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Discharge of

bond.

Sec. 9, ibid.

Disbursement

within three years after their discharge from such service, from causes which arose during and were produced by said service.

2345. If any person will give bond with sufficient patients upon

security, to be approved by the supreme court of the DisSec. 1856, R.S. trict of Columbia, or by any judge thereof in vacation

payable to the United States, with condition to restrain and take care of any independent or indigent insane person not charged with a breach of the peace, whether in the hospital or not, until the insane person is restored to sanity, such court or judge thereof may deliver such insane person to the party giving such bond.

2346. All appropriations of money by Congress for the of appropriations for the insane support of the Hospital for the Insane shall be drawn from 199, s. 7, v. 10, p. the Treasury on the requisition of the Secretary of the Sec. 4858, R.s. Interior, and shall be disbursed and accounted for in all

respects according to the laws regulating ordinary dis: bursements of public money.

2347. If any inmate of the Government Hospital for the pensions to in

Insane so admitted from said National Home is or thereafter becomes a pensioner, and has neither wife, minor child, nor parent dependent on him, in whole or in part, for support, his arrears of pension and his pension money accruing during the period he shall remain in said hospital shall be applied to his support in said hospital and be paid over to the proper officer of said institution for the general uses thereof. Act of August 7, 1882 (22 Stat. L., .330).

2348. The Secretary of War may, in his discretion, conArmy in Califor-tract for the care, maintenance, and treatment of the insane Mar. 3, 1901, v. of the Army, and inmates of the National Home for Dis

abled Volunteer Soldiers on the Pacific coast at any State asylum in California, in all cases which he is now authorized by law to cause to be sent to the Government Hospital for the Insane in the District of Columbia.

Act of March 3, 1901 (31 Stut. L., 1163).

Payment of

mates.

Aug. 7, 1882, v. 22, p. 330.

Treatment of insane of the

nia.

31, p. 1163.

* The right to admission to the asylum has been extended by statute to include the following classes of cases:

(1) To insane conv serving sentences of confinement imposed by United States courts. Act of June 23, 1874 (18 Stat. L., 251).

(2) To persons in custody charged with crime against the United States. Act of August 7, 1882 (22 Stat. L., 202).

(3) To inmates of the several branches of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers who may become insane. Act of August 7, 1882 (22 Stat. L., 302).

(4) To inmates of the Soldiers' Home who may become insane. Act of July 7. 1884 (23 Stat. L., 194). The expense of maintenance to be paid from the Soldiers' Home fund.

2 The act of March 3, 1881 (21 Stat. L., 458), vests the supervision of the asylum and the control over its management in the Secretary of the Interior.

* In accordance with the act of August 7, 1882. See note 1, ante.

CHAPTER XLIV.

NATIONAL PARKS.

Par.

Par. 2349-2354. National Military Parks. 2406–2413. The Vicksburg National Mili2355–2382. The Chickamauga and Chat

tary Park. tanooga National Military | 2414-2421. The Antietam Battlefield. Park.

2422-2446. The Yellowstone National 2378-2394. The Gettysburg ' National

Park. Park. 2395–2405. The Shiloh National Military

Park.

NATIONAL MILITARY PARKS.

Par. 2319. Use for maneuvers. 2350–2351. The same, regulations. 2352. Injuries to monuments, trees, etc.

Par. 2353. Trespass, hunting, shooting, etc. 2354. Superintendent may make arrests. 2355. Ejectment from purchased lands.

15, 1896, v.

2349. In order to obtain practical benefits of great value milise of national to the country from the establishment of national military for my neuters parks, said parks and their approaches are hereby declared 29, p. 120. to be national fields for military maneuvers for the Regular Army of the United States and the National Guard or Militia of the States: Provided, That the said parks shall be opened for such purposes only in the discretion of the Secretary of War, and under such regulations as he may prescribe. Act of May 15, 1896 (29 Stat. L., 120).

Section 35 of the act of February 2, 1901 (31 Stat. L., 757), contained a provision that “the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to cause preliminary examinations and surveys to be made for the purpose of selecting four sites with a view to the establishment of permanent camp grounds for instruction of troops of the Regular Army and National Guard, with estimates of the cost of the sites and their equipment with all modern appliances, and for this purpose is authorized to detail such officers of the Army as may be necessary to carry on the preliminary work; and the sum of ten thousand dollars is hereby appropriated for the necessary expense of such work, to be disbursed under the direction of the Secretary of War: Provided, That the Secretary of War shall report to Congress the result of such examination and surveys; and no contract for said sites shall be made nor any obligations incurred until Congress shall approve such selections and appropriate the money therefor.”

War to designate

Sec. 2, ibid.

Secretary of 2350. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized, within forces to be in- the limits of appropriations which may from time to time

be available for such purpose, to assemble, at his discretion, in camp at such season of the year and for such period as he may designate, at such field of military maneuvers, such portions of the military forces of the United States as he may think best, to receive military instruction there. Sec. 2, ibid.

2351. The Secretary of War is further authorized to make and publish regulations governing the assembling of the National Guard or Militia of the several States upon the maneuvering grounds, and he may detail instructors from the Regular Army for such forces during their exercises. Sec. 2, ibid.

Secretary of War to make reg. ulations.

Sec. 2, ibid.

PROTECTION OF MILITARY PARKS.

Injuries to monuments, trees, etc.

Mar. 3, 1897, y. 29, p. 621

ing, etc.

