizens of under the same conditions.

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No. 6. The citizens and subjects of the Contracting Parties, in the territory of each other, shall receive and enjoy full and perfect protection for their persons and property, and shall have free and open access to the Courts of Justice in the said countries respectively, for the prosecution and defence of their just rights; and they shall be at

liberty to employ, in all causes, the advocates, attornies, or agents of whatever description, whom they may think proper, and they shall enjoy in this respect the same rights and privileges therein as native citizens.

No. 7. In whatever relates to the succession of personal estates, by will or otherwise, and the disposal of personal property of every sort and denomination, by sale, donation, exchange, or testament, or in any other manner whatsoever, as also the administration of justice, the subjects and citizens of the two Contracting Powers shall enjoy in their respective dominions and territories the same privileges, liberties, and rights, as native subjects, and shall not be charged in any of these respects with any higher imposts and duties, than those which are paid, or may be paid by the native subjects or citizens of the power in whose dominions or territories they may be resident.

No. 8. In all that relates to the police of the ports, the lading and unlading of ships, the safety of merchandise, goods, and effects, the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, and the citizens of , respectively, shall be subject to the local laws and regulations of the dominions and territories in which they may reside. They shall be exempted from all compulsory military service, whether by sea or land, no forced loans shall be levied on them, nor shall their property be subject to other charges, requisitions, or taxes, than such as are paid by the native subjects or citizens of the contracting parties in their respective dominions.

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No. 9. For the better security of commerce between the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty and the citizens of it is agreed that if at any time any interruption of any friendly commercial intercourse, or any rupture should unfortunately take place between the two Contracting Parties, the subjects or citizens of either of the two Contracting Parties, residing in the dominions of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and continuing their trade therein, without any manner of interruption, so long as they behave peaceably, and commit no offence against the laws; and their effects and property, whether entrusted to individuals or to the state, shall not be liable to seizure or sequestration, or to any other demands than those which may be made upon the like effects or property belonging to the native inhabitants of the state in which such subject or citizen may reside.

No. 10. For the better security of commerce between the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty and the citizens of

it is agreed that if at any time any interruption of friendly intercourse, or any rupture should unfortunately take place between the two Contracting Parties, the subjects or citizens of either of the two Contracting Parties residing upon the coasts shall be allowed six months, and those residing in the interior a whole year, to wind up their accounts and dispose of their property; and a safe conduct shall be given them to embark at the ports which they themselves shall select.

No. 11. In order to avoid any misunderstanding with regard to the regulations that determine the conditions which constitute a British or a

vessel, it is hereby agreed that all vessels built in the dominions of Her Britannic Majesty, and all vessels which, having been captured from an enemy by Her Majesty's ships of war or by the subjects of her said Majesty, furnished by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty with letters of marque, shall have been regularly condemned in one of Her said Majesty's Prize Courts as a lawful prize; and all vessels which shall have been condemned in any competent Court for a breach of the laws made for the prevention of the slave trade, shall, provided they are owned, navigated, and registered according to the laws of Great Britain, be considered as British vessels; and that all vessels built in the territories of of the

, or which, having been captured from an enemy by ships of war or by the subjects of furnished with letters of marque, shall have been regularly condemned in one of the Prize Courts of the kingdom of as a lawful prize : and all vessels which shall have been condemned in any competent Court, for a breach of the laws made for the prevention of the slave trade, shall, provided they are wholly owned by any subject or subjects of vided that the master and three-fourths of the crew are

subjects, be considered as

vessels.

No. 12. The respective ships of war and Post-office packets of the two Countries shall have liberty freely and securely to come to all harbours, rivers, and places to which other foreign ships of war and packets are, or may be permitted to come, to enter into the same, to anchor and to remain there, and refit; subject always to the laws and statutes of the two countries respectively.

Any British or vessels which may be compelled by stress of

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weather or by accident to take shelter in the ports of either of the High Contracting Parties, shall be at liberty to refit therein, to procure all necessary stores and to put to sea again, without paying any other than port or lighthouse dues, which shall be the same as those payable by national vessels. In case, however, the master of such vessel should be under the necessity of disposing of a part of the merchandise in order to defray his expenses, he shall be bound to conform to the regulations and tariffs of the place to which he may have come.

No. 13. In the event of any subject or citizen of either of the two Contracting Parties dying without will or testament in the dominions or territories of the said Contracting Parties, the Consul-General or Consul of the said nation, or in his absence his representative, shall have the right to nominate curators to take charge of the property of the deceased so far as the laws of each country will permit, for the benefit of his lawful heirs and creditors, without interference, giving convenient notice thereof to the authorities of the country.

No. 14.

The subjects of Her Britannic Majesty and the citizens of respectively, shall enjoy in their houses, persons, and properties, the protection of the Government, and continue in possession of the privileges which they now enjoy. The subjects of Her Britannic Majesty residing in the territories of

shall furthermore enjoy the most perfect and entire security of conscience, without being annoyed, prevented, or disturbed on account of their religious belief ; neither shall they be annoyed, molested, or disturbed in the proper exercise of their religion, provided that this take place in private houses, and with the decorum due to Divine worship, with due respect to the laws, usages, and customs of the country. In the like manner the citizens of shall enjoy within all the dominions of Her Britannic Majesty, a perfect and unrestrained liberty of conscience, and of exercising their religion publicly and privately within their own dwelling-houses, or in the chapels and places of worship appointed for that purpose, agreeably to the system of toleration established in the dominions of Her said Majesty. Liberty shall also be granted to bury the subjects of either of the two contracting parties who may die in the dominions or territories of the other, in burial places of their own, which in the same manner they may freely establish and maintain ; nor shall the funerals or sepulchres of the dead be disturbed in any way or upon any account.

No. 15. It is agreed and covenanted that neither of the High Contracting Parties shall knowingly and wilfully receive into and entertain in their service persons, subjects of the other power, deserting from the military service thereof, whether by sea or land ; but that on the contrary, they shall each respectively discharge any such person from their service upon being required. But it is agreed and declared, that neither of the High Contracting Parties shall grant to any other state any favour, on the subject of persons deserting from the service of that state which shall not be cousidered as granted also to the other High Contracting Party, in the same manner as if the said favour had been expressly stipulated by the present Treaty.

No. 16. And it is further agreed, that in cases of apprentices or sailors deserting from vessels belonging to the subjects of either of the High Contracting Parties while within the ports of the other party, the magistrates shall be bound to give every assistance in their power for the apprehension of such deserters, on due application to that effect being made by the Consul-General or Consul, or by his deputy or representative; and that no public body, civil or religious, shall protect or harbour such deserters.

No. 17. In order to regulate what is in future to be deemed contraband of war, it is agreed that under the said denomination shall be comprised all arms and implements serving for the purposes of war by land or by sea, such as cannon, muskets, pistols, mortars, petards, bombs, grenades, carcases, saucissons, carriages for cannon, musket-rests, bandoliers, gunpowder, match, saltpetre, ball, pikes, swords, headpieces, cuirasses, halberts, lances, javelins, horse furniture, holsters, belts, and generally all other implements in war ; as also timber for ship-building, tar or resin, copper in sheets, sails, hemp and cordage, and generally whatsoever may serve directly to the equipment of vessels of war, unwrought iron and fir-planks excepted : and all the above articles are hereby declared to be just objects of confiscation whenever they are attempted to be carried to an enemy.

No. 18. Whenever it happens that any ships of war or merchantmen belonging to ither state are wrecked in the ports or on the coasts of their respective territories, the authorities and officers of Customs of the place shall lend every possible assistance towards saving the

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