2352. Every person who willfully destroys, mutilates, defaces, injures, or removes any monument, statue, marker, guidepost, or other structure, or who willfully destroys. cuts, breaks, injures, or removes any tree, shrub, or plant within the limits of any National Parks, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than one thousand dollars for each monument, statue, marker, guidepost, or other structure, tree, shrub, or plant destroyed, defaced, injured, cut, or removed, or by imprisonment for not less than fifteen days and not more than one year, or by both fine

and imprisonment. Act of March 3, 1897 (29 Stat. L.,621.) Trespassing, 2353. Every person who shall trespass upon any hunting, shoot.

National Parks for the purpose of hunting or shooting, or Sec. 2, ibid.

who shall hunt any kind of game thereon with gun or dog, or shall set trap or net or other device whatsoever thereon for the purpose of hunting or catching game of any kind, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for not less than five days or more than thirty days, or by

both fine and imprisonment. Sec. 2, ibid. Superinten. 2354. The superintendent or any guardian of such park

is authorized to arrest forth with any person engaged or who may have been engaged in committing any misdemeanor named in this act, and shall bring such person before any United States commissioner or judge of any district or circuit court of the United States within either of the districts within which the park is situated, and in the district within which the misdemeanor has been committed,

dents may make arrests.

Sec. 3, ibid.

for the purpose of holding him to answer for such misdemeanor, and then and there shall make complaint in due form. Sec. 3, ibid.

2355. Any person to whom land lying within any Ejectment from National Parks may have been leased, who refuses to give Sec. 4. ibid. up possession of the same to the United States after the termination of the said lease, and after possession has been demanded for the United States by any Park Commissioner or the Park Superintendent, or any person retaining possession of land lying within the boundary of said park which he or she may have sold to the United States for park purposes and have received payment therefor, after possession of the same has been demanded for the United States by any Park Commissioner or the Park Superintendent, shall be deemed guilty of trespass, and the United States may maintain an action for the recovery of the possession of the premises so withheld in the courts of the United States, according to the statutes or code of practice of the State in which the park may be situated. Sec. 4, ibid.

CHICKAMAUGA AND CHATTANOOGA NATIONAL MILITARY PARK.

Par.

Par. 2356. Extent.

2366, 2367, 2368. Purchases. 2357. Designation, acquisition of lands. 2369. State monuments. 2358. Supervision of Secretary of War. 2370. Erection of monuments, restriction. 2359. Agreements with land owners. 2371. The same, construction. 2360. Commissioners, appointment. 2372. The

same, location. 2361. The same, duties.

2373. Leases. 2362. Location of troops.

2374. Donations of land for roads. 2363. Care of park.

2375. Donations of cannon, balls, etc. 2364. Appropriation for preliminary 2376. Injuries to monuments, trees, etc. work.

2377. Right of way to Chattanooga Rapid 2365. Reduction of area.

Transit Railroad.

2356. For the purpose of preserving and suitably mark- Chickamnuga ing for historical and professional military study the fields National Mili

tary Park estabof some of the most remarkable maneuvers and most bril- lished.

Purpose. liant fighting in the war of the rebellion, and upon the Conditions. ceding of jurisdiction to the United States by the States of Tennessee and Georgia, respectively, and the report of

! For other statutes respecting the punishment of offenses committed in National Military Parks see section 10, act of August 19, 1890 (26 Stat. L., 333); section 7, act of February 11, 1895 (28 ibid., 651); section 7, act of December 27, 1894 (ibid., 945); section 7, act of February 21, 1899 (30 ibid., 8+).

2 For other enactments authorizing leases of land included within the limits of National Military Parks, see the act of August 5, 1890 (26 Stat. L., 333); August 5, 1892 (27 ibid., 376); section 3, act of December 27, 1894 (28 ibid., 597); June 4, 1897 (30 ibid., 44); and February 21, 1899 (30 ibid., 84).

clared

Aug. 19, 1890, V. 26, p. 333.

the Attorney-General of the United States that the title

to the lands thus ceded is perfect, the following described Highways de highways in those States are hereby declared to be approaches to and proaches to and parts of the Chickamauga and Chatta

nooga

National Military Park as established by the second section of this act, to wit: First. The Missionary Ridge Crest road from Sherman Heights at the north end of Missionary Ridge, in Tennessee, where the said road enters upon the ground occupied by the Army of the Tennessee under Major-General William T. Sherman, in the military operations of November twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-three; thence along said road through the positions occupied by the army of General Braxton Bragg on November twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and which were assaulted by the Army of the Cumberland under Major-General George H. Thomas on that date, to where the said road crosses the southern boundary of the State of Tennessee, near Rossville Gap, Georgia, upon the ground occupied by the troops of Major-General Joseph Hooker, from the Army of the Potomac, and thence in the State of Georgia to the junction of said road with the Chattanooga and Lafayette or State road at Rossville Gap; second, the Lafayette or State road from Rossville, Georgia, to Lee and Gordon's Mills, Georgia; third, the road from Lee and Gordon's Mills, Georgia, to Crawfish Springs, Georgia; fourth, the road from Crawfish Springs, Georgia, to the crossing of the Chickamauga at Glass' Mills, Georgia; fifth, the Dry Valley road from Rossville, Georgia, to the southern limits of MeFarland's Gap in Missionary Ridge; sixth, the Dry Valley and Crawfish Springs road from McFarland's Gap to the intersection of the road from Crawfish Springs to Lee and Gordon's Mills; seventh, the road from Ringold, Georgia, to Reed's Bridge on the Chickamauga River; eighth, the roads from the crossing of Lookout Creek across the northern slope of Lookout Mountain and thence to the old Summertown Road and to the valley on the east slope of the said mountain, and thence by the route of General Joseph Hooker's troops to Rossville, Georgia, and each and all of these herein described roads shall, after the passage of

this act, remain open as free public highways, and all Rights of way. rights of way now existing through the grounds of the said

park and its approaches shall be continued. Act of dula gust 19, 1890 (26 Stat. L., 333).

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